Téléchargement le Livres

  • Télécharger
  • Virgil: Aeneid Book VIII

    Book VIII is one of the most attractive and important books of Virgil's Aeneid. It includes the visit of Aaneas to the site of the future Rome, the story of Hercules and Cacus, the episode between Venus and Vulcan and the description of the great symbolic shield of Aeneas. Mr Gransden's introduction relates this book to the Aeneid as a whole considers the text in various aspects: the topography, Virgil's sense of history, his typology and symbolism, his literary style and his influence on subsequent vernacular poetry. The commentary discusses points of special interest and difficulty in interpretation, style and prosody and gives detailed explanation of the many allusions in Book VIII to customs, legends, traditions and historical events. This is primarily a textbook for university students and sixth-formers, but it also contains material which may be of interest to students of English and comparative literature.

  • International Legal English Student's Book with Audio CDs (3): A Course for Classroom or Self-study Use

    International Legal English Second edition is the definitive course for students who need to work in the international legal community. International Legal English Second edition teaches learners how to use English in a commercial law environment and is suitable for classroom use or self-study. This second edition has fully-updated content - including twice the number of authentic case studies compared to the first edition - and contains a new unit on Transnational Commercial Law. An updated pull-out glossary is included in the Student's Book. International Legal English Second edition is ideal preparation for the Cambridge International Legal English Certificate (ILEC) and contains exam practice tasks, exam tips and a practice ILEC test.

  • Crisis in the Making: The Political Economy of New York State since 1945

    This book examines in detail the fiscal and more general economic crisis of New York State and City. The authors show that the crisis was as much the fruit of political manoeuvering as it was the outcome of long-term economic trends and fiscal ineptitude. The book examines the roots of fiscal excesses and economic retardation and explores the interaction of fiscal and economic factors that ultimately imperiled the credit rating of the Empire State and the city that remains the financial capital of the United States. In uncovering the causes of these problems, McClelland and Magdovitz present both an analysis of the past and a warning for the future. The implications reach well beyond the borders of New York. The major causes of economic retardation first emerged in the period immediately following World War II, and show no signs of improving significantly in the immediate future.

  • Othello As Tragedy: Some Problems of Judgement and Feeling

    Critical views of Othello have polarized during the last forty years. The dispute is between those who follow Coleridge and Bradley and see Othello as noble but diabolically misled, and those who follow Eliot and Leavis and see him as a criminal egotist. Jane Adamson argues that both views are too simple and that both deprive the play of tragic point. She is concerned to reinstate the play as a great tragedy, and Othello as a complex tragic figure. She considers in detail how the drama unfolds; how Othello's predicament provides a focus for moral questions raised in all the other characters; how the reader or spectator becomes painfully involved with similar questions in trying to understand the action; and how in these ways the play continually undercuts easy moral simplifications. During this study a great deal else in Shakespeare is illuminated - especially his insight into the need for love, and the dangers that are inseparable from that need.

  • Bertolt Brecht: Chaos, according to Plan

    This is the first full-length study in any language of Bertolt Brecht's day-to-day work as a theatre director. Professor Fuegi has researched his subject extensively over many years, and this book is the result of interviews with Brecht's closest associates (including Helene Weigel, Angelika Hurwicz, Elisabeth Hauptmann and Hans Bunge), inspection of the unpublished typescripts recording several years of Brecht rehearsals at the Berlin Ensemble, and consultation of archival materials in Moscow, Berlin and Harvard University. Although Brecht is acknowledged worldwide as having changed our whole conception of playwriting, acting and directing, virtually nothing has been previously published which tells how he worked and reacted with actors, and how his productions were actually put together in rehearsal. John Fuegi now tells the story, evoking the excitement and controversy which surrounded Brecht's work on the stage. He examines the way Brecht applied his manic but brilliant character, in both personal and professional life (though these cannot easily be separated), in order to create the tension and confusion, contradiction and chaos, from which his best productions emerged. He shows how the plays must be seen in the light of their evolution on the stage through innumerable arduous rehearsals, themselves conditioned by the intense magnetism, spontaneity and unpredictability of Brecht's personality. Most importantly, the book charts the evolution of Brecht's own dramatic theory from his early rejection of Stanislavskian realism and his demands for emotional coolness from the spectator to his later acceptance of the power of theatre to involve, even to move, the audience. The book goes behind the scenes to look at the playwright's negotiation of contracts for his productions, commercial agreements which were often highly beneficial to himself but markedly less so to his collaborators such as Kurt Weill, Ruth Berlau and Elisabeth Hauptmann, and it talks frankly of Brecht's use of the 'casting couch', bestowing and withholding favours with the same volatility that characterized his remarkable love-life. The story is accompanied by illustrations, many of which have not been published before. It provides a much-needed antidote to some of the more sterile accounts of Brechtian theory, concentrating very much on the 'practice' but remaining at the same time vividly aware of the social and political context in which and about which Brecht was writing. The book will be of interest to scholars and students of theatre and of dramatic and comparative literature, and it is presented in a lively style that should also appeal to the general reader.

  • Programming in Ada: A First Course

    This textbook introduces the Ada programming language in a manner suitable for students with little or no previous experience of programming. It shows how solutions can be systematically designed and how these solutions can then be implemented on a computer. The early parts of the book concentrate on solving small problems while the later parts show how packages can be used in the construction of reliable large programs. As Ada is a complex and versatile language, no attempt is made to cover it all. The author concentrates on central features such as data types, subprograms, packages, separate compilation, exceptions and files. He provides in addition a large number of complete Ada programs, all of which have been tested on the York Ada compiler. The final version of the Ada language (ANSI/MIL-STD-1815A-1983) is used throughout.

  • Limited-Dependent and Qualitative Variables in Econometrics

    This book presents the econometric analysis of single-equation and simultaneous-equation models in which the jointly dependent variables can be continuous, categorical, or truncated. Despite the traditional emphasis on continuous variables in econometrics, many of the economic variables encountered in practice are categorical (those for which a suitable category can be found but where no actual measurement exists) or truncated (those that can be observed only in certain ranges). Such variables are involved, for example, in models of occupational choice, choice of tenure in housing, and choice of type of schooling. Models with regulated prices and rationing, and models for program evaluation, also represent areas of application for the techniques presented by the author.

  • Antarctic Resources Policy: Scientific, Legal and Political Issues

    This book presents the official record of the conference on Antarctic Resources Policy, organised by the Institute of International Studies of the University of Chile in October 1982. The system of international cooperation in the Antarctic has been evolving rapidly since the signing of the Antarctic Treaty in 1959. Inextricably linked to this cooperation is the question of the rational management of Antarctic resources, both the living species and the minerals. The major themes covered by the papers include: the state of Antarctic knowledge at this point in the 80s, the policy for the conservation of living species, the exploitation of minerals, legal issues and the prospects for future cooperation. This review will attract a wide readership among people and institutions with a professional interest in Antarctic affairs.

  • Computability: An Introduction to Recursive Function Theory

    What can computers do in principle? What are their inherent theoretical limitations? These are questions to which computer scientists must address themselves. The theoretical framework which enables such questions to be answered has been developed over the last fifty years from the idea of a computable function: intuitively a function whose values can be calculated in an effective or automatic way. This book is an introduction to computability theory (or recursion theory as it is traditionally known to mathematicians). Dr Cutland begins with a mathematical characterisation of computable functions using a simple idealised computer (a register machine); after some comparison with other characterisations, he develops the mathematical theory, including a full discussion of non-computability and undecidability, and the theory of recursive and recursively enumerable sets. The later chapters provide an introduction to more advanced topics such as Gildel's incompleteness theorem, degrees of unsolvability, the Recursion theorems and the theory of complexity of computation. Computability is thus a branch of mathematics which is of relevance also to computer scientists and philosophers. Mathematics students with no prior knowledge of the subject and computer science students who wish to supplement their practical expertise with some theoretical background will find this book of use and interest.

  • Good Medical Practice: Professionalism, Ethics And Law

    Good Medical Practice: Professionalism, Ethics and Law brings together information that is central to the professional, ethical and legal requirements of being a doctor. It covers a core curriculum for medical students, doctors in training and international medical graduates preparing for the Australian Medical Council examinations. A useful guide for busy doctors, giving sound advice for issues that arise in practice, ensuring that all approaches meet professional standards. Effective and compassionate practice depends equally upon good communication skills, an empathetic attitude, truthfulness, self-reflection and an awareness of the responsibilities arising under relevant laws. Good Medical Practice encapsulates these attributes and includes practice management, inter-professional relationships, sexual misconduct, complaints processes, the Australian health care system and doctors' health within its broad and comprehensive purview. Written by specialist practitioners with vast teaching experience, this is a unique, timely and accessible text that reinforces a contemporary focus on professionalism in medical practice.

  • Pindar: Pythian Eleven

    Pindar's Pythian Eleven is a miniature masterpiece: a poem praising a young athlete which presents a vivid and important account of the Agamemnon legend. Yet it contains so many difficulties (of text, metre, dating and interpretation) that even Wilamowitz regarded it as one of Pindar's most obscure poems. This 2007 edition (the first full-scale treatment that the poem had ever received) provides answers to the problems that have prevented proper appreciation of the work. In addition to the full introduction and commentary, the book also has a text based on re-examination of the manuscripts, detailed metrical discussion, and a translation.

  • Inside the Black Box

    Economists have long treated technological phenomena as events transpiring inside a black box and, on the whole, have adhered rather strictly to a self-imposed ordinance not to inquire too seriously into what transpires inside that box. The purpose of Professor Rosenberg's work is to break open and examine the contents of the black box. In so doing, a number of important economic problems be powerfully illuminated. The author clearly shows how specific features of individual technologies have shaped a number of variables of great concern to economists: the rate of productivity improvement, the nature of learning processes underlying technological change itself, the speed of technology transfer, and the effectiveness of government policies that are intended to influence technologies in particular ways. The separate chapters of this book reflect a primary concern with some of the distinctive aspects of industrial technologies in the twentieth century, such as the increasing reliance upon science, but also the considerable subtlety and complexity of the dialectic between science and technology. Other concerns include the rapid growth in the development of costs associated with new technologies as well as the difficulty of predicting the eventual performance characteristics of newly emerging technologies.

  • Myth and History in the Contemporary Spanish Novel

    Since the Civil War, Spanish novelists have produced a noteworthy body of fiction. In this book, Jo Labanyi provides detailed textual analysis of six of the most important novels to have been written during this period: Martin-Santos' Tiempo de silencio, Benet's Volveras a Region, Marse's Si te dicen que cai, Cela's San Camilo, 1936, Juan Goytisolo's Reivindicacion del conde don Julian, and Torrente Ballester's La saga/fuga de J.B. The focus on myth as a response to history is intended as a corrective to archetypal myth criticism, and stresses the variety of ways in which Spanish novelists have resorted to myth, and the need to relate their use of it to the historical context of Francoist ideology. The book also raises important general issues about the ways in which fiction, as a form of mythification, relates to the real world.

  • Appreciation Modern French Poetry

    Biographies of poets are often rich in human interest; manuals of literary history can be full of broad insight and suggestive parallels. But it is all too easy to let the study of French poetry drift towards lives, loves and -isms and away from the appreciation of its supremely creative use of language. Born of the belief that the proper study of poetry is the poem itself, this book seeks to concentrate on the poetic process at work on the page. Its aim is to encourage the student and the general reader to penetrate the textual richness of modern French verse where verbal artistry combines so powerfully with imaginative vision. The full introduction deals with such questions as metre and rhythm, uses of verse-form, sonority, imagery and structure, studying them not in the abstract but in particular, 'living' contexts. This leads on to detailed commentaries on individual poems illustrating, after the consideration of the problems of reading poetry in general, how one might approach poems as artistic unities in their own right. These guided commentaries are essentially an invitation to the reader to explore certain paths into the poem for himself. They do not provide a wrapped, sealed and delivered explanation; they call for and depend upon the reader's active involvement. Both the illustrations of the introduction and the commentary texts are taken from the fourteen poets who feature in the companion volume to this work, An Anthology of Modern French Poetry. In this way a complete overlap is created, and one is invited to pass from preliminary exercises in appreciation into the wider, more stimulating world of a fully balanced anthology.

  • Theories of Inflation

    A survey of the new theories of inflation that have developed over the past two decades in response to the inflationary pressures experienced by Western countries examines the shifting debate from explaining inflation as a "causal" process to explaining its increase as a result of constantly changing expectations.

  • 21st Century Guidebook to Fungi with CD-ROM

    Fungi have their own unique cell biology and life cycle, but also play critical roles in wider biological systems. This textbook provides a comprehensive view of fungal biology, ranging in scope from the evolutionary origins of fungi and other eukaryotes more than a billion years ago, to the impact fungi have on everyday life. Bringing mycology teaching right up to date, this unique systems biology approach emphasises the interactions between fungi and other organisms to illustrate the critical roles that fungi play in every ecosystem and food web. With more than 60 colour figures, examples of computational modelling and resource boxes directing students to areas of interest online, this book gives students an appreciation of fungi both at the organism level and in the context of wider biology. A companion CD accompanying the print book features a hyperlinked version of the book and the fully integrated World of Cyberfungi website.

  • American More! Six-Level Edition Level 1 Class Audio CD

    American MORE! Six-Level Edition is a version of a course from a highly respected author team that's bursting with features for lower secondary students. The Class Audio CD contains all the audio from the Student's Book.

  • Capitalism and Politics in Russia: A Social History of the Moscow Merchants, 1855-1905

    This monograph - based largely on memoirs, diaries, archival documents and other primary sources - represents a comprehensive social history of the Moscow merchants in the period between 1855 and 1905. The author first examines the essential aspects of traditional merchant culture in the early nineteenth century. He then discusses the emergence of 'capitalist' manufacturers and traders, a group who implemented modern business techniques in the 1840s without however, adopting the political liberalism of the western bourgeoisie. Committed to economic modernisation as a means of redressing Russia's humiliation in the Crimean War, these merchants cooperated with sympathetic intellectuals in railroad management, banking, journalism and the struggle to gain tariff protection. The study concludes with an analysis of the 'bourgeois' class consciousness that resulted from the Moscow commercial-industrial leaders' conflicts with both the tsarist government and the militant labour movement during the Revolution of 1905. Owen contributes to discussions about the distinctive features of Russian social and economic development in the final years of the Russian Empire.

  • The Racah-Wigner Algebra in Quantum Theory

    First published by Cambridge University Press in 1985, this series of Encyclopedia volumes attempts to present the factual body of all mathematics. Clarity of exposition and accessibility to the non-specialist were an important consideration in its design and language. The development of the algebraic aspects of angular momentum theory and the relationship between angular momentum theory and special topics in physics and mathematics are covered in this volume.

  • Problems of Ethnomusicology

    This volume makes available, for the first time in English, some of the major writings of the Romanian ethnomusicologist Constantin Brailoiu. Despite the size and importance of his work and the fact that he was one of the leading ethnomusicologists of his day, Brailoiu has hitherto remained little known to English-speaking scholars. A. L. Lloyd has performed a valuable service by translating a collection of some of his most important theoretical works. These works are the product of meticulous fieldwork and methodological reflection. Brailoiu's broad-minded approach to both the musicological and sociological problems confronted has ensured that they remain indispensable material for all ethnomusicologists.

  • NIST Handbook of Mathematical Functions Hardback and CD-ROM

    Modern developments in theoretical and applied science depend on knowledge of the properties of mathematical functions, from elementary trigonometric functions to the multitude of special functions. These functions appear whenever natural phenomena are studied, engineering problems are formulated, and numerical simulations are performed. They also crop up in statistics, financial models, and economic analysis. Using them effectively requires practitioners to have ready access to a reliable collection of their properties. This handbook results from a 10-year project conducted by the National Institute of Standards and Technology with an international group of expert authors and validators. Printed in full colour, it is destined to replace its predecessor, the classic but long-outdated Handbook of Mathematical Functions, edited by Abramowitz and Stegun. Includes a DVD with a searchable PDF of each chapter.

  • Proofs and Refutations: The Logic of Mathematical Discovery

    Proofs and Refutations is essential reading for all those interested in the methodology, the philosophy and the history of mathematics. Much of the book takes the form of a discussion between a teacher and his students. They propose various solutions to some mathematical problems and investigate the strengths and weaknesses of these solutions. Their discussion (which mirrors certain real developments in the history of mathematics) raises some philosophical problems and some problems about the nature of mathematical discovery or creativity. Imre Lakatos is concerned throughout to combat the classical picture of mathematical development as a steady accumulation of established truths. He shows that mathematics grows instead through a richer, more dramatic process of the successive improvement of creative hypotheses by attempts to 'prove' them and by criticism of these attempts: the logic of proofs and refutations.

  • Cambridge International AS Level and A Level Physics Coursebook with CD-ROM

    Covers all the requirements of the Cambridge International AS and A Level Physics syllabus (9702). Cambridge International AS and A Level Physics covers all the material required for the Cambridge syllabus and is now available in both print and e-book formats. The print book includes a Student CD-ROM of supplementary materials including additional questions linked to each chapter, advice on how to tackle the examinations, animations, a glossary and chapter summaries. These supplementary materials (with the exception of the animations) are also included in the e-book version. A Teacher's Resource CD-ROM is also available and includes answers to all questions in the Coursebook, together with worksheets describing practical work.

  • Practice Tests for Igcse English as a Second Language

    The tests will help familiarise students with the format and requirements of the Reading and Writing/Listening and Speaking papers. This book contains exam-format practice tests for Papers 4 and 5 of the Cambridge IGCSE in English as a Second Language. It includes four Extended-level listening practice tests and twenty oral (speaking) test tasks. The tests will help build confidence and develop exam techniques by familiarising students with the format of the Listening and Oral papers, and with the kinds of topics and exercises they will encounter. The material is also suitable for non-exam students at intermediate to upper-intermediate level. The With Key edition includes the complete audio scripts and answers for the listening tests, and oral examiners notes.

  • Introducing English Pronunciation: A Teacher's Guide to Tree or Three? and Ship or Sheep?

    Introducing English Pronunciation provides teachers with all the information and guidance they need to use Tree or Three? and Ship or Sheep? enjoyably and successfully in the classroom. Detailed notes are provided for each unit of both books, incorporating suggested teaching procedures and ideas for additional practice. One chapter lists the errors likely to be made by students of different mother tongues and, for students not included in this list, a diagnostic pronunciation test is included.

  • The Production Ecology of Wetlands: The IBP Synthesis

    Wetlands are unique and fragile environments that provide a transition between aquatic and terrestrial habitats. Focusing on freshwater wetlands with emergent vegetation, this 1999 book considers productivity in relation to communities of animals and plants and their environments, mineral cycling, hydrology and management. Emphasis is given to the biological interactions and processes underlying the structure and functioning of wetlands, revealing the need to appreciate the dynamics of the system to establish appropriate management and conservation practices. Based largely on research carried out during the International Biological Programme, this unique synthesis brings together a wealth of information, hitherto widely dispersed in the literature and often difficult to locate. As such it will be an important resource for all those concerned with the ecology, management and conservation of these sensitive natural habitats.

  • Stoichiometry and Thermodynamics of Metallurgical Processes

    Originally published in 1985, this textbook provides a thorough and comprehensive coverage of a wide range of topics in stoichiometry and thermodynamics with special emphasis on applications to metallurgical processes. The author's approach is to introduce students to the fundamental notions of physical chemistry and thermodynamics and then to expand the treatment gradually into progressively more advanced areas. This book will be welcomed as a text for courses in elementary and advanced thermodynamics and stoichiometry. The topics covered are both theoretical and practical. The examples and exercises range from straightforward tests of theory and simple numerical problems to complex analyses of real processes. Every chapter ends with full and up-to-date references. It can also serve as a valuable reference book for professional metallurgists, materials scientists, ceramicists, chemists, chemical engineers and fuel technologists.

  • Alban Berg: Lulu

    This book is a guide to Berg's second opera, Lulu, written in non-technical language and intended for those students and music lovers wishing to become familiar with one of the masterpieces of twentieth-century music. Jarman presents a clear and concise introduction to the musical language and to the intricate musical and dramatic structure of Berg's opera. The volume also examines the literary background, the genesis, composition, and tortuous posthumous career of the work. The final chapters survey the performance history and suggest a possible interpretation of this complex and challenging composition. An important feature of the book is the inclusion of source documents and critical responses to the opera. Illustrated with photographs from the premiere and from recent productions, the volume also includes a synopsis, bibliography, and discography.

  • The Organization of Science and Technology in France 1808-1914

    The papers in this volume represent the first attempt at a coherent analysis of the institutional structure of French science and technology in the nineteenth century. They treat both research and education and cover the main developments in the period from the establishment of the Napoleonic University in 1808 to the outbreak of the First World War. The papers reflect the intense interest in the social history of French science since the Revolution and convey a vivid impression of different modes of thought in a particularly active field of research. The contributions stress and develop more clearly than in any previous study, the theme of structural change in a complex interlocking network of institutions. Far from being an unresponsive monolith, France's system of scientific research and education proved capable of significant modification and expansion, especially in the later nineteenth century. To an extent that has not been fully recognised by historians, the French did respond to the changing demands of an industrialising economy and to the intellectual, economic and political challenge of the new Germany - a point that needs to be taken into account in discussions of the supposed decline of French science in the nineteenth century.

  • American More! Six-Level Edition Level 5 Teacher's Resource Book with Testbuilder CD-ROM/Audio CD

    American MORE! Six-Level Edition is a version of a course from a highly respected author team that's bursting with features for lower secondary students. Each level of American MORE! contains 50-60 hours of class material. With dedicated reading, culture, grammar, vocabulary, skills and cross-curricular learning sections, plus a wide range of flexible components, you really do get more with American MORE! The Teacher's Resource Book contains detailed guidance on how to get the best out of the course, warm-up activities, photocopiable grammar and communication resources, tests and answer keys, and 'Extra' idea sections for fast finishers. The test material is contained on the Testbuilder CD-ROM, together with the audio for the tests.

  • Virgil Aeneid Book 11

    Book XI of the Aeneid covers four crucial days in Aeneas' struggle against the Latins. In it, Virgil gives us the funeral of Pallas, the great Latin war-council, Turnus' plan to ambush Aeneas and the aristeia and death of Camilla K. W. Gransden sees the second half of the Roman national epic as 'Virgil's Iliad'. In his introduction and commentary, he relates the themes and structure of Book XI not only to the rest of the Aeneid but also to relevant passages in the Iliad. Gransden shows how, despite his adoption of the epic form, Virgil's style is influenced by Alexandrian miniaturism, Callimachean theory, and the poetry of the neoteroi. In addition to questions of style and interpretation raised in the commentary, there are sections in the introduction covering the Virgilian hexameter and narrative technique.

  • A History of Mathematics Education in England

    The teaching of mathematics has a history stretching back some hundreds of years. From its infancy through to its adolescence institutions at which mathematics was taught were thinly and somewhat haphazardly spread over the country and so individuals were extremely influential in developing curricula and methods of teaching. Indeed this has continued to be a feature of English mathematics education. In this authoritative account Geoffrey Howson follows the history and development of mathematics teaching by looking at the careers of some of these individuals in detail.

  • The Development of the Family and Marriage in Europe

    Around 300 A.D. European patterns of marriage and kinship were turned on their head. What had previously been the norm - marriage to close kin - became the new taboo. The same applied to adoption, the obligation of a man to marry his brother's widow and a number of other central practices. With these changes Christian Europe broke radically from its own past and established practices which diverged markedly from those of the Middle East, North Africa and Asia. In this highly original and far-reaching work Jack Goody argues that from the fourth century there developed in the northern Mediterranean a distinctive but not undifferentiated kinship system, whose growth can be attributed to the role of the Church in acquiring property formerly held by domestic groups. He suggests that the early Church, faced with the need to provide for people who had left their kin to devote themselves to the life of the Church, regulated the rules of marriage so that wealth could be channelled away from the family and into the Church. Thus the Church became an 'interitor', acquiring vast tracts of property through the alienation of familial rights. At the same time, the structure of domestic life was changed dramatically, the Church placing more emphasis on individual wishes, on conjugality, and on spiritual rather than natural kinship. Tracing the consequences of this change through to the present day, Jack Goody challenges some fundamental assumptions about the making of western society, and provides an alternative focus for future study of the European family, kinship structures and marriage patterns. The questions he raises will provoke much interest and discussion amongst anthropologists, sociologists and historians.

  • No Man's Land: Combat and Identity in World War 1

    Based on the firsthand accounts of German, French, British, and American front-line soldiers, No Man's Land examines how the first modern, industrialized war transformed the character of the men who participated in it. Ancient myths about war eroded in the trenches, where the relentless monotony and impotence of the solder's life was interrupted only by unpredictable moments of annihilation. Professor Leed looks at how the traumatic experience of combat itself and the wholesale shattering of the conventions and ethical codes of normal social life turned ordinary civilians into 'liminal men', men living beyond the limits of the accepted and the expected. He uses the concept of liminality to illuminate the central features of the war experience: the separation from 'home': the experience of pollution, death, comradeship, and 'the uncanny': and the ambivalence of returning veterans about civilian society. In a final chapter Professor Leed assesses the long-term political impact of the front experience. He finds that the end of hostilities did not mean the end of the war experience as much as the beginning of a process by which that experience was framed, institutionalized, celebrated and relived in political action as well as in fiction.

  • Papal Government and England during the Pontificate of Honorius III (1216-1227)

    This study of the administrative 'revolution' of the thirteenth-century papacy investigates the background and career of Honorius III, who was deeply involved in the developing administration of Chamber and Chancery from the late twelfth century, and reveals a picture of evolution rather than revolution in the papal offices of state. Honorius's Chancery is subjected to a vigorous examination. Valuable appendices list all the known papal scribes and provide diplomatic commentaries. Tables indicate details about the registers and the registrative system. The central machinery is shown in action, particularly in dealing with English affairs and petitioners and Honorius's place in the development of canon law is discussed in relation to the English background and experience.

  • Cymbeline

    The New Cambridge Shakespeare appeals to students worldwide for its up-to-date scholarship and emphasis on performance. The series features line-by-line commentaries and textual notes on the plays and poems. Introductions are regularly refreshed with accounts of new critical, stage and screen interpretations. Edited and introduced by Martin Butler, this first New Cambridge Shakespeare edition of Cymbeline takes full account of the critical and historical scholarship produced in the late twentieth century. It foregrounds the romance, tragicomedy and Jacobean stagecraft that shape the play and offers a refreshingly unsentimental reading of the heroine, Innogen. Butler pays greater attention than his predecessors to the politics of 1610, especially to questions of British union and nationhood. He also offers a lively account of Cymbeline's stage history from 1610 to the present day. The text has been edited from the 1623 Folio and features a detailed commentary on its linguistic and historical features.

  • Weak Interactions of Leptons and Quarks

    In recent years, the study of weak interaction and its relationship with the other fundamnetal interactions of nature has progressed rapidly. Weak interactions of leptons and quarks provides an up-to-date account of this continuing research. The Introduction discusses early models and historical developments in the understanding of the weak force. The authors then give a clear presentation of the modern theoretical basis of weak interactions, going on to discuss recent advances in the field. These include development of the eletroweak gauge theory, and the discovery of neutral currents and of a host of new particles. There is also a chapter devoted entirely to neutrino astrophysics. Its straightforward style and its emphasis on experimental results will make this book an excellent source for students (problem sets are included at the end of each chapter) and experimentalists in the field. Physicists whose speciality lies outside the study of elementary particle physics will also find it useful.

  • Outline of a Theory of Practice

    Outline of a Theory of Practice is recognized as a major theoretical text on the foundations of anthropology and sociology. Pierre Bourdieu, a distinguished French anthropologist, develops a theory of practice which is simultaneously a critique of the methods and postures of social science and a general account of how human action should be understood. With his central concept of the habitus, the principle which negotiates between objective structures and practices, Bourdieu is able to transcend the dichotomies which have shaped theoretical thinking about the social world. The author draws on his fieldwork in Kabylia (Algeria) to illustrate his theoretical propositions. With detailed study of matrimonial strategies and the role of rite and myth, he analyses the dialectical process of the 'incorporation of structures' and the objectification of habitus, whereby social formations tend to reproduce themselves. A rigorous consistent materialist approach lays the foundations for a theory of symbolic capital and, through analysis of the different modes of domination, a theory of symbolic power.

  • A History of Greek Philosophy

    All volumes of Professor Guthrie's great history of Greek philosophy have won their due acclaim. The most striking merits of Guthrie's work are his mastery of a tremendous range of ancient literature and modern scholarship, his fairness and balance of judgement and the lucidity and precision of his English prose. He has achieved clarity and comprehensiveness.

  • The Market and Beyond: Cooperation and Competition in Information Technology

    Many have described the Japanese competitive success in information technology; very few have explained it. This book advances our understanding by developing the concept of the Japanese Innovation System - an arrangement consisting of competing and cooperating private companies, government policy-makers and researchers, and universities. It will be of interest to all teachers, students and policy-makers interested in technological competition. An important part of the explanation of Japanese success relates to the ability to create innovations and to continually improve and update products and processes. This book shows that equally important has been the foresight of the Japanese in creating innovations for the distant future where problems of uncertainty are even more pronounced.

  • Keep Talking: Communicative Fluency Activities for Language Teaching

    This is a practical guide to communication activities in the language classroom, suitable for use with students from elementary to advanced level. Part I contains instructions for over 100 different exercises, including interviews, guessing games, jigsaw tasks, problem solving, values clarification techniques, mime, role play and story telling. For each activity, notes are also provided on the linguistic and educational aims, the level, organisation, time and preparation required. Part II contains the accompanying worksheets, which can be copied, making many of the activities instantly available for use in class. A comprehensive table of activities and an index are included for ease of reference.

  • Psychological Reality in Phonology: A Theoretical Study

    Generative linguists have always claimed that the transformational models of language offer the best descriptive accounts of language. But they have often made a further and more ambitious claim for these models: that they have some psychological validity and represent our mental organisation of linguistic knowledge. The models are therefore supposed to explain at least some aspects of how, as speakers and listeners, we produce, perceive and understand all human utterances. Dr Linell attacks this claim and particularly its application to phonology and offers fundamental criticisms of the 'orthodox' school of generative phonology associated with Chomsky and Halle. His own positive proposals stress the importance of surface phenomena as opposed to abstract underlying forms and lead to a new typology of phonological rules and a new consideration of the relations between phonology and phonetics and between phonology and morphology. The book will interest a wide range of linguists and some psychologists as well as specialists in phonology and phonetics.

  • Brouwer's Cambridge Lectures on Intuitionism

    Luitzen Egburtus Jan Brouwer founded a school of thought whose aim was to include mathematics within the framework of intuitionistic philosophy; mathematics was to be regarded as an essentially free development of the human mind. What emerged diverged considerably at some points from tradition, but intuitionism has survived well the struggle between contending schools in the foundations of mathematics and exact philosophy. Originally published in 1981, this monograph contains a series of lectures dealing with most of the fundamental topics such as choice sequences, the continuum, the fan theorem, order and well-order. Brouwer's own powerful style is evident throughout the work.

  • Flightpath: Aviation English for Pilots and ATCOs Student's Book with Audio CDs (3) and DVD

    Flightpath is the definitive course for pilots and Air Traffic Controllers who need an ICAO4 level of English to work in the industry. Flightpath is the only Aviation English course to offer a thorough grounding in the full range of communication skills needed by aviation professionals to communicate in non-routine situations. With regular focus on ICAO criteria, learners are given full support in reaching industry standards, including case studies, analysis of their own communication skills, exposure to authentic in-flight communication, and communicative tasks. Flightpath is the most accurate preparation course available for any ICAO4 language test, and includes authentic industry training video. Flightpath has been reviewed and endorsed by a panel of leading aviation communication and safety professionals.

  • C. W. von Gluck: Orfeo

    This book explains how and why Gluck's historically important and best-loved opera Orfeo came into existence, and shows why it has retained its popularity. The work is placed in its context of Gluck's 'reform of opera', an artistic movement involving actors, dancers, designers, writers and philosophers, as well as musicians and librettists. Patricia Howard and her fellow contributors describe how the opera has been reinterpreted throughout the past two hundred years from its first performance. Differing twentieth-century views based on practical experience of the work are put forward by the conductors John Eliot Gardiner and Sir Charles Mackerras, the singer Kevin Smith and the English National Opera music consultant Tom Hammond.

  • Essays on Handel and Italian Opera

    In this valuable collection of essays, published to coincide with the tercentenary of Handel's birth, Reinhard Strohm examines the relationship between Handel's great operas and the earlier European Baroque tradition, focusing on the Italian school, to which they are so crucially indebted. Handel's immediate heritage included the figures of Scarlatti, Gasparini and Vivaldi; this book establishes that context, concentrating on contemporary operatic practice, and proceeds to analyse three of Handel's best-known works. It shows how they elaborate and develop the style and method of the Italian operatic theatre, embracing previous traditions and synthesizing them with a new and exciting accentuation.

  • Reading Latin: Grammar, Vocabulary and Exercises

    Reading Latin is a Latin course designed to help mature beginners read Latin fluently and intelligently, primarily in the context of classical culture, but with some mediaeval Latin too. It does this in three ways; it encourages reading of continuous texts from the start; it offers generous help with translation at every stage; and it integrates the learning of Classical Latin with an appreciation of the influence of the Latin language upon English and European culture from Antiquity to the present. The text, richly illustrated, consists at the start of carefully graded adaptations from original Classical Latin texts. The adaptations are gradually phased out until unadultered prose and verse can be read. The Grammar, Vocabulary and Exercises volume supplies all the help needed to do this, together with a range of reinforcing exercises for each section, including English into Latin for those who want it. At the end of each section, a selection of Latin epigrams, mottoes, quotations, everyday Latin, word-derivations, examples of mediaeval Latin and discussions of the influence of Latin upon English illustrate the language's impact on Western culture. Reading Latin is principally designed for university and adult beginners, and also for sixth-formers (eleventh and twelth graders in the USA). It is also ideal for those people who may have learned Latin many years ago, and wish to renew their acquaintance with the language. Its companion course, Reading Greek is one of the most widely used mature beginners' courses in the world.

  • Asset Markets and Exchange Rates: Modeling an Open Economy

    This paperback edition consists of the first three parts of Allen and Kenen's major book, Asset Markets, Exchange Rates, and Economic Integration. These three parts stand alone, as the authors intended and as reviewers have commented. In parts four and five of that volume they extend their model to two countries trading with the outside world and analyze questions of economic integration. The authors synthesize and extend recent developments in international monetary theory using a general model of an open economy that trades goods and assets with the outside world. The model embodies the asset market or portfolio approach to analyzing balance-of-payments adjustment. Exchange rates are determined in the short run by conditions in the asset markets and in the long run by conditions in the goods markets. The goods markets include an export good, and import good, and a nontradeable good. Allen and Kenen show that different assumptions about the substitutability between goods or between assets can generate several popular models as special cases of their own.

  • American More! Six-Level Edition Level 6 Class Audio CD

    American MORE! Six-Level Edition is a version of a course from a highly respected author team that's bursting with features for lower secondary students. The Class Audio CD contains all the audio from the Student's Book.

  • Interactive Level 4 Testmaker CD-ROM and Audio CD

    Interactive is an exciting four-level course for teenage learners from elementary to upper-intermediate levels (CEF A2-B2). The Testmaker CD-ROM and Audio CD provide a useful resource for creating printable tests from a bank of ready-made test questions corresponding to the language covered in Level 4. Testmaker offers flexibility, giving you the ability to combine different exercises, units and skills tests to create your own customised tests. Tests can be exported to a word-processing application and edited. There is also the option of creating A and B versions of each test. The accompanying Audio CD provides the classroom audio for the Testmaker listening exercises.

  • Storyfun for Starters Teacher's Book with Audio CD

    Enjoyable story-based practice for the Cambridge Young Learners English (YLE) Tests. Storyfun for Starters Teacher's Book includes an Audio CD with recordings of the stories and listening activities from the Student's Book. Teachers can use the stories to capture learners' imagination. Stories are exploited to present YLE tasks in a motivating and easy-to-use way. Each story unit provides enough material to cover between 90-180 minutes class time. Enjoyable activities including games, projects and poems are balanced with exam-style questions to make learning fun. Teaching tips and photocopiable activities are included and teachers can be confident the test preparation provides coverage of key areas of Cambridge Young Learners English grammar and vocabulary.

  • Introduction to Phosphorous Chemistry

    This 1981 introduction to the chemistry of a single element, phosphorus, covers many of the major themes of chemistry. Important in inorganic and organic chemistry and in biochemistry, phosphorus is also of considerable economic significance and plays a vital role in the biosphere. By presenting a detailed treatment of selected topics, this book provides a concise account of phosphorus chemistry suitable for anyone with an interest in the field. The book provides a survey of phosphorus compounds by structural and bond types, a review of physical methods in phosphorus chemistry, a review of basicity and co-ordination chemistry of phosphorus donors, a discussion of phosphorus in its group, and a chapter on reagents containing phosphorus in general chemistry. A critical bibliography introduces the reader to the advanced literature. S. I. Units are used throughout, but c.g.s units are also given when appropriate.

  • The Vīsaladevarāsa: A Restoration of the Text

    The object of the study is to restore to its original form the Visaladevarasa, a poetical work composed in Rajasthan probably in the middle of the fifteenth century of our era. Dr Smith has provided a full critical analysis of his method, and he also studies in detail the linguistic elements of the text. A full English translation of the reconstituted text is placed opposite the text, and there is a full glossary and index. This study will be of interest to scholars specializing in New Indo-Aryan languages and literatures and in Indo-Aryan philology and textual criticism.

  • The Provident Sea

    The Provident Sea describes the history of fish stock management (including whales and seals). The need for management arose from the industrialization of capture. Hence the preindustrial fisheries are covered, in particular the old cod fishery on the Grand Bank and the herring fishery in the North Sea. The origins of fishery science and of whaling science are described, as it the development of science and institution until 1965 in fisheries, whaling and sealing. In the 1960s and 1970s the second industrialization took place over the world ocean mainly through the activities of the Russians and Japanese. The consequence of this was the 'law of the Sea' Conference and the eventual management by the coastal state. This book traces, on the basis of the original scientific material, the history of the management of 'the provident sea' up to when problems of overexploitation have had dramatic effects upon stocks.

  • The Cambridge Companion to the Literature of Paris

    No city more than Paris has had such a constant and deep association with the development of literary forms and cultural ideas. The idea of the city as a space of literary self-consciousness started to take hold in the sixteenth century. By 1620, where this volume begins, the first in a long line of extraordinary works of the human imagination, in which the city represented itself to itself, had begun to find form in print. This collection follows that process through to the present day. Beginning with the 'salon', followed by the hybrid culture of libertinage and the revolutionary hotbeds of working-class districts, it explores the continuities and changes between the pre-modern era and the nineteenth century, when Paris asserted itself as cultural capital of Europe. It goes on to explore how this vision of Paris as a key capital of modernity has shaped contemporary literature.

  • Foundations of Mathematical Genetics

    This is an account of the origins of modern mathematical population genetics. Expanding on the first edition, Dr Edwards now covers the mathematics behind the fundamental theory of natural selection to show the foundations of population genetics for students, researchers and historians alike.

  • Semantics

    This book, which can be read independently, deals with more specifically linguistic problems in semantics and contains substantial original material.

  • Chinese Calligraphy

    The art of calligraphy is seen as the epitome of Chinese culture. Originating in the earliest abstract symbols carved on cave walls, animal bones and tortoise shells by the ancient Chinese people, over several thousand years calligraphy has become far more than a means of writing and recording events. This book provides an accessible, illustrated introduction to the history of calligraphy from the beginning of the Chinese written language, the methods and styles used by calligraphers through the ages and the influence that calligraphy has had on modern art around the world.

  • The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire, Volume 2: AD 395-52 (Set of 2 Parts)

    The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire provides a complete secular biographical dictionary of the period AD 527 (the beginning of the reign of Justinian) to 641 (the death of Heraclius). The information has been gathered from a wide variety of sources in Latin, Greek, Arabic, Syriac and other languages. The project makes available for the first time in one work mass of information relating to the personnel of the Roman Empire and the western kingdoms that were its heirs, and of other nations with which Rome had dealings.

  • Cambridge Checkpoints HSC Physics 2011

    Study as you go with Cambridge Checkpoints HSC. Updated annually to provide the most up-to-date exam preparation available, Cambridge Checkpoints HSC provides everything you need to prepare for your HSC exams in a go-anywhere format that fits easily into your school bag. o Recent official HSC exam papers with suggested responses o Hundreds of additional past exam and exam-style questions with answers o Dot point summaries of key topics and concepts to help you pinpoint where you need further revision

  • Ethical Patterns in Early Christian Thought

    In so-called Christian countries an increasing number of people openly reject Christian morality. It is a commonplace that they do this for values that can be shown to be Christian. How did this state of affairs come about? An examination of the beginning of Christian ethical thought shows that, within great personal variety, certain patterns or concepts remain constant. Righteousness, discipleship, faith and love are traced in this book from the New Testament through to Augustine. There is a necessary tension between high ideals and practical performance, or between perfection and contingency. When this tension is lost, Christian ethics can easily go wrong. The amoral perfectionism of second-century Gnostics is remarkably similar to the mysticism of communal movements; the opposite threat of legalism has always been present in conservative forms of Christianity. Dr Osborn is concerned to explain rather than to defend, to look at the way conclusions are reached, and to show the rich diversity of early Christian thought. Successive chapters deal with the New Testament, Clement of Alexandria, Basil the Great, John Chrysostom and Augustine.

  • The !Kung San: Men, Women and Work in a Foraging Society

    For most of human history hunting and gathering was a universal way of life. Richard Borshay Lee spent over three years conducting fieldwork among the !Kung San, an isolated population of 1,000 in northern Botswana. When Lee began his work in 19863, the !Kung San were one of the last of the world's people to live this life. By 1973, when Lee last lived with the group, it appeared that they !Kung were a society on the threshold of a transformation that signalled the end of foraging as an independent way of life, at least in Africa. The !Kung San: Men, Women and Work in a Foraging Society, an ecological and historical study, is Professor Lee's major statement on his research. By maintaining simultaneous historical and synchronic perspectives, Lee is able to extend his analysis of core features from the contemporary !Kung to prehistoric societies. These basic principles become the means to understanding the form of human life that has been obscured by the developments and complications of societies during the last few thousand years.

  • Bayreuth: The Early Years

    The story of the first 30 years of the Bayreuth festival as told by scores of people who attended performers, critics and members of the audience. A mine of information on past productions.

  • Business Reports in English

    Aimed at those who have to read and write reports in English, this book adopts a task-based approach.

  • Dispute Settlement Reports 2008: Volume 8, Pages 2771-3176

    The Dispute Settlement Reports of the World Trade Organization (WTO) include Panel and Appellate Body reports, as well as arbitration awards, in disputes concerning the rights and obligations of WTO members under the provisions of the Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization. These are the WTO authorized and paginated reports in English. An essential addition to the library of all practising and academic trade lawyers, and needed by students worldwide taking courses in international economic or trade law. DSR 2008: VIII reports on Mexico - Definitive Countervailing Measures on Olive Oil from the European Communities (WT/DS341).

  • Horace on Poetry: Epistles Book II: The Letters to Augustus and Florus

    Originally published in 1982, this is the culminating volume in Professor Brink's great study of Horace's critical writings. The book contains a full edition of the Letters to Augustus and Florus, presented on the same lines as that of the Ars Poetica in the preceding volume. The edition is followed by a very detailed commentary which seeks to justify his text of the poems, and on this basis leads to an assessment of style and subject matter in the two epistles. In the second half an attempt is made to unravel the complexities of Horace's mode of composition and to determine the scope of the critical epistles against the background of Augustan poetry. The complete three-volume commentary constitutes one of the fullest scholarly commentaries on Horace's critical writing. It will continue to be of great value to all with an interest in this much-debated subject.

  • Complete IELTS Bands 4-5 Teacher's Book

    Complete IELTS combines the very best in contemporary classroom practice with stimulating topics aimed at young adults wanting to study at university. Complete IELTS Bands 4-5 prepares students for the IELTS test at B1 (foundation level). It is designed to introduce students to the critical thinking required for IELTS and provide strategies and skills to maximise their score. The information, practice and advice contained in the course ensure that they are fully prepared for all parts of the test. The Teacher's Book contains detailed teacher's notes with advice on classroom procedure as well as extra teaching ideas and answer keys. There are also extra photocopiable materials including class activities, progress tests and vocabulary extension wordlists.

  • The Georgics of Virgil: A Critical Survey

    This highly acclaimed book was, when it was first published in 1969, the first complete book in English devoted to the Georgics of Virgil, of which Mr Wilkinson provides a comprehensive survey. With careful scholarship and shrewd verbal and stylistic analysis combined with sober common sense, he deals with Virgil's early life, the conception of the poem and its composition and structure. He also examines the poem's intellectual ancestry, studies its literary, philosophic, political and agricultural aspects and finally deals with its fortunes from classical times to the present day. Prose translations of quoted passages make this book accessible to readers other than students of classics.

  • Case Studies: Stahl's Essential Psychopharmacology

    Designed with the distinctive, user-friendly presentation Dr Stahl's audience know and love, this new stream of Stahl books capitalize on Dr Stahl's greatest strength - the ability to address complex issues in an understandable way and with direct relevance to the everyday experience of clinicians. The book describes a wide-ranging and representative selection of clinical scenarios, making use of icons, questions/answers and tips. It follows these cases through the complete clinical encounter, from start to resolution, acknowledging all the complications, issues, decisions, twists and turns along the way. The book is about living through the treatments that work, the treatments that fail, and the mistakes made along the journey. This is psychiatry in real life - these are the patients from your waiting room - this book will reassure, inform and guide better clinical decision making.

  • Institutional Work: Actors and Agency in Institutional Studies of Organizations

    The 'institutional' approach to organizational research has shown how enduring features of social life - such as marriage and bureaucracy - act as mechanisms of social control. Such approaches have traditionally focused attention on the relationships between organizations and the fields in which they operate, providing strong accounts of the processes through which institutions govern action. In contrast, the study of institutional work reorients these traditional concerns, shifting the focus to understanding how action affects institutions. This book sets a research agenda within the field of institutional work by analyzing the ways in which individuals, groups, and organizations work to create, maintain, and disrupt the institutions that structure their lives. Through a series of essays and case studies, it explores the conceptual core of institutional work, identifies institutional work strategies, provides exemplars for future empirical research, and embeds the concept within broader sociological debates and ideas.

  • Sophocles: Electra

    One of Sophocles' more accomplished dramas, the Electra has always generated a good deal of scholarly debate. This 2007 edition, the first full-scale commentary on any play of Sophocles since the nineteenth century, explores afresh long-standing controversies such as the moral status of the killing of Clytemnestra, while also investigating many subjects which have traditionally attracted less attention, such as the place of rhetoric within the drama, the use of typical scenes, and allusions to epinician poetry. It provides original metrical analyses of the lyrical sections of the play and a revised Greek text. Research on the papyri, mediaeval manuscripts and printed editions has led to a more accurate apparatus criticus than ever before, with many conjectures attributed to their rightful owners.

  • Study and Master Grade R Workbook

    Study & Master Grade R gives learners the best possible foundation on which to build their literacy, numeracy and life skills. This programme, available in all official languages, provides a way for new knowledge, concepts and skills to be introduced in concrete ways through play, exploration and practice. Study & Master Grade R offers a range of practical and holistic activities o that develop strong learning foundations o and introduce literacy and numeracy skills o through life skills activities o in one complete, integrated course. Strong roots; good shoots!

  • Objective Advanced Student's Book with Answers with CD-ROM

    An updated and revised edition of the Objective CAE course, which prepares students for Cambridge English: Advanced, also known as Certificate in Advanced English (CAE). The syllabus for this exam has changed and this book has now been replaced by 9781107657557 Objective Advanced Fourth edition Student's Book with answers with CD-ROM.

  • Characteristic Classes and the Cohomology of Finite Groups

    The purpose of this book is to study the relation between the representation ring of a finite group and its integral cohomology by means of characteristic classes. In this way it is possible to extend the known calculations and prove some general results for the integral cohomology ring of a group G of prime power order. Among the groups considered are those of p-rank less than 3, extra-special p-groups, symmetric groups and linear groups over finite fields. An important tool is the Riemann - Roch formula which provides a relation between the characteristic classes of an induced representation, the classes of the underlying representation and those of the permutation representation of the infinite symmetric group. Dr Thomas also discusses the implications of his work for some arithmetic groups which will interest algebraic number theorists. Dr Thomas assumes the reader has taken basic courses in algebraic topology, group theory and homological algebra, but has included an appendix in which he gives a purely topological proof of the Riemann - Roch formula.

  • LMS: 85 Solitons

    A 'soliton' is a localized nonlinear wave of permanent form which may interact strongly with other solitons so that when they separate after the interaction they regain their original forms. This textbook is an account of the theory of solitons and of the diverse applications of the theory to nonlinear systems arising in the physical sciences. The essence of the book is an introduction to the method of inverse scattering. Solitary waves, cnoidal waves, conservation laws, the initial-value problem for the Korteweg-de Vries equation, the Lax method, the sine-Gordon equation and Backlund transformations are treated. The book will be useful for research workers who wish to learn about solitons as well as graduate students in mathematics, physics and engineering.

  • Vectors in Three-Dimensional Space

    This book deals with vector algebra and analysis and with their application to three-dimensional geometry and the analysis of fields in three dimensions. While many treatments of the application of vectors have approached the fundamentals of the subject intuitively, assuming some prior knowledge of Euclidean and Cartesian geometry, Professor Chrisholm here bases the subject on the axioms of linear space algebra, which are fundamental to many branches of mathematics. While developing the properties of vectors from axioms, however, he continually emphasizes the geometrical interpretation of vector algebra in order to build up intuitive relations between the algebraic equations and geometrical concepts. Throughout, examples are used to illustrate the theory being developed; several sets of problems are incorporate in each chapter, and outline answers to many of these are given. Written primarily for undergraduate mathematicians in the early part of their courses, this lucidly written book will also appeal to mathematical physicists and to mathematically inclined engineers.

  • Ecological Effects of Waste Water

    First published in 1980, this book provides a practical and concise introduction to the ecological consequences of water pollution. It covers the necessary topics on a more quantitative fashion than have previous texts, yet its simplified treatment of biology will make the subject accessible to nonbiologists. The many illustrations, field data, and detailed reports of research will bring a wide range of readers accurately up-to-date in the field. Ecological Effects of Waste Water is a valuable introduction and summary for students and professionals in limnology, environmental engineering, acquaculture, ecology, fisheries, and water pollution.

  • Gregory's Girl

    A collection of anthologies, resource and reference books, including titles from Oscar Wilde, Mary Shelley, Alex Madina, Jo Phillips and Adrian Barlow.

  • Occult Scientific Mentalities

    The essays in this volume present a collective study of one of the major problems in the recent history of science: To what extent did the occult 'sciences' (alchemy, astrology, numerology, and natural magic) contribute to the scientific revolution of the late Renaissance? These studies of major scientists (Kepler, Bacon, Mersenne, and Newton) and of occultists (Dee, Fludd, and Cardano), complemented by analyses of contemporary official and unofficial studies at Cambridge and Oxford and discussions of the language of science, combine to suggest that hitherto the relationship has been too crudely stated as a movement 'from magic to science'. In fact, two separate mentalities can be traced, the occult and the scientific, each having different assumptions, goals, and methodologies. The contributors call into question many of the received ideas on this topic, showing that the issue has been wrongly defined and based on inadequate historical evidence. They outline new ways of approaching and understanding a situation in which two radically different and, to modern eyes, incompatible ways of describing reality persisted side-by-side until the demise of the occult in the late seventeenth century. Their work, accordingly, sets the whole issue in a new light.

  • The Phonetic Bases of Speaker Recognition

    How reliably can individuals be recognised by their voices? This question has recently been the subject of much debate among speech researchers and forensic scientists and the controversial and crucial nature of that debate has stimulated a wide range of empirical research. In this book Dr Nolan argues convincingly that both the design and interpretation of many of these experiments are vitiated by the lack of a comprehensive model of variability between speakers and within the speech of an individual. This volume clearly demonstrates that any valid theory of speaker recognition must integrate the approaches of a number of disciplines and it is itself an important step towards that integration. It will be of interest to phoneticians and to speech scientists, including those with an engineering background and also to forensic scientists specialising in this area.

  • Mechanics of Swimming and Flying

    This book provides a clear and concise summary of the fluid dynamics of the locomotion of living organisms. The biological phenomena described in detail range from the swimming of bacteria and fish to the flying of insects and birds. The breadth of treatment requires the study of two basic fluid-dynamical regimes. In the first case, that of small organisms, the viscosity of the fluid is paramount in deciding the most effective swimming strategy. However, for larger insects, birds, and most fish, the viscosity of the air or water may be treated as if it were zero, and resulting mechanisms of propulsion are very different. Both these types are studied, with emphasis on the unsteady character of natural movements. Written for the advanced student, this volume assumes familiarity with basic fluid mechanics, although some elementary topics are included. It will be readily accessible to students of applied mathematics and biologists who have engineering or physics backgrounds.

  • Advanced Topics in Quantum Field Theory: A Lecture Course

    Since the advent of Yang-Mills theories and supersymmetry in the 1970s, quantum field theory - the basis of the modern description of physical phenomena at the fundamental level - has undergone revolutionary developments. This is the first systematic and comprehensive text devoted specifically to modern field theory, bringing readers to the cutting edge of current research. The book emphasizes nonperturbative phenomena and supersymmetry. It includes a thorough discussion of various phases of gauge theories, extended objects and their quantization, and global supersymmetry from a modern perspective. Featuring extensive cross-referencing from traditional topics to recent breakthroughs in the field, it prepares students for independent research. The side boxes summarizing the main results and over 70 exercises make this an indispensable book for graduate students and researchers in theoretical physics.

  • Geodynamics

    Essential reading for any Earth scientist, this classic textbook has been providing advanced undergraduate and graduate students with the fundamentals needed to develop a quantitative understanding of the physical processes of the solid earth for over thirty years. This third edition has two completely new chapters covering numerical modelling and geophysical MATLAB(R) applications, and the text is now supported by a suite of online MATLAB(R) codes that will enable students to grasp the practical aspects of computational modelling. The book has been brought fully up to date with the inclusion of new material on planetary geophysics and other cutting edge topics. Exercises within the text allow students to put the theory into practice as they progress through each chapter and carefully selected further reading sections guide and encourage them to delve deeper into topics of interest. Answers to problems available within the book and also online, for self-testing, complete the textbook package.

  • Human Capital: The Settlement of Foreigners in Russia 1762-1804

    This book examines in detail the Russian government's policy of settling foreigners in European Russia during the last third of the eighteenth century. The recruitment of foreign settlers was practised by many European states during this period, primarily as part of general population policies which sought the highest possible levels of population. In Russia it was also part of the process of settling and developing frontier regions. Dr Bartlett shows the European and Russian background, describes the genesis of the Empress Catherine II's Manifestos of 1762 and 1763 (which set the policy in motion) and follows the development and implementation of policy. The two most notable ethnic groups among Imperial Russia's foreign settlers were Bulgarians and Germans, but many other nationalities were also involved. A separate chapter deals with urban settlement - foreign entrepreneurs and artisans - including the Armenian community of Astrakhan; and connections are explored with other areas of policy, notably with Catherine's interest in the Baltic provinces, her concern with the Jewish question, and with serfdom; and the question of technical improvement in agriculture during the early years of her reign.

  • Spherical Astronomy

    This is an introductory textbook on spherical and positional astronomy. It is entirely suitable for use by students with no prior knowledge of classical astronomy. At the same time, it is sufficiently comprehensive to make it a useful background reference book for anyone engaged in practical astronomy. The first three chapters sketch essential background: mathematical techniques and coordinate systems. Successive chapters then give treatments of refraction, aberration, stellar parallex, precession, nutation and proper motion. An entire chapter is devoted to astrographic plate measurements. The gravitational two-body problem is solved and applied to solar system dynamics. Novel areas include a full treatment of binary star orbits and two chapters on developments in radio astronomy. Worked examples and problems to be solved by the reader ensure that this is a valuable textbook.

  • Radio Frequency Integrated Circuits and Systems

    Focusing on the core topics of radio frequency integrated circuits (RFICs) and system design, this textbook provides the in-depth coverage and detailed mathematical analyses needed to gain a thorough understanding of the subject. Throughout, theory is linked to practice with real-world application examples; practical design guidance is also offered, covering the pros and cons of various topologies, and preparing students for future work in industry. Written for graduate courses on RFICs, this uniquely intuitive and practical book will also be of value to practising RFIC and system designers. Key topics covered include RF components, signals and systems, two-ports, noise, distortion, low-noise amplifiers, mixers, oscillators, power amplifiers, and transceiver architectures. Lecture slides and a solutions manual for instructors are provided online to complete the course package.

  • Modern Arabic Drama in Egypt

    This book is the first critical survey of modern Egyptian drama during the period of its maturity from the 1930s to the present day. A discussion of the work of Tawfiq al-Hakim is followed by an examination of the less experimental plays of his successors, Mahmud Taymur, Bakathir and Fathi Radwan.

  • The Theory of Natural Monopoly

    The theory of natural monopoly has been substantially transformed in previous years. Ina clear and straightforward style, Dr. Sharkey gives an integrated presentation of the modern approach to this subject. Although the book is mainly conceptual in nature, the final chapter on natural monopoly in the telecommunications industry shows the practical applications of the theory. After an historical survey of natural monopoly, there follows a chapter stating and explaining the main results as well as giving a preliminary overview of the rest of the book, where concepts such as the subadditivity of costs, optimal pricing, sustainability, and destructive competition are presented. The essence of the subject is presented in a manner accessible to the general reader, though the book also provides a synthesis of the subject suitable for advanced students.

  • Islamic History: A New Interpretation

    This book presents for the first time a clear narrative analysis of the central events of the Islamic domains between the rise of the Abbasids and the Salijuq invasion. It was a period of intense political and economic activity as the Abbasids extended their empire and gradually lost control of it; these years also marked the rise and fall of the Fatimid regime in Egypt and the growth of other regional power groups. The study is based on original sources and Dr Shaban challenges many received opinions.

  • Augustine: Confessions Books V-IX

    Books V-IX of the Confessions trace five crucial years in the life of Augustine, from his debut as a teacher of rhetoric in North Africa to his baptism as a Christian and the renunciation of a worldly career in Milan. This commentary will be invaluable for those wishing to read his story in the original Latin. Through careful glosses and notes, Augustine's Latin is made accessible to students of patristics and of classics. His extensive quotations from Scripture are translated and explained in light of the variant Bible texts and the interpretative assumptions through which he came to understand them. The unfolding of his career is set against the background of political, cultural, and religious change in the fourth century, and the art with which he created a form of narrative without precedent in earlier Latin literature is illustrated in close detail.

  • The Cambridge History of Latin America

    Volume 1 in The Cambridge History of Latin America looks at the history of colonial Latin America.

  • Super Minds Level 6 Workbook

    An exciting, seven-level course that enhances young learners' thinking skills, sharpening their memory while improving their language skills. Written by a highly experienced author team, Super Minds enhances your students' thinking skills, improving their memory along with their language skills. This Level 6 Workbook includes activities to develop language creatively, fascinating cross-curricular sections and lively stories that explore social values. For each Student's Book page, this Workbook features a page of activities. Class Audio CDs, including audio from the Student's Book and Workbook, is sold separately.

  • International Legal English Teacher's Book: A Course for Classroom or Self-study Use

    International Legal English Second edition is the definitive course for students who need to work in the international legal community. International Legal English Teacher's Book is an essential companion for any teacher wishing to use International Legal English Second edition in the classroom. The book offers invaluable background information about the law topics discussed, giving teachers the confidence to explore these topics with their students. The Teacher's Book guides the teacher through the exercises in the book and suggests optional consolidation activities along the way. It includes over 50 extra photocopiable activities and adds a whole new communicative dimension to the course, with lots of ideas for discussion and role-plays.

  • Bad Company Level 2 Elementary/Lower-intermediate

    Award-winning original fiction for learners of English. At seven levels, from Starter to Advanced, this impressive selection of carefully graded readers offers exciting reading for every student's capabilities. Detective Inspector Helen Shepherd is called to investigate the murder of a young woman on a beach on the south coast of England. The young woman was one of a group of workers from a music company who are staying at a nearby hotel. Inspector Shepherd and her new sergeant Webb question the other workers to find out who had a motive for murder. More than one has, so which one is the murderer and how did they do it? Paperback-only version. Also available with Audio CD including complete text recordings from the book.

  • Phonology: An Introduction to Basic Concepts

    What is the phonological organisation of natural languages like? What theoretical and analytical approaches are most fruitful? Is there any phonological theory that is 'the best' in all ways? The student of phonology is currently faced with a number of major and apparently competing theories, and the textbook writer who genuinely wishes to confront these questions is faced with the task of assessing the contribution each theory can make, while avoiding the merely fashionable or ephemeral in this contentious and evolving discipline. Roger Lass sees phonology as essentially a problem-centred discipline. Since in his view none of the supposedly comprehensive answers proposed to the questions raised above is really comprehensive or acceptable in all its detail, he concentrates rather on introducing the student to the perennial concerns in the study of sound structure. Hence his book adopts a broad and eclectic framework, unbiased toward any one model or theory. Instead, important aspects of the phenomenology of sound structure are discussed in relation to the particular phonological theory - be it Prague phonology, American structuralism, prosodic phonology, generative phonology - for which they are most salient. The book surveys a wide range of competing theories, analytical strategies, and notational systems, and attempts to provide a coherent intellectual and historical perspective on a discipline which has too often been viewed recently as developing via a series of 'revolutions'. Although this textbook assumes some command of phonetics, little other linguistic background is presupposed, and the author carefully provides the groundwork for each new development before it is introduced. In addition, the book deals in detail with two areas not customarily treated extensively in introductory texts; the phonology of casual speech, and phonological change. This spirited and original synthesis will enable its readers to acquire a real understanding of the fundamentals of phonology.

  • A Contribution to the Pure Theory of Taxation

    Now available in paperback this book investigates the way in which tax systems affect economic efficiency and the distribution of welfare. It examines within a unified framework questions that are usually treated in different areas of the literature: institutional economics, positive economics, normative economics, and political economics. It adheres to the rigorous standards of pure theory while paying careful attention to the policy relevance of the arguments. Tax systems are viewed as information extracting devices that generate sets of equilibria of complex geometry. A tax reform methodology is proposed that sheds light on optimal taxes. Social conflicts in the determination of taxes are shown to have effects on social cohesion.

  • The Crato Fossil Beds of Brazil: Window into an Ancient World

    This beautifully illustrated 2007 volume describes the entire flora and fauna of the famous Lower Cretaceous Crato Formation of Brazil - one of the world's most important fossil deposits, exhibiting exceptional preservation. A wide range of invertebrates and vertebrates are covered, including extended sections on pterosaurs and insects. Two chapters are devoted to plants. Many of the chapters include descriptions of new species and re-descriptions and appraisals of taxa published in obscure places, rendering them available to a wider audience. Fossil descriptions are supported by detailed explanations of the geological history of the deposit and its tectonic setting. Drawing on expertise from around the world and specimens from the most important museum collections, this book forms an essential reference for researchers and enthusiasts with an interest in Mesozoic fossils.

  • Chinese Clothing

    Chinese clothing has undergone continuous transformations throughout history, providing a reflection of the culture in place at any given time. A wealth of archaeological findings coupled with ancient mythology, poetry and songs enable us to see the development of distinctive Chinese fashions through the ages. This illustrated introductory survey takes the reader through traditional Chinese clothing, ornamentation and ceremonial wear, discusses the importance of silk and the diverse costumes of China's ethnic groups before considering modern trends and China's place in the fashion world today.

  • Richard Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier

    This book describes the pre-eminent achievement from the first years of collaboration between two great artists of the twentieth century, Hugo von Hofmannsthal and Richard Strauss. It explains how the poet drew upon a wealth of classical and literary sources to fashion his vivid characters, and how the composer further enhanced their lifelike charm in his potent and often magical score. An explanation of the psychological undertones of the libretto is supplemented by an appendix on Hofmannsthal's use of language. Critical comments and attacks on Der Rosenkavalier from its premiere to recent times are described and assessed, and the opera's stage history is recounted. The long central chapter of the book, adapted by Norman Del Mar from his celebrated three-volume study of the composer, combines musical analysis with a detailed synopsis. An appendix discusses versions of the opera as film and play. The book includes a bibliography and a detailed discography.

  • American More! Six-Level Edition Level 5 Class Audio CD

    American MORE! Six-Level Edition is a version of a course from a highly respected author team that's bursting with features for lower secondary students. The Class Audio CD contains all the audio from the Student's Book.

  • Genealogical Genetic Structure

    Although the long-term processes of evolution are selection and mutation, the infrastructure of a population is a no less important force in determining the distributions of genetic characteristics observable within populations. In small populations, and in particular in human populations, complex patterns of genealogical relationship between individuals can be an important factor in the maintenance of genetic variability. The aim of this book is to develop the quantitative theory of the interrelationship between the genealogical and the genetic structures of a population. Aspects of other structural features, such as migration patterns, are also discussed, but are not central to the development. There are three major aspects; each comprises two chapters of the text. First, genealogical relationships are characterized in a way which can illuminate their genetic consequences. Second, the evolutionary aspects of genealogical structure are developed. Finally, the last two chapters present methods of characterizing the complete structure of a genealogy, and of computing relevant parameters of genealogical structure; these topics are of relevance to genetic epidemiology as well as to population genetics.

  • Cambridge English for Schools Starter Class Audio CDs (2)

    Cambridge English for Schools offers an exciting approach to English for students from eleven to sixteen years old. The Class Audio CDs contain all the listening material to accompany the Student's Book. Workbook Audio is available separately.

  • Dostoevsky and the Russian People

    Russian popular culture and folklore were a central theme in Dostoevsky's work, and folklore imagery permeates his fiction. Dostoevsky and the Russian People is a comprehensive study of the people and folklore in his art. Linda Ivanits investigates the integration of Dostoevsky's religious ideas and his use of folklore in his major fiction. She surveys the shifts in Dostoevsky's thinking about the Russian people throughout his life and offers comprehensive studies of the people and folklore in Crime and Punishment, The Idiot, The Devils, and The Brothers Karamazov. This important study will illuminate this unexplored aspect of his work, and will be of great interest to scholars and students of Russian and of comparative literature.

  • Lively Membranes

    First published in 1983, this book summarises the principles of structure and functions of membranes at the molecular level where so much living activity occurs. The dynamic nature of the molecular activity is stressed and examples are drawn from the range of living organisms from bacteria to higher plants and to man. The descriptions and hypotheses in the text are illustrated with some electron micrographs but especially with diagrams based on space-filling atomic models to illustrate the molecular movements. The first four chapters are concerned with the molecular constituents, their packing and their movements. Two chapters deal with membranes in energy transduction, two with trans-membrane diffusion, transport, absorption and secretion and one with excited membranes and signal transmission. the membrane-bound reactions of hormones, antibodies and synthesis are outlined. Finally, membranes are discussed in relation to life's origin and evolution.

  • A Life Scientist's Guide to Physical Chemistry

    Motivating students to engage with physical chemistry through biological examples, this textbook demonstrates how the tools of physical chemistry can be used to illuminate biological questions. It clearly explains key principles and their relevance to life science students, using only the most straightforward and relevant mathematical tools. More than 350 exercises are spread throughout the chapters, covering a wide range of biological applications and explaining issues that students often find challenging. These, along with problems at the end of each chapter and end-of-term review questions, encourage active and continuous study. Over 130 worked examples, many deriving directly from life sciences, help students connect principles and theories to their own laboratory studies. Connections between experimental measurements and key theoretical quantities are frequently highlighted and reinforced. Answers to the exercises are included in the book. Fully worked solutions and answers to the review problems, password-protected for instructors, are available at www.cambridge.org/roussel.

  • Oligopoly Theory

    James Friedman provides a thorough survey of oligopoly theory using numerical examples and careful verbal explanations to make the ideas clear and accessible. While the earlier ideas of Cournot, Hotelling, and Chamberlin are presented, the larger part of the book is devoted to the modern work on oligopoly that has resulted from the application of dynamic techniques and game theory to this area of economics. The book begins with static oligopoly theory. Cournot's model and its more recent elaborations are covered in the first substantive chapter. Then the Chamberlinian analysis of product differentiation, spatial competition, and characteristics space is set out. The subsequent chapters on modern work deal with reaction functions, advertising, oligopoly with capital, entry, and oligopoly using noncooperative game theory. A large bibliography is provided.

  • Strategy without Design: The Silent Efficacy of Indirect Action

    Strategy exhibits a pervasive commitment to the belief that the best approach to adopt in dealing with affairs of the world is to confront, overcome and subjugate things to conform to our will, control and eventual mastery. Performance is about sustaining distinctiveness. This direct and deliberate approach draws inspiration from ancient Greek roots and has become orthodoxy. Yet there are downsides. This book shows why. Using examples from the world of business, economics, military strategy, politics and philosophy, it argues that success may inadvertently emerge from the everyday coping actions of a multitude of individuals, none of whom intended to contribute to any preconceived design. A consequence of this claim is that a paradox exists in strategic interventions, one that no strategist can afford to ignore. The more single-mindedly a strategic goal is sought, the more likely such calculated instrumental action eventually works to undermine its own initial success.

  • Prostitution and Victorian Society: Women, Class, and the State

    The state regulation of prostitution, as established under the Contagious Diseases Acts of 1864, 1866 and 1869, and the successful campaign for the repeal of the Acts, provide the framework for this study of alliances between prostitutes and feminists and their clashes with medical authorities and police. Prostitution and Victorian Society makes a major contribution to women's history, working-class history, and the social history of medicine and politics. It demonstrates how feminists and others mobilized over sexual questions, how public discourse on prostitution redefined sexuality in the late nineteenth century, and how the state helped to recast definitions of social deviance.

  • Narrative and Structure: Exploratory Essays

    John Holloway is probably best known for his work on Shakespeare and on the Victorian and modern periods; this 1979 book represents an extension of his interests hitherto. Though not intended as mathematical analyses of fiction or drama, the essays here have evolved largely by allowing broad mathematical concepts to suggest original lines of argument in the critical analysis of narrative structure. Among the authors to come under detailed consideration are Boccaccio, Racine, George Eliot, Dostoevsky, Chekhov, and Henry James, as well as several more recent English novelists, and the tendency of the book as a whole is to invite application of the critical approaches that it explores to a still wider range of literary works. Professor Holloway also considers some fundamental issues relating structural analysis to the concerns of the literary critic, and he includes appendices on methods of analysing political oratory, and on the idea of the transformation rule as an aid to the critical discussion of poetry.

  • The Functional Integration of Cells in Animal Tissues

    A multi-author study of the mechanisms which coordinate and control the proliferation and activities of the component cells of animal tissue and which result in the characteristic properties of that tissue.

  • Patterns of Sounds

    Patterns of Sounds describes the frequency and distributional patterns of the phonemic sounds in a large and representative sample of the world's languages. The results are based on UPSID (the UCLA Phonological Segment Inventory Database), a computer file containing the phonemes of 317 languages selected on the basis of genetic diversity. The book contains nine chapters analysing the UPSID data, as well as fully labelled phoneme charts for each language and a comprehensive segment index. Questions of the frequency and co-occurrence of the particular segment types are discussed in detail and possible explanations for the patterns observed are evaluated. The book is thus both a report on the research into phoneme inventory structure that has been done using UPSID and a resource that provides the reader with the tools to extend that research.

  • Principles of Business for CSEC Examinations Coursebook with CD-ROM

    For students following courses leading to the Principles of Business for CSEC examination. This book is intended for students following courses leading to the Principles of Business CSEC examination. Concepts are presented in an accessible way without losing their core meaning. Each section has its own summary and activities and interspersed throughout the book are numerous opportunities for students to interact with the content in meaningful ways as they reflect on what they read. The accompanying CD-ROM includes a bank of multiple-choice questions with answers provided.

  • Economic Behaviour within Organizations

    This book provides a comprehensive economic analysis of the internal working of organizations. Its attention to the role of information costs in influencing the breadth of discretion that members of an organization have, and the nature and effectiveness of the constraints that can be put upon them, leads to many important hypotheses about organizational behavior. These hypotheses are relevant to both private and public organizations, to charitable and profit-making ones, to bureaucracies and legislatures, and to organizations in free market and centrally planned economies. Stephen Hoenack proposes that managers' optimal choices of constraints in the face of information costs ordinarily leave subordinates with some latitude to use resources in pursuit of their own objectives. Employees can thus create an economy within the organization that responds to their goals as well as to the demands of external constituents.

  • The Dawn of Animal Life: A Biohistorical Study

    This 1985 book examines the origin of the present diversity of marine invertebrate animals. A brief review of the early stages in the history of life discusses the time-scale of the relevant geological periods alongside corresponding events in the evolutionary sequence. These views of the early history of life are then matched against the fossil record and conjectures drawn from the living fauna, enabling the author to attempt an overview of the early diversification of marine animal life. Transitions to the succeeding assemblages of shellbearing fossils in Palaeozoic rocks are discussed and a number of stratigraphic adjustments are suggested for the period in which evolutionary events had their greatest impact on oceans and marine rock strata. The need for an interdisciplinary approach to early evolution is emphasized.

  • American More! Six-Level Edition Level 4 Teacher's Resource Book with Testbuilder CD-ROM/Audio CD

    American MORE! Six-Level Edition is a version of a course from a highly respected author team that's bursting with features for lower secondary students. Each level of American MORE! contains 50-60 hours of class material. With dedicated reading, culture, grammar, vocabulary, skills and cross-curricular learning sections, plus a wide range of flexible components, you really do get more with American MORE! The Teacher's Resource Book contains detailed guidance on how to get the best out of the course, warm-up activities, photocopiable grammar and communication resources, tests and answer keys, and 'Extra' idea sections for fast finishers. The test material is contained on the Testbuilder Audio CD-ROM, together with the audio for the tests.

  • Cambridge English Prepare! Level 1 Workbook with Audio

    Prepare! is a lively 7-level general English course with comprehensive Cambridge English for Schools exam preparation integrated throughout. This flexible course brings together all the tools and technology you expect to get the results you need. Whether teaching general English or focusing on exams, Prepare! leaves you and your students genuinely ready for what comes next: real Cambridge English exams, or real life. The Level 1 Workbook provides additional reading, writing and listening practice of the language covered in the Prepare! Level 1 Student's Book units, and reinforces vocabulary. The accompanying Audio is available online for download. A Student's Book and Online Workbook is also available, separately.

  • The Analytics of Uncertainty and Information

    Economists have always recognised that human endeavours are constrained by our limited and uncertain knowledge, but only recently has an accepted theory of uncertainty and information evolved. This theory has turned out to have surprisingly practical applications: for example in analysing stock market returns, in evaluating accident prevention measures, and in assessing patent and copyright laws. This book presents these intellectual advances in readable form for the first time. It unifies many important but partial results into a satisfying single picture, making it clear how the economics of uncertainty and information generalises and extends standard economic analysis. Part One of the volume covers the economics of uncertainty: how each person adapts to a given fixed state of knowledge by making an optimal choice among the immediate 'terminal' actions available. These choices in turn determine the overall market equilibrium reflecting the social distribution of risk bearing. In Part Two, covering the economics of information, the state of knowledge is no longer held fixed. Instead, individuals can to a greater or lesser extent overcome their ignorance by 'informational' actions. The text also addresses at appropriate points many specific topics such as insurance, the Capital Asset Pricing model, auctions, deterrence of entry, and research and invention.

  • Dispute Settlement Reports 2008: Volume 6, Pages 2011-2382

    The Dispute Settlement Reports of the World Trade Organization (WTO) include Panel and Appellate Body reports, as well as arbitration awards, in disputes concerning the rights and obligations of WTO members under the provisions of the Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization. These are the WTO authorized and paginated reports in English. An essential addition to the library of all practising and academic trade lawyers, and needed by students worldwide taking courses in international economic or trade law. DSR 2008: Volumes III to VI report on United States - Subsidies on Upland Cotton - Recourse by Brazil to Article 21.5 of the Understanding on Rules and Procedures Governing the Settlement of Disputes (WT/DS267).

  • A History of Persian Earthquakes

    Modern plate tectonic theory, the development of earthquake prediction and the mitigation of earthquake hazards are based on the study of earthquakes during the twentieth century. Investigation of earthquakes over a much longer period, although in no way invalidating the global importance of plate tectonics, shows that patterns of seismic activity do change with time and that areas of intense seismic activity in the historical past are often gaps of earthquake activity today. This study of the historical seismicity of Iran over the last thirteen centuries not only shows this quite clearly but also reveals a long-term tectonic pattern which is different from that deduced from short-term observations. The historical data provides the basis for the development of earthquake prediction models and for long-term earthquake hazard assessment. This book will be of equal interest to earth scientists, seismologists, historical geographers and orientalists.

  • Oligarchy

    For centuries, oligarchs were viewed as empowered by wealth, an idea muddled by elite theory early in the twentieth century. The common thread for oligarchs across history is that wealth defines them, empowers them and inherently exposes them to threats. The existential motive of all oligarchs is wealth defense. How they respond varies with the threats they confront, including how directly involved they are in supplying the coercion underlying all property claims and whether they act separately or collectively. These variations yield four types of oligarchy: warring, ruling, sultanistic and civil. Moreover, the rule of law problem in many societies is a matter of taming oligarchs. Cases studied in this book include the United States, ancient Athens and Rome, Indonesia, the Philippines, Singapore, medieval Venice and Siena, mafia commissions in the United States and Italy, feuding Appalachian families and early chiefs cum oligarchs dating from 2300 BCE.

  • Clandestine Political Violence

    Clandestine Political Violence compares four types of clandestine political violence: left-wing (in Italy and Germany), right-wing (in Italy), ethnonationalist (in Spain) and religious fundamentalist (in Islamist clandestine organizations). Oriented toward theory building, Della Porta develops her own definition of clandestine political violence. Building on the most recent developments in social movement studies, Della Porta proposes an original interpretative model. Using a unique research design, she singles out some common causal mechanisms at the onset, during the persistence and at the demise of clandestine political violence. The development of the phenomenon is located within the interactions among social movements, countermovements and the state. She pays particular attention to the ways different actors cognitively construct the reality they act upon. Based on original empirical research as well as existing research in many languages, this book is rich in empirical evidence on some of the most crucial cases of clandestine political violence.

  • The Shorter Science and Civilisation in China: Volume 3

    This third volume of Colin Ronan's abridgement of Joseph Needham's monumental work is devoted to Chinese contributions to nautical science and technology. In the original text, these subjects were dealt with in separate parts; in this abridgement they are coveniently presented in a single unified account. The book opens with an examination of what is perhaps the greatest single contribution of Chinese civilisation to nautical science, the magnetic compass. Then follow chapters on navigation, nautical history, and voyages and discoveries, together with design and methods of construction of Chinese shipping. A final chapter looks at nautical technology in war and peace. In the original text, the material covered here appeared in Volume IV Part I and Volume IV Part 3. In abridging the text, the opportunity has been taken to include the official Pin Yin transliterations alongside those of the original work.

  • Public Expenditure and Indian Development Policy 1960–70

    Of the many different ways in which economists have tried to analyse public expenditure, the most relevant to Indian economic development is that which links the level of public expenditure with the rate at which the state can accumulate capital. The abstract theory of this link, however, must be complemented by a historical account of the degree to which a state accumulation policy was understood by Indian policy makers, and of the other (often inconsistent) elements in the economic strategy of Indian nationalism. After attempting to provide accounts both of the abstract theory and of the institutional and policy context within which it was applied, this book analyses original empirical data on public expenditure in India between 1960 and 1970. The real growth rate of public expenditure, its functional and economic composition at the all-India level are presented, and the strong contrast between the patterns of the first and last five year periods is elucidated. The effect of the 1965-67 droughts and bad harvests in producing this contrast is assessed.

  • Embryogenesis in Angiosperms: A Developmental and Experimental Study

    For the first time in synoptic form, this book presents a clear account of the most recent knowledge of embryogenesis in flowering plants. A multidisciplinary approach is adopted bringing together the foundations of tissue culture, biochemistry, and cell and molecular biology which have supported the rapid progress of research in angiosperm development. In the first part of the book, the author draws a broad picture of the processes involved in embryogenesis. A brief introduction to procedures is followed by chapters on developmental, cellular, biochemical and experimental aspects of embryogenesis, and on somatic and pollen embryogenesis. Later sections on the regulation of gene expression and mechanisms of programming developmental information precede a treatment of some practical applications resulting from the study of embryos. Two techniques discussed which are aimed towards the goal of enhancing crop productivity in a dynamic and expanding field are embryo rescue from inviable crosses and preservation of germ plasm.

  • The Cambridge History of Classical Literature

    This volume covers a relatively short span of time, rather less than the first three-quarters of the first century BC; but it was an age of profoundly important developments, with enduring consequences for the subsequent history of Latin literature. Original and innovative in widely differing ways as was the work of Lucretius, Sallust and Caesar in particular, the scene is dominated, historically, by two figures: Cicero and Catullus. Cicero was a politician and a man of affairs as well as a man of latters, whose vast literary output reflects a range of intellectual interests unparalleled among surviving Roman writers; creator of a prose style the Quintilian regarded as synonymous with eloquence itself; and better known to us, from his letters, as a human being, than any other figure from classical antiquity. Catullus was a poet, single-mindedly devoted to fostering the tradition of learned Alexandrian poetry at Rome; the author of one slender volume of verse that has attracted more critical attention in proportion to its size than any other ancient poetry-book; and the lover of Lesbia. In these chapters it is shown how these, and other, Roman writers of genius continued the process of transforming their traditional Greek models into new and vigorous Latin forms, with lasting effects for oratory, historiography, and the higher genres of poetry.

  • Ventures Transitions Level 5 Teacher's Manual

    Ventures is a six-level, standards-based ESL series for adult-education ESL. This Teacher's Manual provides instructional support that makes Transitions even easier to teach. Key features include: lesson plans for teaching clear and engaging classes; lesson notes with dozens of additional activities; Student's Book answer key; student audio script.

  • Approximation Theory and Methods

    Most functions that occur in mathematics cannot be used directly in computer calculations. Instead they are approximated by manageable functions such as polynomials and piecewise polynomials. The general theory of the subject and its application to polynomial approximation are classical, but piecewise polynomials have become far more useful during the last twenty years. Thus many important theoretical properties have been found recently and many new techniques for the automatic calculation of approximations to prescribed accuracy have been developed. This book gives a thorough and coherent introduction to the theory that is the basis of current approximation methods. Professor Powell describes and analyses the main techniques of calculation supplying sufficient motivation throughout the book to make it accessible to scientists and engineers who require approximation methods for practical needs. Because the book is based on a course of lectures to third-year undergraduates in mathematics at Cambridge University, sufficient attention is given to theory to make it highly suitable as a mathematical textbook at undergraduate or postgraduate level.

  • Energy and Empire: A Biographical Study of Lord Kelvin

    This study of Lord Kelvin, the most famous mathematical physicist of 19th-century Britain, delivers on a speculation long entertained by historians of science that Victorian physics expressed in its very content the industrial society that produced it.

  • Saltmarsh Ecology

    This book provides a broad introduction to saltmarsh ecology, concentrating on plants, although much of the information should also be of interest to zoologists. Particular attention is given to the geographical diversity of saltmarsh vegetation and to the ecophysiological mechanisms which permit tolerance to the major challenges of high, but variable, soil salinities and of frequently waterlogged soils. The importance of saltmarshes as functioning ecosystems is discussed and issues relevant to the long-term conservation and management of saltmarshes are considered. Saltmarsh Ecology will be useful to upper level undergraduates and wetland scientists.

  • Is Eating People Wrong?: Great Legal Cases and How they Shaped the World

    .

  • Writing Tasks Teacher's book: An Authentic-Task Approach to Individual Writing Needs

    This teacher text (accompanied by a student book) offers additional practice material and optional exercises on problem aspects of language. It also contains tests which enable students and teachers to assess progress.

  • Astrophotography for the Amateur

    Basic Astrophotography tells you how to take pictures of stars, galaxies, planets, the Moon, the Sun, comets, meteors and eclipses using equipment readily available to the amateur astronomer. The first section, 'Getting Started', presupposes little knowledge of photography or astronomy and concentrates on what can be done with minimal equipment. For example, an ordinary 35 mm camera on a tripod, aimed at the sky on a starry night, will photograph more stars than the unaided eye can see and will bring out an awesome variety of colours. Add a telephoto lens, a pair of binoculars, or a small telescope, and you have all that is needed to photograph an eclipse or the main surface features of the moon. The two subsequent sections, 'Advanced Techniques' and 'Equipment and Materials' cover the use of cameras in conjunction with telescopes and constitute a thorough handbook, including technical imformation on optical systems, film characteristics, and processing techniques. Throughout, the emphasis is on current practice. This book will become the standard handbook for amateur astronomers who want to take pictures of the stars and will also appeal to photography enthusiasts who know relatively little about astronomy but are intrigued by spectacular pictures.

  • The Scientific Letters and Papers of James Clerk Maxwell: Volume 3, 1874-1879

    This is a comprehensive edition of Maxwell's manuscript papers published virtually complete and largely for the first time. Maxwell's work was of central importance in establishing and developing the major themes of the physics of the nineteenth century: his theory of the electromagnetic field and the electromagnetic theory of light and his special place in the history of physics. His fecundity of imagination and the sophistication of his examination of the foundations of physics give particular interest and importance to his writings. Volume III: 1874-1879 covers the period of Maxwell's direction of the Cavendish Laboratory and documents the espousal of his theories by a wider circle of physicists. During this last period of his life his work began to achieve the pre-eminence in the classical physics of the nineteenth century, which it has retained ever since.

  • The Cambridge English Course 3 Student's book

    Widely acclaimed by teachers and learners throughout the world, The Cambridge English Course has set new standards in course design. In three levels, from complete beginner to intermediate, it offers: ? a thorough and complete course in around 100 hours per level ? the original multi-syllabus course structure 1/4 ex high levels of achievement ? original, stimulating and varied topics ? wide variety of exercise types 1/4 ex exposure to authentic English right from the start ? detailed, explicit guidance and support for the teacher ? balanced coverage of all language skills Each level consists of a Student's Book, Practice Book (with or without key), Teacher's Book, Test Book, Class Cassette Set and Student's Cassette. Split editions of each of the Student's Books in three parts are available for added flexibility.

  • Political Education and Democracy

    Britain lags far behind many other countries - of ideologies as widely opposed as the USA and USSR - in its commitment to political education. This book is a lucid and readable argument in favour of increasing the amount of thought and time given to political education in schools and colleges in Britain. Tom Brennan traces the ideological and historical background to political education and recent developments in its protagonists' campaign, looking at the possibilities and problems to be faced in the future. He laments the lack of political literacy and political competence amongst all concerned in both politics and education when there is so much information and comment currently available. In his final chapter, he suggests that ways of positive action are available and presents a strong case for further movement towards a more democratic society.

  • Quantum Mechanics and the Particles of Nature: An Outline for Mathematicians

    This book is a quantum mechanics text, written on the assumption that the purpose of learning quantum mechanics is to be able to understand the results of fundamental research into the constitution of the physical world. The text essentially concerns itself with three themes, these being a logical exposition of quantum mechanics, a full discussion of the difficulties in the interpretation of quantum mechanics, and an outline of the current state of understanding of theoretical particle physics, The reader is assumed to have some mathematical skill, but no prior knowledge of physics is assumed. The book will be used for final-year undergraduate courses in mathematics and physics, and of interest to professionals in philosophy and pure mathematics.

  • English Word-Formation

    Interest in word-formation is probably as old as interest in language itself. As Dr Bauer points out in his Introduction, many of the questions that scholars are asking now were also being asked in the seventeenth, eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. However, there is still little agreement on methodology in the study of word-formation or theoretical approaches to it; even the kind of data relevant to its study is open to debate. Dr Bauer here provides students and general linguists alike with a new perspective on what is a confused and often controversial field of study, providing a resolution to the terminological confusion which currently reigns in this area. In doing so, he clearly demonstrates the challenge and intrinsic fascination of the study of word-formation. Linguists have recently become increasingly aware of the relevance of word-formation to work in syntax and semantics, phonology and morphology, and Dr Bauer discusses - within a largely synchronic and transformational framework - the theoretical issues involved. He considers topics where word-formation has a contribution to make to other areas of linguistics and, without pretending to provide a fully-fledged theory of word-formation, develops those points which he sees as being central to its study. The book draws on a wide range of sources, and general points are illustrated from a variety of languages. As the title suggests, though, the exposition is principally illustrated with material drawn from English, including close analysis of a number of sets of neologisms. A survey of the types of word-formation found in English is also included. Some background in linguistics is assumed, but students of linguistics and English language with no previous knowledge of word-formation or of morphology at all will find English Word-Formation an accessible and stimulating textbook.

  • English Pronunciation in Use Intermediate with Answers

    Understand and be understood in English with the best-selling English Pronunciation in Use. English Pronunciation in Use Intermediate Second Edition is a comprehensive reference and practice book for learners of intermediate level and above. It is suitable for use by individual learners or in the classroom. The book contains 60 easy-to-use two-page units covering all aspects of pronunciation, including sounds, stress and intonation. A brand new section 'Understanding Pronunciation in Use' focuses on the skill of understanding pronunciation in fast speech. The comprehensive reference section includes a glossary, exercises on using phonemic symbols and information on English as a lingua franca. Books with Audio CDs and CD-ROM are available separately.

  • Grammar and Beyond Level 2 Workbook B

    Based on extensive research, Grammar and Beyond ensures that students study accurate information about grammar and apply it in their own speech and writing. This is the second half of Workbook, Level 2. In the Workbook, learners gain additional practice in the grammar from the Student's Book, including practice correcting common learner errors.

  • An Introduction to Mechanics

    For 40 years, Kleppner and Kolenkow's classic text has introduced students to the principles of mechanics. Now brought up to date, this revised and improved second edition is ideal for classical mechanics courses for first- and second-year undergraduates with foundation skills in mathematics. The book retains all the features of the first edition, including numerous worked examples, challenging problems and extensive illustrations, and has been restructured to improve the flow of ideas. It now features new examples taken from recent developments, such as laser slowing of atoms, exoplanets and black holes; a 'Hints, Clues and Answers' section for the end-of-chapter problems to support student learning; and a solutions manual for instructors at www.cambridge.org/kandk.

  • Ancient Jewish Magic: A History

    Gideon Bohak gives a pioneering account of the broad history of ancient Jewish magic, from the Second Temple to the rabbinic period. It is based both on ancient magicians' own compositions and products in Aramaic, Hebrew and Greek, and on the descriptions and prescriptions of non-magicians, to reconstruct a historical picture that is as balanced and nuanced as possible. The main focus is on the cultural make-up of ancient Jewish magic, and special attention is paid to the processes of cross-cultural contacts and borrowings between Jews and non-Jews, as well as to inner-Jewish creativity. Other major issues explored include the place of magic within Jewish society, contemporary Jewish attitudes to magic, and the identity of its practitioners. Throughout, the book seeks to explain the methodological underpinnings of all sound research in this demanding field, and to highlight areas where further research is likely to prove fruitful.

  • Semi-Classical Methods for Nucleus-Nucleus Scattering

    During past years many countries constructed large accelerators for investigating heavy ion collisions, and new theoretical techniques for analysing results and making predictions were developed. Semi-classical methods were studied in the early days of quantum mechanics. Their application to heavy ion collisions has led to new advances and a number of different schools have grown up, each one emphasising different aspects of the theory. The aim of this book is to present a unified treatment of various lines of development. This book will be of great interest to graduate students wishing to learn about semi-classical methods in nuclear physics and to theoretical and experimental nuclear physicists, especially those working in heavy ion physics. It will also be of interest to research workers in other areas, such as atomic physics and quantum chemistry, where similar techniques are used.

  • Mill on Bentham and Coleridge

    John Stuart Mill described Bentham and Coleridge as 'the two great seminal minds' of early nineteenth-century England. Coleridge, who asserted the primacy of the transcendent imagination, was in a obvious sense the direct opposite of Bentham, the resolute proponent of Utilitarianism but Mill, while recognizing the separateness of their creeds, appreciated both and saw both as necessary to the intellectual vigour of the nation. Mill's major essays on Bentham and Coleridge were first published in The Westminster Review, in 1838 and 1840 respectively. In this substantial introduction to them here F.R. Leavis argues that they are essential documents for an understanding of Victorian culture he traces their influence on the thinking of Dickens, George Eliot and Matthew Arnold, and examines their significance for contemporary principles of liberal education.

  • Chinese Furniture

    Unique in style, Chinese furniture has long been celebrated for its elegant, artistic lines and strong, durable structure. Ranging from pieces designed simply to display the beauty and texture of natural woods to magnificent pieces decorated with lavish carvings, lacquer or precious metals and stones, Chinese furniture is an outstanding representative of the oriental arts. This book provides an accessible, illustrated introduction to the history, production techniques and rich variety of Chinese furniture, revealing the important part that this furniture has played in the development of China's culture.

  • Antony and Cleopatra

    In this edition of the play David Bevington shows how the theatrical design and imaginative vision of Antony and Cleopatra make it one of Shakespeare's most remarkable tragedies. A substantial critical introduction synthesises the best criticism of the play and presents a fresh consideration of its erotic and political complexities. The edition is throughout attentive to the play as theatre: a detailed, illustrated account of the stage history is followed, in the commentary, by discussion of staging options offered by the text. The commentary is especially full and helpful, untangling many obscure words and phrases, illuminating sexual puns, and alerting the reader to Shakespeare's shaping of his source material in Plutarch's Lives.

  • Berlioz's Orchestration Treatise: A Translation and Commentary

    Berlioz's Orchestration Treatise is a classic textbook which has been used as a guide to orchestration and as a source book for the understanding both of Berlioz's music and of orchestral practice in the nineteenth century. This was the first English translation of Berlioz's complete text since 1856, and it is accompanied throughout by Hugh Macdonald's extensive and authoritative commentary on the instruments of Berlioz's time and on his own orchestral practice, as revealed in his scores. It also includes extracts from Berlioz's writings on instruments in his Memoirs and in his many articles for the Parisian press. The Treatise has been highly valued both for its technical information about instruments but also for its poetic and visionary approach to the art of instrumentation. Berlioz was not only one of the great orchestrators of the nineteenth century, he was also the author with the clearest understanding of the art.

  • Money: In Equilibrium

    This book deals mainly with what can be described as the general-equilibrium approach to monetary theory. The author does not attempt an encyclopaedic treatment, rather Gale investigates the central problems and ideas in the development of topical monetary theory. The first part of the book - technically the easier - deals with questions which will be recognized as falling within the traditional field of (macroeconomic) monetary theory, although the treatment is unflaggingly microeconomic. The second part is less conventional, dealing with the general equilibrium theory of money in a fundamental way.

  • Cambridge Checkpoints VCE Business Management Units 3 and 4 2011

    This book contains: o Online quizzes o Questions from past examinations o Fully worked solutions o Core facts, skills and extended response tasks

  • English Phonology and Phonological Theory: Synchronic and Diachronic Studies

    Dr Lass examines certain crucial issues in phonological and general linguistic theory through detailed studies of English phonetics, dialectology and language-history. He argues that contemporary 'standard' phonological theory is inhibited and misled by the related disadvantages of an artificially constrained formalism and a restricted database. He confronts theories of English phonology with a much wider range of material than is usual, drawing for example on Scots, Northern and North-Midland English, East Coast American dialects, and many others. Dr Lass offers solutions to many outstanding problems in the history of English. All the detailed discussions are informed by an overriding concern for the methodological and philosophical issues suggested by such problems. What kind of discipline is linguistics? What kinds of knowledge do its procedures yield and how are they validated?

  • Cambridge Checkpoints VCE Physics Unit 4 2011

    This book contains: o Online quizzes o Questions from past examinations o Fully worked solutions o Core facts, skills and extended response tasks

  • Super Minds Level 6 Student's Book with DVD-ROM

    An exciting, seven-level course that enhances young learners' thinking skills, sharpening their memory while improving their language skills. Written by a highly experienced author team, Super Minds enhances your students' thinking skills, improving their memory along with their language skills. This Level 5 Student's Book includes activities to develop language creatively, functional language practice through communicative exercises and stories and cross-curriculum sections that explore social values. The fabulous DVD-ROM features documentaries, interactive games, lively songs with karaoke versions and fun videokes that allow students to record themselves and play different roles. Class Audio CDs, including audio from the Student's Book and Workbook, are sold separately.

  • Modern Cosmology

    The exploration of the Universe, as conducted by physicists, astronomers, and cosmologists was one of the greatest intellectual adventures of the mid-twentieth century. This book, first published in 1971, tells the story of their achievements and the insight gained into the structure, history, working and scale of our Universe. Dr Sciama describes the major components of the Universe as understood at the beginning of the 1970s: the stars, galaxies, radio-galaxies and quasi-stellar objects. He discusses in detail the red shift of the lines in their optical spectra, which leads to the idea that the Universe is expanding. Theoretical discussion of the expanding Universe suggests the possibility that intergalactic space may contain a significant quantity of matter and be the seat of important physical activity. The issues involved are thoroughly debated. Also discussed is the discover and significance of the 3'K' cosmic microwave radiation, its relation to the hot big bang and the helium problem, to cosmic high energy processes and to questions of isotropy.

  • British Architectural Books and Writers 1556-1785

    Originally published in 1990, this account of architectural books printed in Britain surveys a body of complex literature largely uncharted in bibliographical terms. It is however, more than a work of reference, and will fascinate anyone interested in British cultural and social history, the relationship between Britain and continental Europe, and the history of the book trade. For each of the 220 authors covered there is an essay discussing his interests, the purpose and the genesis of his publications. A detailed bibliographical description of the author's architectural publications follows each essay and gives details of the first and subsequent editions of some four hundred titles. The main body of the text is preceded by general essays on books on the Orders, bridges, archaeology, engraving, publishing and bookselling; manuals of carpentry and design; and pattern-books. There are detailed indexes.

  • The IBP Survey of Conservation Sites: An Experimental Study

    The IBP, as a worldwide programme seeking to expand and co-ordinate biological research, needed to provide for the protection of sites and species for future scientific study. The IBP 'check-sheet' survey was therefore devised as a tool for gathering information, allowing areas to be evaluated on a comparative basis. In this was it was possible to examine the extent to which scientifically adequate samples of the main types of natural biological systems were already protected, for example in national parks and nature reserves. The method chosen used a questionnaire approach but on an enormous scale, creating an extremely valuable report on the procedure of biological surveying, the successes and shortcomings of which are examined critically. This 1980 volume explains the procedures adopted in the check-list survey and the problems of securing adequate descriptions of types of vegetation and soil and suitable methods of information storage and retrieval.

  • Cambridge Checkpoints VCE Chemistry Unit 4 2011

    This book contains: o Online quizzes o Questions from past examinations o Fully worked solutions o Core facts, skills and extended response tasks

  • Observational Astrophysics

    Observational Astrophysics provides a comprehensive and accessible introduction to the whole of modern astrophysics beyond the Solar System. It combines a critical account of observational methods (telescopes and instrumentation) with a lucid description of the Universe, including stars, galaxies and cosmology. The first half describes the techniques used by astronomers to observe the Universe: optical telescopes and instruments are discussed in detail, but observations at all wavelengths are covered, from radio to gamma-rays. After a short interlude describing the appearance of the sky at all wavelengths, the role of positional astronomy is highlighted. In the second half, a clear description is given of the contents of the Universe, including accounts of stellar evolution and cosmological models. Fully illustrated throughout, with exercises given in each chapter, this textbook provides a thorough introduction to astrophysics for all physics undergraduates, and a valuable background for physics graduates turning to research in astronomy.

  • Combinatorics of Finite Geometries

    This textbook is intended as an introduction to the combinatorial theory of finite geometry for undergraduate students of mathematics. Although only a basic knowledge of set theory and analysis is assumed, the student is soon led Op results at the frontiers of research. Professor Batten begins with a discussion of near-linear spaces before proceeding to treat linear, projective and affine spaces. This half of the book in itself would be suitable for use as a text for a course in synthethic geometry. The remainder of the book is devoted to the relatively new areas of polar spaces, generalized quadrangles and partial geometries. These subjects are currently the focus of much research in combinatorial geometry.

  • Economic Institutional Change in Tokugawa Japan: Osaka and the Kinai Cotton Trade

    Originally published in 1974, this volume deals with economic and social change in eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century Japan, by means of a case study of the cotton trade in Osaka and the surrounding Kinai region. The development of the Osaka cotton trade is studied to illustrate the growth of new kinds of commercial institutions to regularize trading patterns and the changing interaction between merchant groups and the Tokugawa bakufu. A picture is presented of the changing interaction between urban and rural merchants and the ability of cotton cultivating villages to organize and contest urban merchant and governmental attempts to limit their commercial activities. The result is a revised interpretation of the effective coercive powers of the Tokugawa bakufu with respect to socio-economic change. Evidence is offered to illustrate the ability of urban and rural traders to assert their own interests in opposition to Tokugawa efforts at economic controls.

  • The Unprovability of Consistency: An Essay in Modal Logic

    The Unprovability of Consistency is concerned with connections between two branches of logic: proof theory and modal logic. Modal logic is the study of the principles that govern the concepts of necessity and possibility; proof theory is, in part, the study of those that govern provability and consistency. In this book, George Boolos looks at the principles of provability from the standpoint of modal logic. In doing so, he provides two perspectives on a debate in modal logic that has persisted for at least thirty years between the followers of C. I. Lewis and W. V. O. Quine. The author employs semantic methods developed by Saul Kripke in his analysis of modal logical systems. The book will be of interest to advanced undergraduate and graduate students in logic, mathematics and philosophy, as well as to specialists in those fields.

  • The Music of Britten and Tippett: Studies in themes and techniques

    In this classic study of Benjamin Britten and Michael Tippett, Arnold Whittall builds a unique double portrait of the two leading composers of their generation. This revised edition includes a new chapter on Tippett's major works of the 1980s, new information on the Britten repertoire and an updated bibliography.

  • Social Experimentation Econ Policy

    Social experimentation is a tool that enables economists and policy makers to test proposed economic policies in the real world. Instead of testing policies by analytical methods or by laboratory simulation, the policies are tested on people who would be affected were these policies implemented. The authors describe how such social experiments are set up and carried out, and consider the advantages and disadvantages of social experimentation relative to other means of evaluating economic and social policies. The main part of the book is a review and a critical evaluation of the principal social experiments in economics that have been carried out in the United States, where this method has been used most extensively. The authors examine in detail the first large-scale experiment in the United States (the New Jersey Income Maintenance Experiment) and subsequent experiments with the labour force, electricity rates, and cash housing allowances. A consideration of the social utility of social experimentation follows, and the book closes with a set of recommendations on the conditions under which social experimentation might best be used in evaluating economic and social policies.

  • New Pathways in Inorganic Chemistry

    This 1968 volume contains a number of authoritative accounts in many areas of organic chemistry. Volatile compounds and elements of groups III and IV of the periodic table and fluorine compounds receive particular attention, but aspects of general structural chemistry, organometallic compounds, metal-metal bonding, non-aqueous solutions, coordination compounds and solid state chemistry are also covered by specialists. Each chapter was an important review and a stimulus to workers in its field. The book as a whole is a valuable survey of the scope and methods of inorganic chemistry of this time. The contributors are all former students of Professor Emeleus and this book was devoted to him on the occasion of his 65th birthday. It includes a brief account of his scientific career and achievements by the editors of the volume.

  • Meanings into Words Intermediate Test book: An Integrated Course for Students of English

    Part of an intermediate stage English language learning course, which offers comprehensive coverage of major language items, language practice and open-ended exercises.

  • Uhuru's Fire: African Literature East to South

    First published in 1977, this is an eminently readable introduction to contemporary literature in Eastern, Central and Southern Africa. The author examines work in verse, prose and drama, and discusses vernacular language problems, the role of oral literature and tradition and the varied responses to the struggle for freedom and its achievement. He argues that African literature is achieving its own inner dynamic, revealing a rapid spread of influences from one side of the continent to the other and a decrease in influences from the Western world. Part of his argument is based on a discussion of authors not yet known outside East and Central Africa, but whose works shows signs of great promise and originality. Dr Roscoe has close personal knowledge of many of the authors he discusses, as he has worked in East and Central African universities throughout the period of the literary awakening he discusses.

  • The Consequences of Chromosome Imbalance: Principles, Mechanisms, and Models

    This book considers in detail the mechanisms of a major human problem. Chromosome imbalance affects all stages of life in ways ranging from spontaneous abortion and retardation to behavioural problems and malignancy. Charles J. Epstein concerns himself with how and why a particular chromosome imbalance produces a specific phenotype. His fundamental goal is to connect chromosome aberrations with functional abnormalities in terms of gene expression, developmental and cell biology, and metabolism. Through his examination of this relationship, we learn more about normal development and function. The book begins with an exploration of several human autosomal aneuploid phenotypes, with particular emphasis on the relationship between genotype and phenotype. In the next part, broad theoretical considerations of the mechanisms which generate these phenotypes are examined with reference to studies on man and other organisms such as bacteria and mice. Experimental approaches to study the effects of aneuploidy are presented next with special attention paid to the development of model systems for studying human aneuploidy.

  • The Ferment of Knowledge: Studies in the Historiography of Eighteenth-Century Science

    The thirteen original essays in this book examine the status and development of the sciences in the eighteenth century. The last generation has seen a revolution in the methodology adopted by historians of science: The development of science is no longer described as a steady progress towards truth - certainties have given way to questions. The essays in this volume scrutinize these changing perspectives in historiography and recommend paths for future study. The eighteenth century has been a neglected and much-misunderstood era in the development of science, all too often viewed as something of a trough between the towering achievements of the 'Scientific Revolution' and the nineteenth century. Yet it was a period of notable developments; it saw the establishment of such fields as electricity and heat, the 'chemical revolution', the new science of gases, the isolation of oxygen, the nebular hypothesis in cosmology, the foundation of rational mechanics, and the birth pangs of biology, geology and psychology. It was, indeed, an age when knowledge was in ferment.

  • Exponential Diophantine Equations

    This is a integrated presentation of the theory of exponential diophantine equations. The authors present, in a clear and unified fashion, applications to exponential diophantine equations and linear recurrence sequences of the Gelfond-Baker theory of linear forms in logarithms of algebraic numbers. Topics covered include the Thue equations, the generalised hyperelliptic equation, and the Fermat and Catalan equations. The necessary preliminaries are given in the first three chapters. Each chapter ends with a section giving details of related results.

  • Industrialization Before Industrial

    Beginning in the late Middle Ages, and accelerating in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, there developed in many rural regions of Europe a domestic industry, mass-producing craft goods for distant markets. This book presents an analysis of this 'industrialization before industrialization', and considers the question whether it constituted a distinct mode of production, different from the preceding feudal economy and from subsequent industrial capitalism, or was part of a process of continuous evolution characterized by the spread of wage labour and the penetration of capitalism into the process of production. It is a full-scale attempt to take a look at the place of proto-industrialization in the genesis of capitalism, and will interest economic and social historians, as well as anthropologists, sociologists, and others concerned with the development of capitalism.

  • The Medieval European Stage, 500-1550

    This volume brings together a wide selection of primary source materials from the theatrical history of the Middle Ages. The focus is on Western Europe between the fall of the Roman Empire and the emergence of markedly Renaissance forms in Italy. Early sections of the volume are devoted to the survival of Classical tradition and the development of the liturgical drama of the Roman Catholic Church, but the main concentration is on the genesis and growth of popular religious drama in the vernacular. Each of the major medieval regions is featured, while a final section covers the pastimes and customs of the people, a record of whose traditional activities often only survives in the margins of official recognition. The documents are compiled by a team of leading scholars in the field and the over 700 documents are all presented in modern English translation.

  • Virgil's Iliad: An Essay on Epic Narrative

    This is a book about Virgil's Aeneid, especially the second half of the poem, are explores in some detail Virgil's use of Homer's Iliad. The author's main purpose is to try to re-establish the value and importance of books VII-XII of the Aeneid, which he argues, far from constituting a falling off from the more familiar earlier books, Aeneid VII-XII presents a continuous epic narrative of sustained power, planned and executed on the largest scale and offering a structural unity which matches that of its great model. His secondary purpose is to try to give the modern reader an impression of what Homer's Iliad meant to the implied reader of the Aeneid and to Virgil himself. Throughout, Gransden places emphasis on the text as a piece of continuous narrative, finding that the experience of reading VII-XII modifies the reader's sense of books I-VI. This book will interest all those who enjoy Virgil, whether they are studying Latin or reading the poet in translation. A knowledge of Latin is not essential and those concerned with the techniques of narrative in epic and other fiction will also find the book of value.

  • Greek Musical Writings: Volume 2, Harmonic and Acoustic Theory

    This second volume of Greek Musical Writings contains important texts on harmonic and acoustic theory, illustrating the progress of these sciences from their beginnings in the sixth century BC over the subsequent thousand years. Writers represented include Philolaus, Plato, Aristotle, Theophrastus, Aristoxenus, Ptolemy, Aristides, Archytas, and Quintilianus. All the Greek texts are newly translated by the editor. Some replace inadequate existing translations; other significant portions of the book include much that is essential for an understanding of medieval and Renaissance musicology. Dr Barker provides detailed and authoritative commentary and annotations to all the texts. Each section is prefaced by an introductory essay and some of the more complex issues are discussed further in appendices.

  • Cambridge Checkpoints VCE Accounting Unit 4 2010

    Cambridge Checkpoints study guides, provide the most up-to-date exam preparation and revision available for VCE students.

  • Science and Religion: Baden Powell and the Anglican Debate, 1800-1860

    Science and Religion assesses the impact of social, political and intellectual change upon Anglican circles, with reference to Oxford University in the decades that followed the French Revolution and the Napoleonic wars. More particularly, the career of Baden Powell, father of the more famous founder of the Boy Scout movement, offers material for an important case-study in intellectual and political reorientation: his early militancy in right-wing Anglican movements slowly turned to a more tolerant attitude towards radical theological, philosophical and scientific trends. During the 1840s and 1850s, Baden Powell became a fearless proponent of new dialogues in transcendentalism in theology, positivism in philosophy, and pre-Darwinian evolutionary theories in biology. He was for instance the first prominent Anglican to express full support for Darwin's Origin of Species. Analysis of his many publications, and of his interaction with such contemporaries as Richard Whately, John Henry and Francis Newman, Robert Chambers, William Benjamin Carpenter, George Henry Lewes and George Eliot, reveals hitherto unnoticed dimensions of mid-nineteenth-century British intellectual and social life.

  • Cross-Cultural Trade in World Hist

    A single theme is pursued in this book - the trade between peoples of differing cultures through world history. Extending from the ancient world to the coming of the commercial revolution, Professor Curtin's discussion encompasses a broad and diverse group of trading relationships. Drawing on insights from economic history and anthropology, Professor Curtin has attempted to move beyond a Europe-centred view of history, to one that can help us understand the entire range of societies in the human past. Examples have been chosen that illustrate the greatest variety of trading relationships between cultures. The opening chapters look at Africa, while subsequent chapters treat the ancient world, the Mediterranean trade with China, the Asian trade in the east, and European entry into the trade with maritime Asia, the Armenian trade carriers of the seventeenth century, and the North American fur trade. Wide-ranging in its concern and the fruit of exhaustive research, the book is nevertheless written so as to be accessible and stimulating to the specialist and the student alike.

  • The International Law of Environmental Impact Assessment: Process, Substance and Integration

    The central idea animating environmental impact assessment (EIA) is that decisions affecting the environment should be made through a comprehensive evaluation of predicted impacts. Notwithstanding their evaluative mandate, EIA processes do not impose specific environmental standards, but rely on the creation of open, participatory and information rich decision-making settings to bring about environmentally benign outcomes. In light of this tension between process and substance, Neil Craik assesses whether EIA, as a method of implementing international environmental law, is a sound policy strategy, and how international EIA commitments structure transnational interactions in order to influence decisions affecting the international environment. Through a comprehensive description of international EIA commitments and their implementation with domestic and transnational governance structures, and drawing on specific examples of transnational EIA processes, the author examines how international EIA commitments can facilitate interest coordination, and provide opportunities for persuasion and for the internalisation of international environmental norms.

  • The Art of Rome c.753 B.C.-A.D. 337: Sources and Documents

    This book consists of a comprehensive collection of ancient literary evidence on Roman art and artists, assembled together in translation and provided with linking passages to set the historical context. Its purpose is to make this evidence accessible to students who are not specialists in the classical languages or classical archaeology. The surviving evidence is limited in extent but extremely precious in quality. This volume makes virtually all of it available between one set of covers.

  • Objectifs: Assignments in Practical Language Skills

    This book (and cassette) provide a series of assignments in language skills which develop a practical use of language in social and business contexts. The assignments are based on authentic materials and realistic situations. Besides giving preparation for B/TEC General and National Diplomas, the A/0 French for Business (Oxford and Cambridge Board), the RSA and Institute of Linguists exams, Objectifs is an excellent source book for adult learners at an advanced level.

  • Gibbs States on Countable Sets

    The book is an introduction to some of the 1967-1974 results and techniques in classical lattice statistical mechanics. It is written in the language of probability theory rather than that of physics, and is thus aimed primarily at mathematicians who might have little or no background in physics. This area of statistical mechanics is presently enjoying a rapid growth and the book should allow a graduate student or research mathematician to find out what is happening in it. The book is self-contained except for some basic concepts of probability theory, and can be read by any undergraduate student in mathematics who has a reasonable background in probability.

  • Ritual and Religion in the Making of Humanity

    Roy Rappaport argues that religion is central to the continuing evolution of life, although it has been been displaced from its original position of intellectual authority by the rise of modern science. His book, which could be construed as in some degree religious as well as about religion, insists that religion can and must be reconciled with science. Combining adaptive and cognitive approaches to the study of humankind, he mounts a comprehensive analysis of religion's evolutionary significance, seeing it as co-extensive with the invention of language and hence of culture as we know it. At the same time he assembles the fullest study yet of religion's main component, ritual, which constructs the conceptions which we take to be religious and has been central in the making of humanity's adaptation. The text amounts to a manual for effective ritual, illustrated by examples drawn from anthropology, history, philosophy, comparative religion, and elsewhere.

  • English Pronunciation in Use Intermediate with Answers, Audio CDs (4) and CD-ROM

    Understand and be understood in English with the best-selling English Pronunciation in Use. English Pronunciation in Use Intermediate Second Edition is a comprehensive reference and practice book for learners of intermediate level and above, suitable for self-study or in the classroom. This pack contains the best-selling English Pronunciation in Use Intermediate, four Audio CDs and a CD-ROM. The book contains 60 easy-to-use two-page units covering all aspects of pronunciation, including sounds, stress and intonation. A new section 'Understanding Pronunciation in Use' focuses on the skill of understanding pronunciation in fast speech. The Audio CDs include models for repetition and slowed-down extracts for listening. The CD-ROM provides additional exercises and a 'record yourself' feature.

  • The Epigenetic Nature of Early Chordate Development: Inductive Interaction and Competence

    This volume summarises our present knowledge of inductive interaction during early development of various groups of chordates. Embryonic development is mainly epigenetic, that is, each embryo arises through gradual organisation and emergence of its constituent parts and not by the unfolding of preformed structures. Development as far as the full development of the 'body plan' in the embryo is described. At the beginning of development, there is only very restricted spatial diversity, but as development proceeds the interaction of the different parts leads to ever-increasing spatial complexity of the developing embryo. Interaction starts between the different cell organelles of the oocyte and the, spermatozoon; it continues without interruption between the different parts of the very early embryo and also between the different tissues and organ anlagen of the developing embryo. The new hypothesis as to the nature of the inductive interaction, which is postulated here, is in good agreement with the experimental evidence presented and opens new possibilities for fruitful research into this basic concept of embryonic development.

  • Thermoluminescence of Solids

    McKeever gives us a comprehensive survey of thermoluminescence, an important, versatile, and widely used experimental technique. Bringing together previously isolated specialized approaches, he stresses the importance of the solid state aspects of the phenomenon. The book contains chapters on analysis and special properties, on instrumentation, and on the variety of defect reaction - using the alkali halides and SiO2 as examples - that can take place within a material to yield thermoluminescence. Three chapters concerning applications discuss the features of the solid state reactions to expain some of the properties observed in practice.

  • The Iliad: Commentary v2 Bk 5-8

    This is the second volume in the major six-volume commentary on The Iliad now being prepared under the general editorship of Professor Kirk. Volume I was published in 1985. As before the volume consists of four introductory essays followed by the commentary itself. The Greek text is not included. This project is the first large-scale commentary on The Iliad for nearly 100 years, and takes special account of language, style and thematic structure as well as of the complex social and cultural background to the work.

  • Negative Binomial Regression

    This second edition of Hilbe's Negative Binomial Regression is a substantial enhancement to the popular first edition. The only text devoted entirely to the negative binomial model and its many variations, nearly every model discussed in the literature is addressed. The theoretical and distributional background of each model is discussed, together with examples of their construction, application, interpretation and evaluation. Complete Stata and R codes are provided throughout the text, with additional code (plus SAS), derivations and data provided on the book's website. Written for the practising researcher, the text begins with an examination of risk and rate ratios, and of the estimating algorithms used to model count data. The book then gives an in-depth analysis of Poisson regression and an evaluation of the meaning and nature of overdispersion, followed by a comprehensive analysis of the negative binomial distribution and of its parameterizations into various models for evaluating count data.

  • Economics and Corporate Strategy

    This book, first published in 1980, discusses corporate strategy for those interested in applying economic analysis to business problems. Drawing on a wide range of economics and management literature, the book shows how an understanding of industrial economics can help in analysing strategic decisions. Furthermore, the author explains how a firm's development must be adapted to its environment, its history and the experience of its personnel. Other topics discussed include integration and diversity, the growing importance of multinational operations, the strategic role of mergers, and innovation.

  • The Cambridge Music Guide

    The Cambridge Music Guide is for all those who love music and wish to know more about its colourful history, development and theory. Superbly illustrated, the Guide is a comprehensive tour of every aspect of the new musical world, expertly edited by Stanley Sadie, editor of the New Grove Dictionary of Music.

  • Proust's Additions Set 2 Volume Hardback Set

    First published in 1977, this Set is now available in paperback. At the time of publication, it had not previously not been feasible to study in depth the expansion of Proust's famous novel, A la recherche du temps perdu. In 1913, the novel was to be 1500 pages; by 1922, when Proust died, it was 3000. How did it grow to such proportions? Which characters were always there - which ones sprang from their author's imagination in his very last years? Had Proust always been as interested in certain psychological phenomena as he was to become during the First World War and after? With the public release of the Proust manuscripts, these questions could be answered over a range, and with a certainty, that surpass those of any previous published work. With an extensive and original survey of the post-1914 manuscripts, typescripts and proofs of A la recherche du temps perdu, Alison Winton provided an intellectual and spiritual biography Proust at the height of his creativity. In Volume I Dr Winton shows which episodes and characters in the novel were of early and which of later inspiration and, in the tables in Volume II, gives exact details of the additions

  • The Fabrication of Virtue: English Prison Architecture, 1750–1840

    First published in 1982, this book describes a new kind of prison architecture that developed in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. The book concentrates on architecture, but places it in the context of contemporary penal practice and contemporary thought. Beginning with an exploration on the eighteenth-century prisons before reform, the book goes on to consider two earlier kinds of imprisonment that were modified by eighteenth-century reformers. The theory and practice of prison design is covered in detail. The later parts of the book deals with alliance between architecture and reform, and with the connection between the utilitarian architecture of the reformed prisons and academic neo-classicism. The overall aim of the book is to show the profound change that was being wrought in the nature of architecture, which was exemplified in the reformed prisons. Architecture, one emblem of the social order, was now one of its fundamental instruments.

  • English in Mind Starter Level Student's Book with DVD-ROM

    This second edition updates a course which has proven to be a perfect fit for classes the world over. Engaging content and a strong focus on grammar and vocabulary combine to make this course a hit with both teachers and students. Popular course features have been refreshed with new content, including the imaginative reading and listening topics, 'Culture in Mind', and 'Everyday English' sections. New for the second edition is a DVD-ROM with the Starter Level Student's Book containing games, extra exercises and videos featuring the photostories' characters as well as a 'Videoke' record-yourself function. There is a full 'Vocabulary bank' at the back of the book which expands upon lexical sets learned in the units.

  • Distributed Computing: Principles, Algorithms, and Systems

    Designing distributed computing systems is a complex process requiring a solid understanding of the design problems and the theoretical and practical aspects of their solutions. This comprehensive textbook covers the fundamental principles and models underlying the theory, algorithms and systems aspects of distributed computing. Broad and detailed coverage of the theory is balanced with practical systems-related issues such as mutual exclusion, deadlock detection, authentication, and failure recovery. Algorithms are carefully selected, lucidly presented, and described without complex proofs. Simple explanations and illustrations are used to elucidate the algorithms. Important emerging topics such as peer-to-peer networks and network security are also considered. With vital algorithms, numerous illustrations, examples and homework problems, this textbook is suitable for advanced undergraduate and graduate students of electrical and computer engineering and computer science. Practitioners in data networking and sensor networks will also find this a valuable resource. Additional resources are available online at www.cambridge.org/9780521876346.

  • A Critical Introduction to Modern Arabic Poetry

    This book is the first critical survey of the development and achievements of 'modern' Arabic poetry, here signifying the period from the latter half of the nineteenth century to the present day. It ranges over the entire Arabic-speaking world and includes a discussion of the work of poets who emigrated to the United States and Latin America. Four main stages are examined in the development of a specifically modern Arabic poetry: the 'neoclassical', in which poets turned to their literary heritage for their ideals and inspiration; the pre-romantic', which was marked by a tension between a modified classical style and new romantic sentiments, itself the reflection of a wider cultural movement towards change and modernization; the 'romantic', in which the tensions between form and content were resolved, and a lyricism and simplicity of language become the norm; and the 'modern' or 'contemporary' which is typified by a reaction against romanticism, and dominated by either committed social realism or symbolism and surrealism. In the absence of any similar published work in a European language, the book, as well as being designed for students of Arabic literature and of comparative literature, will also be of interest to the general reader. No knowledge of Arabic is presupposed: all the verse (newly translated by the author) is given in English translation, and technical terminology has been reduced to a minimum.

  • Better English Pronunciation

    It is a highly successful and widely-used text on pronunciation. It provides a systematic and thorough introduction to the pronunciation of English to help intermediate and more advanced students improve their pronunciation of the spoken language. A recording of all the practice material in the book is available on CDs.

  • William Empson: Essays on Shakespeare

    At the time of his death in 1984, the poet and critic William Empson was preparing and revising a collection of his essays on Shakespeare. This collection edited by David Pirie, is a book which the literary world has wanted for over half a century. Here, in a single volume, are major readings of Hamlet and Macbeth; a witty and sometimes impassioned defence of Falstaff, and a new piece on the architecture of the Globe theatre and other Renaissance playhouses, in which Empson explores the problems that the design of contemporary stages posed for a working playwright; there are also essays on the narrative poems, A Midsummer Night's Dream and the last plays. The essays demonstrate the subtlety and agility of Empson's mind, as well as his remarkable breadth of knowledge, while the almost racy wit of his informal prose style argues for a literary criticism which should never become solemn if it is to be truly serious.

  • Spanish in the United States: Sociolinguistic Aspects

    When this book was first published in 1982, there were approximately eleven million Spanish-speaking people in the United States. This volume constitutes a comprehensive and accessible set of readings on the Spanish spoken in the United States. The authors examine various aspects of language structure and language use by the American Chicano, Puerto Rican and Cuban populations. Chapters include descriptions of language variation, reports of language contact and language change and analyses of the ethnography of language use in bilingual communities with particular emphasis on code-switching. Several chapters explore the educational implications of language structure and language use. This collection will be of interest to a wide range of linguists, anthropologists and sociologists. Bilingual educators and language planners in bilingual communities will find it of particular value and students of sociolinguistics will discover in it the main trends of sociolinguistic analysis usefully exemplified.

  • Food Biotechnology

    This highly useful book deals with the prospects for the successful application of modern techniques in molecular biology to the food processing industry. A wide ranging account of the commercial, industrial, and governmental constraints is provided, with a particularly detailed treatment of the development and production of two food products arising from the successful application of biotechnology--high-fructose corn syrup and mycoprotein. The book stresses the integration of the scientific and commercial aspects of food biotechnology, and includes a section on investment appraisal. Indeed, the combined experience of the authors, each of whom works in the food processing industry, gives it the blend of scientific expertise and commercial realism that will make it attractive to all those professionally involved in the application of biotechnology to the processing of food products.

  • The Evolution of Sex

    The question of why organisms reproduce sexually is still a matter of controversy. In this account, Professor Maynard Smith considers the selective forces responsible for the origin and evolution of sexual reproduction and genetic recombination, using quantitative population genetics arguments to support his ideas. The relative importance of individual and group selection processes are also considered. the aim is to give a clear statement of the theoretical issues, and present enough of the evidence to show what kinds of facts are relevant. It is hoped that where crucial evidence is missing, experimentalists and field workers may be encouraged to collect the relevant data. The author does not claim to solve all the problems he raises, but this clear and well-argued account should provide stimulating reading for advanced undergraduate students and research workers in evolutionary theory.

  • A Guidebook to Biochemistry

    This is a completely revised and expanded edition of the Guidebook to Biochemistry. Every chapter has been reviewed and brought up to date. A new chapter, on the cell and membrane transport, has been included, and the single chapter on regulation in the previous edition has been greatly enlarged and divided into two chapters. Other topics that have received particular attention in this edition include lipids, cell membranes and the biochemical action of hormones. The chapter on genetics has been revised to take account of recent studies of the genetic organization of higher organisms, and a section on genetic engineering has been included. In making these changes the authors have taken care to adhere to the concept of the 'Guidebook' introduced by Kenneth Harrison and maintained by them in the 1971 edition: to 'introduce the reader to the important features of the subject by exemplifying and discussing crucial biochemical concepts'. For this reason they have been careful to restrict the increase in the total length of the book compared with the 1971 edition.

  • A Midsummer Night's Dream

    Professor Foakes offers a new perspective on what is perhaps Shakespeare's most popular comedy, and also a profound, archetypal play. The introduction describes the two main traditions in the stage history of A Midsummer Night's Dream, one emphasising charm and innocence, the other stressing darker suggestions of violence and sexuality, and relates them to similar traditions in critical interpretation, showing that both are necessary to a full understanding of the play. A number of illustrations show the variety of ways in which the play has been staged, including Peter Brook's 1970 production. The concise editorial commentary is especially concerned to help the reader visualise the play in performance.

  • Immobilized Cells: Principles and Applications

    The preparation and uses of immobilized enzymes are topics of great interest in biotechnology; the range of applications is still expanding. This 1987 book gives a coherent overview, illustrated by specific references to carefully selected examples from the literature. It includes discussion of the characteristics of immobilized cell preparations and of the types of reactors used, so that it covers those areas between engineer and biologist. The book is written by experienced teachers and uses a simple, direct style; the excessive use of specialist jargon is avoided and the book is highly readable.

  • Mössbauer Spectroscopy

    This book provides an assessment of the unique contribution Mossbauer spectroscopy can make to the study of the bonding, structural, magnetic, dynamical and time-dependent properties of various systems. It comprises an edited collection of chapters by an international body of distinguished scientists writing on their individual areas of specialisation. The editors and authors aim to give the reader an in-depth understanding of the technique of Mossbauer spectroscopy in terms of the types of information it can provide, together with an appreciation of how this information can be related to that obtained from complementary techniques. This book will be of value to postgraduate students and research workers with no previous knowledge of the technique, but also to those experienced in the use of Mossbauer spectroscopy in a particular area wishing to gain either a wider overview of the technique or information about its use in another area.

  • British Government and the Constitution: Text and Materials

    Like the immensely successful previous edition of this highly respected work, this new edition has been jointly prepared and thorough updated by Colin Turpin and Adam Tomkins. It takes fully into account constitutional developments under the coalition government and examines the most recent case law of the Supreme Court, the European Court of Justice and the European Court of Human Rights. While it includes extensive material and commentary on contemporary constitutional practice, the book covers the historical traditions and the continuity of the British constitution as well as the current tide of change. Designed principally for law students, the book includes substantial extracts from parliamentary and other political sources, as well as from legislation and case law, making it ideal for politics and government students. With its fresh design it provides a full yet accessible account of the British constitution at a fascinating moment in its ongoing development.

  • Semantics and Syntax: Parallels and Connections

    This book is concerned with the relationship between semantics and surface structure and in particular with the way in which each is mapped into the other. Jim Miller argues that semantic and syntactic structure require different representations and that semantic structure is far more complex than many analysts realise. He argues further that semantic structure should be based on notions of location and movement. The need for a semantic component of greater complexity is demonstrated by an examination of prepositions, particles, adverbs and verb-prefixes, and is shown to accord with cross-language and historical facts. The volume goes on to consider the sort of rules that are required to map semantic structures onto syntax. Semantics and Syntax tackles fundamental issues and draws together many of the key concepts of traditional grammar and formal linguistics. The general framework for handling syntax, semantics and morphology that it outlines is perhaps a controversial one, but it will be recognized as challenging and original.

  • Fiscal and Monetary Policies and Problems in Developing Countries

    This book is concerned with the use of fiscal and monetary policies to overcome three major obstacles to development commonly faced by less developed countries: inadequate investment; misallocation of investment resources; and internal and external imbalances i.e. inflation and balance of payments deficits. The book is divided into six chapters the first two of which are devoted to the definition of concepts and to an explanation of the Keynesian model of income determination and of Kalecki's model of financing investment, within the framework of which the role of fiscal and monetary measures and of foreign capital is later examined. Chapters 3 and 4 discuss the role of fiscal measures and of foreign capital, respectively, in promoting domestic investment. Chapter 5 examines the use of both fiscal and monetary instruments, including industrial and agricultural development banks, to influence the pattern of investment. The last chapter is devoted to the problems of internal and external imbalances. The author examines policies pursued by a representative sample of developing countries and concludes that most of them fail adequately to exploit the potential of fiscal and monetary instruments and of foreign capital to overcome the three sets of obstacles to development largely bacause of institutonal (socio-political) constraints. The approach to inflation and balance of payments difficulties followed in the book differs significantly from that of monetarists, notably the Chicago school and the IMF, whose basic propositions are reviewed and critically examined in some detail in Chapters 2 and 6. Although the primary focus of the book is on developing economies, this part of it is also relevant to industrial countries.

  • Erwin Piscator's Political Theatre: The Development of Modern German Drama

    This 1977 text was the first full study of Erwin Piscator, the German theatrical producer who was prominent in the 1920s and worked after 1945 with the writers Hochhuth, Kipphardt and Weiss. Professor Innes sketches the background of Dadaism and Expressionism from which Piscator came, and points out the differences between Piscator and the other experimenters of his time. He also gives a vivid description of Piscator's technical innovations, the modern means of communication such as film, the illumination of the stage from below and 'the treadmill', a flat moving band along which the characters walked. These turned drama into a multi-media event. Professor Innes uses Piscator's career as a focus to describe theatrical developments in the twentieth century and to discuss the role of the author, the director, and the actor in drama, the purpose of the theatre, and the involvement of the audience.

  • The Emergence of the Latin American Novel

    This survey concentrates on the modern novel of Spanish-speaking America. Dr Brotherston starts with a long and suggestive introduction on the general topic 'settings and people', showing the growth of a sense of Latin American identity in the fiction produced in the continent as a whole. There follow detailed studies of individual modern novels, taken as representative of their time, their author, their country and the continent. A conclusion surveys and sums up these themes. The analytical studies of important and representative novels, related to each other in theme and preoccupation, the substantial quotations (in English), the notes and the useful bibliography, make this a book which gives students and other readers a well-considered introduction to the Spanish American fiction of this century.

  • English Word-Formation

    Interest in word-formation is probably as old as interest in language itself. As Dr Bauer points out in his Introduction, many of the questions that scholars are asking now were also being asked in the seventeenth, eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. However, there is still little agreement on methodology in the study of word-formation or theoretical approaches to it; even the kind of data relevant to its study is open to debate. Dr Bauer here provides students and general linguists alike with a new perspective on what is a confused and often controversial field of study, providing a resolution to the terminological confusion which currently reigns in this area. In doing so, he clearly demonstrates the challenge and intrinsic fascination of the study of word-formation. Linguists have recently become increasingly aware of the relevance of word-formation to work in syntax and semantics, phonology and morphology, and Dr Bauer discusses - within a largely synchronic and transformational framework - the theoretical issues involved. He considers topics where word-formation has a contribution to make to other areas of linguistics and, without pretending to provide a fully-fledged theory of word-formation, develops those points which he sees as being central to its study. The book draws on a wide range of sources, and general points are illustrated from a variety of languages. As the title suggests, though, the exposition is principally illustrated with material drawn from English, including close analysis of a number of sets of neologisms. A survey of the types of word-formation found in English is also included. Some background in linguistics is assumed, but students of linguistics and English language with no previous knowledge of word-formation or of morphology at all will find English Word-Formation an accessible and stimulating textbook.

  • Biophysics and Biochemistry at Low Temperatures

    Cold is the single most important enemy of life, and this book, first published in 1985, discusses the responses of living organisms to low temperatures. Subfreezing temperatures in particular affect the properties of water, which is essential to life, and the book describes the physics and chemistry of water in the context of physiology. Injury from cooling and the way in which organisms respond and survive, as well as the mechanism of cold hardening in micro-organisms, insects and plants are discussed. The laboratory exploitation of low temperatures to preserve life and to protect labile materials against freeze damage is also considered.

  • Cambridge Checkpoints VCE English Units 3 and 4 2011

    This book contains: o Online quizzes o Questions from past examinations o Fully worked solutions o Core facts, skills and extended response tasks

  • Science and Religion: Some Historical Perspectives

    In this 1991 volume, John Hedley Brooke offers an introduction and critical guide to one of the most fascinating and enduring issues in the development of the modern world: the relationship between scientific thought and religious belief. It is common knowledge that in western societies there have been periods of crisis when new science has threatened established authority. The trial of Galileo in 1633 and the uproar caused by Darwin's Origin of Species (1859) are two of the most famous examples. Taking account of recent scholarship in the history of science, Brooke takes a fresh look at these and similar episodes, showing that science and religion have been mutually relevant in so rich a variety of ways that no simple generalizations are possible. A special feature of the book is that Brooke stands back from general theses affirming 'conflict' or harmony', which have so often served partisan interests. His object is to reveal the subtlety, complexity, and diversity of the interaction as it has taken place in the past and in the twentieth century.

  • Science and Religion: Some Historical Perspectives

    In this 1991 volume, John Hedley Brooke offers an introduction and critical guide to one of the most fascinating and enduring issues in the development of the modern world: the relationship between scientific thought and religious belief. It is common knowledge that in western societies there have been periods of crisis when new science has threatened established authority. The trial of Galileo in 1633 and the uproar caused by Darwin's Origin of Species (1859) are two of the most famous examples. Taking account of recent scholarship in the history of science, Brooke takes a fresh look at these and similar episodes, showing that science and religion have been mutually relevant in so rich a variety of ways that no simple generalizations are possible. A special feature of the book is that Brooke stands back from general theses affirming 'conflict' or harmony', which have so often served partisan interests. His object is to reveal the subtlety, complexity, and diversity of the interaction as it has taken place in the past and in the twentieth century.

  • Seneca: Apocolocyntosis

    The Gourdification of Claudius the God has instant and lasting appeal. It is a uniquely surviving specimen of prose-and-verse satire from the Roman world - and satire, a Roman speciality, is one of the few types of ancient literature to survive, and thrive, in modern society. Its author, Seneca, was not only gifted with intellectual virtuosity, but, at the time of writing, was the precarious power behind the throne of the dangerously developing Nero. Claudius, the target of his malicious wit, remains the most controversial of the first twelve imperial Caesars. The English version facing the text makes the work available to the general reader who may not have any Latin. The text, which is based on a critical examination of all the manuscripts, will be indispensable to scholars. The commentary, which is the first on this scale to have been written in English, is primarily addressed to university and other students.

  • The Wave Equation on a Curved Space-Time

    This book was originally published in 1975. In Einstein's General Theory of Relativity the effects of gravitation are represented by the curvature of space-time. Physical processes occurring in the presence of gravitation must then be treated mathematically in terms of their behaviour in a curved space-time. One of the most basic of these processes is wave propagation, and this book gives a rigourous discussion of the local effects of curvature on the behaviour of waves. In the course of this discussion many techniques are developed which are also needed for a study of more general problems, in which the gravitational field itself plays a dynamical role. Although much of the book deals with four-dimensional space-time, the n-dimensional case is also treated, more briefly. The subject-matter is also of interest in other branches of mathematical physics and, as a fresh account of the classical work of Hadamard and M. Riesz, in the theory of partial differential equations.

  • Objective First Class Audio CDs (2)

    Third edition of the best-selling Cambridge English: First (FCE) course. The syllabus for this exam has changed and this book has now been replaced by 9781107628540 Objective First Fourth edition Class Audio CDs (2).

  • Nonequilibrium Molecular Dynamics: Theory, Algorithms and Applications

    Written by two specialists with over twenty-five years of experience in the field, this valuable text presents a wide range of topics within the growing field of nonequilibrium molecular dynamics (NEMD). It introduces theories which are fundamental to the field - namely, nonequilibrium statistical mechanics and nonequilibrium thermodynamics - and provides state-of-the-art algorithms and advice for designing reliable NEMD code, as well as examining applications for both atomic and molecular fluids. It discusses homogenous and inhomogenous flows and pays considerable attention to highly confined fluids, such as nanofluidics. In addition to statistical mechanics and thermodynamics, the book covers the themes of temperature and thermodynamic fluxes and their computation, the theory and algorithms for homogenous shear and elongational flows, response theory and its applications, heat and mass transport algorithms, applications in molecular rheology, highly confined fluids (nanofluidics), the phenomenon of slip and how to compute it from basic microscopic principles, and generalized hydrodynamics.

  • The Seleucid Army: Organization and Tactics in the Great Campaigns

    This is a 1976 study of the organization and tactics of the Seleucid armies from 312 to 129 BC. The first part of the book discusses the numerical strength of the armies, their sources of manpower, the contingents of the regular army, their equipment and historical development, the chain of command, training and discipline. The second part reconstructs the great campaigns in order to examine the Seleucid tactics. The book provides a lesson in Hellenistic and military history and discusses several questions: how did the Hellenistic armies develop after Alexander? What distinguished the Seleucid army as superior to its Hellenistic contemporaries? The answers illuminate the expansion of Hellenism as we learn how the Seleucid army was used as a military, social and cultural instrument to impose the rule of the dynasty over the vast regions of the Empire and how it helped to shape Hellenistic society in the East.

  • Accents of English: Beyond The British Isles

    Accents of English is about the way English is pronounced by different people in different places. Volume 1 provides a synthesizing introduction, which shows how accents vary not only geographically, but also with social class, formality, sex and age; and in volumes 2 and 3 the author examines in greater depth the various accents used by people who speak English as their mother tongue: the accents of the regions of England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland (volume 2), and of the USA, Canada, the West Indies, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, India, Black Africa and the Far East ( volume 3). Each volume can be read independently, and together they form a major scholarly survey, of considerable originality, which not only includes descriptions of hitherto neglected accents, but also examines the implications for phonological theory. Readers will find the answers to many questions: Who makes 'good' rhyme with 'mood'? Which accents have no voiced sibilants? How is a Canadian accent different from an American one, a New Zealand one from an Australian one, a Jamaican one from a Barbadian one? What are the historical reasons for British-American pronunciation differences? What sound changes are currently in progress in New York, in London, in Edinburgh? Dr Wells his written principally for students of linguistics, phonetics and English language, but the motivated general reader will also find the study both fascinating and rewarding.

  • The Death of Stephane Mallarme

    In this highly original and provocative study, Bersani takes us away from the interpretative questions which the competing critics of Mallarme familiarly raise, and explores a fundamental paradox within his work as a whole. On the one hand Mallarme can be taken as a prime example of textual imperialism in modern literature: his hermetic poems seem to demand ever more interpretative ingenuity from his readers and to provide a foretaste of the supreme Book which he dreamed of - 'the Orphic explanation of the Earth'. On the other hand he mounted an extraordinary assault on literature's claims to importance. He went so far as to propose a view of literature as an essentially wordless fiction incapable both of communicating the nature of reality and of producing knowledge of reality. He comes to be engaged in the somewhat eerie strategy of celebrating literature as a way of burying it. He does not, however, give up writing; in fact, he begins what Leo Bersani considers to be his revolutionary subversion of literature at the very moment when he becomes a man of letters. In tracing this paradox, Bersani brings fresh insights to much of Mallarme's work and suggests a unique way of understanding Mallarme's place in modern literature.

  • Leibniz in Paris 1672-1676: His Growth to Mathematical Maturity

    When Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz first arrived in Paris in 1672 he was a well-educated, sophisticated young diplomat who had yet to show any real sign of his latent mathematical abilities. Over his next four crowded, formative years, which Professor Hofmann analyses in detail, he grew to be one of the outstanding mathematicians of the age and to found the modern differential calculus. In Paris, Leibniz rapidly absorbed the advanced exact science of the day. During a short visit to London in 1673 he made a fruitful contact with Henry Oldenburg, the secretary of the Royal Society, who provided him with a wide miscellany of information regarding current British scientific activities. Returning to Paris, Leibniz achieved his own first creative discoveries, developing a method of integral `transmutation' through which lie derived the 'arithmetical' quadrature of the circle by an infinite series. He also explored the theory of algebraic equations. Later, by codifying existing tangent and quadrature methods and expressing their algorithmic structure in a `universal' notation, lie laid the foundation of formal 'Leibnizian' calculus.

  • The Cambridge Historical Encyclopedia of Great Britain and Ireland

    A unique history covering every major aspect of British life, with full coverage of England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland; contributions from 60 major scholars; an 840-entry biographical Who's Who; and 930 ready reference entries on key dates and events.

  • Eubulus: The Fragments

    Dr Hunter presents here a critical edition, with Introduction and explanatory commentary, of the fragments of Eubulus, a comic poet of the fourth century B.C. This is the first modern edition in any language of the fragments of any poet of the so-called Middle Comedy (that is, the comedy of the central part of the fourth century). The introduction discusses not only Eubulus' life and work, but also the genre of Middle Comedy as a whole and the commentary is particularly concerned with tracing in the fragments themes which are found also in both the earlier comedy of Aristophanes and the later works of Menander, Plautus and Terence. This book will be of value to those interested in ancient comedy and its development during the Hellenistic period.

  • Chemistry for the IB Diploma Coursebook with CD-ROM

    "A comprehensive new book for class use and independent study, Cambridge Chemistry for the IB Diploma prepares students with the skills to succeed at both Standard and Higher Levels, using accessible language and clearly stated learning objectives. Questions and worked examples throughout each chapter provoke discussion and test understanding; exam-style questions provide practice at the end of each chapter. Links to Theory of Knowledge themes are included throughout. The print edition includes a CD-ROM with seven chapters covering the syllabus options, extensive study guidance and simulations and animations; the ebook includes all this material except the simulations and animations."

  • The Psychopharmacology of Smoking

    Why do individuals smoke? In discussing this central question, the authors first examine a number of studies of the complex interaction between the toxicology of smoking and genetically based susceptibility to smoking-related disease, which suggest that the link between smoking and disease is more equivocal than recent epidemiological studies have claimed. Several theories of smoking recruitment and maintenance are considered and judged in the light of the known pharmacological effects of nicotine, a psychoactive drug that is the primary reinforcer in smoking. A review of psychological and behavioural evidence from animal and human studies indicates that nicotine can promote psychological comfort and performance enhancement in a variety of tasks; such effects are produced by self-titration, evidenced in smoking style, which itself is subject to some genetically imposed constraints. The effectiveness of smoking intervention and cessation strategies is assessed, and some improvements suggested, against the background of these putative smoking motives. The book is of value to pharmacologists, psychologists, and specialists in the treatment of drug abuse and in preventive health.

  • Conservation

    The importance of conservation is growing each year, with increasing concerns over the destruction of biodiversity and the rising awareness of ecosystem services generating new debates on the human-nature relationship. This compact overview integrates the process, theory and practice of conservation for a broad readership, from non-specialists to students and practitioners. Taking a global perspective, it uses examples from around the world to illustrate general themes and show how problems arise from the impact of societal trends on ecological communities. A significant practical component will be particularly valuable for environmental professionals, outlining the requirements for rigorous surveys, biodiversity valuation, the assessment of impact and its mitigation. Thoroughly revised and updated, this second edition reflects trends towards embracing multiple disciplines, considering the links between ecology and the social sciences and bringing conservation to the heart of sustainability and environmental policy.

  • Communicative Language Teaching: An Introduction

    The communicative approach is changing the face of foreign language teaching. It provides an introduction to communicative language teaching for practising classroom teachers. The author gives a single coherent account of the basic communicative ideas, emphasizing those aspects most important in the classroom so that teachers can integrate the new ideas into their own familiar methods. He stresses that a knowledge of grammar remains essential for effective communication.

  • Ulysses and the Sirens: Studies In Rationality And Irrationality

    This book was first published in 1984, as the revised edition of a 1979 original. The text is composed of studies in a descending sequence from perfect rationality, through imperfect and problematical rationality, to irrationality. Specifically human rationality is characterized by its capacity to relate strategically to the future, in contrast to the myopic 'gradient climbing' of natural selection. There is trenchant analysis of some of the parallels proposed in this connection between the biological and the social sciences. In the chapter on imperfect rationality the crucial notion is that of 'binding oneself', as Ulysses did before setting out to the Sirens, when weakness of will may prevent us from using our capacity for perfect rationality. The second half of the book deals with rational-actor theory, comparing its logical power and success to rival approaches, and with the varieties of irrationality expressed in contradictory beliefs and desires.

  • Corporate Control, Corporate Power: A Twentieth Century Fund Study

    Deep and detailed research into the workings of corporate enables Professor Herman to throw considerable light on how the board of directors operates, how important outside directors are, how new members are selected, and how multiple directorships interlock the large corporations. Throughout the book the author contrasts the power of the managers with that of other interest groups - bankers, family - and he concludes that power lies with the managers. But this has not changed the basic objectives of the corporation - the pursuit of growth and profits - nor has it enhanced social responsibility. After thorough investigation Edward Herman concludes that government regulation has done surprisingly little to reduce the autonomy of the corporation. Just as the influence of bankers and investors has been resisted, so has the effect of regulation. Improved communications and controls, geographic dispersion, and the enhanced adaptability and mobility of the large corporation have all played a part in maintaining corporate power and managerial control. Corporate Control, Corporate Power will be essential reading for executives, policy makers, regulators, and all those concerned to make the corporation more responsible and accountable.

  • Alban Berg: Wozzeck

    Alban Berg's Wozzeck is one of the most significant operas of the twentieth century. Douglas Jarman's study provides a clear and accessible introduction to this work, placing it in the context of the radical developments in musical language during the early decades of the century and of the development of Berg's own musical style. The book covers all aspects of the work. Early chapters are devoted to the history and discovery of the Buchner play Woyzeck on which Berg based the libretto and to the background and composition of the opera. A detailed synopsis takes the reader through the events on stage in relation to the structured musical effects. Particular attention is given in the subsequent chapter to the unique dramatic and musical design of the opera. In offering a possible interpretation of the work Douglas Jarman considers this closely organized structure in relation to the expressionistic language of the music. A final chapter charts the performances of the opera, in particular early productions, which are illustrated with many hitherto unpublished photographs from Berg's own lifetime. An important feature of the book is the inclusion of many important and otherwise unobtainable contemporary documents concerned with the play and the opera, includine Karl Emil Franzos's description of the reconstruction of the fragmented Buchner play and three commentaries by Berg himself on the opera. This comprehensive guide will be invaluable to the student and opera-goer wishing to unravel the musical and dramatic complecities of this important work.

  • Relay Control Systems

    Relay control systems are widely employed in a variety of technological domains because they are simpler and, in many cases, have better dynamic properties than other types of control system. The aim of this book is to present a theory of relay control systems that is based on the concepts of transfer functions and frequency and time characteristics. While giving an account of the general properties of relay control systems, the author devotes ample space to the analysis and computation of concrete examples. Although the reader is assumed to be acquainted with Fourier series and operational calculus, the appendices contain some background mathematics to make the book as self-contained as possible.

  • Foundations of XML Processing: The Tree-Automata Approach

    This is the first book that provides a solid theoretical account of the foundation of the popular data format XML. Part I establishes basic concepts, starting with schemas, tree automata and pattern matching, and concluding with static typechecking for XML as a highlight of the book. In Part II, the author turns his attention to more advanced topics, including efficient 'on-the-fly' tree automata algorithms, path- and logic-based queries, tree transformation, and exact typechecking. The author provides many examples of code fragments to illustrate features, and exercises to enhance understanding. Thus the book will be ideal for students and researchers whether just beginning, or experienced in XML research.

  • The Collection of the Qur'an

    The most surprising feature of the Muslim traditions on the collection of the Qur'an is their denial of any role in the process to Muhammad himself. The merit of assembling and preserving the record of the momentous divine revelations has been variously ascribed to some half dozen of the Prophet's associates or Companions, and these ascriptions have usually been treated as hopelessly conflicting. Dr Burton argues that they are in perfect agreement. Their sole function was the deliberate exclusion of Mohammed. Dr Burton demonstrates in his analysis of the original Muslim sources a series of subtle distinctions, the most significant being that between the Qur'an document and source. This 1977 analysis of early Muslim traditions challenges existing scholarly interpretations, and Dr Burton argues his case with a wealth of detail. It is a book which all students of Islam will find required reading.

  • The Lévy Laplacian

    The Levy Laplacian is an infinite-dimensional generalization of the well-known classical Laplacian. The theory has become well developed in recent years and this book was the first systematic treatment of the Levy-Laplace operator. The book describes the infinite-dimensional analogues of finite-dimensional results, and more especially those features which appear only in the generalized context. It develops a theory of operators generated by the Levy Laplacian and the symmetrized Levy Laplacian, as well as a theory of linear and nonlinear equations involving it. There are many problems leading to equations with Levy Laplacians and to Levy-Laplace operators, for example superconductivity theory, the theory of control systems, the Gauss random field theory, and the Yang-Mills equation. The book is complemented by an exhaustive bibliography. The result is a work that will be valued by those working in functional analysis, partial differential equations and probability theory.

  • Chinese Ceramics

    The Chinese are famed as the first to have discovered and mastered the techniques needed to produce porcelain. Yet carefully crafted ceramics are valued not only for their beauty, but also as precious cultural artifacts shedding light on the period in which they were produced. Chinese ceramics represent works of art both in themselves and as a medium for painting, poetry, calligraphy and sculpture. This accessible, introductory survey takes the reader through the rich history of Chinese ceramics from primitive pottery to delicate porcelain, complemented by full color illustrations throughout.

  • Micromechanisms in Particle-Hardened Alloys

    This book was first published in 1980. A great number of metallic materials in practical use owe their strength to the presence in their microstructure of particles of a hard precipitated phase. The text emphasises the importance of scientific rather than empirical methods in attempting to develop particle-hardened alloys. The author progresses from an elementary knowledge of metallurgy to theories relating to the deformation and fracture of alloys of this type. He also discusses the use of such theories to describe observations on both model materials and practical metals. After a discussion of the microstructures of these alloys, how they form and how to describe them quantitatively, their deformation and fracture behaviour at both low and elevated temperatures are examined.

  • A History of Italian Theatre

    With the aim of providing a comprehensive history of Italian drama from its origins to the time of its publication in 2006, this book treats theatre in its widest sense, discussing the impact of all the elements and figures integral to the collaborative process of theatre-making. The impact of designers, actors, directors and impresarios as well as of playwrights is subjected to critical scrutiny, while individual chapters examine the changes in technology and shifts in the cultural climate which have influenced theatre. No other approach would be acceptable for Italian theatre, where from the days of commedia dell'arte, the central figure has often been the actor rather than the playwright. The important writers, such as Carlo Goldoni and Luigi Pirandello, receive detailed critical treatment, as do the 'great actors' of nineteenth-century theatre or the directors of our own time, but the focus is always on the bigger picture.

  • Economic Development Latin America

    This is an introductory survey of the history and recent development of Latin American economy and society from colonial times to the establishment of the military regime in Chile. In the second edition the historical perspective has been enlarged and important events since the Cuban Revolution, such as the agrarian reforms of Peru and Chile, the difficulties of the Central America Common Market and LAFTA, the acceleration of industrialisation in Brazil and the consolidation of the Cuban economy, are discussed. The statistical information has been extended to the early 1970s and the demographic data to 1975.

  • Sophocles: Trachiniae

    Sophocles' Trachiniae is, in the editor's words, 'a subtle and sophisticated play about primitive emotions'. It is also a play which presents problems to a modern audience. Making full use of recent Sphoclean scholarship, Mrs Easterling attempts in her Introduction a detailed literary analysis of Trachiniae, helping the reader to understand better its intricate structure, the treatment of Deianira and Heracles, and the meaning of the final scenes. The notes in the Commentary of grammar, syntax and style include material which will be helpful to comparative beginners in the language, but the commentary as a whole is intended for anyone with a close interest in Greek tragedy. This is an edition for classical scholars, undergraduates, and students in the upper forms of schools. The Introduction is designed to be of use to readers who do not know Greek, as well as to specialists.

  • Cambridge Vocabulary for Advanced without Answers

    The book covers selected vocabulary needed by students taking Cambridge English: Advanced (CAE) exam and includes exam-style tasks for each paper. The syllabus for the Cambridge English: Advanced (CAE) exam has changed, and this product is no longer suitable preparation material. New Cambridge English products are available to suit the requirements of the new syllabus.

  • W. A. Mozart: Don Giovanni

    This book is a study of Mozart's Don Giovanni, his second opera to a libretto by da Ponte. Although it is one of the handful of best-known and most often performed operas of the last two hundred years, Don Giovanni is seldom given in an authentic form and arguments persist as to its nature. Julian Rushton takes the view that, notwithstanding the tragic nature of certain scenes, it must be regarded as an opera buffa. He gives a brief summary of its history and life in the theatre, but the chief historical essay (by Edward Forman) concerns the subject-matter before it reached da Ponte. The book includes a very detailed synopsis which forms the basis of an extended commentary on the librettist's handling of a plot constructed of both original and inherited ideas. Bernard Williams contributes an essay on Don Giovanni as an idea in literature and philosophy since Mozart. The book concludes with an extensive bibliography, and a discography of complete recordings compiled by Malcolm Walker.

  • Cell Ageing and Cell Death

    The phenomenon of cell aging and cell death are of considerable importance in many areas of biology. This joint symposium between the Society for Experimental Biology and the British Society for Research in Ageing considers the topic from an interdisciplinary point of view. The contents range from the initiation of cell senescence and the factors controlling the life span of cells, to the competing theories implicating programmed or accidental sequences of events in the process of cell deterioration. The fundamental nature of the subject will generate interest in the book across a wide range of biological and medical disciplines.

  • Universals of Human Thought: Some African Evidence

    This book was originally published in 1981 and the theme of universals attracted a great deal of attention in the decade preceding publication. Psychologists and linguists in particular attempted to identify substantive universals that underlie the social diversity across cultures, which anthropologists and others documented. The contributors to this volume all focus on the relevant data in Africa to explain and test the major questions at issue. The book is divided into three main sections, dealing respectively with perception, cognitive development and language. There is also a general Review and Prospectus by Jerome Bruner, and a wide-ranging introduction to the philosophical background by Ernst Gellner. The volume will be of particular interest to cross-cultural psychologists, linguists, Africanists and anthropologists.

  • Proust: Collected Essays on the Writer and his Art

    Proust's A la recherche du temps perdu is an imaginative achievement without parallel in the twentieth century. Any critic who sets out to discuss the book in the full variety of its concerns will find that his own powers of insight and judgement are relentlessly put to the test. John Cocking is one of the few critics who have taken up this challenge with outstanding success and have tackled all the major Proustian issues in a consistently illuminating way. When first published in the fifties, his critical monograph on Proust soon established itself as one of the finest introductions to its subject available in either English or French. The aim of the present collection is to bring together all Professor Cocking's main writings on Proust in a single volume. His powers of detailed observation and his alert analytic intelligence make him a first-rate guide to the complexities and the sheer surprisingness of Proust's novel. This book offers both an introduction that is fully accessible to the newcomer and a series of original judgements that will provide stimulus and excitement for the specialist.

  • Scotland and the Borders of Romanticism

    Originally published in 2004, Scotland and the Borders of Romanticism is a collection of critical essays devoted to Scottish writing between 1745 and 1830 - a key period marking the contested divide between Scottish Enlightenment and Romanticism in British literary history. Essays in the volume, by leading scholars from Scotland, England, Canada and the USA, address a range of major figures and topics, among them Hume and the Romantic imagination, Burns's poetry, the Scottish song and ballad revivals, gender and national tradition, the prose fiction of Walter Scott and James Hogg, the national theatre of Joanna Baillie, the Romantic varieties of historicism and antiquarianism, Romantic Orientalism, and Scotland as a site of English cultural fantasies. The essays undertake a collective rethinking of the national and period categories that have structured British literary history, by examining the relations between the concepts of Enlightenment and Romanticism as well as between Scottish and English writing.

  • English Popular Education 1780-1975

    An account of the development of education in England from the closing years of the eighteenth century when an attempt was first made to provide an education for all children. The author looks in turn at the children being taught, the teachers who taught them, the methods they used, the curriculum, and the social and intellectual influences which affected them.

  • Trade, Plunder and Settlement: Maritime Enterprise and the Genesis of the British Empire, 1480-1630

    Not since 1945 has a general account of the origins of the British Empire been published, as if the demise of the empire freed us from our imperial past and historians from any obligation to digest it. Of course, it has done nothing of the kind, but it does enable the historian today to approach that past in a more critical spirit and to attempt a deeper and more detached analysis than could have been expected a generation ago. The purpose of this work is therefore not merely to recount but to explain the course of English overseas expansion and the beginning of the overseas empire; a prolonged pregnancy, culminating in a difficult birth and sickly infancy. The introductory essay discusses the forces and motives involved in the expansion movement, which is seen as being part of a wider European movement and derivative in many ways from it. The author considers the attitude and conduct of the Tudors and early Stuarts towards this fundamentally commercial movement and examines the nature and importance of sea power, the contribution of different social groups, and the relevance of religious and economic ideals as well as nationalistic sentiment. These various themes are taken up again in the narrative chapters which follow, dealing with the enterprises of exploration, trade, plunder and colonisation successively through from the early Bristol quest for 'Brasil' to the diverse ventures of the 1620s.

  • Extragalactic Adventure: Our Strange Universe

    The extragalactic universe, the immense world of a billion galaxies lying beyond out own, is the subject of this book. Our Sun is but a tiny star among a hundred billion other in our Galaxy, the Milky Way, which appears as a luminous veil trailing across the clear night sky. Beyond the Milky Way we will soar into space amid galaxies, clusters of galaxies, radio galaxies and quasars of enormous energy, out to the cosmological horizon which arrests our flight like an intangible barrier. Why do galaxies seem to fly from us? Is space so strongly curved that by going straight ahead we come up behind ourselves? Did it all begin with an enormous explosion, the famous Big Bang, which decided our fate in the first quarter of an hour? These are the questions which this rigourous and enthusiastic scientist tries to answer with complete honesty and non-technical clarity.

  • Quantum Fields in Curved Space

    This book presents a comprehensive review of the subject of gravitational effects in quantum field theory. Although the treatment is general, special emphasis is given to the Hawking black hole evaporation effect, and to particle creation processes in the early universe. The last decade has witnessed a phenomenal growth in this subject. This is the first attempt to collect and unify the vast literature that has contributed to this development. All the major technical results are presented, and the theory is developed carefully from first principles. Here is everything that students or researchers will need to embark upon calculations involving quantum effects of gravity at the so-called one-loop approximation level.

  • Microfoundations: The Compatibility of Microeconomics and Macroeconomics

    This is the first full-length survey of current work which examines the compatibility of microeconomics and macroeconomics. Its particular distinction is that it makes accessible, to non-specialists, those extensive modern refinements of general equilibrium theory which are linked to macroeconomics and monetary theory. Part I traces the development and interlocking nature of two scientific research prgrams, macroeconomics and neo-Walrasian analysis. The five chapters in this part examine general equilibrium theory, Keynes' contribution, the 'neoclassical synthesis', and the Clower-Leijonhufvud contributions to questions of systemic coordination. The four chapters of Part II place recent work on the micro-foundations of macroeconomics within a taxonomic scheme of Walrasian equilibrium, Walrasian disequilibrium, Edgeworthian equilibrium, and Edgeworthian disequilibrium. Part III, a single chapter, provides an overview of the subject and ventures some conclusions.

  • Canonical Gravity and Applications: Cosmology, Black Holes, and Quantum Gravity

    Canonical methods are a powerful mathematical tool within the field of gravitational research, both theoretical and experimental, and have contributed to a number of recent developments in physics. Providing mathematical foundations as well as physical applications, this is the first systematic explanation of canonical methods in gravity. The book discusses the mathematical and geometrical notions underlying canonical tools, highlighting their applications in all aspects of gravitational research from advanced mathematical foundations to modern applications in cosmology and black hole physics. The main canonical formulations, including the Arnowitt-Deser-Misner (ADM) formalism and Ashtekar variables, are derived and discussed. Ideal for both graduate students and researchers, this book provides a link between standard introductions to general relativity and advanced expositions of black hole physics, theoretical cosmology or quantum gravity.

  • The Rise of Romantic Opera

    This book was first published in hard covers in 1976 to mark the centenary of the birth of Edward J. Dent, now best remembered as translator of Mozart's opera libretti, as author of the best-known popular introductory book, Opera (Penguin) and for his book on Mozart's Operas (Oxford). He was a scholar of great range and wrote with style and wit. For many years he was professor of Music at Cambridge. Deriving from a course of previously unpublished lectures, the book concentrates on the crucial romantic period and shows how romantic opera had its origins not in Germany, as is often thought, but in the music-dramas and operas of revolutionary France and that this music was a source of nineteenth-century German symphonic style as well as of grand opera. The book is edited by Winton Dean who supplied a brief introduction and a number of notes incorporating relevant scholarship.

  • The Phoneme: Its Nature and Use

    The Phoneme, first published in 1950, is now not only a standard work on its subject but comprises Daniel Jone's major and final expression of his theoretical attitudes. This is a reissue of the third edition (1967), which includes the appendix on the history and meaning of the term phoneme. It sets out in detail the author's conclusions about the nature and function of the phoneme, illustrating them from over 40 languages. The book continues to represent for the historian of language an important landmark in the development of linguistics.

  • Building Models by Games

    This book introduces a general method for building infinite mathematical structures, and surveys its applications in algebra and model theory. The basic idea behind the method is to build a structure by a procedure with infinitely many steps, similar to a game between two players that goes on indefinitely. The approach is new and helps to simplify, motivate and unify a wide range of constructions that were previously carried out separately and by ad hoc methods. The first chapter provides a resume of basic model theory. A wide variety of algebraic applications are studied, with detailed analyses of existentially closed groups of class 2. Another chapter describes the classical model-theoretic form of this method -of construction, which is known variously as 'omitting types', 'forcing' or the 'Henkin-Orey theorem'. The last three chapters are more specialised and discuss how the same idea can be used to build uncountable structures. Applications include completeness for Magidor-Malitz quantifiers, and Shelah's recent and sophisticated omitting types theorem for L(Q). There are also applications to Bdolean algebras and models of arithmetic.

  • A Student's Guide to Geophysical Equations

    The advent of accessible student computing packages has meant that geophysics students can now easily manipulate datasets and gain first-hand modeling experience - essential in developing an intuitive understanding of the physics of the Earth. Yet to gain a more in-depth understanding of physical theory, and to develop new models and solutions, it is necessary to be able to derive the relevant equations from first principles. This compact, handy book fills a gap left by most modern geophysics textbooks, which generally do not have space to derive all of the important formulae, showing the intermediate steps. This guide presents full derivations for the classical equations of gravitation, gravity, tides, earth rotation, heat, geomagnetism and foundational seismology, illustrated with simple schematic diagrams. It supports students through the successive steps and explains the logical sequence of a derivation - facilitating self-study and helping students to tackle homework exercises and prepare for exams.

  • The Economics of Cancer Care

    This 2006 book examines the interaction of economics and the delivery of cancer care in the global context. It analyses the causes of tension between those paying for care, those providing the care and those marketing drugs and devices. The concept and requirement for rationing is examined in different economic environments. As cancer increases in incidence and prevalence, the economics of providing care becomes a more important subject than ever before. Written by a leading health economist and oncologist, this was the first comprehensive book on the economics of cancer care continues to be of interest to health professionals and policy makers alike.

  • Super Minds Level 4 Student's Book with DVD-ROM

    An exciting, seven-level course that enhances young learners' thinking skills, sharpening their memory while improving their language skills. Super Minds, from a highly experienced author team, enhances your students' thinking skills, improving their memory along with their language skills. This Level 4 Student's Book includes activities to develop creativity, cross-curriculum thinking with fascinating 'English for school' sections and lively stories that explore social values. The fabulous DVD-ROM features animated stories, interactive games and activities including videokes, songs with karaoke versions, and fun activities focusing on each unit's vocabulary and grammar.

  • Plotinus on Self: The Philosophy of the 'We'

    Plotinus, the founder of the Neoplatonic school of philosophy, conceptualises two different notions of self (or 'us'): the corporeal and the rational. Personality and imperfection mark the former, while goodness and a striving for understanding mark the latter. In this text, Dr Remes grounds the two selfhoods in deep-seated Platonic ontological commitments, following their manifestations, interrelations and sometimes uneasy coexistence in philosophical psychology, emotional therapy and ethics. Plotinus' interest lies in what it means for a human being to be a temporal and a corporeal thing, yet capable of abstract and impartial reasoning, of self-government and perhaps even invulnerability. The book argues that this involves a philosophically problematic rupture within humanity which is, however, alleviated by the psychological similarities and points of contact between the two aspects of the self. The purpose of life is the cultivation of the latter aspect, the true self.

  • Simulation for Nuclear Reactor Technology

    This collection of articles by an international panel of experts deals with the question of simulation techniques in nuclear reactor technology. In nuclear power plant, considerations of safety are always dominant. Simulation techniques are used in the analysis and design of safe plant, making this probably the most important and most actively developing topic in nuclear power-plant technology today. Modern engineering practice relies on the use of conceptual models as a convenient and efficient way of using our accumulated and often complex stock of knowledge. Simulation is one such area of conceptual model building, and is generally taken to refer to the representation of time-varying processes often in real time. Simulation techniques invariably involve the use of computers, and, among other things, can be used to model details of processes for design and analytical purposes and in the modelling of the real time behaviour of a full-scale plant.

  • Environmental Engineering in Mines

    The total environment in which mining takes place is the result of many physical, regional and circumstantial conditions. This is a 1986 text which deals with the assessment and control of these conditions, providing a source of ready reference for engineers and advanced students studying the mining environment. With the need for greater economy in the extraction of minerals, the search for deposits of minerals, increasing mining legislation and pressure from environmental groups, the study of mining engineering is becoming increasingly important. This book relates the mining environment to both the efficiency and safety of the production process, and to the physiological and psychological effects on personnel and the public. Each element of the environment - gas, dust, radiation, heat, water and noise - is considered in relation to its accompanying hazards, its sources, detection, and control measures, resulting in a detailed text for the study of the design, operation and maintenance of mines.

  • Giuseppe Verdi: Falstaff

    This book is a compact, up-to-date guide to the history and construction of Verdi's last - and possibly greatest - opera. Incorporating the findings of the most recent research, it provides performers, opera enthusiasts, students and scholars alike with a reliable summary of what is currently known about the work. The book gives a full synopsis of the plot and a detailed account both of Verdi's aims in composing the opera and of how he actually composed it: which portions were difficult for him, which he considered crucial, which were afterthoughts, etc. Special attention is given to separating the three versions of Falstaff that Verdi approved - versions that are still confused in almost all performances today. Professor Hepokoski also supplies extensive discussions of Boito's derivation of the plot and text from Shakespeare (and others); of the musical technique and structure of Falstaff; and of Verdi's own guidelines for interpretation, staging and singing. A guide to critical assessments of the opera illustrates the widely differing receptions the opera has had in the twentieth century, and a concluding essay by Graham Bradshaw discusses Shakespearean aspects of both Otello and Falstaff. The book contains a bibliography, a discography (by Malcolm Walker), illustrations of the original stage designs and costumes, and extensive musical examples.

  • Financial Crises

    What can or should be done to ward off or alleviate the effect of financial crises? The papers in this book examine this question, focusing on particular crises, notably those of 1836, 1873, 1920 and 1929. Based on a historical consideration of the nature and propagation of financial crises, the major theoretical issues raised by the contributors centre on whether a financial system, of a nation or of the capitalist world as a whole, is fragile or robust. Although no precise definitions are agreed upon, financial crises are distinguished from crises of unemployment or crises of wartime devastation. The book is based on the papers and proceedings of a conference held in Bad Homberg, West Germany, in May 1979 under the auspices of the Maison de Science de I'Homme and with the support of the Werner-Reimers Stiftung.

  • Cambridge Checkpoints HSC Biology 2011

    Updated annually to provide the most up-to-date exam preparation available, Cambridge Checkpoints HSC provides everything you need to prepare for your HSC exams in a go-anywhere format that fits easily into your school bag. o Recent official HSC exam papers with suggested responses o Hundreds of additional past exam and exam-style questions with answers o Dot point summaries of key topics and concepts to help you pinpoint where you need further revision

  • Genome Multiplication in Growth and Development: Biology of Polyploid and Polytene Cells

    This authoritative account of the developmental biology of genome multiplication, the reproduction of the genetic material that results in polyploid and polytene cells, is based on many years' study by its authors. Polyploid and polytene cells regularly occur in a wide range of organisms, including mammals, invertebrates, plants and protozoa. The cells also have a particular significance for the function of the tissues and organs of which they are an integral part. The first part of the book details the origin of polyploidy and polyteny in the normal development of many tissue systems. In the second part the various modes of genome multiplication, its control, and its biological significance are discussed. The book is fully referenced citing literature published in many languages, and is particularly valuable in that it includes scientific results previously available only in Russian.

  • Sky Atlas 2000

    More than 86,000 stars, nebulas and galaxies plotted on charts derived from satellite data, with brighter objects labelled and identified.

  • Circulation in Fishes

    When this book was published in 1971, there were several thousand papers dealing with the structure and functions of the heart and blood vessels of fishes. This monograph integrates this information into a much more coherent account of the circulatory function in fish. The structure and function of the heart, arteries, veins and capillaries are discussed and special attention is devoted to the retial capillary exchange systems. The properties of the blood of fish which fit it carry the respiratory gases in the aquatic milieu and the biochemical regulation of the capacity of haemoglobin to bond oxygen, are described. The author examines the role of the nervous system in regulating the activity of the heart and peripheral vessels and evaluates the part this plays in the response of the fish to exercise and to oxygen deficiency.

  • The Divinization of Caesar and Augustus: Precedents, Consequences, Implications

    This book examines the new institution of divinization that emerged as a political phenomenon at the end of the Roman Republic with the deification of Julius Caesar. Michael Koortbojian addresses the myriad problems related to Caesar's, and subsequently Augustus', divinization, in a sequence of studies devoted to the complex character of the new imperial system. These investigations focus on the broad spectrum of forms - monumental, epigraphic, numismatic, and those of social ritual - used to represent the most novel imperial institutions: divinization, a monarchial princeps, and a hereditary dynasty. Throughout, political and religious iconography is enlisted to serve in the study of these new Roman institutions, from their slow emergence to their gradual evolution and finally their eventual conventionalization.

  • Economic Development of the British Coal Industry 1800-1914

    This book provides a full account of the economic development of the British coal industry from 1800 to the First World War. It estimates and analyses the growth in the capital employed and the labour force in British collieries; their output, costs, productivity and markets; the changes in technology; and wage bargaining and determination in the industry. Figures are given for the United Kingdom as a whole, and also for all the major coalfields and some of the minor ones. It therefore provides the most complete study available of the economic determinants of the industry and by looking at the underlying economic relationships contributes to our understanding of the factors that motivated and determined the industry's expansion.

  • The Cambridge Companion to Old English Literature

    This Companion has been thoroughly revised to take account of recent scholarship and to provide a clear and accessible introduction for those encountering Old English literature for the first time. Including seventeen essays by distinguished scholars, this new edition provides a discussion of the literature of the period 600 to 1066 in the context of how Anglo-Saxon society functioned. New chapters cover topics including preaching and teaching, Beowulf and literacy, and a further five chapters have been revised and updated, including those on the Old English language, perceptions of eternity and Anglo-Saxon learning. An additional concluding chapter on Old English after 1066 offers an overview of the study and cultural influences of Old English literature to the present day. Finally, the further reading list has been overhauled to incorporate the most up-to-date scholarship in the field and the latest electronic resources for students.

  • French Grand Opera and the Historical Imagination

    During the July Monarchy, French grand operas, with their plots drawn from historical events, tended to be received as metaphors for current political themes. Previous studies have usually underestimated the role of music and the visual dimensions in articulating an alternative message to that offered by the libretto, and have instead focused on single political interpretations. In this study, five operas - Auber's La Muette de Portici and Gustave III, Niedermeyer's Stradella, Halevy's Charles VI and Meyerbeer's Le Prophete - illustrate the complex, contested nature of political meaning during this period. By setting these operas in the context of the emerging liberal historiography pioneered by Jules Michelet, and analysing the manner in which audiences and critics constructed 'meanings' with reference to their personal and collective experience and memories, this study reveals the central position that grand opera occupied in the period, bringing the past alive.

  • Nonlinear Waves

    The outcome of a conference held in East Carolina University in June 1982, this book provides an account of developments in the theory and application of nonlinear waves in both fluids and plasmas. Twenty-two contributors from eight countries here cover all the main fields of research, including nonlinear water waves, K-dV equations, solitions and inverse scattering transforms, stability of solitary waves, resonant wave interactions, nonlinear evolution equations, nonlinear wave phenomena in plasmas, recurrence phenomena in nonlinear wave systems, and the structure and dynamics of envelope solitions in plasmas.

  • Super Minds Level 5 Class CDs (4)

    An exciting, seven-level course that enhances young learners' thinking skills, sharpening their memory while improving their language skills. This exciting seven-level course enhances your students' thinking skills, improving their memory along with their language skills. Super Minds develops language creatively with activities including role play and project work. Social values are explored with lively stories and cross-curricular thinking is covered through fascinating 'English for school' sections. These Level 5 Class Audio CDs contain all the listening material to use with the Level 5 Student's Book and Workbook.

  • Arman's Journey Starter/Beginner

    Award-winning original fiction for learners of English. At seven levels, from Starter to Advanced, this impressive selection of carefully graded readers offers exciting reading for every student's capabilities. Arman, a teenage refugee, makes an epic journey across Europe, often in the hands of people smugglers. He lives and works as an illegal immigrant in the UK until one day love comes into his life. Paperback-only version. Also available with Audio CD of the complete text.

  • Cellular Materials in Nature and Medicine

    Bringing to life the fascinating structures and unique mechanics of natural and biomedical cellular materials, this book is an expert guide to the subject for graduates and researchers. Arranged in three parts, it begins with a review of the mechanical properties of nature's building blocks (structural proteins, polysaccharides and minerals) and the mechanics of cellular materials. Part II then describes a wide range of cellular materials in nature: honeycomb-like materials such as wood and cork; foam-like materials including trabecular bone, plant parenchyma, coral and sponge; and composites of cellular and dense materials such as iris leaves, skulls, palm, bamboo, animal quills and plant stems. Images convey the structural similarities of different materials, whilst color property charts provide mechanical data. Part III discusses biomedical applications of cellular materials: metal foams for orthopedic applications and porous scaffolds for regenerating tissues, including the effect of scaffold properties on cell behavior.

  • Short Introduction to Accounting

    An introduction to the fundamentals of accounting and how it is used that will help students apply accounting as a usable, everyday business tool. It adopts an intuitive, informal approach to describe basic principles - what they are, why they exist and how they are used - to help students see the connections between different parts of accounting and the rest of the business world. Written by an award-winning teacher and former management accountant, it encourages students to engage with the material by using questions and worked examples to test knowledge and understanding as they read. It includes a glossary of financial terms that is a useful guide to the language of business. Part of the Cambridge Short Introductions series of concise, authoritative guides to core subjects in business and management.

  • Cambridge English for Human Resources Student's Book with Audio CDs (2).

    Cambridge English for Human Resources is the definitive course for learners who need to use English in a human resources environment. Cambridge English for Human Resources covers a wide range of topics of concern to Human Resources and Personnel Development, from the essentials of resourcing and outsourcing through to strategic HR. The ten standalone units allow learners to focus on the areas most important to them. As well as teaching the specialist vocabulary and theory of HR, the course develops job-specific skills such as coaching, appraisal systems and managing conflict. The complete listening material is included in the Audio CD. The course requires no specialist Human Resources knowledge on the part of the teacher as free teacher's notes are available online.

  • Quantum Chemistry of Atoms and Molecules

    In this 1986 book, Dr Matthews emphasises the fundamental ideas of quantum theory as they relate to mainstream areas of quantum theory such as bonding and spectroscopy; elementary ideas on the use of symmetry are also included. No prior knowledge of quantum theory is assumed, and considerable help is given in understanding the mathematics that is involved. Much of this mathematics is integrated into the text, but the more intricate portions are to be found in separate boxes; these can be left on a first reading and returned to later. There are also questions and problems at the end of nearly every section, and these are designed to test the student's understanding of the text and to give fresh insights into the work; full answers are provided.

  • The Cambridge English Course 3 Teacher's book

    Widely acclaimed by teachers and learners throughout the world, The Cambridge English Course has set new standards in course design. In three levels, from complete beginner to intermediate, it offers: ? a thorough and complete course in around 100 hours per level ? the original multi-syllabus course structure 1/4 ex high levels of achievement ? original, stimulating and varied topics ? wide variety of exercise types 1/4 ex exposure to authentic English right from the start ? detailed, explicit guidance and support for the teacher ? balanced coverage of all language skills Each level consists of a Student's Book, Practice Book (with or without key), Teacher's Book, Test Book, Class Cassette Set and Student's Cassette. Split editions of each of the Student's Books in three parts are available for added flexibility.

  • Language and Linguistics: An Introduction

    This 1981 book is a general introduction to linguistics and the study of language, intended particularly for beginning students and readers with no previous knowledge or training in the subject. There is first a general account of the nature of language and of the aims, methods and basic principles of linguistic theory. John Lyons then introduces in turn each of the main sub-fields of linguistics: the sounds of language, grammar, semantics, language change, psycholinguistics: the sounds of language, grammar, semantics, language change, psycholinguistics, language and culture. Throughout the book he emphasizes particularly those aspects of the discipline that seem fundamental and most likely to remain important. He stresses throughout the cultural at least as much as the biological context of human language, and shows how the linguist's concerns connect productively with those of the traditional humanities and the social sciences. Each chapter has a wide-ranging set of discussion questions and revision exercises, and extensive suggestions for further reading. The exposition is marked throughout by the author's characteristic clarity, balance and authority.

  • The Space Telescope: A Study of Nasa, Science, Technology, and Politics

    Robert Smith's The Space Telescope sets the fascinating and disturbing history of this massive venture within the context of 'Big Science'. Launched at a cost of no more than $2 billion, the Space Telescope turned out to be seriously flawed by imperfections in the construction of its lenses and by solar panels that caused it to shudder when moving from daylight to darkness. Smith analyses how the processes of Big Science, especially those involving the government's funding process for large-scale projects, contributed to those failures. He reveals the astonishingly complex interactions that took place among the scientific community, government and industry and describes the great range of personalities and forces - scientific, technical, political, social, institutional and economic - that played roles in the Space Telescope's history.

  • cambridge preliminary english test for schools 1 without answers

    These past examination papers for the PET for Schools exam, aimed at a younger audience, provide the most authentic exam preparation available. They allow candidates to familiarise themselves with the content and format of the examination and to practise useful examination techniques. A Student's Book with answers and a Self-study Pack are also available. Books are numbered to indicate how many are available. Numbers do not refer to levels.

  • Musical Life in Biedermeier Vienna

    This book examines the impact of the daily life, political climate and artistic institutions of Vienna on its musicians and musical tastes between 1815 and 1830. Emphasis is given to Beethoven, Schubert, Paganini and Johann Strauss where their careers reflect typically Viennese musical life and when Viennese conventions may explain important turns in their lives. Attention is also paid to the incomes, service contracts and welfare of lesser-known musicians of the same period. An entire chapter is devoted to the regulation of music by the Austrian government, secret police and censors, since this period coincides with the height of Metternich's political power. Although the study is mainly intended for music historians and listeners, the book should also interest the Austrian, literary, theatre and political historian. Furthermore, the research presented here suggests that many of the intriguing questions and social issues in Vienna at the end of the nineteenth century, currently widely discussed by Schorske, Toulim and McGrath, are already present in Vienna in 1815.

  • Advanced Transport Phenomena: Fluid Mechanics and Convective Transport Processes

    Advanced Transport Phenomena is ideal as a graduate textbook. It contains a detailed discussion of modern analytic methods for the solution of fluid mechanics and heat and mass transfer problems, focusing on approximations based on scaling and asymptotic methods, beginning with the derivation of basic equations and boundary conditions and concluding with linear stability theory. Also covered are unidirectional flows, lubrication and thin-film theory, creeping flows, boundary layer theory, and convective heat and mass transport at high and low Reynolds numbers. The emphasis is on basic physics, scaling and nondimensionalization, and approximations that can be used to obtain solutions that are due either to geometric simplifications, or large or small values of dimensionless parameters. The author emphasizes setting up problems and extracting as much information as possible short of obtaining detailed solutions of differential equations. The book also focuses on the solutions of representative problems. This reflects the book's goal of teaching readers to think about the solution of transport problems.

  • Modular Forms and Functions

    This book provides an introduction to the theory of elliptic modular functions and forms, a subject of increasing interest because of its connexions with the theory of elliptic curves. Modular forms are generalisations of functions like theta functions. They can be expressed as Fourier series, and the Fourier coefficients frequently possess multiplicative properties which lead to a correspondence between modular forms and Dirichlet series having Euler products. The Fourier coefficients also arise in certain representational problems in the theory of numbers, for example in the study of the number of ways in which a positive integer may be expressed as a sum of a given number of squares. The treatment of the theory presented here is fuller than is customary in a textbook on automorphic or modular forms, since it is not confined solely to modular forms of integral weight (dimension). It will be of interest to professional mathematicians as well as senior undergraduate and graduate students in pure mathematics.

  • How Societies Remember

    In treating memory as a cultural rather than an individual faculty, this book provides an account of how bodily practices are transmitted in, and as, traditions. Most studies of memory as a cultural faculty focus on written, or inscribed transmissions of memories. Paul Connerton, on the other hand, concentrates on bodily (or incorporated) practices, and so questions the currently dominant idea that literary texts may be taken as a metaphor for social practices generally. The author argues that images of the past and recollected knowledge of the past are conveyed and sustained by ritual performances and that performative memory is bodily. Bodily social memory is an essential aspect of social memory, but it is an aspect which has until now been badly neglected. An innovative study, this work should be of interest to researchers into social, political and anthropological thought as well as to graduate and undergraduate students.

  • American More! Six-Level Edition Level 2 Class Audio CD

    American MORE! Six-Level Edition is a version of a course from a highly respected author team that's bursting with features for lower secondary students. The Class Audio CD contains all the audio from the Student's Book.

  • Body Movement and Speech in Medical Interaction

    This book is based on a substantial collection of video recordings of everyday medical consultations in the UK, and offers a micro-analysis of the visual and vocal aspects of the interaction between doctors and patients. Using actual examples, accompanied by numerous illustrations, Christian Heath explores the moment-by-moment coordination of body movement and speech by and between doctor and patient. He discusses various aspects of medical examination, leave-taking, and the ways in which the participants sustain each other's attention. He also raises certain practical issues of medical work, such as the use of records and computers during the consultation, and the impact of 'bureaucratic' demands on the flow of information between doctor and patient. The book reveals the delicacy and precision which enter into the articulation and synchrony of visual behaviour and speech, and throws light on the systematics - the social organization - underlying the seeming minutiae of everyday life. In this way, it contributes both to our understanding of doctor-patient communication, and to the growing body of research on face-to-face interaction.

  • The Cambridge Companion to Modernism

    This Companion has long been a standard introduction to the field. This second edition is updated and enhanced with four new chapters, addressing the key themes being researched, taught and studied in modernism. Its interdisciplinary approach is central to its success as it brings together readings of the many varieties of modernism. Chapters address the major literary genres, the intellectual, religious and political contexts, and parallel developments in film, painting and music. The catastrophe of the First World War, the emergence of feminism, the race for empire, the conflict among classes: the essays show how these events and circumstances shaped aesthetic and literary experiments. In doing so, they explain clearly both the precise formal innovations in language, image, scene and tone, and the broad historical conditions of a movement that aspired to transform culture.

  • Molecular Medical Biochemistry

    The many exciting developments in cell and molecular biology in recent years have important implications for the practice of medicine. The purpose of this new text is to bring these developments to the attention of undergraduates taking courses in biochemistry. The emphasis is on topics (membrane structure and function, hormone action and secretion) where current knowledge of macromolecular and cellular structure and function is likely to contribute most to understanding the underlying pathology of common multifactorial diseases. The book also outlines the basic features of recombinant DNA techniques and the impact they are having in the diagnosis, treatment and knowledge of disease processes.

  • Crop Evolution, Adaptation and Yield

    In this major 1993 work, Lloyd Evans provides an integrated view of the domestication, adaptation and improvement of crop plants, bringing together genetic diversity, plant breeding, physiology and aspects of agronomy. Considerations of yield and maximum yield provide continuity throughout the book. Food, feed, fibre, fuel and pharmaceutical crops are all discussed. Cereals, grain legumes and root crops, both temperate and tropical, provide many of the examples, but pasture plants, oilseeds, leafy crops, fruit trees and others are also considered. After the introductory chapter, the increasing significance of crop yields to the world's food supply is highlighted. The next three chapters consider changes to crop plants over the last ten thousand years, including domestication, adaptation and improvement. Aimed at research workers and advanced students in crop physiology and ecology, agronomy and plant breeding, this book also reaches conclusions of relevance to those concerned with developmental policy, agricultural research and management, environmental quality, resource depletion and human history.

  • Money: in Disequilibrium

    This 1983 book is a wide-ranging study of the macroeconomic side of monetary theory. Traditional macroeconomics uses simple, aggregative models to analyse monetary and fiscal policy. Gale argues that we cannot do without it but also that it rarely attains the standards of rigour required of modern theory. This book can be seen as an attempt to do it properly. The early chapters are critical and reconstructive. They take a fresh look at standard topics such as wealth effects, money and growth and the long-run effects of monetary and fiscal policy. Later chapters develop different themes. The questions raised are drawn from traditional macroeconomics but there are plenty of surprises. The conventional view is frequently turned on its head or shown to be unsatisfactory or not robust. This and other exciting ideas enliven a book which will continue to be of interest to students and theorists alike.

  • Algorithmic Number Theory: Lattices, Number Fields, Curves and Cryptography

    Number theory is one of the oldest and most appealing areas of mathematics. Computation has always played a role in number theory, a role which has increased dramatically in the last 20 or 30 years, both because of the advent of modern computers, and because of the discovery of surprising and powerful algorithms. As a consequence, algorithmic number theory has gradually emerged as an important and distinct field with connections to computer science and cryptography as well as other areas of mathematics. This text provides a comprehensive introduction to algorithmic number theory for beginning graduate students, written by the leading experts in the field. It includes several articles that cover the essential topics in this area, and in addition, there are contributions pointing in broader directions, including cryptography, computational class field theory, zeta functions and L-series, discrete logarithm algorithms, and quantum computing.

  • Illustrating FORTRAN

    Fortran is a computer language that has been around for a quarter of a century, and is still much used despite predictions throughout its life that it would be replaced by more elegant languages. But Fortran is still the only language in which it is possible to write truly portable programs. Using his own special formula, Donald Alcock now does for Fortran what he did for BASIC in his earlier book, Illustrating BASIC. The Fortran described and illustrated is that defined by the American National Standards Institute in 1966 but with allusions to the same Institute's standard published in 1978. For both the person who is new to computers and programming, and the person who has met only BASIC before, this book will give an excellent introduction to standard Fortran; it also provides a reference manual for the language.

  • International Human Rights and Humanitarian Law: Treaties, Cases, and Analysis

    International Human Rights and Humanitarian Law: Treaties, Cases, and Analysis introduces the reader to the international legal instruments and case law governing the substantive and procedural dimensions of international human rights and humanitarian law, including economic, social, and cultural rights. The book, which was originally published in 2006, also discusses the history and organisational structure of human rights and humanitarian law enforcement mechanisms. A chapter is devoted a chapter to the issues surrounding the incorporation of international law into U.S. law, including principles of constitutional and statutory interpretation, conflict rules, and the self-execution doctrine. Questions and comments sections provide critical analyses of issues raised in the materials. The last chapter addresses theoretical issues facing contemporary international human rights and humanitarian law and its enforcement.

  • Literatures in African Languages: Theoretical Issues and Sample Surveys

    Although African literatures in English and French are widely known outside Africa, those in the African languages themselves have not received comparable attention. In this book a number have been selected for survey by fourteen specialist writers, providing the reader with an introduction to this very wide field and a body of reference material which includes extensive bibliographies and biographical information on African authors. Theoretical issues such as genre divisions are discussed in the essays and the historical, social and political forces at work in the creation and reception of African literature are examined. Literature is treated as an art whose medium is language, so that both the oral and written forms are encompassed. This book will be of value not only to readers concerned with the cultures of Africa but to all those with an interest in the literary phenomena of the world in general.

  • Discovering Relativity for Yourself

    Discovering Relativity for yourself explains Einstein's Theory of Relativity to readers who are daunted by the standard mathematical approach to that profound theory. For twenty years Sam Lilley taught this subject to adults with no science background. Now he has written an explanation of the theory that demands no prior knowledge of mathematics or physics beyond an ability to do simple arithmetic. The first quarter of the book uses no more than arithmetic and a little simple geometry to introduce some of the main concepts of the theory, as well as discussing an impressive experimental test, which comes down strongly in its favour. When eventually further progress demands use of algebra and other mathematical techniques, these are carefully explained in a way that makes them accessible to absolute beginners, using many new and unorthodox methods.

  • Plato: Symposium

    Plato's Symposium is the most literary of all his works and one which all students of classics are likely to want to read whether or not they are studying Plato's philosophy. But the reader does need help in appreciating both the artistry and the arguments, and in comprehending the social and cultural background against which the 'praise of love' is delivered. Sir Kenneth Dover provides here a sympathetic and modern edition of the kind that is long overdue. It consists of an introduction, the Greek text accompanied by a very abbreviated critical apparatus, and a commentary on the text which is intended to elucidate the Greek, to make the philosophical argument intelligible, and to relate the content of what is said to the concepts and assumptions of contemporary morality and society. An edition for students of Greek in universities and the upper forms of schools.

  • Money and Value: A Reconsideration of Classical and Neoclassical Monetary Economics

    This book addresses one of the major theoretical issues that underlies, implicitly or explicitly, some recurrent controversies in macroeconomics - namely, whether a competitive monetary economy has built-in mechanisms that are strong enough to remove excess demands and supplies on all markets, through an automatic adjustment of the price system. Jean-Michel Grandmont sheds light on this complex subject by using the analytical techniques of general equilibrium theory alongside the methods of monetary analysis. The book warns against the indiscriminate use of the rational expectations hypothesis when approaching this topic, and conversely stresses the common-sense observation that short-run learning processes are among the most important characteristics of economic agents. Grandmont argues that such processes are deserving of careful theoretical study, and the result is a clear and rigorous analysis of all the issues involved.

  • English for Science and Technology: A Discourse Approach

    Louis Trimble has been involved for nearly 20 years in the development of English for science and technology (EST), and in this book he describes the approach which he and others have developed. It starts from the premise that in order to understand the written EST found in technical manuals, textbooks, papers etc., it is first necessary to have an understanding of the discourse structure of these texts. Here he gives a very full description, with many examples, of the various significant features of EST discourse, such as types of classification, definition, instruction etc. The book also describes the 'individualising process' whereby students bring their own specialised material into the course; and the last chapter, demonstrates how a particular course can be organised and structured.

  • Deep-Sky Companions: The Secret Deep

    In this fresh list, Stephen James O'Meara presents 109 new objects for stargazers to observe. The Secret Deep list contains many exceptional objects, including a planetary nebula whose last thermal pulse produced a circumstellar shell similar to the one expected in the final days of our Sun's life; a piece of the only supernova remnant known visible to the unaided eye; the flattest galaxy known; the largest edge-on galaxy in the heavens; the brightest quasar; and the companion star to one of the first black hole candidates ever discovered. Each object is accompanied by beautiful photographs and sketches, original finder charts, visual histories and up-to-date astrophysical information to enrich the observing experience. Featuring galaxies, clusters and nebulae not covered in other Deep-Sky Companions books, this is a wonderful addition to the series and an essential guide for any deep-sky observer.

  • Linear Algebra: Concepts and Methods

    Any student of linear algebra will welcome this textbook, which provides a thorough treatment of this key topic. Blending practice and theory, the book enables the reader to learn and comprehend the standard methods, with an emphasis on understanding how they actually work. At every stage, the authors are careful to ensure that the discussion is no more complicated or abstract than it needs to be, and focuses on the fundamental topics. The book is ideal as a course text or for self-study. Instructors can draw on the many examples and exercises to supplement their own assignments. End-of-chapter sections summarise the material to help students consolidate their learning as they progress through the book.

  • International Law: Volume 3, Part 2-6: The Law of Peace, Parts II-VI

    Volume 3 of the collected papers of Sir Hersch Lauterpacht continues the systematic coverage, begun in volume 2, of his works on the Law of Peace. Volume 2 presented Part I of these works and Volume 3 moves on to Parts II-VI, which cover in turn statehood, territory and territorial jurisdiction, the individual, diplomatic intercourse and international organisation. This volume contains a large number of Lauterpacht's previously unpublished writings. As in earlier volumes the coverage in roughly in accordance with a plan Lauterpacht himself drew up for a possible textbook. The whole work continues the carefully organised presentation of the work of a very distinguished international lawyer.

  • A History of Greek Art 2 Volume Set

    A large scale illustrated history of Greek art from the Archaic to the Hellenistic period. Professor Robertson's treatment is chronological rather than topical; he presents changes in the different branches of representational art as aspects of a single historical developement, concentrating on the genuinely Greek and markedly different artistic tradition whose first impulse appears at about 1000 BC and that atrophies eventually in the first century BC.

  • Objective First Workbook without Answers with Audio CD

    Third edition of the best-selling Cambridge English: First (FCE) course. The syllabus for this exam has changed and this book has now been replaced by 9781107628397 Objective First Fourth edition Workbook without answers with Audio CD.

  • Curriculum Development in Mathematics

    In the mid- 1970s the curriculum development boom in mathematics was to end almost as rapidly as it had begun. In this book the authors, who come from countries with differing educational traditions and patterns, consider these developments in their historical, social and educational context. They give not only a descriptive account of developmental work in a variety of countries, its aims and the patterns of management utilised, but also attempt to identify trends and characteristics and thus provide a theoretical base for criticism and analysis. The reader will find numerous case studies, including extracts from such renowned authors as Bruner, Dieudonne and Piaget.

  • Antarctic Science

    This beautifully illustrated book reviews the development of science in Antarctica from its early beginnings, in the age of Captain Cook, to the present complexity of the 1980s when research teams from many nations work side by side. Three major areas, biological science, the earth sciences and atmospheric science are examined individually, highlighting the principal achievements of the past 25 years, and providing an up-to-date account of our present understanding of this frozen continent. Concern over the future of the Antarctic Treaty and the probable main directions of future research, provide an indication of the importance of Antarctica to all scientific disciplines. This unique natural laboratory for science is now being investigated by eighteen countries. International interest in Antarctica grows apace and, whatever its future use by mankind, its sensible management will require a good, scientific basis.

  • Cambridge Proficiency Examination Practice 1 Student's book

    Cambridge Proficiency Examination Practice 1 contains five complete sets of authentic past papers from the University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate issued in recent years for the Cambridge Proficiency Examination. The practice tests are reproduced in exactly the same form as in the examination itself. The accompanying cassettes contain the recorded material and instructions for the listening comprehension questions, which are also presented in the same form that students will meet in the examination. The accompanying Teacher's Book contains a full introduction to the exam, including notes on CPE examiners' marking criteria - especially in relation to the Writing paper - plus the tapescript and keys to each test.

  • Acoustic Phonetics: A course of basic readings

    D. B. Fry has edited a basic course of readings on the acoustics of speech. The collection includes all the important classical papers in the field. It is carefully structured to present the student with a coherent picture of the relations between language units and the corresponding sound-waves and to explain the laws that govern these relations. He includes extracts which explain the generation of sound-waves by the speech-mechanism, the methods of acoustic analysis of speech, and the operation of the sound spectograph (with excerpts from the first published accounts of the instrument). The volume also illustrates the contribution to the general study of language made by research on speech perception. There are accounts of speech synthesis, and of experiments on rhythm, intonation and the perception of acoustic cues.

  • Benjamin Britten: The Turn of the Screw

    This book is designed to introduce the non-specialist music lover to Britten's opera, The Turn of the Screw. The opening chapters by Vivien Jones and Patricia Howard deal with the literary source of the opera Oames's novella), the structure of the libretto, and the technique by which a short story was transformed into an opera. The central chapter, on the musical style and structures of the opera, includes an account of the composition process deduced from early sketches of the work by John Evans, an analysis of the unique form of the opera with a more detailed examination of the last scene by Patricia Howard, and an account of the significance and effect of the orchestration by Christopher Palmer. Finally, Patricia Howard traces the stage history of the work, from its initial reception in Venice in 1954, through some seminal reinterpretations in the 1960s to its present established position in the repertoire. The book is generously illustrated and there is also a bibliography and discography.

  • White Servitude in Colonial America: An economic analysis

    White servitude was one of the major institutions in the economy and society of early colonial British America. In fact more than half of all the white immigrants to the British colonies sold themselves into bondage for a period of years in order to migrate to the New World. Professor Galenson's study of the system of indentured servitude analyses rigourously the composition of this labour force and provides a quantitative description of the demographic, social and economic characteristics of more than 20,000 indentured immigrants. The author examines the interactions between indentured, free and slave labour and provides a framework for analysing why black slavery prevailed over white servitude in the British West Indies and the southern mainland colonies and why both types of bound labour declined to insignificance in the northern colonies of the mainland.

  • The Cambridge History of the English Language

    This volume of the Cambridge History of the English Language covers the period 1476-1776, beginning at the time of the establishment of Caxton's first press in England and concluding with the American Declaration of Independence, the notional birth of the first (non-insular) extraterritorial English. It encompasses three centuries which saw immense cultural change over the whole of Europe: the late middle ages, the renaissance, the reformation, the enlightenment, and the beginnings of romanticism. During this time, Middle English became Early Modern English and then developed into the early stages of indisputably 'modern', if somewhat old-fashioned, English. In this book, the distinguished team of six contributors traces these developments, covering orthography and punctuation, phonology and morphology, syntax, lexis and semantics, regional and social variation, and the literary language. The volume also contains a glossary of linguistic terms and an extensive bibliography.

  • The Cambridge Grammar of Classical Greek

    This is the first full-scale reference grammar of Classical Greek in English in a century. The first work of its kind to reflect significant advances in linguistics made in recent decades, it provides students, teachers and academics with a comprehensive yet user-friendly treatment. The chapters on phonology and morphology make full use of insights from comparative and historical linguistics to elucidate complex systems of roots, stems and endings. The syntax offers linguistically up-to-date descriptions of such topics as case usage, tense and aspect, voice, subordinate clauses, infinitives and participles. An innovative section on textual coherence treats particles and word order and discusses several sample passages in detail, demonstrating new ways of approaching Greek texts. Throughout the book numerous original examples are provided, all with translations and often with clarifying notes. Clearly laid-out tables, helpful cross-references and full indexes make this essential resource accessible to users of all levels.

  • Plautus: Casina

    Plautus' Casina is a lively and well composed farce. The plot, which concerns the competition of a father and his son for the same girl and the various scurrilous tricks employed in the process, gives full scope to Plautus' inventiveness and richly comic language. The editors' aim is to establish the play as one of the liveliest of ancient comedies, and in their introduction and notes to make the reader continually aware of the conditions of an actual stage performance. They discuss the background and conventions of Roman comedy and by offering a complete metrical analysis they help the reader to appreciate the original musical structure of the play. The edition is intended primarily for use by students at school and university but will be of value to anyone interested in reading the play in the original.

  • The Cambridge History of China: Volume 7, The Ming Dynasty, 1368-1644, Part 1

    This volume in The Cambridge History of China is devoted to the history of the Ming dynasty (1368-1644), with some account of the three decades before the dynasty's formal establishment, and for the Ming courts that survived in South China for a generation after 1644. Volume 7 deals primarily with the political developments of the period, but it also incorporates background in social, economic, and cultural history where this is relevant to the course of events. The Ming period is the only segment of later imperial history during which all of China proper was ruled by a native, or Han, dynasty. The volume provides the largest and most detailed account of the Ming period in any language. Summarizing all modern research, both in Chinese, Japanese, and Western languages, the authors have gone far beyond a summary of the state of the field, but have incorporated original research on subjects that have never before been described in detail.

  • The Languages of the Soviet Union

    A general account of the languages of the Soviet Union, one of the most diverse multinational and multilingual states in the world as well as one of the most important. There are some 130 languages spoken in the USSR, belonging to five main families and ranging from Russian, which is the first language of about 130,000,000 people, to Aluet, spoken only by 96 (in the 1970 census). Dr Comrie has two general aims. First, he presents the most important structural features of these languages, their genetic relationships and classification and their distinctive typological features. Secondly, he examines the social and political background to the use of functioning of the various languages in a multilingual state. The volume will be of importance and interest to linguists and to those with a broader professional interest in the Soviet Union.

  • The Tempest

    The Tempest is one of the most suggestive, yet most elusive of all Shakespeare's plays, and has provoked a wide range of critical interpretation. It is a magical romance, yet deeply and problematically embedded in seventeenth-century debates about authority and power. David Lindley's Introduction and commentary focus upon contemporary texts, attending to the implications of Prospero's magic, his political and paternal ambitions, and the controversial issue of his 'colonialist' control of Caliban. The Tempest was also Shakespeare's response to the new opportunities offered by the Blackfriars theatre, and careful attention is given to the play's dramatic form, stage-craft, and use of music and spectacle, to demonstrate its uniquely experimental nature.

  • Charles Blacker Vignoles: Romantic Engineer

    Charles Blacker Vignoles (1793-1875) has been somewhat overshadowed by his contemporaries, the Stephensons, Brunel and Locke. Yet from 1825 to 1870, he was continually involved in the field of civil engineering in the UK, Ireland and overseas. Among his achievements were the Tudela and Bilbao Railway in northern Spain, and the suspension bridge spanning the River Dnieper at Kiev, Russia, which at the time of its completion was one of the largest bridges of its kind in the world. This account, originally published in 1982, is based on a close study of original records, including a large volume of correspondence as well as Vignoles' extensive diaries in the British Library. The aim of the book is to put his engineering achievements into perspective in comparison with those of his contemporaries, and by drawing on his own account of himself to illuminate the personal background of one of the great pioneers of the Victorian age of civil engineering.

  • Finite Groups and Finite Geometries

    The purpose of this 1982 book is to present an introduction to developments which had taken place in finite group theory related to finite geometries. This book is practically self-contained and readers are assumed to have only an elementary knowledge of linear algebra. Among other things, complete descriptions of the following theorems are given in this book; the nilpotency of Frobneius kernels, Galois and Burnside theorems on permutation groups of prime degree, the Omstrom-Wagner theorem on projective planes, and the O'Nan and Ito theorems on characterizations of projective special linear groups. Graduate students and professionals in pure mathematics will continue to find this account of value.

  • Aeschylus: Prometheus Bound

    The myth of fire stolen from the gods appears in many pre-industrial societies. In Greek culture Prometheus the fire-stealer figures prominently in the poems of Hesiod, but in Prometheus Bound Hesiod's morality tale has been transformed into a drama of tragic tone and proportions. In the introduction, Mark Griffith examines how the dramatist has achieved this transformation, looking at the play from all angles - plot and characters, dramatic technique, style and metre. He includes a short section on the production of the play and on the questions of authenticity and date. The commentary guides the reader through problems of language, metre and content. An important feature of this volume is the appendix, which gathers together the existing fragments of the other two plays in the supposed Prometheus trilogy, quoting them in full in the original language and in translation, with short accompanying commentary. This is suitable for undergraduates and students in the upper forms of schools. It also deserves the serious attention of scholars. The introduction requires no knowledge of Greek and will interest students of drama and literature in other cultures too.

  • Functions of American English Student's book: Communication Activities for the Classroom

    Communication Activities for the Classroom In the Student's Book, students learn how to do things with English: how to persuade a friend, how to apologize, how to complain, and so on. After each function is presented, students learn to understand a variety of ways to express it, and then some ways to perform it themselves. There are teacher-controlled exercises, as well as pair and small-group work involving role plays, problem solving tasks, and discussions. The communication activities are particularly useful in developing conversational skills and fluency. Writing skills are also practiced in each unit.

  • Metrical Phonology and Phonological Structure: German and English

    In this monograph, the first to be exclusively concerned with a model of phonological structure that is becoming increasingly influential, Heinz Giegerich pursues two major aims. First, he explores the theoretical foundations of 'metrical phonology' and in so doing suggests that the current model should be significantly simplified: auxiliary devices such as 'prosodic categories', ' metrical grids' and segmental stress features are shown to be unnecessary in this study. Secondly, he applies the model to a wide range of German and English data and in particular provides a detailed account of the stress patterns of German words - native and nonnative, morphologically simple and complex. The many similarities between German and English phonological structure are thereby strikingly illustrated. The book's clarity of exposition will enable readers not wholly familiar with metrical phonology to appreciate fully the elegance of this model in, arguably, its most basic form.

  • Virgil: Aeneid Book 8

    Book VIII is one of the most attractive and important books of Virgil's Aeneid. It includes the visit of Aaneas to the site of the future Rome, the story of Hercules and Cacus, the episode between Venus and Vulcan and the description of the great symbolic shield of Aeneas. Mr Gransden's introduction relates this book to the Aeneid as a whole considers the text in various aspects: the topography, Virgil's sense of history, his typology and symbolism, his literary style and his influence on subsequent vernacular poetry. The commentary discusses points of special interest and difficulty in interpretation, style and prosody and gives detailed explanation of the many allusions in Book VIII to customs, legends, traditions and historical events. This is primarily a textbook for university students and sixth-formers, but it also contains material which may be of interest to students of English and comparative literature.

  • The 'young towns' of Lima: Aspects of urbanization in Peru

    The pueblos jovenes or 'young towns' of Lima, capital of Peru, are one of the most spectacular phenomena of Latin American urbanization. They were originally formed when poor migrants from the sierra invaded vacant land within the city, initially erecting matting shelters; but latterly governments encouraged the upgrading of these settlements, through the self-help of their residents, and in consequence many older pueblos jovenes developed into poor working-class suburbs with solidly built houses. In this book, which was originally published in 1980 as part of the Urbanization in Developing Countries series, Professor Lloyd outlines the processes that led to the formation of the pueblos jovenes. First, the author shows that the settlement is a strongly cohesive community; and second that the term 'marginal', which is applied to both the settlement and its people, is in many senses inappropriate. He also critically examines government policies between the middle class and the poor.

  • Phonological Rules and Dialect Variation: A Study of the Phonology of Lumasaaba

    Dr Brown examines the functions of different types of rules in the phonological component of a generative grammar with examples especially from Lumasaaba, a Bantu language of eastern Uganda.

  • The Lost Girl

    The Cambridge edition of The Lost Girl uses the manuscript which D. H. Lawrence wrote in Sicily in 1920 to recapture his direct relationship with the text, and in particular to recover the characteristically fluent punctuation which the novel's original printers obscured or ignored. The edition prints all four of the passages which the publisher censored without Lawrence's full knowledge and the hero's name is correctly spelled for the first time in an English edition. The novel is set mainly in the Eastwood of Lawrence's youth, the full annotation identifies a great many real-life characters and settings. John Worthen's introduction gives an accurate account of The Lost Girl's development, composition and publication, and the influence upon the book of Lawrence's desire to write a commercially successful novel. The textual apparatus records all variant readings.

  • Cambridge English Prepare! Level 2 Workbook with Audio

    Prepare! is a lively 7-level general English course with comprehensive Cambridge English for Schools exam preparation integrated throughout. This flexible course brings together all the tools and technology you expect to get the results you need. Whether teaching general English or focusing on exams, Prepare! leaves you and your students genuinely ready for what comes next: real Cambridge English exams, or real life. The Level 2 Workbook provides additional reading, writing and listening practice of the language covered in the Prepare! Level 2 Student's Book units, and reinforces vocabulary. The accompanying Audio is available online for download. A Student's Book and Online Workbook is also available, separately.

  • Developing Reading Skills

    This is a handbook for language teachers who would like to develop their own reading materials or who wish to enrich a reading course. It offers a classification and description of exercises aimed at developing different reading skills. While the book is designed primarily for teachers of English as a second language, the exercises are equally appropriate for the teaching of other foreign languages and much of the book is relevant to the teaching of first-language reading skills. The question-types range from the familiar (for example, multiple-choice and open questions) to highly original exercises which require the integration of different skills and an active, creative response from the student. It encourages teachers to introduce variety into the teaching of reading and offers them a great deal of resource material to draw on.

  • English at Work with Audio CD: Practical Language Activities for Working in the UK

    A photocopiable resource book designed to prepare learners for the world of work. Ideal for busy teachers, this supplementary resource book features ready-to-go photocopiable lessons based on themes related to the workplace. The topics include looking and applying for a job, work legislation in the UK, health and safety, and the work environment. All activities are referenced to the Adult ESOL Core curriculum and are suitable for ESOL for Work exams. The book comes with an Audio CD which gives learners the opportunity to listen to typical workplace conversations between native and non-native speakers of English.

  • The Cambridge History of Japan

    This is the fourth of six volumes designed to explore the history of Japan from prehistoric to modern times. Volume 4 covers the years from 1550 to 1800, a short but surprisingly eventful period in Japanese history commonly referred to as Japan's Early Modern Age. At the start, in the sixteenth century, much of the country was being pulled apart by local military lords engaged in a struggle for land and local hegemony. These daimyo succeeded in dividing Japan into nearly autonomous regional domains. This volume attempts to flesh out the historical tale with insights into the way that people lived and worked. It examines the relationship between peasant and local lord, and between the lord, as a unit of local government, and the emerging shogunate. It offers insights into the evolution of indigenous thought and religion and it also deals with Japan's foreign relations, particularly the impact of the Christian missionary movement.

  • Diving and Marine Biology: The Ecology of the Sublittoral

    First published in 1984, this attractively illustrated volume surveys the world of marine biology as revealed to the underwater diver. Before the invention of the aqualung it was hardly possible for biologists to make detailed ecological studies below the low tide mark. This was particularly true on rocky substrates, in kelp forests and on coral reefs. Divers have now been able to study these environments at first hand and this book is an account of what they have found. the book is divided into four parts. Part I, on rocky substrates, introduces the sublittoral animal communities and the effects of important environmental variables such as light, water movement, turbidity and interactions with other community members. Part II on kelp forests deals with the growth and production of the plants and with the interactions between plants and animals. Part III focuses on reef structure, coral growth, nutrition, biological interactions affecting the corals and aspects of the behaviour of reef fish.

  • Physics of the Jovian Magnetosphere

    Jupiter's magnetosphere (the region of space in which Jupiter's magnetic field influences the motion of charged particles) is the largest object in the solar system; it exhibits new phenomena and behaves, in some respects, like a pulsar. It is a magnetosphere whose physics is dominated by internal sources of plasma and energy. This book consists of twelve carefully interwoven articles written by leading space scientists who summarize our state of knowledge of the physics of the magnetosphere surrounding the planet Jupiter. Ground-based data as well as information from the Pioneer and Voyager spacecraft are used in developing both physical descriptions and theoretical understanding. Physics of the Jovian Magnetosphere is a valuable reference work for those doing research in magnetospheric physics and in a number of related disciplines.

  • Revolution in Miniature: The History and Impact of Semiconductor Electronics

    Semiconductor electronics is the major technology of our age. Its achievement and potential are vast, its application and influence ubiquitous, its social and economic consequences uncertain. Semiconductor electronics has become the vehicle for nearly all technological change and, consequently, the subject of much discussion. This revised and up dated edition is offered as a basic contribution to that vital discussion by authors who have long studied the process of technological change and who are familiar with the peculiarities of the semiconductor industry. Although it dealt with a highly technical subject, the first edition proved readily intelligible to a wide audience. The second edition is designed for that same group - those who seek an understanding of the processes at the heart of technological change.

  • Economics and Consumer Behavior

    This classic text has introduced generations of students to the economic theory of consumer behaviour. Written by 2015 Nobel Laureate Angus Deaton and John Muellbauer, the book begins with a self-contained presentation of the basic theory and its use in applied econometrics. These early chapters also include elementary extensions of the theory to labour supply, durable goods, the consumption function, and rationing. The rest of the book is divided into three parts. In the first of these the authors discuss restrictions on choice and aggregation problems. The next part consists of chapters on consumer index numbers; household characteristics, demand, and household welfare comparisons; and social welfare and inequality. The last part extends the coverage of consumer behaviour to include the quality of goods and household production theory, labour supply and human capital theory, the consumption function and intertemporal choice, the demand for durable goods, and choice under uncertainty.

  • American More! Six-Level Edition Level 4 Class Audio CD

    American MORE! Six-Level Edition is a version of a course from a highly respected author team that's bursting with features for lower secondary students. The Class Audio CD contains all the audio from the Student's Book.

  • Inflation Accounting: An Introduction to the Debate

    This book provides a clear and concise summary of the present state of the theory of inflation accounting for students and practitioners. It describes all of the main alternative methods of inflation accounting and illustrates them, using simple numerical examples. The theoretical and practical aspects of each method are discussed, in order to give the reader the framework within which he can evaluate the relative merits of the various practical solutions to the inflation accounting problem which are now being implemented in the UK, USA and elsewhere throughout the English-speaking world. The emphasis throughout is on a comparison of the relative merits of alternative systems, rather than aiming to give a single 'best' solution. Indeed the latter aim is seen as most probably illusory, because different types of accounting information may be needed for different purposes.

  • Cambridge Vocabulary for Advanced with Answers and Audio CD

    The book covers selected vocabulary needed by students taking Cambridge English: Advanced (CAE) exam and includes exam-style tasks for each paper. The syllabus for this exam has changed and this book has now been replaced by 9781107481114 Grammar and Vocabulary for Advanced Book with answers and Audio.

  • Chinese Gardens

    China is renowned for its enchanting, tranquil gardens, designed to reflect both the charm of nature and the ancient Chinese view of life. Chinese Gardens explores the creation of classical gardens through history, discussing the theories and artistic conception behind these gardens and the development of diverse regional styles. Lou Qingxi provides a comprehensive introduction to the distinctive combination of nature, philosophy and art that is unique to Chinese gardens, complemented with full color illustrations throughout.

  • X-Parameters: Characterization, Modeling, and Design of Nonlinear RF and Microwave Components

    This is the definitive guide to X-parameters, written by the original inventors and developers of this powerful new paradigm for nonlinear RF and microwave components and systems. Learn how to use X-parameters to overcome intricate problems in nonlinear RF and microwave engineering. The general theory behind X-parameters is carefully and intuitively introduced, and then simplified down to specific, practical cases, providing you with useful approximations that will greatly reduce the complexity of measuring, modeling and designing for nonlinear regimes of operation. Containing real-world case studies, definitions of standard symbols and notation, detailed derivations within the appendices, and exercises with solutions, this is the definitive stand-alone reference for researchers, engineers, scientists and students looking to remain on the cutting-edge of RF and microwave engineering.

  • North German Opera in the Age of Goethe

    This book is the first study of the development of German opera in northern Germany from the first comic operas of Johann Adam Hiller at Leipzig in 1766 to the end of the century. Intellectually and historically, the period witnessed the flowering of the German stage and German letters. German opera was an inseparable part of the new aspirations of the German stage during the Enlightenment. Thomas Bauman stresses the vital role of the mixed repertories of German companies in effecting changes in the genre. North German opera began as a basically literary genre. It then changed dramatically in response to two major trends: first, the contact with the serious elements and styles of tragedy and secondly, the triumph on German stages of Italian, French, and Viennese comic operas. The book is generously illustrated with music examples. There is also a complete catalogue of texts of North German opera: those composed for performance and unset published librettos both cross-indexed under the librettists' names.

  • The Annals of Tacitus: Volume 2, Annals 1.55-81 and Annals 2

    This book is the second volume of one of Professor Goodyear's greatest works of Latin literature and one of the most important sources for the history of the Roman Empire. His edition is accompanied by a major commentary which deals fully with textual, linguistic, literary, and historical matters. Every question is examined afresh. The discussion ranges widely, but not loosely. It is the editor's aim to explain Tacitus as a whole, not just particular features of his writing. The task he has undertaken is very large for there is a vast amount which needs explanation in the subject-matter and in its presentation. The results should benefit students of Latin literature and Roman history equally.

  • Saudi Arabia in Transition: Insights on Social, Political, Economic and Religious Change

    Making sense of Saudi Arabia is crucially important today. The kingdom's western province contains the heart of Islam, and it is the United States' closest Arab ally and the largest producer of oil in the world. However, the country is undergoing rapid change: its aged leadership is ceding power to a new generation, and its society, dominated by young people, is restive. Saudi Arabia has long remained closed to foreign scholars, with a select few academics allowed into the kingdom over the past decade. This book presents the fruits of their research as well as those of the most prominent Saudi academics in the field. This volume focuses on different sectors of Saudi society and examines how the changes of the past few decades have affected each. It reflects new insights and provides the most up-to-date research on the country's social, cultural, economic and political dynamics.

  • Judgment under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases

    The thirty-five chapters in this book describe various judgmental heuristics and the biases they produce, not only in laboratory experiments but in important social, medical, and political situations as well. Individual chapters discuss the representativeness and availability heuristics, problems in judging covariation and control, overconfidence, multistage inference, social perception, medical diagnosis, risk perception, and methods for correcting and improving judgments under uncertainty. About half of the chapters are edited versions of classic articles; the remaining chapters are newly written for this book. Most review multiple studies or entire subareas of research and application rather than describing single experimental studies. This book will be useful to a wide range of students and researchers, as well as to decision makers seeking to gain insight into their judgments and to improve them.

  • Beyond Price: Value in Culture, Economics, and the Arts

    Much recent discussion surrounding valuation of the arts and culture, particularly in the policy arena, has been dominated by a concern to identify an economic and financial basis for valuation of art works, arts, activities and more general ways in which we express our culture. Whereas a great deal can be gained from a fuller understanding of the economic value of art, there is a real danger that financial considerations will tend to crowd out all other aspects of value. This book moves beyond the limitations implicit in a narrow economic approach, bringing different disciplinary viewpoints together, opening up a dialogue between scholars about the processes of valuation that they use and exploring differences and identifying common ground between the various viewpoints. The book's common theme - the tension between economic and cultural modes of evaluation - unites the chapters, making it a coherent and unified volume that provides a new and unique perspective on how we value art.

  • Cambridge English Prepare! Level 7 Student's Book

    Prepare! is a lively 7-level general English course with comprehensive Cambridge English for Schools exam preparation integrated throughout. This flexible course brings together all the tools and technology you expect to get the results you need. Whether teaching general English or focusing on exams, Prepare! leaves you and your students genuinely ready for what comes next: real Cambridge English exams, or real life. The Level 7 Student's Book engages students and builds vocabulary range with motivating, age-appropriate topics. Its unique approach is driven by cutting-edge language research from English Profile and the Cambridge Learner Corpus. 'Prepare to...' sections develop writing and speaking skills. A Student's Book and Online Workbook is also available, separately.

  • The Art of Ancient Greece

    This book, a companion volume to Professor Pollitt's The Art of Rome: Sources and Documents (published by the Press in 1983), presents a comprehensive collection in translation of ancient literary evidence relating to Greek sculpture, painting, architecture, and the decorative arts. Its purpose is to make this important evidence available to students who are not specialists in the Classical languages or Classical archaeology. The author's translations of a wide selection of Greek and Latin texts are accompanied by an introduction, explanatory commentary, and a full bibliography. An earlier version of this book was published twenty-five years ago by Prentice-Hall. In this new publication Professor Pollitt has added a considerable number of new passages, revised some of his earlier translations and presented the texts in a different order which allows the reader to follow more easily the development of sculpture and painting as perceived by the ancient writers. The new and substantial bibliography, organised by topics as they appear in the book, emphasises works that deal directly with the literary sources or that supplement our knowledge of the personalities and monuments described in the sources. This collection will be welcomed by students and teachers of Greek art who have long been in need of an authoritative and reliable sourcebook for their subject.

  • Information Representation and Manipulation Using Pascal

    The book first introduces basic ideas of information and coding theory and then proceeds to discuss how single items of data are represented and manipulated in computers. The middle section of the book deals with the three main classes of data structure - arrays, lists and trees. The final two chapters cover the important subjects of searching and sorting. At the end of each chapter, three kinds of example are given: straightforward drill exercises, university examination questions and suggestions for project work; hints on the solutions are provided. In this new text, based on the authors' Information Representation and Manipulation in a Computer (second edition), Pascal has been used for all of the algorithms, which have also been structurally improved with their conversion, particularly by the removal of the GOTO statements.

  • Nature at Work

    A well-illustrated introduction to the basic concepts of ecology interprets the relationship between plants and animals in terms of their roles as producers or consumers of energy.

  • Figurative Language

    This lively introduction to figurative language explains a broad range of concepts, including metaphor, metonymy, simile, and blending, and develops new tools for analyzing them. It coherently grounds the linguistic understanding of these concepts in basic cognitive mechanisms such as categorization, frames, mental spaces, and viewpoint; and it fits them into a consistent framework which is applied to cross-linguistic data and also to figurative structures in gesture and the visual arts. Comprehensive and practical, the book includes analyses of figurative uses of both word meanings and linguistic constructions. o Provides definitions of major concepts o Offers in-depth analyses of examples, exploring multiple levels of complexity o Surveys figurative structures in different discourse genres o Helps students to connect figurative usage with the conceptual underpinnings of language o Goes beyond English to explore cross-linguistic and cross-modal data

  • Peter Stein: Germany's Leading Theatre Director

    First published in 1981, Michael Patterson's was the first book in any language to be devoted to the work of Germany's leading theatre director. Peter Stein's thoughtful and critical approach to a variety of dramatic texts - from Irish comedy to German classics, where his reputation largely rests - has resulted in a range of different acting and formal styles and some major textual adaptations. The rehearsing, performance and reception of these are thoroughly and vividly recreated here from interviews and archives and in the first-hand account of the workings of the theatre Stein made his own, the Schaubuhne in West Berlin. Patterson discusses the apparent contradictions between the Schaubuhne's original ideals as a model of socialist theatre and its present situation as one of the most highly subsidizes stages in Western Europe. Many productions are illustrated by photographs and imaginative reconstructions of particular scenes.

  • The Cambridge English Course 2 Practice book

    Widely acclaimed by teachers and learners throughout the world, The Cambridge English Course has set new standards in course design. In three levels, from complete beginner to intermediate, it offers: ? a thorough and complete course in around 100 hours per level ? the original multi-syllabus course structure 1/4 ex high levels of achievement ? original, stimulating and varied topics ? wide variety of exercise types 1/4 ex exposure to authentic English right from the start ? detailed, explicit guidance and support for the teacher ? balanced coverage of all language skills Each level consists of a Student's Book, Practice Book (with or without key), Teacher's Book, Test Book, Class Cassette Set and Student's Cassette. Split editions of each of the Student's Books in three parts are available for added flexibility.

  • Cambridge English Prepare! Level 6 Student's Book

    Prepare! is a lively 7-level general English course with comprehensive Cambridge English for Schools exam preparation integrated throughout. This flexible course brings together all the tools and technology you expect to get the results you need. Whether teaching general English or focusing on exams, Prepare! leaves you and your students genuinely ready for what comes next: real Cambridge English exams, or real life. The Level 6 Student's Book engages students and builds vocabulary range with motivating, age-appropriate topics. Its unique approach is driven by cutting-edge language research from English Profile and the Cambridge Learner Corpus. 'Prepare to...' sections develop writing and speaking skills. A Student's Book and Online Workbook is also available, separately.

  • Super Minds Level 5 Classware and Interactive DVD-ROM

    An exciting, seven-level course that enhances young learners' thinking skills, sharpening their memory while improving their language skills. This exciting seven-level course enhances your students' thinking skills, sharpening their memory and improving their concentration along with their language skills. This Level 5 Classware CD-ROM and Interactive DVD-ROM is the perfect solution to engage your students, giving you an array of options to choose from. The Classware CD-ROM includes the entire Student's Book plus the Class Audio to use with a computer and projector or with an interactive whiteboard. Also, the fabulous Interactive DVD-ROM gives you the chance to play documentaries, video-based activities, lively songs and much more to brighten up every lesson.

  • English in Mind Level 2 Audio CDs (3)

    This second edition updates a course which has proven to be a perfect fit for classes the world over. Engaging content and a strong focus on grammar and vocabulary combine to make this course a hit with both teachers and students. These Audio CDs contain all the audio from the Student's Book and Workbook for this level. The Workbook Audio is also available on the Student's Book DVD-ROM.

  • Languages of Class

    This collection of essays by Gareth Stedman Jones proposes a different way of seeing both historians' analytical conceptions of 'class', and the actual manifestation of class in the history of English politics and English culture since the 1830s. As the progenitor of the first generally acknowledged working-class movement, the English working class provided the initial empirical basis for not only the original Marxist theory of modern industry and proletarian revolution, but also subsequent historians' reactions against, or adaptations of, the Marxist theory of class. In Languages of Class Gareth Stedman Jones draws a distinction between two conceptions of class: the everyday and commonplace perception of its pervasiveness in England, and the Marxist idea of its revolutionary significance. He proceeds to challenge the predominant conceptions of the meaning and development of 'class consciousness' by stressing the political and discursive conditions in which particular languages appeared and receded. Among the themes of individual essays in the book are a rethinking of 'the making of the English working class' and the phenomenon of Chartism, a novel exploration of the formation and components of 'working-class culture', and, in the light of these, a new approach to understanding the history of the Labour Party.

  • English in Mind Level 1 Audio CDs (3)

    This second edition updates a course which has proven to be a perfect fit for classes the world over. Engaging content and a strong focus on grammar and vocabulary combine to make this course a hit with both teachers and students. These Audio CDs contain all the audio from the Student's Book and Workbook for this level. The Workbook Audio is also available on the Student's Book DVD-ROM.

  • Cultural Products and the World Trade Organization

    Debate about trade and culture has a long history, but the application of WTO rules to cultural products such as films, radio, and books remains one of the most divisive issues in the organization. After assessing the economic and social arguments for treating cultural products differently from things like steel or wheat, this 2007 book explains how the vastly different views of WTO members in earlier negotiations led to an outcome that is disappointing for all. It goes on to provide a comprehensive evaluation of possible solutions, including evolution of the law through WTO dispute settlement, an agreement outside the WTO, and reforms to improve the balance between trade liberalization and cultural policy objectives.

  • Rational Choice, Collective Decisions, and Social Welfare

    Left freely to themselves, a group of rational individuals often fail to cooperate even when the product of social cooperation is beneficial to all. Hence, the author argues, a rule of collective decision making is clearly needed that specifies how social cooperation should be organised among contributing individuals. Suzumura gives a systematic presentation of the Arrovian impossibility theorems of social choice theory, so as to describe and enumerate the various factors that are responsible for the stability of the voluntary association of free and rational individuals. Among other topics covered are an axiomatic characterisation of the concept of a rational choice, the simple majority decision rule and its extensions, the social choice implications of the concept of equity as nonenvy, the constrained majoritarian collective choice rules and the conflict between the Paretian ethics and the libertarian claims of individual rights.

  • The Representation Theory of the Symmetric Group

    The Representation Theory of the Symmetric Group provides an account of both the ordinary and modular representation theory of the symmetric groups. The range of applications of this theory is vast, varying from theoretical physics, through combinatories to the study of polynomial identity algebras; and new uses are still being found.

  • Global Methods for Combinatorial Isoperimetric Problems

    Certain constrained combinatorial optimization problems have a natural analogue in the continuous setting of the classical isoperimetric problem. The study of so called combinatorial isoperimetric problems exploits similarities between these two, seemingly disparate, settings. This text focuses on global methods. This means that morphisms, typically arising from symmetry or direct product decomposition, are employed to transform new problems into more restricted and easily solvable settings whilst preserving essential structure. This book is based on Professor Harper's many years' experience in teaching this subject and is ideal for graduate students entering the field. The author has increased the utility of the text for teaching by including worked examples, exercises and material about applications to computer science. Applied systematically, the global point of view can lead to surprising insights and results, and established researchers will find this to be a valuable reference work on an innovative method for problem solving.

  • Chinese Vernacular Dwellings

    China has one of the most ancient civilisations in the world, occupying a vast territorial expanse. This has led to great diversification in Chinese vernacular dwellings, rarely seen in the architecture of the world and reflecting a wide variety of different natural and cultural environments. In this illustrated introduction Shan Deqi explores a representative selection of traditional Chinese dwellings, considering their architecture, environmental setting and the lifestyles and customs of the people who inhabit these distinctive homes and have contributed to their development.

  • Scaling up Machine Learning: Parallel and Distributed Approaches

    This book presents an integrated collection of representative approaches for scaling up machine learning and data mining methods on parallel and distributed computing platforms. Demand for parallelizing learning algorithms is highly task-specific: in some settings it is driven by the enormous dataset sizes, in others by model complexity or by real-time performance requirements. Making task-appropriate algorithm and platform choices for large-scale machine learning requires understanding the benefits, trade-offs and constraints of the available options. Solutions presented in the book cover a range of parallelization platforms from FPGAs and GPUs to multi-core systems and commodity clusters, concurrent programming frameworks including CUDA, MPI, MapReduce and DryadLINQ, and learning settings (supervised, unsupervised, semi-supervised and online learning). Extensive coverage of parallelization of boosted trees, SVMs, spectral clustering, belief propagation and other popular learning algorithms, and deep dives into several applications, make the book equally useful for researchers, students and practitioners.

  • Writing and Empire in Tacitus

    Writing and Empire in Tacitus examines how Tacitus' historiographical career serves as an argument about his personal autonomy and social value under the peculiar political conditions of the early Roman Empire. Following the arc of his career from Agricola through Histories to Annals, this book focuses on ways in which Tacitus' writing makes implicit claims about his relationship to Roman society and about the political consequentiality of historical writing. In a sense, this book suggests, his literary career and the sense of alienation his works project form the ideal complement to his very successful political career, which, while desirable, might nonetheless give the impression of degrading submission to emperors. The discussion combines careful attention to the historian's explicit programmatic discussion of his work with larger-scale analysis of stretches of narrative that have unspoken but significant implications for how we view the function and importance of Tacitus' work.

  • The Electrical Resistivity of Metals and Alloys

    Now in paperback, this comprehensive book is the first text devoted to the problem of understanding the electrical properties of metals and alloys. Dr Rossiter, well-known for his work on the electrical resistivity of alloys, has written a book which blends results and theory, but does not rely on a strong grounding in quantum mechanics. After an introduction to the basic ideas, the concepts of atomic and magnetic correlations and their microstructural consequences are explained. Later chapters then deal with the effects of such correlations on electrical resistivity. Examples and applications of the concepts derived are given in discrete sections, allowing the uninterrupted development of theory for each specific problem, and enhancing the value of the book for a wide range of readers from theoretical and experimental solid state physicists to metallurgists and materials scientists. Anyone with an interest in the electrical conduction process or in the application of resistivity measurements to the study of alloy configuration will find this essential reading.

  • Core Topics in Paediatric Anaesthesia

    This book covers all of the important elements of paediatric anaesthesia in a concise and structured manner. From the premature infant to the teenager, readers are guided through the complexities they may encounter, with key points at the end of each chapter to summarise the most important information. The common surgical conditions encountered in daily practice are covered along with comprehensive discussion of consent and the law, safeguarding children, and the complexity of drug dosing in the paediatric population. Other topics covered include trauma, burns, resuscitation, principles of intensive care, and transporting a sick child. Each chapter is written by an acknowledged expert in their field, sharing a wealth of relevant, practical experience. Covering the whole curriculum necessary for advanced training, this is essential reading for trainees, general anaesthetists managing children in non-specialist hospitals and anyone aspiring to become a paediatric anaesthetist, as well as those established in the field.

  • American More! Six-Level Edition Level 1 Teacher's Resource Book with Testbuilder CD-ROM/Audio CD

    American MORE! Six-Level Edition is a version of a course from a highly respected author team that's bursting with features for lower secondary students. Each level of American MORE! contains 50-60 hours of class material. With dedicated reading, culture, grammar, vocabulary, skills and cross-curricular learning sections, plus a wide range of flexible components, you really do get more with American MORE! The Teacher's Resource Book contains detailed guidance on how to get the best out of the course, warm-up activities, photocopiable grammar and communication resources, tests and answer keys, and 'Extra' idea sections for fast finishers. The test material is contained on the Testbuilder CD-ROM, together with the audio for the tests.

  • Multiple-Conclusion Logic

    Multiple-conclusion logic extends formal logic by allowing arguments to have a set of conclusions instead of a single one, the truth lying somewhere among the conclusions if all the premises are true. The extension opens up interesting possibilities based on the symmetry between premises and conclusions, and can also be used to throw fresh light on the conventional logic and its limitations. This is a sustained study of the subject and is certain to stimulate further research. Part I reworks the fundamental ideas of logic to take account of multiple conclusions, and investigates the connections between multiple - and single - conclusion calculi. Part II draws on graph theory to discuss the form and validity of arguments independently of particular logical systems. Part III contrasts the multiple - and the single - conclusion treatment of one and the same subject, using many-valued logic as the example; and Part IV shows how the methods of 'natural deduction' can be matched by direct proofs using multiple conclusions.

  • Presupposition and the Delimitation of Semantics

    In this book, first published in 1975, Dr Kempson argues that previous work on presupposition - whether in philosophy or linguistics - has been mistakenly based on a conflation of two different disciplines: semantics, the study of the meanings assigned to the formal system which constitutes a language, and pragmatics, the study of the use of that system in communication. The first part of the book deals generally with the nature of semantics in linguistic theory and its formal representation within a transformational grammar; Dr Kempson argues against incorporating the relation of presupposition within such a grammar. The second part provides a pragmatic account of the foundations of a theory of communication and its detailed application to the problems raised by presupposition. The book is intended for those studying both philosophy and linguistics and also for those sociolinguists and psychologists with a more general interest in the theory of communication.

  • Observing Handbook and Catalogue of Deep-Sky Objects

    o A detailed and comprehensive guide to observing the deep sky o All descriptions meticulously researched and checked for this book o Information and descriptions for more than 2000 galaxies, nebulae and star clusters o Suitable for use with small telescopes o Helpful charts and advice on how to observe o Comprehensive catalogue included o Essential reference for telescope users and astrophotographers This is the most detailed guide to observing galaxies, clusters and nebulae available in a single volume. The objects included range from those visible in binoculars to faint galaxies requiring a 30 cm telescope. For most objects descriptions are given for a range of telescope apertures; the catalogue contains data not available elsewhere.

  • Euclid in Greek: Volume 1: Book I

    Originally published in 1920, this volume contains book one of Euclid's Elements in Greek, together with an introduction and notes section written in English. It was created to provide young students with a contextual understanding of geometry and the development of geometrical principles, one which was increasingly neglected in the standard school textbooks of the time. By returning to the Elements in their original form it was hoped that students would gain a fundamental understanding of the ideas put forward in the text, one which would increase their knowledge and enthusiasm. It was also hoped that the dual process of learning Greek and geometry would be an effective way of impressing content on the mind of the learner. This volume will be of value to anyone with an interest in geometry and the development of pedagogy.

  • Terence: Adelphoe

    The Adelphoe (The Brothers) of Terence is a Latin adaptation of a comedy of the same name by the Greek comic playwright Menander. The theme of the play is the perennially interesting question of the relationship between the generations and the proper way to bring up a son. In the introduction Mr Martin considers Terence in the context of Roman comedy generally and discusses the background of the Adelphoe. There is also a section on metre and scansion and a short analysis of the textual tradition. The full and detailed commentary, besides elucidating the text, seeks at all times to help the reader to understand the work as a play to be enjoyed. The edition is intended for use by students at school and university and for anyone wishing to read and appreciate the play in the original.

  • Cambridge Proficiency Examination Practice 1 Teacher's book

    Cambridge Proficiency Examination Practice 1 contains five complete sets of authentic past papers from the University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate issued in recent years for the Cambridge Proficiency Examination. The practice tests are reproduced in exactly the same form as in the examination itself. The accompanying cassettes contain the recorded material and instructions for the listening comprehension questions, which are also presented in the same form that students will meet in the examination. The accompanying Teacher's Book contains a full introduction to the exam, including notes on CPE examiners' marking criteria - especially in relation to the Writing paper - plus the tapescript and keys to each test.

  • Realism in Nineteenth-Century Music

    The music of the nineteenth century was - and still is - thought of as a 'romantic' art, whereas the main current of the literature and fine arts of the age was 'realist' from about 1830. Yet some works are consistently described as 'realistic': Nusorgsky's Boris and Bizet's Carmen are only the most frequently cited examples. Professor Dahlhaus sets out the criteria of realism, with particular reference to French and German theorists and examines the extent to which they apply to music too. While his findings do not reverse the verdict that the music of the age was in general romantic, he demonstrates that musical realism consists in much more than imitation of natural sounds or tone-painting. The notes are revised here for the English-speaking reader.

  • Richard Wagner: Parsifal

    In this book Lucy Beckett gives a comprehensive account of Wagner's last and strangest opera. The literary sources of this work, its many links with Wagner's life and thought, its libretto, music and stage history, are all thoroughly examined. There is a full commentary, with extensive quotation, on the work's critical history, and finally, a fresh assessment of its place in the Wagner canon and of its unique quality as a music drama that is both modern and Christian. Full references, a bibliography and a discography are provided. A special chapter of musical analysis is contributed by Arnold Whittall.

  • Essays in the Theory and Measurement of Consumer Behaviour: In Honour of Sir Richard Stone

    Edited by Angus Deaton, winner of the 2015 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, this volume features early work on the theory and measurement of consumer behaviour. Featuring contributions from leading economists such as Anthony Atkinson, Nicholas Stern, John Muellbauer and Deaton himself, the book offers papers on a wide range of topics. Topics covered range from theory to econometrics, from Engel curves to labour supply and fertility, and from consumer demand in England to consumer behaviour in the USSR. These papers were written and collected for this volume to honour Sir Richard Stone on the occasion of his retirement from his chair at the University of Cambridge.

  • The Literary Works of Ou-yang Hsui (1007-72)

    The book is a literary study of one of the greatest of Chinese writers, Ou-yang Hsiu. He was a major writer in each of several genres: prose, poetry, rhapsodies, and tz'u 'songs'. The striking diversity of his work presents an opportunity to investigate how one man's literary talent is manifested in different genres. Ou-yang Hsiu's achievements in each genre are examined, and set in the context of his age. Topics include the broad shift between T'ang and Sung dynasty prose styles that Ou-yang Hsiu helped to effect, his contributions to the new poetic values of the Northern Sung, and his place in the evolution of Sung dynasty songs (together with a reconsideration of a group of supposedly spurious songs). An appendix provides additional translations of Ou-yang Hsiu's prose.

  • Objective Advanced Workbook without Answers with Audio CD

    An updated and revised edition of the Objective CAE course, which prepares students for Cambridge English: Advanced, also known as Certificate in Advanced English (CAE). The syllabus for this exam has changed and this book has now been replaced by 9781107684355 Objective Advanced Fourth edition Workbook without answers with Audio CD.

  • The Principles and Practice of Electron Microscopy

    This is first and foremost a book for the non-microscopist who, during the course of his work or studies, encounters the results of electron microscopy in technology, biology or medicine. However, it contains much that will interest the professional electron microscope user, not least the extensive bibliography and the detailed case histories. Carefully distilling the experience of twenty-five years, the author explains the operating principles and construction of the various members of the electron microscope family. An account is given of how specimens are prepared for examination and what the results look like. Appendices summarise the essential science and technology of vacuum systems, vacuum deposition of films, X-ray generation and analysis, and electron sources in microscopes. The text is very fully illustrated.

  • Pure Economic Loss in Europe

    Pure economic loss is one of the most discussed and controversial legal issues in Europe today, raising complex questions which affect the law of tort and contract. How far can tort liability expand without imposing excessive burdens upon individual activity? Should the recovery of pure economic loss be the domain principally of the law of contract? And is there a common core of principles, policies and rules governing tortious liability for pure economic loss in Europe? Originally published in 2003, this is a comprehensive study of the subject, using a fact-based comparative method and in-depth research into the laws of thirteen European countries. Following a historical and analytical introduction to economic loss, experts from most European countries consider how their national systems would deal with the same practical problem, highlighting similarities and differences in a range of comprehensive issues. This is the third publication of the Common Core of European Private Law.

  • Reason, Truth and History

    Hilary Putnam deals in this book with some of the most fundamental persistent problems in philosophy: the nature of truth, knowledge and rationality. His aim is to break down the fixed categories of thought which have always appeared to define and constrain the permissible solutions to these problems.

  • The Cambridge Companion to the Victorian Novel

    In the Victorian period, the British novel reached a wide readership and played a major role in the shaping of national and individual identity. As we come to understand the ways the novel contributed to public opinion on religion, gender, sexuality and race, we continue to be entertained and enlightened by the works of Dickens, George Eliot, Thackeray, Trollope and many others. This second edition of the Companion to the Victorian Novel has been updated fully, taking account of new research and critical methodologies. There are four new chapters and the others have been thoroughly updated, as has the guide to further reading. Designed to appeal to students, teachers and readers, these essays reflect the latest approaches to reading and understanding Victorian fiction.

  • Alienation: Marx's Conception of Man in a Capitalist Society

    In this book, the most thorough account of Marx's theory of alienation yet to have appeared in English, Professor Ollman reconstructs the theory from its constituent parts and offers it as a vantage point from which to view the rest of Marxism. The book further contains a detailed examination of Marx's philosophy of internal relations, the much neglected logical foudation of his method, and provides a systematic account of Marx's conception of human nature. Because of its almost unique concern with helping readers understand Marx's unusual use of language, Alienation has proven very popular in university courses on Marxism on both undergraduate and graduate levels. The first edition was widely reviewed, and in this new edition Professor Ollman replies to his critics in 'More on internal relations,' published here as Appendix II. In addition to this new appendix the author now provides a more systematic discussion of Marx's theory of ideology, elements of which were formerly dispersed throughout the book. He also attempts to set the treatment of political alienation within the broader framework of Marx's theory of the state as a model of how an approach based on internal relations can be used to integrate various apparently contradictory interpretations of Marx's views.

  • The Iliad: Commentary v1 Bk 1-4

    This is the first volume of a projected six-volume Commentary on Homer's Iliad, under the General Editorship of professor G. S. Kirk. Professor Kirk himself is the editor of the present volume, which covers the first four Books of Iliad. It consists of four introductory chapters, dealing in particular with rhythm and formular techniques, followed by the detailed commentary which aims at helping serious readers by attempting to identify and deal with most of the difficulties which might stand in the way of a sensitive and informed response to the poem. The Catalogues in Book 2 recieve especially full treatment. The book does not include a Greek text - important matters pertaining to the text are discussed in the commentary. It is hoped that the volume as a whole will lead scholars to a better understanding of the epic style as well as of many well-known thematic problems on a larger scale. This Commentary will be an essential reference work for all students of Greek literature. Archaeologists and historians will also find that it contains matters of relevance to them.

  • Camb History of Classical Lit v2 p4

    'Perfection is finality; finality is death'. The poets and prose writers of the first and early second centuries AD were not deterred by the towering stature of their Augustan predecessors from attempting new and often brilliant variations on the now traditional themes and genres. The so-called 'Silver' Age of Latin literature has tended to be characterized in terms of dismissive or question- begging stereotypes - 'decadent', 'rhetorical', 'baroque', 'mannerist' - as a substitute for close critical argument. From the sympathetic but searching appraisals in this volume the best writers of the age - Lucan, Seneca, Statius, Juvenal, Tacitus - emerge as men having something important to say and not merely technicians preoccupied with the most extravagant or paradoxical way of saying it. Complementary to these central figures as giving the age its special character and atmosphere are the minor poets, the satirists, the scholars and rhetoricians, the lesser historians, epistolographers and technical writers, whose varied activity provides the background to the main developments. The whole offers a detailed portrait of the literary interests of an age that was of necessity becoming increasingly more conscious of the past and of the problems of coping with its cultural heritage.

  • Creative Imitation and Latin Literature

    The poets and prose-writers of Greece and Rome were acutely conscious of their literary heritage. They expressed this consciousness in the regularity with which, in their writings, they imitated and alluded to the great authors who had preceded them. Such imitation was generally not regarded as plagiarism but as essential to the creation of a new literary work: imitating one's predecessors was in no way incompatible with originality or progress. These views were not peculiar to the writers of Greece and Rome but were adopted by many others who have written in the 'classical tradition' right up to modern times. Creative Imitation and Latin Literature is an exploration of this concept of imitation. The contributors analyse selected passages from various authors - Greek, Latin and English - in order to demonstrate how Latin authors created new works of art by imitating earlier passages of literature.

  • Pad~Ae Approximants, Part 2, Extensions and Applications

    The second of two volumes describing in a comprehensive manner the topic of Pade Approximation and some of its generalisations. In this volume applications are made to integral equations, quantum mechanics, scattering theory, field theory, and statistical mechanics.

  • Ancient Persia

    The Achaemenid Persian Empire, at its greatest territorial extent under Darius I (r.522-486 BCE), held sway over territory stretching from the Indus River Valley to southeastern Europe and from the western Himalayas to northeast Africa. In this book, Matt Waters gives a detailed historical overview of the Achaemenid period while considering the manifold interpretive problems historians face in constructing and understanding its history. This book offers a Persian perspective even when relying on Greek textual sources and archaeological evidence. Waters situates the story of the Achaemenid Persians in the context of their predecessors in the mid-first millennium BCE and through their successors after the Macedonian conquest, constructing a compelling narrative of how the empire retained its vitality for more than two hundred years (c.550-330 BCE) and left a massive imprint on Middle Eastern as well as Greek and European history.

  • Objective First Student's Book with Answers with CD-ROM

    Third edition of the best-selling Cambridge English: First (FCE) course. The syllabus for this exam has changed and this book has now been replaced by 9781107628304 Objective First Fourth edition Student's Book with answers with CD-ROM.

  • Relativity on Curved Manifolds

    This is a self-contained exposition of general relativity with emphasis given to tetrad and spinor structures and physical measurements on curved manifolds. General relativity is now essential to the understanding of modern physics, but the power of the theory cannot be fully explained without a detailed knowledge of its mathematical structure. The aim of this book is to introduce this structure, and then to use it to develop those applications that have been central to the growth of the theory. An overview of differential geometry is provided and properties of a tetrad field are then extensively analysed. These are used to introduce spinors, to describe the geometry of congruences and define the physical measurements on a curved manifold. The coupling of fields and geometry is investigated in terms of Lagrangeans and a detailed discussion of some exact solutions of the Einstein equations are provided.

  • Three Sad Races: Racial Identity and National Consciousness in Brazilian Literature

    Brazilians have traditionally and very accurately viewed their nation as the product of the coming together and subsequent interaction of its disparate racial ancestry: native American Indians, Portuguese settlers and African slaves. Examining the social and cultural implications of this racial diversity is essential to the search for a viable and cohesive national identity, which has long been a major concern of Brazil's writers. Originally published in 1983, Three Sad Races is a study of how Brazilian literature - the only national literature in the Americas comparable in both quantity and quality to that of the United States - reflects these themes and gives vent to the general disquietude concerning the nation's predicament. Haberly presents an innovative interpretation of the development of Brazilian literature from the sixteenth to the twentieth centuries, as well as detailed critical analyses of the works of six of the nation's greatest writers.

  • Multiple Forcing

    In this 1987 text Professor Jech gives a unified treatment of the various forcing methods used in set theory, and presents their important applications. Product forcing, iterated forcing and proper forcing have proved powerful tools when studying the foundations of mathematics, for instance in consistency proofs. The book is based on graduate courses though some results are also included, making the book attractive to set theorists and logicians.

  • The Making of the Poema de mio Cid

    The Poema de mio Cid is in all respects a major text of early Spanish literature and an epic of great power. Its origins and authorship have long been a subject of dispute among scholars and this book, firmly based on rigorous research, proposes the view that the Poema was a wholly new work of the early thirteenth century written by a single author, Per Abad. The author argues that it was the first epic to be composed in Castilian and he examines the sources that the poet used for the structure of his work, for his rhetoric and for his metrical system. Throughout the work Professor Smith seeks not only to combat the competing 'traditionalist' and 'oralist' viewpoints, but also to give as clear a picture as possible of the cultural background in which the Poema was written and to enhance the standing of a remarkable poet.

  • Discovering Relativity for Yourself

    Discovering Relativity for yourself explains Einstein's Theory of Relativity to readers who are daunted by the standard mathematical approach to that profound theory. For twenty years Sam Lilley taught this subject to adults with no science background. Now he has written an explanation of the theory that demands no prior knowledge of mathematics or physics beyond an ability to do simple arithmetic. The first quarter of the book uses no more than arithmetic and a little simple geometry to introduce some of the main concepts of the theory, as well as discussing an impressive experimental test, which comes down strongly in its favour. When eventually further progress demands use of algebra and other mathematical techniques, these are carefully explained in a way that makes them accessible to absolute beginners, using many new and unorthodox methods.

  • Behavior Dynamics in Media-Sharing Social Networks

    In large-scale media-sharing social networks, where millions of users create, share, link and reuse media content, there are clear challenges in protecting content security and intellectual property, and in designing scalable and reliable networks capable of handling high levels of traffic. This comprehensive resource demonstrates how game theory can be used to model user dynamics and optimize design of media-sharing networks. It reviews the fundamental methodologies used to model and analyze human behavior, using examples from real-world multimedia social networks. With a thorough investigation of the impact of human factors on multimedia system design, this accessible book shows how an understanding of human behavior can be used to improve system performance. Bringing together mathematical tools and engineering concepts with ideas from sociology and human behavior analysis, this one-stop guide will enable researchers to explore this emerging field further and ultimately design media-sharing systems with more efficient, secure and personalized services.

  • Boilerplate Clauses, International Commercial Contracts and the Applicable Law

    With the aim of creating an autonomous regime for the interpretation and application of the contract, boilerplate clauses are often inserted into international commercial contracts without negotiations or regard for their legal effects. The assumption that a sufficiently detailed and clear language will ensure that the legal effects of the contract will only be based on the contract, as opposed to the applicable law, was originally encouraged by English courts, and today most international contracts have these clauses, irrespective of the governing law. This collection of essays demonstrates that this assumption is not fully applicable under systems of civil law, because these systems are based on principles, such as good faith and loyalty, which contradict this approach.

  • Arch Bridges and their Builders 1735–1835

    The construction of bridges in Britain and Ireland during the period of 1735-1835 was marked by important technical developments and the introduction of new materials. This book is a comprehensive history of bridge building during the century, treating the administration and financing of projects as well as the designs and methods of construction. All the bridges described are of interest as engineering works; as architecture some are unimportant but many achieved real grandeur and beauty. The book is based on exhaustive study of primary sources which are fully documented, but it is a highly readable account. More than half of it consists of narratives of individual bridge projects, in which all the men involved, from noblemen and generals to country masons and carpenters, come alive for the reader. Much of the detail of these stories has never been published before. Among the topics which can be traced through the narratives are the growth in spans and changes in the proportions of bridges, the borrowing and modification of Continental styles, a halting progress towards the use of scientific theory in bridge design, the introduction of iron arches and the important role played by 'amateurs', including Tom Paine and Samuel Johnson. Over 200 illustrations accompany the text.

  • Redactional Style in the Marcan Gospel

    St Mark's Gospel was put together from oral and perhaps written source material, which the redactor-editor edited and linked together by `seams' or joining phrases. The evangelist is thus regarded as a translator/editor of sources, and also as a creative artist in his shaping of the material and in his editorial writing which moulds the disparate sources into an integrated narrative. Dr Pryke tests some eighteen syntactically unusual features of 'Markan usage' statistically to see if they are mainly source material (S) or redactional (R). Objective criteria are provided for distinguishing redactional passages, and the linguistic method is used to see if residual S passages might be converted to R. Appendixes analyse the vocabulary for a list of the most frequently used words in R passages, annotate unusual syntax and special vocabulary of R verses, and provide a complete redactional Greek text. Dr Pryke's methods and conclusions will be of great value to those concerned with the analysis of St Mark's Gospel, and of interest to all concerned with linguistic studies of New Testament texts.

  • Grammar Games: Cognitive, Affective And Drama Activities For Efl Students

    Cognitive, affective and drama activities for EFL students This is a resource book for teachers containing material for a wide variety of games which can be played in the English language classroom. Each game focuses on one or more points of English grammar. A specification is given for each game, describing its level, materials needed, grammar points practised and time required. Grammar Games enables teachers to integrate grammar practice into their classes in novel and motivating ways.

  • Ancient Chinese Inventions

    China has given birth to numerous scientific and technological inventions, and for many centuries led the world in such innovations. Indeed, some of the most important inventions in the history of human civilization originated in China - not least the compass, gunpowder, paper and printing. Ancient Chinese Inventions provides an accessible, illustrated introduction to the many inventions to which China can lay claim, from the aforementioned seminal discoveries to mining technology, the production of silk and ceramics, and brilliant advances in astronomy, mathematics and medicine.

  • American More! Six-Level Edition Level 3 Teacher's Resource Book with Testbuilder CD-ROM/Audio CD

    American MORE! Six-Level Edition is a version of a course from a highly respected author team that's bursting with features for lower secondary students. Each level of American MORE! contains 50-60 hours of class material. With dedicated reading, culture, grammar, vocabulary, skills and cross-curricular learning sections, plus a wide range of flexible components, you really do get more with American MORE! The Teacher's Resource Book contains detailed guidance on how to get the best out of the course, warm-up activities, photocopiable grammar and communication resources, tests and answer keys, and 'Extra' idea sections for fast finishers. The test material is contained on the Testbuilder CD-ROM, together with the audio for the tests.

  • The Cambridge English Course 3 Practice book

    This is part of a three-level course for beginners, lower intermediate and intermediate levels, which offers a balanced coverage of all the necessary language skills.

  • Tun-huang Popular Narratives

    Tun-huang Popular Narratives presents authoritative translations of four vernacular Chinese stories, taken from fragmentary texts usually referred to as pien-wen or 'transformation texts'. Dating from the late T'ang (618-907) and Five Dynasties (907-959) periods, the texts were discovered early last century in a cave at Tun-huang, in Chinese Central Asia. However, written down in an early colloquial language by semi-literate individuals and posing formidable philological problems, the texts have not been studied critically before. Nevertheless they represent the only surviving primary evidence of a widespread and flourishing world of popular entertainment during these centuries. The tales deal with both religious (mostly Buddhist) and secular themes, and make exciting and vivid reading.

  • X-rays in Atomic and Nuclear Physics

    This book deals with the methods of X-ray production at a level which is accessible to advanced undergraduates and researchers who use X-rays. It also discusses the fundamentals of these physical properties from an experimental viewpoint which is not covered in more specialised texts. The book begins with a survey of work carried out before 1945. Continuous and characteristic spectra are discussed followed by a description of techniques used in their study. Further studies of production, absorption and scattering in atomic and nuclear processes are described, including a completely new chapter on X-ray production by protons, alpha-particles and ions. The concluding chapter surveys some more advanced fields of study. It will be very valuable to all research and industrial physicists working with X-rays who need to know about their fundamental properties in more detail. In this second edition SI units are used throughout and the material reflects the changes in the use of X-rays and the developments in the field.

  • The Cambridge History of Classical Literature

    The sixty years between 43 BC, when Cicero was assassinated, and AD 17, when Ovid died in exile and disgrace, saw an unexampled explosion of literary creativity in Rome. Fresh ground was broken in almost every existing genre, and a new kind of specifically Roman poetry, the personal love-elegy, was born, flourished, and succumbed to its own success. Latin literature now became, in the familiar modern sense of the word, classical: a balanced fusion of what was best and most stimulating in earlier Greek and Roman writing, charged with new and original life by the individual genius of, most particularly, Virgil, Horace and Ovid. Augustan literature, conventionally viewed as the expression in writing of the age itself - political and social stability reflected in artistic equilibrium - turns out on a close and critical reading to have been subject to the same stresses and strains as the society in and for which it was produced. In appraising the monumental literary achievements of the age the underlying tensions and contradictions are not ignored. The critical discussions in this volume do full justice to the complexity and subtlety of the literature itself.

  • The Theory of Thermodynamics

    This 1985 textbook presents the theory of thermodynamics in a highly interesting way. The presentation of the theory of heat is logical, compact and uncluttered, with an emphasis on the underlying physical model. Unlike other texts published at this time, in this approach the student adopts at the outset the master equation which describes the rate of scattering from one quantum state into another. This makes the link between thermodynamics and kinetics more obvious. Temperature and entropy are initially introduced as statistical concepts. Unlike most other treatments, this book has early sections on the Boltzmann distribution and classical thermodynamics, which may be used as a basis for first-year courses. The book also contains extensive graded exercises.

  • The Cambridge History of Japan

    This volume provides the most comprehensive treatment of the Heian period, the golden age of the Japanese imperial court, in any Western language. From Heian-kyo, founded in 794, the Japanese emperor ruled over an elaborate government modelled on China's absolute monarchy. Ambassadors to the T'ang court and students studying in China brought back laws, ideas, Buddhism, temple architecture, sculpture, and wall-painting. Chinese influences blended with native Japanese elements in courtly painting, calligraphy, poetry and prose. The world's first novel, The Tale of Genji, was completed about 1020. In 1185 the elegant and peaceful world of the court was shattered by the struggle of the Taira and Minamoto warrior clans, who usurped real political power and left the emperor with a symbolic, legitimizing role. Contributors to this volume emphasize political history, the land system, provincial administration, the capital and its society, aristocratic culture, and the acceptance of Buddhism and popular religious practices.

  • Geology for Geotechnical Engineers

    First published in 1982, the purpose of this textbook is to present civil engineers with sufficient information about geology to enable them to understand those aspects of the behaviour and properties of rock and soil that are relevant to the design of buildings, bridges, highways and dams. Geotechnical surveys are made so that building design can be matched to the ground below. Dr Harvey has deliberately restricted his use of geological terminology in order to make the presentation clear and easy to understand. The geological principles are fully illustrated by drawings. The author has taught courses on this subject for twenty years. He has based the book on his teaching experiences and has written it primarily for engineering students taking a first course in rock and soil mechanics.

  • Arid Land Ecosystems: Volume 2, Structure, Functioning and Management

    This volume was first published in 1981. The history of man's use of arid lands is a sad record of deterioration of the natural resource base and of low and declining living standards for the 300 million people who live in them. One prerequisite to meeting the challenge of reversing the deterioration and of raising living standards is a sound knowledge of the natural ecosystems.

  • Yoruba Myths

    This collection of myths - some of them simple, strong pieces of narrative, others mysterious, poetic and often amusing - illustrate the religion and thought of the West African Yoruba People. Interspersed with drawings by Georgina Beier of Yoruba motifs and collected and translated by authors and artists long-familiar with Yoruba culture, the myths are compiled and introduced here by Ulli Beier, who himself holds two Yoruba chieftaincy titles. Some are creation myths: these explain the division of the original God into the many orisha, or gods, and the development of their various functions. In the folk- or trickster-tales the orisha often assume different personalities whose actions and their consequences reveal the Yoruba wisdom and customs. This book makes the myths of an orally transmitted religion available as literature to Nigerian school children, who are often unfamiliar with their traditional mythology. It will also strengthen English interest in original African literature.

  • Modern Computer Arithmetic

    Modern Computer Arithmetic focuses on arbitrary-precision algorithms for efficiently performing arithmetic operations such as addition, multiplication and division, and their connections to topics such as modular arithmetic, greatest common divisors, the Fast Fourier Transform (FFT), and the computation of elementary and special functions. Brent and Zimmermann present algorithms that are ready to implement in your favourite language, while keeping a high-level description and avoiding too low-level or machine-dependent details. The book is intended for anyone interested in the design and implementation of efficient high-precision algorithms for computer arithmetic, and more generally efficient multiple-precision numerical algorithms. It may also be used in a graduate course in mathematics or computer science, for which exercises are included. These vary considerably in difficulty, from easy to small research projects, and expand on topics discussed in the text. Solutions to selected exercises are available from the authors.

  • Nuclear Scattering

    This is a 1958 study of the scattering of particles which occurs when atomic nuclei collide. It provides one of the main lines of attack in exploring the forces within the nuclei themselves. Using the particle accelerators which were then available, the authors design experiments in which the less complex particles collide under controlled conditions, yielding quantitative data from which information about nuclear forces can be deduced. This book describes the physics of nuclear scattering, including the experimental results and their interpretation in terms of nuclear forces and nuclear structure. On the experimental side, standard equipment has been discussed only in the special context of scattering technique. The theoretical discussion assumes a general acquaintance with quantum mechanics and with elementary scattering formulae encountered elsewhere in relation to the scattering of electrons by atoms.

  • Documents in Early Christian Thought

    The purpose of this book is to bring within a single volume a representative selection of extracts from the writings of the Early Christian fathers, covering the main areas of Christian thought. The extracts, for the most part newly translated by the editors, are arranged by topic under the following headings: God, Trinity, Christ, Holy Spirit, Sin and Grace, Tradition and Scripture, Church, Sacraments, Christian Living, Church and Society, and Final Goal. Care has been taken to reflect the full range of writing on these themes - exposition and commentary, homily, epistle and polemic - and the extracts are of sufficient length to show the distinctive flavour of each individual writer. Annotation has been kept to a minimum, but each main section has a short introduction which places the extracts in their particular context within the development of Christian thought.

  • Elements of Pronunciation Cassettes (4): Intensive Practice for Intermediate and More Advanced Students

    Elements of Pronunciation provides intensive and enjoyable practice in features of English pronunciation that intermediate and more advanced students usually find difficult. The clever and convincing dialogues concentrate on stress timing, weak forms, contractions, linking and consonant clusters, as well as providing valuable intonation practice. The dialogues are recorded in the following form - listen and repeat section, then a recording of the dialogue at natural speed, and then a version with pauses to allow intensive practice. The material can be used in the classroom, in the language laboratory and by a student working alone with a cassette recorder. The paperback and audio CDs are sold as separate items.

  • Essays in Nuclear Astrophysics

    Originally published in 1982, this collection of essays provides an integrated overview of the application of nuclear science to astronomy. The book discusses, among other topics, the abundances of the nuclear and chemical species on the Earth and the Moon, in meteorites, in the stars, and in interstellar space. The hypothesis that these species are produced by nuclear reactions is then explored and related to laboratory measurements. Other subjects include the dynamics of supernovae and interdisciplinary relationships between elementary particle physics and cosmology. The essays are dedicated to Professor William A. Fowler and pay tribute to his vast influence on the field.

  • English in Mind Level 4 Student's Book with DVD-ROM

    This second edition updates a course which has proven to be a perfect fit for classes the world over. Engaging content and a strong focus on grammar and vocabulary combine to make this course a hit with both teachers and students. Popular course features have been refreshed with new content, including the imaginative reading and listening topics, 'Culture in Mind', and 'Everyday English' sections. New for the second edition is a DVD-ROM with the Level 4 Student's Book containing games, extra exercises and videos featuring the photostories' characters as well as a 'Videoke' record-yourself function. There is a full 'Vocabulary bank' at the back of the book which expands upon lexical sets learned in the units.

  • Teaching Listening Comprehension

    Teaching Listening Comprehension is about developing listening comprehension skills in the language classroom. In Part I, some essential background issues are dealt with. The author defines the characteristics of real-life listening, analyses the problems encountered by language learners, and discusses the considerations involved in planning successful classroom listening practice. Part II contains a wide variety of exercise types. The activities range in level from elementary to advanced and illustrate techniques appropriate for both adults and children. The exercises can be used as they stand or they can serve as models for teachers who wish to design their own materials.

  • English in Mind Level 5 Student's Book with DVD-ROM

    This second edition updates a course which has proven to be a perfect fit for classes the world over. Engaging content and a strong focus on grammar and vocabulary combine to make this course a hit with both teachers and students. Popular course features have been refreshed with new content, including the imaginative reading and listening topics, 'Culture in Mind', and 'Everyday English' sections. New for the second edition is a DVD-ROM with the Level 5 Student's Book containing games, extra exercises and videos featuring the photostories' characters as well as a 'Videoke' record-yourself function. There is a full 'Vocabulary bank' at the back of the book which expands upon lexical sets learned in the units.

  • Graphene: Carbon in Two Dimensions

    Graphene is the thinnest known material, a sheet of carbon atoms arranged in hexagonal cells a single atom thick, and yet stronger than diamond. It has potentially significant applications in nanotechnology, 'beyond-silicon' electronics, solid-state realization of high-energy phenomena and as a prototype membrane which could revolutionise soft matter and 2D physics. In this book, leading graphene research theorist Mikhail Katsnelson presents the basic concepts of graphene physics. Topics covered include Berry phase, topologically protected zero modes, Klein tunneling, vacuum reconstruction near supercritical charges, and deformation-induced gauge fields. The book also introduces the theory of flexible membranes relevant to graphene physics and discusses electronic transport, optical properties, magnetism and spintronics. Standard undergraduate-level knowledge of quantum and statistical physics and solid state theory is assumed. This is an important textbook for graduate students in nanoscience and nanotechnology and an excellent introduction for physicists and materials science researchers working in related areas.

  • The Shorter Science and Civilisation in China: Volume 1

    Joseph Needham's Science and Civilisation in China is a monumental piece of scholarship which breaks new ground in presenting to the Western reader a detailed and coherent account of the development of science, technology and medicine in China from the earliest times until the advent of the Jesuits and the beginnings of modern science in the late seventeenth century. It is a vast work, necessarily more suited to the scholar and research worker than the general reader. This paperback version, abridged and re-written by Colin Ronan, makes this extremely important study accessible to a wider public. The present book covers the material treated in volumes I and II of Dr Needham's original work. The reader is introduced to the country of China, its history, geography and language, and an account is given of how scientific knowledge travelled between China and Europe. The major part of the book is then devoted to the history of scientific thought in China itself. Beginning with ancient times, it describes the milieu in which arose the schools of the Confucians, Taoists, Mohists, Logicians and Legalists. We are thus brought on to the fundamental ideas which dominated scientific thinking in the Chinese Middle Ages, to the doctrines of the Two Forces (Yin and Yang) and the Five Elements (wu hsing), to the impact of the sceptical tradition and Buddhist and Neo-Confucian thought.

  • Storyfun for Starters Student's Book

    Enjoyable story-based practice for the Cambridge Young Learners English (YLE) Tests. Storyfun for Starters Student's Book provides full-colour preparation material for the Cambridge Young Learners English Test: Starters. It contains ten stories with accompanying activities. Students can enjoy reading and listening to stories to practise key areas of the syllabus. Enjoyable activities including games, projects and poems are balanced with exam-style questions to make learning fun. Unit-by-unit wordlists provide an easy reference for vocabulary learning.

  • Textbook on Spherical Astronomy

    This well-established textbook gives a general but comprehensive introduction to positional astronomy. Originally based on the author's lecture courses at Cambridge University, it is intended primarily for undergraduates, but, due to its comprehensive nature, it is a very useful reference text for research workers in many branches of astronomy and space physics. The author considers the night sky as the celestial sphere and powerfully exploits the methods of spherical geometry. Most problems in which the precise determination of a heavenly body's position in the sky is important are considered in theoretical detail, and the necessary formulae are derived to a precision that is sufficient for all but the most specialist purposes. The present revision has ensured that the terminology and treatment correspond precisely to current astronomical practice. A guiding principle has been to re-establish compatibility with the Astronomical Ephemeris and, to a lesser extent, with the fuller explanations of the Explanatory Supplement to the Astronomical Ephemeris and the American Ephemeris and Nautical Almanac. Fairly frequent comments added to the text indicate the sometimes modified relevance of the subject matter to modern astronomy. A number of additional exercises help to illustrate the new material.

  • Formal Semantics of Natural Language

    A volume of studies in natural language semantics which brings together work by philosophers, logicians and linguists. The main topics treated are: quantification and reference in natural language; the relations between formal logic, programming languages and natural language; pragmatics and discourse meaning; surface syntax and logical meaning. The volume derives from a colloquium organised in 1973 by the Kings College Research Centre, Cambridge and the papers have been edited for publication by Professor Keenan. It is hoped that the collection will make available some of the best work in this fast-moving field and will stimulate further progress by juxtaposing the different approaches and interests represented here.

  • Chinese Food

    This illustrated gastronomic tour traces the development of the unique food and drink culture found in China. From ancient to modern times, the Chinese have celebrated an epicurean lifestyle, believing that food is not just meant to fill the stomach, but that an abundance of food denotes good fortune and that knowing what, and how, to eat is crucial to health. Liu Junru explores the traditions surrounding cooking and eating in China, distinctive regional variations, the development of advanced culinary techniques and new dining trends. Chinese Food will be of interest to all those with an interest in the origins of this popular cuisine, now enjoyed in every part of the world.

  • On the People's Terms: A Republican Theory and Model of Democracy

    According to republican theory, we are free persons to the extent that we are protected and secured in the same fundamental choices, on the same public basis, as one another. But there is no public protection or security without a coercive state. Does this mean that any freedom we enjoy is a superficial good that presupposes a deeper, political form of subjection? Philip Pettit addresses this crucial question in On the People's Terms. He argues that state coercion will not involve individual subjection or domination insofar as we enjoy an equally shared form of control over those in power. This claim may seem utopian but it is supported by a realistic model of the institutions that might establish such democratic control. Beginning with a fresh articulation of republican ideas, Pettit develops a highly original account of the rationale of democracy, breathing new life into democratic theory.

  • General Equilibrium Analysis: Studies in Appraisal

    What is the nature of the intellectual enterprise - general equilibrium analysis - that so many economists regard as the centerpiece of their discipline? In this book, Roy Weintraub considers both the modern history of the analysis, and the methodological puzzles that it, and mathematical economic theory in general, pose. Professor Weintraub argues that previous writings on the history and method of general equilibrium theory have been curiously biased and misleading. He provides a clear and careful presentation of the development of the theory from the 1930s through to the Arrow-Debreu work of the 1950s. This historical analysis is the centre of the book: a case study which permits the author to justify the status of general equilibrium theory in economics and the activity in which economic theorists engage. He argues that previous methodological investigations have been distorted by their use of inappropriate models taken from the philosophy of science that were developed to appraise work in the physical sciences.

  • The Printing Press as an Agent of Change

    Originally published in two volumes in 1980, The Printing Press as an Agent of Change is now issued in a paperback edition containing both volumes. The work is a full-scale historical treatment of the advent of printing and its importance as an agent of change. Professor Eisenstein begins by examining the general implications of the shift from script to print, and goes on to examine its part in three of the major movements of early modern times - the Renaissance, the Reformation, and the rise of modern science.

  • English Grammar in Use with Answers and CD-ROM: A Self-Study Reference and Practice Book for Intermediate Learners of English

    English Grammar in Use Fourth edition is an updated version of the world's best-selling grammar title. It has a fresh, appealing new design and clear layout, with revised and updated examples, but retains all the key features of clarity and accessibility that have made the book popular with millions of learners and teachers around the world. The CD-ROM contains lots of additional practice exercises to consolidate learning, ideal for self-study but also suitable for reinforcement work in the classroom. An online version and book without answers are available separately.

  • Normal Topological Spaces

    This text bridges the gap existing in the field of set theoretical topology between the introductory texts and the more specialised monographs. The authors review fit developments in general topology and discuss important new areas of research and the importance of defining a methodology applicable to this active field of mathematics. The concept of normal cover and related ideas is considered in detail, as are the characterisations of normal spaces, collectionwise normal spaces and their interrelationships with paracompact spaces (and other weaker forms of compactness). Various methods of embedding subspaces are studied, before considering newer concepts such as M-spaces and their relationships with established ideas. These ideas are applied to give new results pertaining to the extension of continuous vector-valued functions. Wallman-Frink compactifications and realcompactifications are also studied to assist in unifying the ideas through the use of the more general L-filter.

  • The Earth: Its Origin, History and Physical Constitution

    This is a digital reprint of the revised 1976 edition of this classic work. It examines seismology, gravity, the strength of the shell, the variation of latitude and the figure of the Moon. The chapter on tidal friction is largely rewritten and what now seem to be the three most reliable estimates of the true secular acceleration of the Moon agree in suggesting that the provisional estimate in the last edition should be considerably increased. The criticism of theories of continental drift, convection and plate tectonics is much expanded. A new appendix pinpoints directions for future geophysical research. The Earth continues to provide a fundamental and comprehensive account of geophysical problems, essential to all scientists concerned with problems of the origin, history and physical constitution of the Earth.

  • Oil and Politics in Latin America: Nationalist Movements and State Companies

    This book provides a study of the transformation of the Latin American oil system from one in which the international oil companies dominated to one which is dominated by the main state oil companies, and an account of how some of the more important of the state companies have operated. This comprehensive guide to the evolution of the Latin American oil system combines in one volume a synthesis of material from secondary sources and original research and thus provides an invaluable reference for all concerned with the history and economy of Latin America and with the development and functioning of the international oil industry.

  • Pericles, Prince of Tyre

    The New Cambridge Shakespeare appeals to students worldwide for its up-to-date scholarship and emphasis on performance. The series features line-by-line commentaries and textual notes on the plays and poems. Introductions are regularly refreshed with accounts of new critical, stage and screen interpretations. Over the last two decades there has been a resurgence of theatrical interest in Shakespeare's Pericles, which has been rescued from comparative neglect and is now frequently performed. The editors reject the current orthodoxies, that the text is seriously corrupt and that the play is of divided authorship. They show how the 1609 quarto has features in common with the first quarto of King Lear, now widely regarded as being based on Shakespeare's manuscript. Likewise they regard the arguments concerning divided authorship as unproven and misleading. Instead they show the play to be a unified aesthetic experience.

  • Marx's Economics: A Dual Theory of Value and Growth

    Professor Morishima concentrates on the three volumes of Das Kapital and their contributions to the major topics of traditional Marxian economics. He provides a rigorous mathematisation of the labour theory of value, the theory of exploitation, the transformation problem, the reproduction scheme, the law of relative surplus population, the falling rate of capital and the turnover of capital. After proving Marxian propositions in a rigorous way, he argues that in order to combine Marx's model with von Neumann's in a new growth theory it is necessary to abandon the labour theory of value. Professor Morishima feels that this sacrifice is well worth making, because it enables Marxian economics to be integrated with orthodox theory into a new Marx-von Neumann theory of growth, and this to make an important contribution to the development of the subject.

  • Organogenesis of the Kidney

    This description of a model system for cell differentiation and organogenesis is written by one of the foremost researchers in the area. The main emphasis is on the mammalian kidney, but the book also deals with the development of the transien excretory organs. It includes discussions of induction, proliferation, early cytodifferentiation and morphogenesis and organogenesis. This authoritative account will be valuable to developmental biologists and also to scientists working in paediatric nephrology. As it gives the background of normal development and of control systems, it will also be of use to nephrologists working on abnormalities in the urinary tract.

  • The Future in Thought and Language: Diachronic Evidence from Romance

    Questions about the development of the Romance future have engaged scholars since Thielmann's classic statement of 1885, yet a century later a number of the fundamental issues remain unresolved. Professor Fleischman suggests that this is in part due to the narrow sense in which the question has traditionally been formulated - as simply the history of the `future-tense' slot in the grammar - and in part the result of the investigative approach, which until recently has taken little account of important advances in general linguistics in the field of diachronic syntax. The present volume examines 'future' as a conceptual category and discusses the various strategies that have been used to map this conceptual category on to grammar in Romance. The data are taken in the main from Western Romance languages, particularly French, and frequent parallels are drawn with English. To account for the evolution of the future, Professor Fleischman proposes a network of interrelated, often cyclical developments in syntax and semantics, and seeks to place the individual diachronic events within a broader framework of syntactic typology and universal patterns of word-order change.

  • The Correspondence of Charles Darwin: Volume 1, 1821-1836

    This volume inaugurates a complete edition of The Correspondence of Charles Darwin. For the first time full authoritative texts of Darwin's letters are available, edited according to modern textual editorial principles and practice. The first volume of the edition contains the letters of the years 1821-1836. They begin with one written to Darwin at the age of twelve and continue through his school days at Shrewsbury, his two years as a medical student at Edinburgh, the undergraduate years at Cambridge, and his five years of exploration and learning during the voyage of the Beagle. These were Darwin's years of initiation and preparation for a life of science. In the earliest letters Darwin appears already keenly interested in natural history and an avid collector of minerals, plants, marine invertebrates, and insects - especially beetles. The letters of the succeeding years tell the story of the young Darwin's development up to his return to England when, at the age of twenty-seven, he was received as a colleague by Charles Lyell, Adam Sedgwick, and other leading scientists, who had already heard of his discoveries and observations during the Beagle voyage.

  • Networks, Crowds, and Markets: Reasoning about a Highly Connected World

    Are all film stars linked to Kevin Bacon? Why do the stock markets rise and fall sharply on the strength of a vague rumour? How does gossip spread so quickly? Are we all related through six degrees of separation? There is a growing awareness of the complex networks that pervade modern society. We see them in the rapid growth of the internet, the ease of global communication, the swift spread of news and information, and in the way epidemics and financial crises develop with startling speed and intensity. This introductory book on the new science of networks takes an interdisciplinary approach, using economics, sociology, computing, information science and applied mathematics to address fundamental questions about the links that connect us, and the ways that our decisions can have consequences for others.

  • Donizetti and His Operas

    This new imprint is established to publish in paperback for an individual readership the Press's most outstanding original monographs. These are titles that would normally appear only in hardback editions for specialists, but whose quality and general academic importance justify their special promotion in this prestige imprint. The series will include both new and recent titles drawn from the whole range of the Press's very substantial publishing programs in the humanities and social sciences, and therefore represents some of the best current scholarship in the English language.

  • South Atlantic Paleoceanography

    Paleoceanography is the science dealing with the history of the oceans. Originally published in 1985, this book describes what had been found out during the previous decade about the past 100 million years of the history of the South Atlantic Ocean, thanks largely to drilling by Glomar Challenger during five expeditions in 1980. Palaeotemperature studies provided a history of climatic variations, geochemistry of carbon isotopes provided information on fertility of planktonic organisms and the intensity of oceanic overturns, while correlation of sediment character to changes in oceanic chemistry and fertility permitted interpretations of the variation of the level at which fossil skeletons became dissolved. All the authors were experts and most took part in the 1980 expeditions to the South Atlantic. This book brought together the results of the major discoveries in one volume and was the first modern regional synthesis of ocean history.

  • American More! Six-Level Edition Level 4 Combo with Audio CD/CD-ROM

    American MORE! Six-Level Edition is a version of a course from a highly respected author team that's bursting with features for lower secondary students. Key language for each unit is introduced in a photostory and put to use through the 'Language Focus'. There is thorough coverage of grammar via a dedicated section in each unit. The 'Learn MORE through English' pages introduce cross-curricular learning (CLIL) while the 'Learn MORE about Culture' sections explore English speaking countries. Students learn to 'Read MORE for pleasure' with the extra reading pages and the Audio CD/CD-ROM enables students to practice vocabulary, grammar, and skills. The Combo contains the Student's Book and Workbook material together, providing 50-60 class hours of material.

  • An Informal Introduction to Gauge Field Theories

    Four forces are dominant in physics: gravity, electromagnetism and the weak and strong nuclear forces. Quantum electrodynamics - the highly successful theory of the electromagnetic interaction - is a gauge field theory, and it is now believed that the weak and strong forces also can be described by generalizations of this type of theory. In this short book Dr Aitchison gives an introduction to these theories, a knowledge of which is essential in understanding modern particle physics. With the assumption that the reader is already familiar with the rudiments of quantum field theory and Feynman graphs, his aim has been to provide a coherent, self-contained and yet elementary account of the theoretical principles and physical ideas behind gauge field theories.

  • German and Dutch Theatre, 1600–1848

    This is the third volume to be published in the series Theatre in Europe. This book makes available for the first time an overview of a significant segment of European theatre history and, with few exceptions, none of the documents presented have been published in English before. Gathered from a rich variety of sources, including imperial and municipal edicts, contracts, architectural descriptions, playbills, stage directions and actors' memoirs among others, the book sheds light on one of the most fascinating areas of cultural life in the German- and Dutch-speaking countries. Explanatory passages put these documents into their historical context, and numerous illustrations bring the material even more vividly to life. Also included is the source location for each document and a substantial bibliography.

  • Foundation Mathematics for the Physical Sciences

    This tutorial-style textbook develops the basic mathematical tools needed by first and second year undergraduates to solve problems in the physical sciences. Students gain hands-on experience through hundreds of worked examples, self-test questions and homework problems. Each chapter includes a summary of the main results, definitions and formulae. Over 270 worked examples show how to put the tools into practice. Around 170 self-test questions in the footnotes and 300 end-of-section exercises give students an instant check of their understanding. More than 450 end-of-chapter problems allow students to put what they have just learned into practice. Hints and outline answers to the odd-numbered problems are given at the end of each chapter. Complete solutions to these problems can be found in the accompanying Student Solutions Manual. Fully-worked solutions to all problems, password-protected for instructors, are available at www.cambridge.org/foundation.

  • Sport in Soviet Society: Development of Sport and Physical Education in Russia and the USSR

    The role and development of sport in Soviet society received little contemporary attention, in the West or in Russia. Although it was widely banned after the Russian Revolution, and viewed as a tool developed by the bourgeoisie for the training of body and mind during the rise of capitalism, the USSR was among the world's sporting powers. This 1977 book examines the evolution of sport in Russia from its early association with health and hygiene, through a period of functional association with labour and defence, to its post-war importance as a means of enhancing the prestige of Soviet communism abroad. The historical role of Soviet sport is followed from the considerable part that sport played during the period of rapid industrialisation, through its strange fate during the years of mass repression, to its emergence as a major institution after the Second World War.

  • Ship or Sheep?

    This is a comprehensive pronunciation course for intermediate students of English. It provides systematic practice of English pronunciation, stress and intonation through a wide variety of interesting exercises and activities. The course is accompanied by a recording of all the practice material on three cassettes. The book and the recordings are both designed for use in class and by students working alone.

  • The Colonisation of Land: Origins and Adaptations of Terrestrial Animals

    The book traces the ways in which terrestrial animals have evolved from aquatic ancestors and discusses the means by which they are adapted to life on land. The most important physiological adaptations are those involving salt and water balance, the excretion of nitrogen, reproductive mechanisms and the sense organ and these are given priority. Evidence from fossil history is combined with that from the ecology and physiology of present-day species to assess the probable routes along which various evolutionary lines had moved on to land. Individual chapters are concerned with specific animal groups and emphasis is placed on comparisons of physiological mechanisms between closely related animals before attempting wider generalisations. The book closes with a brief account of the recolonisation of the sea and fresh waters by terrestrial animals.

  • BCPL: The Language and its Compiler

    BCPL is a simple systems programming language with a portable compiler that has been implemented on many machines from large mainframes to mini computers and microprocessors. The book provides an introduction to the language, paying particular attention to programming style. In addition, it covers the more machine-independent parts of the BCPL library and outlines various debugging aids that most implementations provide. The syntax analysis phase of the compiler is described in detail, giving a realistic example of a typical application of the language. This and other substantial examples given in the book will be of interest both to serious users of BCPL and to computer writers. There is a chapter concerned with the portability code generator design. The reference for BCPL appears as the final chapter.

  • Gauge Theories of Weak Interactions

    The interaction between neutrinos and matter is an example of the type classified as weak, and such interactions also allow many elementary particle decays and the beta decay of the nuclei. The development of gauge theories has provided the basis for a complete and consistent account of weak interactions, at the same time displaying their unity with electromagnetism. Gauge theories in this context were first proposed in 1967. Rapid mathematical development took place from 1971, and on this book's publication in 1979, a moderate amount of empirical verification had been achieved.

  • Theory and Applications of Hopf Bifurcation

    The `Hopf Bifurcation' describes a phenomenon that occurs widely in nature: the birth of a family of oscillations as a controlling parameter is varied. In a control system consisting of an engine with a centrifugal governor, for example, when the amount of damping associated with the governor is decreased, oscillations can arise, which may significantly disturb normal operation of the engine. Similar oscillations occur in a vast range of situations: animal populations sometimes begin to fluctuate as environmental conditions change, aircraft wing panels begin to flutter in a wind-tunnel as the flow velocity is increased, and nerve tissue initiates production of repeated action potentials as a current stimulus is increased, etc. The phenomena can be described by modelling in terms of systems of ordinary, delay or partial differential equations.

  • Music and Tradition: Essays on Asian and other Musics Presented to Laurence Picken

    Laurence Picken has long been recognised as a pioneer in the study of Oriental and other non-Western musics. Some of his pupils, colleagues and friends from four continents have here brought together this volume of essays as a tribute to him on his seventieth birthday. The book aims to reflect characteristic aspects of Dr Picken's work: his conception of musicology as a science, his sense of historical perspective and - perhaps most importantly - his delight in music of almost every kind. Appealing in particular to those engaged in the study of non-Western music, the volume will also interest everyone concerned with musical structures and their development.

  • Vocabulary Activities with CD-ROM

    Vocabulary Activities provides a wealth of ideas for introducing, presenting, expanding, exploring and practising vocabulary. These teacher-friendly activities are clearly written and wide-ranging, and the book also contains a detailed guidelines section outlining the key principles involved in teaching and practising vocabulary. Also contains an extra chapter of activities for advanced learners. The accompanying CD-ROM contains print-ready materials which can be put to immediate use in class.

  • Objective First Teacher's Book with Teacher's Resources Audio CD/CD-ROM

    Third edition of the best-selling Cambridge English: First (FCE) course. The syllabus for this exam has changed and this book has now been replaced by 9781107628359 Objective First Fourth edition Teacher's Book with Teacher's Resources CD-ROM.

  • Exchange Rate Determination

    This volume is intended to provide a survey of thought about exchange-rate determination as it emerged in the decade of the 1970s. This survey differs from many, however, in that the field itself is in a state of rapid change. Understanding the changes and the reasons for them is therefore essential if the reader is to have a basis for understanding future advances in knowledge and the further evolution of the system. The survey is also intended to reach non-specialist professional economists whose balance-of-payments theory was learned before the 1970s, as well as to provide graduate students and advanced undergraduates with an up-to-date account of the field. In most respects, the theory of exchange-rate determination is based upon an analytical structure equivalent to that analyzing the determinants of the balance of payments under fixed exchange rates. The difference is that the shifts in excess demand for foreign exchange lead to quantity adjustments under fixed rates and price adjustment under flexible rates. Thus, attention turns first to exchange-rate, or balance-of-payments, determination. Thereafter formal analyses of differences and similarities between the functioning of the alternative systems are considered, reflecting the focus of the profession and the mainstream of research of this period.

  • The People's Science: The Popular Political Economy of Exploitation and Crisis 1816–34

    The work details the emergence, in the post-Napoleonic War period, of a growing popular interest in the critical potentialities of political economy. It considers why this occurred and discusses how the conceptual and analytical tools of political economy were utilised to formulate a critique of early industrial capitalism. The book examines the theories of labour exploitation and capitalist crisis which represented the essence of that critique both as they were elaborated by early-nineteenth-century British anti-capitalist and socialist writers and as they were popularised by writers in the working-class press of the period 1816-34. The book argues that by 1834 in consequence of the efforts of writers such as Hodgskin, Thompson, Gray, Owen and their popularisers the foundations of a distinctively anti-capitalist and socialist political economy had been established and widely disseminated. But these foundations were theoretically flawed. They were flawed by an overconcentration on the sphere of exchange which derived from a particular conception of the determination of exchange value under capitalism; an overconcentration which led on to the suggestion of remedies for the problem of working-class poverty and distress which were necessarily doomed to failure.

  • Understanding Autobiographical Memory: Theories and Approaches

    The field of autobiographical memory has made dramatic advances since the first collection of papers in the area was published in 1986. Now, over 25 years on, this book reviews and integrates the many theories, perspectives, and approaches that have evolved over the last decades. A truly eminent collection of editors and contributors appraise the basic neural systems of autobiographical memory; its underlying cognitive structures and retrieval processes; how it develops in infancy and childhood, and then breaks down in aging; its social and cultural aspects; and its relation to personality and the self. Autobiographical memory has demonstrated a strong ability to establish clear empirical generalizations, and has shown its practical relevance by deepening our understanding of several clinical disorders - as well as the induction of false memories in the legal system. It has also become an important topic for brain studies, and helped to enlarge our general understanding of the brain.

  • The Cambridge Ancient History: Volume 12, The Crisis of Empire, AD 193-337

    This volume covers the history of the Roman Empire from the accession of Septimius Severus in AD 193 to the death of Constantine in AD 337. This period was one of the most critical in the history of the Mediterranean world. It begins with the establishment of the Severan dynasty as a result of civil war. From AD 235 this period of relative stability was followed by half a century of short reigns of short-lived emperors and a number of military attacks on the eastern and northern frontiers of the empire. This was followed by the First Tetrarchy (AD 284-305), a period of collegial rule in which Diocletian, with his colleague Maximian and two junior Caesars (Constantius and Galerius), restabilised the empire. The period ends with the reign of the first Christian emperor, Constantine, who defeated Licinius and established a dynasty which lasted for thirty-five years.

  • Cambridge Checkpoints HSC Business Studies 2011

    Study as you go with Cambridge Checkpoints HSC. Updated annually to provide the most up-to-date exam preparation available, Cambridge Checkpoints HSC provides everything you need to prepare for your HSC exams in a go-anywhere format that fits easily into your school bag. o Recent official HSC exam papers with suggested responses o Hundreds of additional past exam and exam-style questions with answers o Dot point summaries of key topics and concepts to help you pinpoint where you need further revision

  • Vertebrate Blood Cells

    First published in 1988, Vertebrate Blood Cells provided a comprehensive review of our knowledge of the structure and function of vertebrate blood cells. This was the first book to attempt to draw together such a guide, and this volume was essential reading for this subject. The book consists of six chapters on general evolutionary aspects, fish, amphibian, reptilian, avian and mammalian haematology written by experts in his/her field. Of particular importance is the standardized format used from chapter to chapter which allows the reader to compare the information available on a particular aspect from one group of animals to another. The book should be of interest to immunologists, haematologists and general biologists as well as undergraduate students of zoology, cell biology, microbiology and veterinary and human medicine.

  • Process Flowsheeting

    Process flowsheeting concerns the use of computers to stimulate and design chemical plant of all types, such as petroleum refineries, petrochemical complexes or even food factories. In this 1979 introduction to the topic the authors examine the role of flowsheeting in process plant design and look at the various techniques on which computer-aided systems may be based. For each one of these approaches the advantages and disadvantages are clearly stated and the four most important methods are described in detail. In each case the motivation for its development is analysed and its use is illustrated by a number of practical examples. Particular attention is devoted to the underlying technology of process flowsheeting systems, and an introduction to the analysis of degrees of freedom in flowsheeting and a guide to further reading are also included. This book will still hold value for those interested in the historical development of process flowsheeting.

  • Objective First Student's Book without Answers with CD-ROM

    Third edition of the best-selling Cambridge English: First (FCE) course. The syllabus for this exam has changed and this book has now been replaced by 9781107628342 Objective First Fourth edition Student's Book without answers with CD-ROM.

  • Measure for Measure

    Since the rediscovery of Elizabethan stage conditions early this century, admiration for Measure for Measure has steadily risen. It is now a favourite with the critics and has attracted widely different styles of performance. At one extreme the play is seen as a religious allegory, at the other it has been interpreted as a comedy protesting against power and privilege. Brian Gibbons focuses on the unique tragi-comic experience of watching the play, the intensity and excitement offered by its dramatic rhythm, the reversals and surprises which shock the audience even to the end. The introduction describes the play's critical reception and stage history and how these have varied according to prevailing social, moral, and religious issues, which were highly sensitive when Measure for Measure was written, and have remained so to the present day.

  • Algebraic Methods in Semantics

    This book, which contains contributions from leading researchers in France, USA and Great Britain, gives detailed accounts of a variety of methods for describing the semantics of programming languages, i.e. for attaching to programs mathematical objects that encompass their meaning. Consideration is given to both denotational semantics, where the meaning of a program is regarded as a function from inputs to outputs, and operational semantics, where the meaning includes the sequence of states or terms generated internally during the computation. The major problems considered include equivalence relations between operational and denotational semantics, rules for obtaining optimal computations (especially for nondeterministic programs), equivalence of programs, meaning-preserving transformations of programs and program proving by assertions. Such problems are discussed for a variety of programming languages and formalisms, and a wealth of mathematical tools is described.

  • German Opera: From the Beginnings to Wagner

    German opera from its primitive origins up to Wagner is the subject of this wide-ranging history. It traces the growth of the humble Singspiel into a vehicle for the genius of Mozart and Beethoven, together with the persistent attempts at German Grand Opera. Seventeenth-century Hamburg opera, the role of the travelling companies and Viennese Singspiel are all explored. Discussions that from early days absorbed Germans concerned for the development of a national art are followed, together with the influence of new critical thought at the start of the nineteenth century. The many operas studied are placed in their historical, social and theatrical context, and attention is paid to the literary, artistic and philosophical ideas that made them part of the country's intellectual history. Warrack assesses the contributions of Schubert, Mendelssohn and Schumann, as well as Weber and Hoffmann, among others.

  • Ada for Multi-Microprocessors

    Multi-processor systems are becoming more prevalent due to the many advantages which they offer over single-processor systems. A multi-microprocessor system can smoothly accommodate expansion and increasing levels of integration of separate controllers, facilitating modernization of industrial plants without large capital outlay. This book deals with the ways in which Ada can be used for such distributed systems. The main part of the book is devoted to the issue of how to construct and run an Ada program for a variable target configuration of several microcomputers, interconnected through shared memories, multi-access busses, local area networks or end-to-end lines. It is recognized that Ada and current Ada Programming Support Environments (APSEs) do not address distributed targets, and different approaches are therefore considered for coping with distribution without changing the language or unduly restricting the way in which it is used. The approach which emerges as the most natural is one where the designer is required to cluster tightly coupled Ada tasks into 'virtual nodes'. The implications of this approach for the user and the APSE are examined in detail, and further implications concerning use of the multi-microprocessor approach to achieve reliability and extensibility are also studied.

  • Coastal Lagoons

    This book reviews the origin, development, morphology, environment and ecology of the world's coastal lagoons. There are particularly extensive series of lagoons - areas of salt or brackish water separated from the adjacent sea by a low-lying sand or shingle barrier - along the eastern and Gulf of Mexico coasts of the USA, in Mexico itself, in Brazil, West Africa, Natal, southern and eastern India, south-west and south-east Australia, Alaska, Siberia and around the shores of the Mediterranean, southern Baltic, Black and Caspian Seas. In several of these areas they support important fisheries. This book summarises what is known of the formation and fate of lagoons, the lagoonal environment, lagoonal ecology, the strategies of lagoonal species, the human use of lagoons, besides containing a general introduction and a section on methods for the study of coastal lagoons.

  • Ways with Words: Language, Life And Work In Communities And Classrooms

    Ways with Words, first published in 1983, is a classic study of children learning to use language at home and at school in two communities only a few miles apart in the south-eastern United States. 'Roadville' is a white working-class community of families steeped for generations in the life of textile mills; 'Trackton' is an African-American working-class community whose older generations grew up farming the land, but whose existent members work in the mills. In tracing the children's language development the author shows the deep cultural differences between the two communities, whose ways with words differ as strikingly from each other as either does from the pattern of the townspeople, the 'mainstream' blacks and whites who hold power in the schools and workplaces of the region. Employing the combined skills of ethnographer, social historian, and teacher, the author raises fundamental questions about the nature of language development, the effects of literacy on oral language habits, and the sources of communication problems in schools and workplaces.

  • English in Mind Level 5 Workbook

    This second edition updates a course which has proven to be a perfect fit for classes the world over. Engaging content and a strong focus on grammar and vocabulary combine to make this course a hit with both teachers and students. This Level 5 Workbook provides extra language and skills practice for use both in the classroom or at home. It also includes extra vocabulary exercises corresponding to the expanded lexical sets in the Student's Book 'Vocabulary bank'. 'Study Help' and 'Skills Tips' sections give learners extra support and guidance. The audio content to accompany the Workbook is available separately on the Student's Book DVD-ROM and on the Class Audio CDs.

  • Accents of English: The British Isles

    1 unite(s) de cet article soldee(s) a partir du 8 janvier 2020 8h (uniquement sur les unites vendues et expediees par Amazon)

    Accents of English is about the way English is pronounced by different people in different places. Volume 1 provides a synthesizing introduction, which shows how accents vary not only geographically, but also with social class, formality, sex and age; and in volumes 2 and 3 the author examines in greater depth the various accents used by people who speak English as their mother tongue: the accents of the regions of England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland (volume 2), and of the USA, Canada, the West Indies, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, India, Black Africa and the Far East (volume 3). Each volume can be read independently, and together they form a major scholarly survey, of considerable originality, which not only includes descriptions of hitherto neglected accents, but also examines the implications for phonological theory. Readers will find the answers to many questions: Who makes 'good' rhyme with 'mood'? Which accents have no voiced sibilants? How is a Canadian accent different from an American one, a New Zealand one from an Australian one, a Jamaican one from a Barbadian one? What are the historical reasons for British-American pronunciation differences? What sound changes are currently in progress in New York, in London, in Edinburgh? Dr Wells his written principally for students of linguistics, phonetics and English language, but the motivated general reader will also find the study both fascinating and rewarding.

  • Mallarmé and the Art of Being Difficult

    Mallarme is widely regarded as one of the most original and distinctively modern writers of the late nineteenth century. At the same time, his fame is accompanied by a certain notoriety, and his works are often thought of as unnecessarily complicated. In this study Malcolm Bowie shows that difficulty is of the essence in a number of Mallarme's major works, notably 'Prose pour des Esseintes' and Un Coup de des jamais n'abolira le hasard. He argues that the poems are difficult because they are concerned with complex metaphysical questions and with speculative states of mind. Their closely interwoven multiple meanings, their intricate word-play and sound-patterning invite us to read inventively on many levels at once. Professor Bowie discusses difficulty as a general critical problem, analyses several major poems in detail, and calls attention to a number of techniques for the analysis of verse. He directs the reader away from the question 'What does this poem mean?' and towards the question 'How can this poem be read fully and with enjoyment?'. The book contains the complete text of the main poems discussed.

  • Super Minds Level 1 Class Audio CDs (3)

    An exciting, seven-level course that enhances young learners' thinking skills, sharpening their memory while improving their language skills. This exciting seven-level course enhances your students' thinking skills, sharpening their memory and improving their concentration along with their language skills. Super Minds develops creativity with visualisation exercises and art and craft activities, explores social values with lively stories and encourages cross-curricular thinking with fascinating 'English for school' sections. These Level 1 Class Audio CDs contain all the listening material to use with the Level 1 Student's Book and Workbook.

  • Plutarch: Life of Antony

    Plutarch's Life of Antony is a work remarkable for its colourful narrative and vivid characterisation of Antony and Cleopatra. This book presents the Greek text of the Life, accompanied by an extensive introduction and a detailed commentary. Dr Pelling is concerned throughout to discuss the work as literature. The introduction sets the life in its historical and literary context and the commentary pays particular attention to discussing the value of Plutarch's narrative as a historical source for the period and to explaining points of linguistic difficulty. An especially interesting and friutful approach used by Dr Pelling is to compare the work with Shakespeare's Antony and Cleopatra (which was almost wholly based to Plutarch's Life), bringing out how much Shakespeare's conception of the character and destiny of his protagonists owes to Plutarch, and tracing its transposition into dramatic form. Intended primarily as a textbook for undergraduate students, this edition will nevertheless be of interest to all Greek scholars, to ancient historians, and also the students of English literature since the relevant discussions require no knowledge of Greek.

  • Excursion Flora of the British Isles Plastic Cover

    The Excursion Flora of the British Isles is a clear and informative guide written for the student and amateur botanist. It provides accurate and concise descriptions of all the plants commonly found in the British Isles. The easy-to-follow keys cover almost all the native, many naturalized and a few casual species, and show at a glance where more detailed descriptions are provided for species of particular interest. The highly successful flora provides an indispensable reference text for both the field botanist and interested layman.

  • An Introduction to the Composition and Analysis of Greek Prose

    Why learn to write in a dead language? Because a really good understanding of a language can only be attained by using it actively. Unlike earlier textbooks aimed at schoolboys, this work addresses modern adults who want to understand concepts fully as they learn. Drawing on recent scholarship where appropriate and assuming no prior background except some reading knowledge of Greek, the course combines a structured review of paradigms and vocabulary with clear and comprehensive explanations of the rules of Greek syntax. Large numbers of exercises are provided, both with and without key: a complete set of cumulative exercises and another set of non-cumulative exercises for those who prefer to dip into specific sections. The exercises include, as well as English sentences and paragraphs for translation, Greek sentences and passages for translation, analysis, and manipulation. A full English-Greek vocabulary and list of principal parts are included.

  • Vibrational Spectroscopy of Solids

    This 1972 monograph is devoted to the analysis and interpretation of the infrared and Raman spectra of solid compounds, frequently used for their identification and characterization. It was thought unsatisfactory to analyse such spectra by the theory applicable to gas-phase samples, though this was frequently done. Furthermore, the results obtained by far infrared and laser Raman spectrometers, which detect the movement of atoms and/or molecules as a whole, had no gas-phase analogy. A separate approach to solid state vibrational spectra was therefore proposed within this volume. Dr Sherwood describes the solid state physics of vibrational spectroscopy and extends it to the more complex structures of low symmetry. He assumes an understanding of the infrared and Raman spectra of gases.

  • The Making of Geology: Earth Science in Britain 1660-1815

    Between the mid-seventeenth century and the early nineteenth century there developed in Britain a range of empirical and increasingly secular sciences concerned with the earth. This book presents a detailed account of how this development led to the creation of a complex socio-intellectual fabric of methods, ambitions, facts and ideas which took on the nature of a distinctive, self-sustaining discipline: 'geology'. During this period the criteria for a proper science of the earth were continually reassessed and the earth as an object of science was radically reinterpreted. In his account of this transformation, Dr Porter treats science as an integral but distinct part of the spectrum of man's intellectual and social activities. His account thus illuminates the nature of science and scientific knowledge as a dynamic intellectual, social and cultural enterprise. The book will be of interest not only to historians and philosophers of science but also to social historians and geologists.

  • The Ferment of Realism: American Literature 1884-1919

    This book traces the central developments in American literature between and 1919. It opens with an account of the consolidation of realism as the dominant standard of critical value and brings the reader forward to the moment, at the end of World War I, when American writers began to take a recognized place among the masters of literary modernism. The ascendancy of the novel as the principal genre of the realists is presented against a broader cultural and historical background. Professor Berthoff reviews and evaluates American fiction from the time when Howells, Twain, and Henry James were still under attack by old-school idealizers, to the emergence of a new critical and testamentary realism with Crane, Dreiser, and Gertrude Stein. He shows how the writers under discussion reacted to the work of their predecessors and contemporaries, to foreign literary currents, innovations in journalism, contemporary events, and to changing mores. Using specific examples and direct quotations, Professor Berthoff appraises the strengths and limitations of each. All his discussions, even of secondary writers, are rounded out with a wide range of critical opinion. This approach gives depth and objectivity to the examination of a turbulent and vigorously creative age in American letters. During this period the writings of Henry Adams, Henry George, William James, Thorstein Veblen, and others, though primarily concerned with disciplined reflective inquiry, were part of the essential imaginative effort of realism. The master works of this highly literate group of speculative thinkers had a profound effect on the literature of the era and on the era directly following. Important figures discussed in the final chapters of this history include Willa Cather, Edith Wharton, Frank Norris, Vachel Lindsay and Jack London. Professor Berthoff notes that there is no manifesto or turning point in literature exactly comparable to the turning point in American art created by the Armory Show of 1913. But the emergence in a single generation of Robinson, Frost, Stevens, Pound, Anderson, Stein, O'Neill, and Eliot was to have immense influence, not only in America but throughout the Western world. The thirty-five years that this book spans are among the most important and interesting in the history of American letters. The main currents traced are still vital, and the principal writers of this period are as important now as they were then.

  • An Introduction to the Properties of Condensed Matter

    This book covers the basic, mainly classical, physics of the properties of solids and liquids. The main emphasis is on macroscopic characteristics of materials, although their is some discussion of the atomic or molecular phenomena that underlie the macroscopic effects. Topics that are discussed in detail include the elastic properties of solids, with applications to acoustic waves and the deformation and stability of rods and struts; static and dynamic properties of liquids, with applications to interfacial phenomena and fluid flow characteristics; and diffusion in solids and liquids, with applications to Brownian motion, heat conduction and creep. The coverage combines treatments of the more traditional aspects of these topics with details of developments, such as novel materials, catastrophe theory and soliton propagation. This textbook will be suitable for second- and third-year undergraduates in universities and polytechnics taking courses in the properties of condensed matters in departments of physics, materials science and to some extent in engineering.

  • Integrated Land Use and Transport Modelling: Decision Chains and Hierarchies

    The integration of the location of activities in space and the use of transport has been a theoretical planning issue for many years. However, most books on this subject treat each component of the land use and transportation system with different, sometimes even conflicting, theories. The purpose of this book is to present the issue in the light of a single and consistent theoretical framework, that of random utility theory and discrete choice models. This is achieved in a methodical way, reviewing microeconomic theory related to the use of space, spatial interaction models, entropy maximising models, and finally, random utility theory. Emphasis is given to the concepts of decision chains and hierarchies. Spatial input-output models are also discussed, followed by chapters specifically dealing with the location of activities, the land market and the transport system. The book ends with the description of a number of real case studies to show how the theory can be used in practice.

  • The Personal Response to Science

    Deals with the individual responses of pupils to science education and the public's general attitude towards science.

  • The Krausist Movement and Ideological Change in Spain, 1854-1874

    This is a definitive study of a major intellectual movement of nineteenth-century Spain. The 'harmonic rationalism' of the German Karl Christian Friedrich Krause (1781-1832), a philosophy dedicated to an ideal of universal brotherhood, had an unexpectedly powerful influence upon Spanish history, politics, education and literature in the late nineteenth century and beyond. Concerned primarily with the phase in which this all-embracing movement appears most homogeneous - between the revolution of 1854 and the early days of the Restoration - Professor Lopez-Morillas clearly outlines the Krausist doctrine and its relevance to Spain, particularly in the contexts of attitudes towards Germany and France. Because of the failure of the Enlightenment to establish any real roots in Spain and the political repression that delayed and weakened the Romantic revolt, the Spanish intellectual and political climate of the time was receptive to a philosophy that combined rationalism and idealism with social reform.

  • Cambridge Checkpoints Preliminary Physics

    Study as you go with Cambridge Checkpoints. Updated annually to provide the most up-to-date exam preparation available, Cambridge Checkpoints provides everything you need to prepare for your exams in a go-anywhere format that fits easily into your school bag. o Recent official exam papers with suggested responses o Hundreds of additional past exam and exam-style questions with answers o Dot point summaries of key topics and concepts to help you pinpoint where you need further revision

  • English in Mind Level 3 Workbook

    This second edition updates a course which has proven to be a perfect fit for classes the world over. Engaging content and a strong focus on grammar and vocabulary combine to make this course a hit with both teachers and students. This Workbook provides extra language and skills practice for use both in the classroom or at home. It also includes extra vocabulary exercises corresponding to the expanded lexical sets in the Student's Book 'Vocabulary bank'. 'Study Help' and 'Skills Tips' sections give learners extra support and guidance. The audio content to accompany the workbook is included on the Student's Book DVD-ROM and on the Audio CDs.

  • The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language

    Where did human language come from? How many languages are there? How do we acquire our first language or learn a second one? The highly acclaimed Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language by David Crystal answers these and other questions about language. From hieroglyphics to trucker talk, from Shakespeare in pidgin to sneezing in Tongan, this is a stimulating and richly illustrated guide to the variety, structure, history and theory of language. David Crystal not only conveys the intrinsic fascination of the subject, but also its enormous complexity. The visual dimension of the encyclopedia throws a fresh light on what has traditionally been treated as a non-visual subject, with many drawings, photographs, maps, display boxes and extracts all integrated within the text. In addition, appendices, meticulous cross-referencing and indexing ensure that this is an authoritative work of reference for students, professionals and general readers alike.

  • Some Thermodynamic Aspects of Inorganic Chemistry

    An important part of inorganic chemistry is the study of the behaviour of chemical elements and their compounds. If this behaviour is to be explained with any confidence, it needs first to be described in quantitative language. Thermodynamics provides such a language, and Dr Johnson's 1982 book is concerned with the theoretical explanations that become possible after the translation into thermodynamic language has taken place. This book will continue to be of interest to advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students of chemistry, as well as teachers of chemistry in both schools and universities.

  • The Emergence of the Latin American Novel

    This survey concentrates on the modern novel of Spanish-speaking America. Dr Brotherston starts with a long and suggestive introduction on the general topic 'settings and people', showing the growth of a sense of Latin American identity in the fiction produced in the continent as a whole. There follow detailed studies of individual modern novels, taken as representative of their time, their author, their country and the continent. A conclusion surveys and sums up these themes. The analytical studies of important and representative novels, related to each other in theme and preoccupation, the substantial quotations (in English), the notes and the useful bibliography, make this a book which gives students and other readers a well-considered introduction to the Spanish American fiction of this century.

  • The Accidental Universe

    In The Accidental Universe renowned expositor Paul Davies grapples with the most fundamental questions of all. What is our purpose and the purpose of the universe? Are both an accident of nature? Paul Davies guides us through the mysterious coincidences underlying the structure and properties of the universe we inhabit. He sets out the intriguing hypothesis that the appearance of the universe and its properties are highly contrived. Paul Davies gives a survey of the range of apparently miraculous accidents of nature that have enabled the universe to evolve its familiar structure of atoms, stars, galaxies and life itself. This remarkable book concludes with an investigation of the anthropic principle, which postulates that much of what we observe around us is a consequence of the presence of observers in the universe. This thesis of a cosmic biological selection effect is fiercely debated among scientists and is here set out clearly for a general readership.

  • A New History of the Royal Mint

    This major study traces the development of English minting from its origins in the seventh-century down to the highly mechanised factory production of the twentieth-century. It brings together the complementary skills of specialists who are already well-known for their distinctive contributions to the history of minting and coinage, and breaks ground by providing prevalent synthesis and analysis not only of numismatic and historical literature but also of primary sources. In each of the five chapters the location of minting, the chronology and size of output, mint personnel and organisation, and the main technology employed are closely described and analysed to reveal precisely what the main challenges to the Mint have been during its long history, and with what effect it has faced up to them. There are two substantial appendices - one on output from 1220 to 1985, the other on Mint contracts from 1279 to 1817 - a select bibliography, and copious illustrations in the form of 80 figures and maps.

  • Generative Phonology and French Phonology

    Generative phonology has many adherents, and not a few critics, but surprisingly few good expositors. Francois Dell provides here both a general introduction and a detailed illustration of the operation of the theory in practice, introducing the main concepts of phonology and its place in the grammar of a language. The approach is in the tradition of Chomsky and Halle, emphasizing the interactions between syntax, morphology and phonology, and aiming at the discovery of general principles which shape the sound patterns of all languages. He then applies these concepts to particular case studies, on the maxim that the best way to understand a system of this kind is to use it. This was first published as Part I of Les regles et les sons (Hermann, 1973).

  • Ancient Art and its Historiography

    This 2003 book treats the historiography of ancient Near Eastern and Classical art, examining the social, intellectual and institutional contexts that have shaped the way that the history of ancient art has been and continues to be written. It demonstrates how, from the Renaissance to the time of publication, the study and interpretation of ancient art reflect contemporary ideas and practices. Among the subjects considered are the classical tradition in the post-antique West; the emergence of academic disciplines; the role of collections in the evaluation of ancient art; and issues of race, gender, and cultural authority in the interpretation of ancient civilisations.

  • Anthology of Modern French Poetry

    This anthology is the companion volume to The Appreciation of Modern French Poetry, the aim of which was to give detailed preliminary help with the problems of poetic appreciation. The fourteen poets represented here provide a varied and exciting introduction to what is probably the richest century of French poetry, from 1850 to 1950. Hugo, the colossus of the nineteenth century, whose work gives new resonance and vitality to imaginative vision, opens the anthology, and Michaux, the most individual and 'modern' of twentieth-century poets in that he bridges the gap between poetry and contemporary science, closes it. Almost all the major poets of the period are included: Nerval, Baudelaire, Mallarme, Verlaine, Rimbaud and Laforgue from the second half of the nineteenth century; Valery, Apollinaire, Supervielle and Eluard in the twentieth. The lesser known Cros and Desnos, fresh and spontaneous poets with an immediate appeal, invite a new look at the lyric traditions of french verse and offer an attractive new avenue for study. The choice of poems, dictated above all by their individual poetic value, reflects also the trends of recent criticism and the tastes of present-day readers. The texts are all accompanied by full notes, which not only explain local difficulties of vocabulary, syntax and expression, but lead the reader directly into the heart of the richness of theme, style and interpretation. These will prove of value not only to the student who is grappling with the basics of french verse, or is anxious to give depth to his familiarity, but to the general reader seeking to rekindle his enjoyment of French poetry. In addition, there are introductions to each poet summarizing the essence of his art, useful suggestions for further reading, and groups of dicussion topics to stimulate comparative insights and a wider responsiveness.

  • Global Projects

    As the world's population continues to grow, there is an ever increasing need for huge investment in basic infrastructure: water and sewage, energy production and distribution, transportation and telecommunication. At the same time, infrastructure systems in developed countries are deteriorating and in need of renewal. Today, many of the engineering and economic problems surrounding infrastructure construction projects have been solved, but the threat of social misalignments and political conflicts renders the development and management of such projects more challenging than ever before. This book presents a new theoretical framework that allows us to analyze the institutional and social movement processes, both negative and positive, that surround global infrastructure projects as they confront cross-national and cross-sectoral (such as private-public partnerships) institutional differences. The value of this framework is illustrated through a series of studies on a wide range of infrastructure projects, including roads, railroads, ports, airports, water supply and energy pipelines.

  • Spelling and Society: The Culture and Politics of Orthography Around the World

    Spelling matters to people. In America and Britain every day, members of the public write to the media on spelling issues, and take part in spelling contests. In Germany, a reform of the spelling system has provoked a constitutional crisis; in Galicia, a 'war of orthographies' parallels an intense public debate on national identity; on walls, bridges and trains globally, PUNX and ANARKISTS proclaim their identities orthographically. The way we spell often represents an attempt to associate with, or dissociate from, other languages. In Spelling and Society, Mark Sebba explores why matters of orthography are of real concern to so many groups, as a reflection of culture, history and social practices, and as a powerful symbol of national or local identity. This 2007 book will be welcomed by students and researchers in English language, orthography and sociolinguistics, and by anyone interested in the importance of spelling in contemporary society.

  • Practical Physics

    This book sets out to demonstrate the purpose and critical approach that should be made to all experimental work in physics. It does not describe a systematic course in practical work. The present edition retains the basic outlook of earlier editions, but modifications have been made in response to important changes in computational and experimental methods in the past decade. The text is in three parts. The first deals with the statistical treatment of data, and here the text has been extensively revised to take account of the now widespread use of electronic calculators. The second deals with experimental methods, giving details of particular experiments that demonstrate the art and craft of the experimenter. The third part deals with such essential matters as keeping efficient records, accuracy in arithmetic, and writing good, scientific English.

  • Virgil: Georgics v1 Books 1 & 2

    This volume and its companion volume devoted to the second half of the poem provide a detailed commentary, with text, on the whole of Virgil's Georgics. Professor Thomas describes this work as 'perhaps the most difficult, certainly the most controversial, poem in Roman literature'. He presents the Georgics as the finished poem of Virgil's mature years, approaching it not merely as a part of the tradition of didactic poetry, but rather as a work which confronts, behind its generic appearance, issues not essentially different from those which inform the Eclogues and Aeneid. His introduction and Commentary argue that Virgil's agricultural world, with its successes, failures and ultimate limitations, represents the arena for man's struggle with the realities of existence. Professor Thomas pays particular attention to Virgil's allusion to and reshaping of prior Greek and Latin poetry. The Introduction also covers stylistic, metrical and structural questions. A subject index and indexes of important Greek and Latin words conclude each volume. This edition is aimed primarily at students at university and in the upper forms of schools, but the range of its scholarship means that it will be valuable to all classical scholars. The Introduction contains material for non-classicists interested in Latin literature.

  • Wagner Rehearsing the 'Ring': An Eye-Witness Account of the Stage Rehearsals of the First Bayreuth Festival

    This book presents Wagner's view of how the Ring should be performed. He requested Heinrich Porges, a member of his circle, to 'follow all my rehearsals very closely and note down everything I say, even the smallest details, about the interpretation and performance, so that a tradition goes down in writing'. In the opinion of the eminent Wagner scholar, Curt von Westernhagen, Porges conscientious record shows 'amazing insight and perception' since what distinguishes it is his 'ability to always locate the endless detail of Wagner's instructions in an overall intellectual context'. The book is therefore required reading not only for conductors, producers, instrumentalists and singers but also for musicologists and critics. In addition it is a fascinating read for anyone who knows and loves the Ring since it takes the form of a blow-by-blow commentary on the stage action as it unfolds. The writing has vitality and flow and one is caught up in the spirit of the thing as Wagner felt it. It provides a re-experience of the Ring through his eyes.

  • Rotating Fields in General Relativity

    The aim of this book is to introduce the reader to research work on a particular aspect of rotating fields in general relativity. The account begins with a short introduction to the relevant aspects of general relativity, written at a level accessible to a beginning graduate student in theoretical physics. There follows a detailed derivation of the Wehl-Lewis-Papapetrou form of the stationary axially symmetric metric. The Kerr and Tomimatsu-Sato forms of the rotating interior and exterior solutions of the Einstein equations are then discussed. The last three chapters of the book illustrate the applications of the theory to rotating neutral dust, rotating Einstein-Maxwell fields, and rotating charged dust. The author has drawn on his own research work to produce a timely discussion of this important area of research.

  • Colour and Meaning in Ancient Rome

    The study of colour has become familiar territory in anthropology, linguistics, art history and archaeology. Classicists, however, have traditionally subordinated the study of colour to form. By drawing together evidence from contemporary philosophers, elegists, epic writers, historians and satirists, Mark Bradley reinstates colour as an essential informative unit for the classification and evaluation of the Roman world. He also demonstrates that the questions of what colour was and how it functioned - as well as how it could be misused and misunderstood - were topics of intellectual debate in early imperial Rome. Suggesting strategies for interpreting Roman expressions of colour in Latin texts, Dr Bradley offers alternative approaches to understanding the relationship between perception and knowledge in Roman elite thought. In doing so, he highlights the fundamental role that colour performed in the realms of communication and information, and its intellectual contribution to contemporary discussions of society, politics and morality.

  • A Handbook on Torsional Vibration

    Originally published in 1958, this book was primarily written to provide information on torsional vibration for the design and development departments of engineering companies, although it was also intended to serve students of the subject. For the engine designer, the recommended formulae, graphical procedures, numerical examples and tabulated values are given, followed by remarks regarding the limitations of each method and its mathematical derivation. For the development engineer, descriptions of test procedures, rigs and instrumentation are given in detail, together with remarks regarding precautions against possible sources of error, and the order of accuracy to be expected in test results. This book will be of value to anyone with an interest in torsional vibration and the development of engineering practice.

  • Complex Analysis: Stewart/Tall

    This is a very successful textbook for undergraduate students of pure mathematics. Students often find the subject of complex analysis very difficult. Here the authors, who are experienced and well-known expositors, avoid many of such difficulties by using two principles: (1) generalising concepts familiar from real analysis; (2) adopting an approach which exhibits and makes use of the rich geometrical structure of the subject. An opening chapter provides a brief history of complex analysis which sets it in context and provides motivation.

  • Evolution and the Theory of Games

    In this 1982 book, the theory of games, first developed to analyse economic behaviour, is modified so that it can be applied to evolving populations. John Maynard Smith's concept of an evolutionarily stable strategy is relevant whenever the best thing for an animal or plant to do depends on what others are doing. The theory leads to testable predictions about the evolution of behaviour, of sex and genetic systems, and of growth and life history patterns. This book contains a full account of the theory, and of the data relevant to it. The account is aimed at senior undergraduate and graduate students, teachers and research workers in animal behaviour, population genetics and evolutionary biology. The book will also be of interest to mathematicians and game theorists; the mathematics has been largely confined to appendixes so that the main text may be easily followed by biologists.

  • The Woman Who Rode Away and Other Stories

    The thirteen short stories in this volume were written between 1924 and 1928, and are set in Europe and America. Eleven were collected in The Woman Who Rode Away (1928), though 'The Man Who Loved Islands' appeared in the American edition only and the other two in The Lovely Lady (1933). An unpublished fragment 'A Pure Witch' is also included here. The stories reflect Lawrence's experiences in New Mexico, Mexico, Italy, Germany and England in the post-war period. Many were considerably revised by Lawrence after he first wrote them; some were completely rewritten and subsequently published in different versions. The editors give composition histories and discuss publication difficulties, including Compton Mackenzie's objections to 'The Man Who Loved Islands'. Appendices record manuscript revisions for three stories and give complete, unpublished early versions of four. Explanatory notes elucidate literary allusions and give topographical and biographical information.

  • Exploring British Culture with Audio CD: Multi-level Activities About Life in the UK

    A multi-level, photocopiable resource book about life in the UK. Exploring British Culture is a resource book of ready-to-teach lessons about life in the UK. It covers 18 key topic areas including History and Politics, Health and Housing, Work and Education, Leisure, the Media and Culture. Each topic area has 3 lessons - for Elementary, Intermediate and Advanced learners. The lessons can be adapted according to class needs and each lesson has suggestions for lesson extension activities and further study. The accompanying Audio CD features recordings of a variety of authentic accents from around the UK.

  • The Iliad: Commentary v3 Bk 9-12

    This is the third volume in the major six-volume Commentary on Homer's Iliad prepared under the General Editorship of Professor G. S. Kirk. It opens with two introductory chapters: the first on Homeric diction (on which emphasis is maintained throughout the Commentary); the second on the contributions that comparative studies have made to seeing the Homeric epics in sharper perspective. In the commentary Dr Hainsworth confronts in an intentionally even-handed manner the serious problems posed by the ninth, tenth and twelfth books of The Iliad, seeking by means of a succinct discussion and a brief bibliography of recent contributions to furnish the user with a point of entry into the often voluminous scholarship devoted to these questions. The Greek text is not included.

  • Mathematics, Science and Epistemology: Volume 2, Philosophical Papers

    Imre Lakatos' philosophical and scientific papers are published here in two volumes. Volume I brings together his very influential but scattered papers on the philosophy of the physical sciences, and includes one important unpublished essay on the effect of Newton's scientific achievement. Volume 2 presents his work on the philosophy of mathematics (much of it unpublished), together with some critical essays on contemporary philosophers of science and some famous polemical writings on political and educational issues.

  • Change in Public Bureaucracies

    This book examines in detail the process of change in 240 city, county and state public bureaucracies responsible for local finance administration. Using the longitudinal method of analysis, the data show organizational structures to be much less stable than conventional stereotypes have suggested. Variables such as organizational leadership, claims to domain, and survival (as opposed to replacement or reorganization) were found to mediate environmental effects on bureaucracies. The book also discusses traditional theories of bureaucracy, theories emphasizing the importance of environment for organizational theory is possible. The concluding chapter draws extensive theoretical implications from the empirical findings of the study.

  • The Winter's Tale

    The New Cambridge Shakespeare appeals to students worldwide for its up-to-date scholarship and emphasis on performance. The series features line-by-line commentaries and textual notes on the plays and poems and an extensive introduction. The Winter's Tale is one of Shakespeare's most varied, theatrically self-conscious, and emotionally wide-ranging plays. Much of the play's copiousness inheres in its generic intermingling of tragedy, comedy, romance, pastoral, and the history play. In addition to dates and sources, the introduction attends to iterative patterns, the nature and cause of Leontes' jealousy, the staging and meaning of the bear episode, and the thematic and structural implications of the figure of Time. Special attention is paid to the ending and its tempered happiness. Performance history is integrated throughout the introduction and commentary. Appendices include the theatrical practice of doubling.

  • Practical Seismic Data Analysis

    This modern introduction to seismic data processing in both exploration and global geophysics demonstrates practical applications through real data and tutorial examples. The underlying physics and mathematics of the various seismic analysis methods are presented, giving students an appreciation of their limitations and potential for creating models of the sub-surface. Designed for a one-semester course, this textbook discusses key techniques within the context of the world's ever increasing need for petroleum and mineral resources - equipping upper undergraduate and graduate students with the tools they need for a career in industry. Examples presented throughout the text allow students to compare different methods and can be demonstrated using the instructor's software of choice. Exercises at the end of sections enable students to check their understanding and put the theory into practice and are complemented by solutions for instructors and additional case study examples online to complete the learning package.

  • The Political Economy of Terrorism

    The Political Economy of Terrorism presents a widely accessible political economy approach to the study of terrorism. It applies economic methodology - theoretical and empirical - combined with political analysis and realities to the study of domestic and transnational terrorism. In so doing, the book provides both a qualitative and quantitative investigation of terrorism in a balanced up-to-date presentation that informs students, policy makers, researchers and the general reader of the current state of knowledge. Included are historical aspects, a discussion of watershed events, the rise of modern-day terrorism, examination of current trends, the dilemma of liberal democracies, evaluation of counterterrorism, analysis of hostage incidents and much more. The new edition expands coverage of every chapter, adds a new chapter on terrorist network structures and organization, accounts for changes in the Department of Homeland Security and the USA Patriot Act and insurance against terrorism. Rational-actor models of terrorist and government behavior and game-theoretic analysis are presented for readers with no prior theoretical training. Where relevant, the authors display graphs using data from International Terrorism: Attributes of Terrorist Events (ITERATE), the Global Terrorism Database (GTD), and other public-access data sets.

  • Cicero: Select Letters

    Professor Shackleton Bailey is renowned for his major scholarly editions of Cicero's letters already published by Cambridge University Press. This selection from the complete correspondence is designed specifically for students at universities and in the upper forms at schools, and offers them a representative introduction to one of the most varied and most important literary correspondences in any language. In choosing letters for inclusion the editor concentrates on Cicero as a man and writer and on his relationship with his contemporaries, but he has also included letters which deal with people and events of special significance in the turbulent political history of the period. The edition includes an introduction, the text of the letters with critical notes, and a commentary which gives help with linguistic problems as well as elucidating the historical and social background.

  • Lexical Semantics

    Lexical Semantics is about the meaning of words. Although obviously a central concern of linguistics, the semantic behaviour of words has been unduly neglected in the current literature, which has tended to emphasize sentential semantics and its relation to formal systems of logic. In this textbook D. A. Cruse establishes in a principled and disciplined way the descriptive and generalizable facts about lexical relations that any formal theory of semantics will have to encompass. Among the topics covered in depth are idiomaticity, lexical ambiguity, synonymy, hierarchical relations such as hyponymy and meronymy, and various types of oppositeness. Syntagmatic relations are also treated in some detail. The discussions are richly illustrated by examples drawn almost entirely from English. Although a familiarity with traditional grammar is assumed, readers with no technical linguistic background will find the exposition always accessible. All readers with an interest in semantics will find in this original text not only essential background but a stimulating new perspective on the field.

  • Cambridge Checkpoints VCE Accounting Unit 4 2011

    This book contains: o Online quizzes o Questions from past examinations o Fully worked solutions o Core facts, skills and extended response tasks

  • Propertius: Elegies Book I

    Propertius, though his works are small in volume, is one of the foremost poets of the Augustan age, and his writing has a certain appeal to modern tastes (witness the admiration of Ezra Pound). Book I is especially suitable for the reader wanting a representative selection of Propertius' poetry. It stands on its own, having appeared in the first place as a separate collection; it reflects a distinct phase of the poet's activity (and of his emotional development); and it is the book which made his reputation. This edition is designed for the pocket of the university student, but it should find a wider audience among classicists of all ages. The introduction provides the necessary historical and critical background and relates Book I to the rest of the elegies; the notes are helpful and to the point; and the text has a reasonable minimum of apparatus. There are no modern editions of this size and scope.

  • Special Relativity: The Foundation of Macroscopic Physics

    The prediction of the special theory of relativity differ significantly from those of Newtonian physics only for bodies whose speeds are comparable with the speed of light. For this reason, special relativity is often considered as irrelevant to the macroscopic physics of ordinary material systems under terrestrial conditions. The aim of this book is to show that by uniting dynamics, thermodynamics and electromagnetism into a coherent whole, special relativity illuminated each of these subjects in a manner which cannot be obtained by studying them in isolation. The speed of the systems concerned is irrelevant. This deep and careful analysis of special relativity is suitable for second- and subsequent- year university students studying physics or applied mathematics. Its distinctive approach will also appeal to research workers in general relativity, in continuum thermodynamics and in the electrodynamics of continuous media.

  • Lexical Semantics

    Lexical Semantics is about the meaning of words. Although obviously a central concern of linguistics, the semantic behaviour of words has been unduly neglected in the current literature, which has tended to emphasize sentential semantics and its relation to formal systems of logic. In this textbook D. A. Cruse establishes in a principled and disciplined way the descriptive and generalizable facts about lexical relations that any formal theory of semantics will have to encompass. Among the topics covered in depth are idiomaticity, lexical ambiguity, synonymy, hierarchical relations such as hyponymy and meronymy, and various types of oppositeness. Syntagmatic relations are also treated in some detail. The discussions are richly illustrated by examples drawn almost entirely from English. Although a familiarity with traditional grammar is assumed, readers with no technical linguistic background will find the exposition always accessible. All readers with an interest in semantics will find in this original text not only essential background but a stimulating new perspective on the field.

  • The Miniature Wall Paintings of Thera: A Study in Aegean Culture and Iconography

    The wall paintings from the Cycladic island of Thera have astonished and delighted the archaeological world with the richness of their content and the remarkable state of their preservation. This book sets out to analyse the iconographic details of the miniature paintings, placing each within the broader context of the Aegean world. The book is illustrated by numerous drawings and photographs - the majority of the latter being the author's own close-up studies of details of the paintings. There is also a pull-out in full colour of the freezes so that they may be properly appreciated.

  • Lysias: Selected Speeches

    The Greek prose writer Lysias is a fascinating source for the study of Athenian law, society and history in the late fifth century BC. Six of his professional legal speeches are selected in this new edition, both for their intrinsic interest and because the language is accessible even to the comparative beginner. In his introduction Dr Carey discusses Lysias' life and place in the evolution of Greek prose style, and the development of Greek rhetoric. He approaches the speeches in terms of their function, as attempts to secure a verdict favourable to the speaker, and assesses how effectively the selection and deployment of arguments promote this end. In the commentary he addresses problems of Lysias' style and syntax, and textual issues where necessary, but the particular focus is always literary: Lysias' use of rhetorical devices, his marshalling of fact and argument and his manipulation of contemporary values and prejudices are examined in detail. These speeches are invaluable historical documents and will be of interest to students of ancient history and civilisation, as well as classicists.

  • Introduction to Clinical Clerking

    This book introduces medical students to patients and procedures in hospital wards, and will prove invaluable to students beginning their training when they start to take case histories and examine patients. Clinical students are shown how to introduce themselves to patients, ho to gain their confidence, and how to take and record notes on their condition. There is also a section on taking a psychiatric history. The book is essentially a manual for use in hospital wards and is designed to fit conveniently into a coat pocket and to be suitably hard-wearing.

  • The Foundations of Newton's Alchemy

    Sir Isaac Newton left at his death a large collection of papers on alchemy, mostly in his own handwriting; the importance of this legacy has been debated ever since. When it first appeared, Professor Dobb's detailed analysis of the foundations of Newton's alchemical pursuits further stimulated interest in the subject by firmly establishing the importance of alchemy in Newton's thought. This book sets the foundations of Newton's alchemy in their historical context in Restoration England. It is shown that alchemical modes of thought and particularly those of a Neoplatonic kind, were quite strong in many of those who provided the dynamism for the scientific revolution of the seventeenth century and that these modes of thought had important relationships with general movements for reform in the same period: reform of religion, philosophy, learning, society and of man himself. Newton's alchemy is thus seen as a critical link between Renaissance Hermeticism and the rational chemistry and mechanics of the eighteenth century.

  • Cambridge English Prepare! Level 6 Workbook with Audio

    Prepare! is a lively 7-level general English course with comprehensive Cambridge English for Schools exam preparation integrated throughout. This flexible course brings together all the tools and technology you expect to get the results you need. Whether teaching general English or focusing on exams, Prepare! leaves you and your students genuinely ready for what comes next: real Cambridge English exams, or real life. The Level 6 Workbook provides additional reading, writing and listening practice of the language covered in the Prepare! Level 6 Student's Book units, and reinforces vocabulary. The accompanying Audio is available online for download. A Student's Book and Online Workbook is also available, separately.

  • Philosophy of Logics

    The first systematic exposition of all the central topics in the philosophy of logic, Susan Haack's book has established an international reputation (translated into five languages) for its accessibility, clarity, conciseness, orderliness, and range as well as for its thorough scholarship and careful analyses. Haack discusses the scope and purpose of logic, validity, truth-functions, quantification and ontology, names, descriptions, truth, truth-bearers, the set-theoretical and semantic paradoxes, and modality. She also explores the motivations for a whole range of non-classical systems of logic, including many-valued logics, fuzzy logic, moddal and tense logics, and relevance logics. Persupposing only an elementary knowledge of formal logic, this book includes many useful summary tables and diagrams, as well as a helpful glossary of technical terms. Wide-ranging, informative, and eminently readable, this book has proven a valuable resource for generations of students and scholars in a variety of disciplines outside philosophy needing guidance on the philosophy of logic.

  • Steps to Academic Writing

    For E2L students aged 16-18 who are planning to go on to study at an English-medium university. Steps to Academic Writing is aimed at students of English as a Second Language aged 16 to 18 who are planning to go on to study at an English-medium university. Designed for classroom use and independent study, it will help students make the transition from the way they have been learning and using English at school to the approach expected at university. The book will help them develop their academic writing skills and express themselves in a mature and appropriate way that is relevant to the context, whether it be a report, essay or other form of writing.

  • Computers in Science

    An introduction to the rapidly expanding field of using computers as teaching aids, providing practical advice and raising important theoretical and philosophical questions.

  • Groups Acting on Graphs

    Originally published in 1989, this is an advanced text and research monograph on groups acting on low-dimensional topological spaces, and for the most part the viewpoint is algebraic. Much of the book occurs at the one-dimensional level, where the topology becomes graph theory. Two-dimensional topics include the characterization of Poincare duality groups and accessibility of almost finitely presented groups. The main three-dimensional topics are the equivariant loop and sphere theorems. The prerequisites grow as the book progresses up the dimensions. A familiarity with group theory is sufficient background for at least the first third of the book, while the later chapters occasionally state without proof and then apply various facts which require knowledge of homological algebra and algebraic topology. This book is essential reading for anyone contemplating working in the subject.

  • Proceedings of the Third Joint Ada Europe/Ada TEC Conference: Brussels, 26-28 June 1984

    This book presents selected papers of the Third joint Conference of Ada Europe and Ada Tech, the North American Ada association under ACM, held in Brussels in June 1984. The conference is the major European meeting on Ada and provides a forum for some of the foremost experts in the area, from Europe and North America, to discuss major aspects of this increasingly important programming language: standardization, use, environments, methods, specific applications, and training.

  • Objective First Workbook with Answers with Audio CD

    Third edition of the best-selling Cambridge English: First (FCE) course. The syllabus for this exam has changed and this book has now been replaced by 9781107628458 Objective First Fourth edition Workbook with answers with Audio CD.

  • Differential Geometry and Lie Groups for Physicists

    Differential geometry plays an increasingly important role in modern theoretical physics and applied mathematics. This textbook gives an introduction to geometrical topics useful in theoretical physics and applied mathematics, covering: manifolds, tensor fields, differential forms, connections, symplectic geometry, actions of Lie groups, bundles, spinors, and so on. Written in an informal style, the author places a strong emphasis on developing the understanding of the general theory through more than 1000 simple exercises, with complete solutions or detailed hints. The book will prepare readers for studying modern treatments of Lagrangian and Hamiltonian mechanics, electromagnetism, gauge fields, relativity and gravitation. Differential Geometry and Lie Groups for Physicists is well suited for courses in physics, mathematics and engineering for advanced undergraduate or graduate students, and can also be used for active self-study. The required mathematical background knowledge does not go beyond the level of standard introductory undergraduate mathematics courses.

  • The Classical Thermodynamics of Deformable Materials

    This 1980 monograph develops from first principles the description of finite deformations of solids under stress and the forces acting, and also the expression of internal forces in terms of stress tensors. The important feature of the book is that elastic properties are discussed and developed consistently from classical thermodynamics. In other books, this point of view is acknowledged only by assuming the existence of an elastic energy function, thus restricting their range mainly to the problem of the spatial distribution of stresses and strains. Topics discussed as applications of the theory include thermal expansion, specific heats, stiffness and complicances, the effects of symmetry on thermodynamic properties, diffusion in a stressed solid, equilibrium in contact with a solution of the solid, phase stability, solid state phase transitions and twinning.

  • Camb History of Classical Lit v2 p1

    In the third century BC Rome embarked on the expansion which was ultimately to leave her mistress of the Mediterranean world. As part of that expansion a national literature arose, springing from the union of native linguistic energy with Greek literary forms. Shortly after the middle of the century the first Latin play took the stage; by 100 BC most of the important genres invented by the Greeks - epic, tragedy, comedy, historiography, oratory - were solidly established in their adoptive Roman forms, and a new genre, satire, had been born. The chapters in this volume describe and analyse the process of creative adaptation which shaped the beginnings of Latin literature and laid the foundations for its future development as one of the great literatures of the world. Essential background is provided by introductory chapters on readers and critics in the Roman world. In these are described the form of the books themselves and the conditions under which they were produced, circulated and read. The whole volume offers an indispensable introduction to the understanding of the nature and quality of Latin literature.

  • Mechanism Design: A Linear Programming Approach

    Mechanism design is an analytical framework for thinking clearly and carefully about what exactly a given institution can achieve when the information necessary to make decisions is dispersed and privately held. This analysis provides an account of the underlying mathematics of mechanism design based on linear programming. Three advantages characterize the approach. The first is simplicity: arguments based on linear programming are both elementary and transparent. The second is unity: the machinery of linear programming provides a way to unify results from disparate areas of mechanism design. The third is reach: the technique offers the ability to solve problems that appear to be beyond solutions offered by traditional methods. No claim is made that the approach advocated should supplant traditional mathematical machinery. Rather, the approach represents an addition to the tools of the economic theorist who proposes to understand economic phenomena through the lens of mechanism design.

  • Wagner: A Biography

    Originally published in 1981, this is a one-volume paperback edition of Dr von Westernhagen's distinguished biography, first published in English by Cambridge University Press as a hardcover edition in two volumes. Its distinction was that it made use of fresh archive material, and took as its starting point the supreme greatness of Wagner's artistry. Dr von Westerhagen quotes extensively from letters and diaries to throw light, for example, on Wagner's estrangement from Nietzsche. The author also consulted the contents of the composer's Dresden library and teenage composition exercises written for his teacher, Theodor Weinlig, to establish early influences upon him. Particularly useful features of this study are the appendices which include a chronological summary of Wagner's life, a complete list of his musical and literary compositions and a large bibliography. This is a definitive biography which stands beside Newman's classic work as an indispensable reference book for all studies of Wagner.

  • Numbers, Sets and Axioms: The Apparatus of Mathematics

    Following the success of Logic for Mathematicians, Dr Hamilton has written a text for mathematicians and students of mathematics that contains a description and discussion of the fundamental conceptual and formal apparatus upon which modern pure mathematics relies. The author's intention is to remove some of the mystery that surrounds the foundations of mathematics. He emphasises the intuitive basis of mathematics; the basic notions are numbers and sets and they are considered both informally and formally. The role of axiom systems is part of the discussion but their limitations are pointed out. Formal set theory has its place in the book but Dr Hamilton recognises that this is a part of mathematics and not the basis on which it rests. Throughout, the abstract ideas are liberally illustrated by examples so this account should be well-suited, both specifically as a course text and, more broadly, as background reading. The reader is presumed to have some mathematical experience but no knowledge of mathematical logic is required.

  • Ergodic Theory

    The study of dynamical systems forms a vast and rapidly developing field even when one considers only activity whose methods derive mainly from measure theory and functional analysis. Karl Petersen has written a book which presents the fundamentals of the ergodic theory of point transformations and then several advanced topics which are currently undergoing intense research. By selecting one or more of these topics to focus on, the reader can quickly approach the specialized literature and indeed the frontier of the area of interest. Each of the four basic aspects of ergodic theory - examples, convergence theorems, recurrence properties, and entropy - receives first a basic and then a more advanced, particularized treatment. At the introductory level, the book provides clear and complete discussions of the standard examples, the mean and pointwise ergodic theorems, recurrence, ergodicity, weak mixing, strong mixing, and the fundamentals of entropy. Among the advanced topics are a thorough treatment of maximal functions and their usefulness in ergodic theory, analysis, and probability, an introduction to almost-periodic functions and topological dynamics, a proof of the Jewett-Krieger Theorem, an introduction to multiple recurrence and the Szemeredi-Furstenberg Theorem, and the Keane-Smorodinsky proof of Ornstein's Isomorphism Theorem for Bernoulli shifts. The author's easily-readable style combined with the profusion of exercises and references, summaries, historical remarks, and heuristic discussions make this book useful either as a text for graduate students or self-study, or as a reference work for the initiated.

  • Medieval Dream-Poetry

    A 1976 study of the medieval English dream-poem, set against the background of classical and medieval visionary and religious writings and the theory of dreams from classical times down to Freud and Jung. In this first general treatment of one of the most popular kinds of literature in the Middle Ages, Mr Spearing examines many specific poems in some detail and explores the nature of the visionary tradition in which medieval dream-poets felt themselves to be writing: he develops a theory of the dream-poem as a type of work in which medieval poets focused their own consciousness of the activity of creating imaginative fictions, variously and often ambiguously balanced between vision and fantasy. The book begins with the early tradition of dream poetry in Latin writers such as Boethius, moving on to consider Chaucer, alliterative dream-poems, especially Pearl and Piers Plowman, and finally turning to late medieval dream-poetry.

  • Taxation and Governmental Finance in Sixteenth-Century Ming China

    Originally published in 1974, this is a detailed study of the financial administration of the Chinese government during the Ming dynasty (1368-1644), with particular attention to the sixteenth century, a topic about which very little has been published either in Chinese or any Western language. Professor Huang has worked through an enormous quantity and variety of source material - in particular the 133 substantial volumes of the Ming Veritable Records - and has compared the documents on financial matters with the entries in local gazetteers. The complicated workings of government finance present great difficulties to all specialists in Chinese financial and administrative history and in different branches of local Chinese history from the fifteenth century onwards. Professor Huang's study will provide all such researchers with an authoritative work of reference.

  • So You Think You Know English: Idioms and Contemporary Expressions

    For students at upper-intermediate to advanced level who want to improve their knowledge and understanding of English idioms and other expressions in contemporary use. So You Think You Know English is for students at upper-intermediate to advanced level who want to improve their knowledge and understanding of English idioms and other expressions in contemporary use. The book contains fifteen units, each including up to six lively exercises for exploring and practising idioms and colloquial expressions. Five units cover contemporary idioms in general use, and ten units are linked to a particular theme, such as water, sports, people, food or business. You will learn how to use particular expressions and discover their origins. There is a key to check your answers to the exercises.

  • Foreign Immigrants in Early Bourbon Mexico, 1700-1760

    The kings of Spain forbade foreigners and other 'undesirables' to immigrate to Spanish America. They saw aliens as threatening imperial, religious and mercantile security, and it might therefore be assumed that the Spaniards were xenophobic and intolerant. Dr Nunn's study shows that statutes tell only part of the story. In the years 1700-60 some 3 per cent of the foreign-born in Mexico were non-Spaniards who had entered the colony illegally. Who were these people, where did they come from, and what were their motives? In answering these questions, Dr Nunn demonstrates how illegal immigrants often escaped official detection and how even those known to the authorities were usually allowed to remain and make new lives for themselves. Neither Protestant nor Jew went to the stake in eighteenth-century Mexico. Harassment was more likely to come from officials seeking funds for an impecunious government than from the Inquisition.

  • Equilibrium Thermodynamics

    Equilibrium Thermodynamics gives a comprehensive but concise course in the fundamentals of classical thermodynamics. Although the subject is essentially classical in nature, illustrative material is drawn widely from modern physics and free use is made of microscopic ideas to illuminate it. The overriding objective in writing the book was to achieve a clear exposition: to give an account of the subject that it both stimulating and easy to learn from. Classical thermodynamics has such wide application that it can be taught in many ways. The terms of reference for Equilibrium Thermodynamics are primarily those of the undergraduate physicist; but it is also suitable for courses in chemistry, engineering, materials science etc. The subject is usually taught in the first or second year of an undergraduate course, but the book takes the student to degree standard (and beyond). Prerequisites are elementary or school-level thermal physics.

  • Quantity in Historical Phonology: Icelandic and Related Cases

    The study of syllable quantity and vowel length raises issues of considerable importance for phonology and historical linguistics in general. Among Indo-European languages, the phonological structure of Modern Icelandic is of particular interest because of the so-called 'quantity shift', which is part of its historical background and which changed the inherited Old Icelandic structure. In this rich case-study Dr Arnason analyses the changes that led to the shift, using among other things the metrical works as evidence. He shows that in Modern Icelandic vowel length is determined by syllabic quantity, which is in turn defined by stress. Close attention is paid to related phenomena in other languages and, against this comparative background, Dr Arnason calls into question the validity and theoretical status of existing 'explanations' of linguistic change. This is then a study for those interested in Scandinavian languages but it has wider theoretical implications for all historical linguists.

  • Anaesthetic Crisis Manual

    The Anaesthetic Crisis Manual is a practical quick-reference handbook giving step-by-step instructions for the management of the most common anaesthetic crises encountered in the OR. o 20 crisis management protocols cover all major scenarios that require immediate therapeutic intervention to prevent a catastrophic outcome, including cardiac arrest, acute haemorrhage, anaphylaxis, aspiration, LAT, acutely elevated airway pressure, difficult airway, CICV, malignant hyperthermia, neonatal resuscitation and paediatric life support, acute bronchospasm, air embolism, ACM ischaemia, hyperkalaemia, laryngospasm, maternal collapse, post-partum haemorrhage and transfusion reaction o A crisis prevention section includes a 15-point machine check, a crisis prevention checklist and a list of 10 terminal events to help diagnose rapidly deteriorating events o Colour-coding, bulleted and numbered lists and flowcharts enhance memory recall in a stressful situation o The tabbed layout enables quick and easy navigation and use in the midst of a crisis A must for every anaesthetist and anaesthetic assistant.

  • Knowledge and Passion: Ilongot Notions of Self & Social Life

    Michelle Rosaldo presents an ethnographic interpretation of the life of the Ilongots, a group of some 3,500 hunters and horticulturists in Northern Luzon, Philippines. Her study focuces on headhunting, a practice that remained active among the Ilongots until at least 1972. Indigenous notions of 'knowledge' and 'passion' are crucial to the Ilongots' perceptions of their own social practices of headhunting, oratory, marriage, and the organization of subsistence labour. In explaining the significance of these key ideas, Professor Rosaldo examines what she considers to be the most important dimensions of Ilongot social relationships: the contrasts between men and women and between accomplished married men and bachelor youths. By defining 'knowledge' and 'passion' in the context of their social and affective significance, the author demonstrates the place of headhunting in historical and political processes, and shows the relation between headhunting and indigenous concepts of curing, reproduction, and health. Theoretically oriented toward interpretive of symbolic ethnography, this book clarifies some of the ways in which the study of a language - both vocabulary and patterns of usage - is a study of a culture; the process of translation is presented as a method of cultural interpretation. Professor Rosaldo argues that an appreciation of the Ilongots' specific notions of 'the self' and the emotional concepts associated with headhunting can illuminate central aspects of the group's social life.

  • Studies in Islamic Poetry

    Two essays on Persian and Arabic poetic literature, which form the first part of a collection of essays by Nicholson. This volume was written during the First World War and originally published in 1921. The second volume Studies in Islamic Mysticism was reissued in the Cambridge University Press Library Collections series in 1967. The essays contain full quotation in translation and the original texts appear in an appendix.

  • English in Mind Level 3A Combo with DVD-ROM.

    This second edition updates a course which has proven to be a perfect fit for classes the world over. English in Mind 3 Combo A with DVD-ROM features the Welcome Unit and Units 1-7 from the full Student's Book renumbered as Units 1-8, together with the corresponding pages from the Workbook. Thought-provoking topics motivate teenage students. Content-rich photostories present contemporary spoken English in realistic contexts. 'Culture in mind' sections give insight into different aspects of English-speaking life. The DVD-ROM features stimulating grammar exercises, games, video, unit tests, Workbook audio and selected Student's Book audio. The videos feature the photostory characters and include 'Videoke', which allows students to record and hear their voices in portions of the video dialogues.

  • Game-Theoretic Models of Bargaining

    Game-Theoretic Models of Bargaining provides a comprehensive picture of the new developments in bargaining theory. It especially shows the way the use of axiomatic models has been complemented by the new results derived from strategic models. The papers in this volume are edited versions of those given at a conference on Game Theoretic Models of Bargaining held at the University of Pittsburgh. There are two distinct reasons why the study of bargaining is of fundamental importance in economics. The first is that many aspects of economic activity are directly influenced by bargaining between and among individuals, firms, and nations. The second is that bargaining occupies an important place in economic theory, since the 'pure bargaining problem' is at the opposite pole of economic phenomena from the case of 'perfect competition'. This volume is an outgrowth of the renewed interest in the strategic approach to the theory of bargaining and to the general theory of non-cooperative games.

  • The Nature and Art of Workmanship

    This is a digital reprint of David Pye's original 1968 edition. Within it he argues that the aesthetic quality of our environment depends as much on its workmanship as on its design, and that workmanship has been largely ignored. He proceeds to develop a new theory of the aesthetics of workmanship which can be applied to architecture, to the products of industry and to craft work. Mr Pye shows how and why we are conscious of finish and workmanship, goes on to ask why so much of our environment is impoverished and asks what can be done about it.

  • The Cambridge Companion to Edmund Burke

    Edmund Burke prided himself on being a practical statesman, not an armchair philosopher. Yet his responses to specific problems - rebellion in America, the abuse of power in India and Ireland, or revolution in France - incorporated theoretical debates within jurisprudence, economics, religion, moral philosophy and political science. Moreover, the extraordinary rhetorical force of Burke's speeches and writings quickly secured his reputation as a gifted orator and literary stylist. This Companion provides a comprehensive assessment of Burke's thought, exploring all his major writings from his early treatise on aesthetics to his famous polemic, Reflections on the Revolution in France. It also examines the vexed question of Burke's Irishness and seeks to determine how his cultural origins may have influenced his political views. Finally, it aims both to explain and to challenge interpretations of Burke as a romantic, a utilitarian, a natural law thinker and founding father of modern conservatism.

  • Economy of Europe in Age of Crisis

    By relating economic changes to the political backdrop, The Economy of Europe in an Age of Crisis, 1600-1750 describes and analyzes the economic civilisation of Europe in the last epoch before the Industrial Revolution. The author makes a special effort to apply economic reasoning to the economic forces of the period and challenges some longstanding opinions about what was and was not important in explaining economic performance. The significance of this study rests in its identification of the ways a 'traditional' society developed its economy despite the absence of the obvious growth factors of the nineteenth century. The approach is consciously comparative: problems of interpretation are identified; research not yet available elsewhere is incorporated into the text; and examples are drawn from minor as well as major countries in western and central Europe. Topics dealt with include the development of agriculture and industry, foreign and regional trade, urbanization, a study of demand in explaining economic growth, the bourgeoisie, and the state.

  • The Roman Forum: A Reconstruction and Architectural Guide

    The Roman Forum was in many ways the heart of the Roman Empire. Today, the Forum exists in a fragmentary state, having been destroyed and plundered by barbarians, aristocrats, citizens and priests over the past two millennia. Enough remains, however, for archaeologists to reconstruct its spectacular buildings and monuments. This richly illustrated volume provides an architectural history of the central section of the Roman Forum during the Empire (31 BCE-476 CE), from the Temple of Julius Caesar to the monuments on the slope of the Capitoline hill. Bringing together state-of-the-art technology in architectural illustration and the expertise of a prominent Roman archaeologist, this book offers a unique reconstruction of the Forum, providing architectural history, a summary of each building's excavation and research, scaled digital plans, elevations, and reconstructed aerial images that not only shed light on the Forum's history but vividly bring it to life. With this book, scholars, students, architects and artists will be able to visualize for the first time since antiquity the character, design and appearance of the famous heart of ancient Rome.

  • Core Topics in Neuroanaesthesia and Neurointensive Care

    Core Topics in Neuroanesthesia and Neurointensive Care is an authoritative and practical clinical text that offers clear diagnostic and management guidance for a wide range of neuroanesthesia and neurocritical care problems. With coverage of every aspect of the discipline by outstanding world experts, this should be the first book to which practitioners turn for easily accessible and definitive advice. Initial sections cover relevant anatomy, physiology and pharmacology, intraoperative and critical care monitoring and neuroimaging. These are followed by detailed sections covering all aspects of neuroanesthesia and neurointensive care in both adult and pediatric patients. The final chapter discusses ethical and legal issues. Each chapter delivers a state-of-the art review of clinical practice, including outcome data when available. Enhanced throughout with numerous clinical photographs and line drawings, this practical and accessible text is key reading for trainee and consultant anesthetists and critical care specialists.

  • Cambridge English Prepare! Level 3 Workbook with Audio

    Prepare! is a lively 7-level general English course with comprehensive Cambridge English for Schools exam preparation integrated throughout. This flexible course brings together all the tools and technology you expect to get the results you need. Whether teaching general English or focusing on exams, Prepare! leaves you and your students genuinely ready for what comes next: real Cambridge English exams, or real life. The Level 3 Workbook provides additional reading, writing and listening practice of the language covered in the Prepare! Level 3 Student's Book units, and reinforces vocabulary. The accompanying Audio is available online for download. A Student's Book and Online Workbook is also available, separately.

  • Structure and Cognition in Art

    The essays in this volume, which was originally published in 1983, present an innovative and unified approach to the archaeological analysis and interpretation of art and design. Together, they illustrate a variety of approaches to the discovery and systematic description of the underlying regularities in the organization of art forms. A group of ethnographic papers show how structural consistencies both relate to and reflect other aspects of the cultural system, while archaeological case studies suggest potential uses of this concept for archaeological material. Thus, through the study of the structure of art, this volume adds to our understanding of the total cultural system. The case studies demonstrate how structural analysis can be particularly systematic for comparative synchronic and diachronic studies. Moreover, the contributors boldly advocate a cognitive basis for the structural regularities underlying art forms. They demonstrate that art is much more than decoration; it is a sophisticated communication system.

  • Cross-Border Mergers in Europe 2 Volume Hardback Set

    This discussion of the Cross-Border Merger Directive and its implementing legislation in each Member State of the European Union and the European Economic Area provides companies and their advisors with useful insight into the legal framework applicable to, and the tax treatment of, cross-border mergers throughout the European Economic Area. Analysis of the Community rules laid down in the Cross-Border Merger Directive and the Community rules on the tax treatment of cross-border mergers is complemented by chapters on the implementing legislation in each Member State, prepared in accordance with a common format and contributed by a practitioner from each state. Annexes contain the Cross-Border Merger Directive (Annex I), the Parent-Subsidiary Directive (Annex II) and a list of the implementing legislation in each Member State (Annex III).

  • Super Minds Level 5 Student's Book with DVD-ROM

    An exciting, seven-level course that enhances young learners' thinking skills, sharpening their memory while improving their language skills. Written by a highly experienced author team, Super Minds enhances your students' thinking skills, improving their memory along with their language skills. This Level 5 Student's Book includes activities to develop language creatively, functional language practice through communicative exercises and stories and cross-curriculum sections that explore social values. The fabulous DVD-ROM features documentaries, interactive games, lively songs with karaoke versions and fun videokes that allow students to record themselves and play different roles. Class Audio CDs, including audio from the Student's Book and Workbook, are sold separately.

  • Incidence and Symmetry in Design and Architecture

    The initial purposes of this 1983 text were to develop mathematical topics relevant to the study of the incidence and symmetry structures of geometrical objects and to expand the reader's geometric intuition. The two fundamental mathematical topics employed in this endeavor are graph theory and the theory of transformation groups. Part I, Incidence, starts with two sections on the basics of graph theory and continues with a variety of specific applications of graph theory. Following this, the text becomes more theoretical; here graph theory is used to study surfaces other than the plane and the sphere. Part II, Symmetry, starts with a section on rigid motions or symmetries of the plane, which is followed by another on the classification of planar patterns. Additionally, an overview of symmetry in three-dimensional space is provided, along with a reconciliation of graph theory and group theory in a study of enumeration problems in geometry.

  • Models in Ecology

    This book is aimed at anyone with a serious interest in ecology. Ecological models of two kinds are dealt with: mathematical models of a strategic kind aimed at an understanding of the general properties of ecosystems and laboratory models designed with the same aim in view. The mathematical and experimental models illuminate one another. A strength of the account is that although there is a good deal of mathematics, Professor Maynard Smith has concentrated on making clear the assumptions behind the mathematics and the conclusions to be drawn. Proofs and derivations have been omitted as far as possible. The book is therefore comprehensible to anyone with a minimal familiarity with mathematical notation. This book was written in the twin convictions that ecology will not come of age until it has a sound theoretical basis and there is a long way to go before that state of affairs is reached.

  • Tropical Soils and Soil Survey

    Originally published in 1976, this is a book about tropical soils written from the point of view of the field soil scientist. In includes a discussion of methods of soil survey in less developed countries, and its role in land development planning. Whilst primarily directed at those concerned with, or training for, field studies of soils in the tropics, the book was also aimed at non-specialists, including agriculturalists, economists, and planners, as well as anyone with a wish to understand the significance of soils in agriculture and economic development.

  • The Sky-Religion in Egypt: Its Antiquity and Effects

    First published in 1938, this volume originated in a series of articles written mainly for the Journal of Egyptian Archaeology between 1925 and 1938. Created with both the Egyptologist and general reader in mind, it provides a highly informative account of religious development in ancient Egypt, and its connection with the need for fertility and rain. The text has a clear factual emphasis, with abundant references, illustrations, and a conspectus of key historical periods. It will be of value to anyone with an interest in ancient Egypt or historiography.

  • Chinese Festivals

    One of the most distinctive features of Chinese culture is the great variety of unique festivals that has evolved over the course of China's long history. Chinese festivals are deeply rooted in popular tradition and despite China's many changes they remain firmly established as part of the country's vibrant culture. Chinese Festivals introduces a representative selection of these celebrated traditions with full color illustrations, providing a flavor of the diversity and development of traditional Chinese culture.

  • Writing Tasks Student's book: An Authentic-Task Approach to Individual Writing Needs

    This student book (accompanied by a teacher text) offers additional practice material and optional exercises on problem aspects of language. It also contains tests which enable students and teachers to assess progress.

  • The Concept of Purity at Qumran and in the Letters of Paul

    This examination of the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Letters of Paul finds that, in both these bodies of literature, religious self-understanding is expressed in terms of the concept of purity so important to primitive religion and earlier Judaism. Dr Newton contradicts the view held by most scholars that the traditional Jewish attitude to purity had no place in Christianity. By using the concept of purity not unlike that at Qumran or of Pharisaic and Rabbinic Judaism, Paul could elucidate his views on, among other things, the nature of the Church, the divine presence, the basis of ethical behaviour and the significance of the death of Jesus.

  • Chinese Bronze Ware

    The emergence of bronze ware forms a crucial chapter in the history of human civilization. Although not the first country to enter the Bronze Age, China enjoys a unique position in world history because of the great variety of innovative and beautiful bronze ware that has been unearthed on China's vast territory. These artifacts provide a window into the art and culture of ancient China. Chinese Bronze Ware introduces the reader to this magnificent culture with thorough discussion of the context and significance of bronze production, vivid descriptions and full color illustrations.

  • Grammar and Beyond Level 1 Workbook A

    Based on extensive research, Grammar and Beyond ensures that students study accurate information about grammar and apply it in their own speech and writing. This is the first half of Workbook, Level 1. In the Workbook, learners gain additional practice in the grammar from the Student's Book, including practice correcting common learner errors.

  • Virgil: Eclogues

    Pastoral poetry was probably the creation of the Hellenistic poet Theocritus, and he was certainly its most distinguished exponent in Greek. Vergil not only transposed the spirit of Greek pastoral into an Italian setting, blending details from the life of his native countryside into the subsequent history of the genre. On publication the Eclogues won immediate acclaim and Vergil's reputation as a major poet was established. In this edition Robert Coleman describes the earlier pastoral tradition, sets Vergil's poems in historical perspective and evaluates the poet's distinctive contribution to the genre. In the commentary difficulties of interpretation are elucidated. Theocritean influences are examined in detail and points of interest in the language, style and subject-matter discussed. This is the fullest edition of the Eclogues to have appeared in any language and the first in English since the end of the nineteenth century. It is intended primarily for university students and sixth-formers but will be valuable to anyone interested in Latin poetry and the development of the pastoral genre.

  • The Cambridge History of China: Volume 3, Sui and T'ang China, 589-906 AD, Part One

    The Cambridge History of China is one of the most far-reaching works of international scholarship ever undertaken, exploring the main developments in political, social, economic and intellectual life from the Ch'in empire to the present day. The contributors are specialists from the international community of sinological scholars. Many of the accounts break new ground; all are based on fresh research. The works are written not only with students and scholars but also with the general reader in mind. No knowledge of Chinese is assumed, though for readers of Chinese, proper and other names are identified with their characters in the index. Numerous maps and tables illustrate the text. Volume 3, covers the second great period of unified imperial power, 589-906, when China established herself as the centre of a wider cultural sphere, embracing Japan, Korea and Vietnam. It was an era in which there was a great deal of rapid social and economic change, and in which literature and the arts reached new heights of attainment.

  • American More! Six-Level Edition Level 5 Combo with Audio CD/CD-ROM

    American MORE! Six-Level Edition is a version of a course from a highly respected author team that's bursting with features for lower secondary students. Key language for each unit is introduced in a photostory and put to use through the 'Language Focus'. There is thorough coverage of grammar via a dedicated section in each unit. The 'Learn MORE through English' pages introduce cross-curricular learning (CLIL) while the 'Learn MORE about Culture' sections explore English speaking countries. Students learn to 'Read MORE for pleasure' with the extra reading pages and the Audio CD/CD-ROM enables students to practice vocabulary, grammar, and skills. The Combo contains the Student's Book and Workbook material together, providing 50-60 class hours of material.

  • Benjamin Britten: Peter Grimes

    Benjamin Britten's Peter Grimes is one of the few operas of the last half-century to have gained a secure place in the repertory. Its appearance in 1945 shortly after the end of the war in Europe was a milestone in operatic history as well as in British music. But the origins of the work lie in the United States, where Britten and his friend Peter Pears (the first Grimes) spent the years 1939-42. In 1941 they read an evocative essay by the novelist E. M. Forster on the Suffolk poet George Crabbe (1754-1832); this precipitated Britten's decision to return to his native country, and sent them both to Crabbe's poem, The Borough, which gave them the idea for the plot they drafted together. This book opens with Forster's original essay and his later one on Crabbe and Peter Grimes. From there the reader can trace the history of the opera: in Donald Mitchell's annotated interview with the wife of the librettist, Montagu Slater; in Philip Brett's detailed study of the fascinating documents preserved in the Britten-Pears Library at Aldeburgh; and in his history of the work's stage presentation and critical reception. Hans Keller's remarkable synopsis, first printed in 1952, is complemented by a fine new analytical study by David Matthews of Act II scene 1, the crux of the opera.

  • Intonation

    This is the first textbook on intonation for linguists, and the first textbook which attempts to widen the discussion of intonation to languages other than English. All languages use intonation to convey attitudes and to link speech together, and the central chapters of the book explore the sort of theoretical framework that has to be set up in order to analyse intonation, describe in detail the meanings associated with intonational differences, and examine intonation from a comparative perspective. Introductory chapters describe the physiology and acoustics of pitch and the complex relationship between intonation, stress, accent and rhythm, while the final chapter provides an overview of the state of the art in intonational studies. A cassette, reproducing many of the illustrative examples in the book, is also available.

  • Music and Theatre from Poliziano to Monteverdi

    This book describes the many ways in which music was used in Italian theatrical performances between the late fifteenth and early seventeenth centuries. In particular, it concentrates on Polizano's Orfeo, Machiavelli's commedies, the Florentine intermedi and early operas, and the first operas in Venice.

  • Arid Land Ecosystems: Volume 1: Structure, Functioning and Management

    The history of man's use of arid lands is a sad record of deterioration of the natural resource base and of low and declining living standards for the 300 million people who live in them. One prerequisite to meeting the challenge of reversing the deterioration and of raising living standards is a sound knowledge of the natural ecosystems. It is to this end that the IBP and other relevant studies, reported in this and a succeeding volume, are addressed. The subject matter of the two volumes is organised into five major topics; two are dealt with in the first volume. The first section of volume one describes the structure of arid ecosystems in terms of climate, soils, geomorphology, hydrology, flora and fauna. All continents except South America are covered. In the second section the processes which operate within, and control, the ecosystem are dealt with individually. This comprehensive account will be of importance to university teachers and professional ecologists throughout the world.

  • Marine Production Mechanisms

    This book was first published in 1979. If we are to improve our control and conservation of the food resources of the oceans of the world it is particularly important to increase our understanding of the basic mechanisms that control the abundance, distribution and production of marine organisms. The Productivity Marine (PM) section of the IBP filled an important role in concentrating international effort on specific problems of production, ecosystem structure and function, aquaculture, and the effects of mankind upon the marine environment.

  • Radar Remote Sensing of Planetary Surfaces

    This 2002 introduction to the use of radar for remote sensing of natural surfaces provides the reader with a thorough grounding in practical applications, focusing particularly on terrestrial studies that may be extended to other planets. An historical overview of the subject is followed by an introduction to the nomenclature and methodology pertaining to radar data collection, image interpretation and surface roughness analysis. The author then presents a summary (illustrated with black and white examples from the natural environment) of theoretical explanations for the backscatter properties of continuous rough surfaces, collections of discrete objects, and layered terrain. Case studies of radar surveys of the Moon, Mercury, Venus and Mars complete the book. The level is appropriate for students and professionals across a broad range of scientific disciplines including Earth and planetary sciences, electrical engineering, and remote sensing. Particular emphasis is given to practical geological and geophysical studies of the terrestrial planets.

  • Looking at Pictures

    Looking at pictures can be enjoyable, exciting or moving. Some pictures are easily appreciated at first glance, but others - often the most rewarding - require some explanation before they can be fully understood. This clearly written and enjoyable book is intended to increase pleasure and stimulate thought. It tackles many aspects of looking at paintings as well. Starting with familiar ideas, Dr Susan Woodford moves on to explore subtler, less obvious concepts. For example, she shows how paintings can be appreciated as patterns on a flat surface emotional effect; how ordinary objects can conceal hidden meanings and how knowledge of tradition improves our understanding of revolutionary works.

  • Mass Terms and Model-Theoretic Semantics

    'Mass terms' like water, rice and traffic, have proved very difficult to accommodate in any theory of meaning since, unlike count nouns such as house or dog, they cannot be treated as denoting sets of individuals. In this study, motivated by the need to design a computer program for understanding natural language utterances containing mass terms, Harry Bunt provides a thorough analysis of the problem and offers an original and detailed solution. An extension of classical set theory, Ensemble Theory, is defined. This provides the formal basis of a framework for the analysis of natural language meaning which Dr Bunt calls two-level model-theoretic semantics. The validity of the framework is convincingly demonstrated by the detailed analysis of a fragment of English including sentences with quantified and modified mass terms. This significant advance in our understanding of the formal syntactic and semantic properties of mass terms will be of interest not only to linguists and logicians, but also to all those concerned with the processing of natural language.

  • Theories of Value and Distribution since Adam Smith: Ideology and Economic Theory

    Mr Dobb examines the history of economic thought in the light of the modern controversy over capital theory and, more particularly, the appearance of Sraffa's book The Production of Commodities by Means of Commodities, which was a watershed in the critical discussions constituted a crucial turning-point in the history of economics: an estimate not unconnected with his reinterpretation of nineteenth-century economic thought as consisting of two streams or traditions commonly confused under the generic title of 'the classical tradition' against which Jevons so strongly reacted.

  • The Cambridge History of China: Volume 1, The Ch'in and Han Empires, 221 BC–AD 220

    This volume begins the historical coverage of The Cambridge History of China with the establishment of the Ch'in empire in 221 BC and ends with the abdication of the last Han emperor in AD 220. Spanning four centuries, this period witnessed major evolutionary changes in almost every aspect of China's development, being particularly notable for the emergence and growth of a centralized administration and imperial government. Leading historians from Asia, Europe, and America have contributed chapters that convey a realistic impression of significant political, economic, intellectual, religious, and social developments, and of the contacts that the Chinese made with other peoples at this time. As the book is intended for the general reader as well as the specialist, technical details are given in both Chinese terms and English equivalents. References lead to primary sources and their translations and to secondary writings in European languages as well as Chinese and Japanese.

  • The Reign of Wonder: Naivety and Reality in American Literature

    The adopted attitude towards reality and experience in American literature tends to be one of wonder and cultivated naivety rather than analysis and judgement. In this book, Dr Tanner offers some reasons for this and seeks to demonstrate the peculiar importance of wonder in American literature, by examining a number of key writers and showing how they confronted and assimilated reality at the same time he considers some of the difficulties incurred by this approach and studies its effects on American style.

  • Ship or Sheep? Student's Book: An Intermediate Pronunciation Course

    This book will train students to recognise and produce English sounds, and includes work on stress and intonation.

  • The Theory of Partitions

    This book develops the theory of partitions. Simply put, the partitions of a number are the ways of writing that number as sums of positive integers. For example, the five partitions of 4 are 4, 3+1, 2+2, 2+1+1, and 1+1+1+1. Surprisingly, such a simple matter requires some deep mathematics for its study. This book considers the many theoretical aspects of this subject, which have in turn recently found applications to statistical mechanics, computer science and other branches of mathematics. With minimal prerequisites, this book is suitable for students as well as researchers in combinatorics, analysis, and number theory.

  • History for the IB Diploma: The Cold War

    An exciting new series that covers the five Paper 2 topics of the IB 20th Century World History syllabus. This stimulating coursebook covers Paper 2, Topic 5, The Cold War, in the 20th Century World History syllabus for the IB History programme. The book is divided into thematic sections, following the IB syllabus structure and is written in clear, accessible English. It covers the following areas for detailed study: Wartime conferences: Yalta and Potsdam; US policies and developments in Europe: Truman Doctrine, Marshall Plan, NATO; Soviet policies: Sovietisation of Eastern and Central Europe, COMECON, Warsaw Pact; Sino-Soviet relations; US-Chinese relations; Germany; and Castro, Gorbachev, Kennedy, Mao, Reagan, Stalin, Truman.

  • The Methodology of Scientific Research Programmes: Philosophical Papers Volume 1

    Imre Lakatos' philosophical and scientific papers are published here in two volumes. Volume I brings together his very influential but scattered papers on the philosophy of the physical sciences, and includes one important unpublished essay on the effect of Newton's scientific achievement. Volume II presents his work on the philosophy of mathematics (much of it unpublished), together with some critical essays on contemporary philosophers of science and some famous polemical writings on political and educational issues. Imre Lakatos had an influence out of all proportion to the length of his philosophical career. This collection exhibits and confirms the originality, range and the essential unity of his work. It demonstrates too the force and spirit he brought to every issue with which he engaged, from his most abstract mathematical work to his passionate 'Letter to the director of the LSE'. Lakatos' ideas are now the focus of widespread and increasing interest, and these volumes should make possible for the first time their study as a whole and their proper assessment.

  • Evolutionary Studies in World Crops: Diversity and change in the Indian subcontinent

    An account of the evolution and principles involved in breeding crops grown in the tropics. This book developed from a symposium held in New Delhi in 1970 at the Indian Agricultural Research Institute. It begins with a consideration of the history of agriculture. Recent techniques make is possible to set crop plant evolution against the time scale of agricultural development, enabling the rate of evolution to be determined with some precision. Throughout the account the studies stress the range of material and changes and improvements in crops, with special reference to their importance not only in the tropics, but also to world agriculture. This book brings to the notice of geneticists and breeders in western countries the work undertaken in India in elucidating the evolution and recent improvement of crop plants of world wide importance. It is also an authoritative account for students of plant breeding in the tropics taking courses in universities, in institutes and colleges of agriculture who need to have within the covers of one book a comprehensive, yet concise text that clearly sets out the principles involved in the breeding of crops grown in the tropics.

  • Organizational Design: A Step-by-Step Approach

    In today's volatile business environment, it is more important than ever that managers, whether of a global multinational or a small team, should understand the fundamentals of organizational design. Written specifically for executives and executive MBA students, the edition of this successful book provides a step-by-step 'how to' guide for designing an organization. It features comprehensive coverage of the key aspects of organizational design, including goals, strategy, process, people, coordination, control and incentives. These aspects are explained through the use of a unique series of 2 x 2 graphs that provide an integrated, spatial way to assess and plan organizational design. The new edition features a number of important improvements, including a new framework for understanding leadership and organizational climate, the introduction of the concept of manoeuvrability and a completely new chapter examining joint ventures, mergers, partnerships and strategic alliances.

  • Monoclonal Antibodies in Biotechnology: Theoretical and Practical Aspects

    Monoclonal antibodies are one of the most exciting developments in biotechnology in recent years; this book provides a comprehensive description of principles, methodologies and applications of this powerful technology to modern science and industry. The immune system of the body, in particular the role of antibodies, is described; and details provided on the isolation of antibody-producing cells, how hybridomas are formed and maintained in culture such that the required antibody can be produced to a very high degree of purity. The material is presented in such a way that students, researchers and managers in research and development will be able to make choices as to which are the most suitable techniques for their particular requirements. The text is comprehensively referenced and, in short, the book is a necessary resource for all those who have the need to be involved in the production of monoclonal antibodies from hybridoma cells in culture.

  • The Gallo-Roman Muse: Aspects of Roman Literary Tradition in Sixteenth-Century France

    It is well known in a general way that sixteenth-century French literature looked for its models towards Greece and Rome, but the topic is usually left there. This 1979 book begins with a reassessment of the original meaning and use of the work of Roman rhetoricians. It also identifies certain specific values or canons implicit in the actual texture of Latin poetry, and shows how these transformed French rhetorical theory and inaugurated the line of French poetry from Sceve to Valery. Mrs Coleman examines, both in general and in the work of Sceve, Ronsard, Du Bellay and Montaigne, in particular, the way in which Roman values were recreated in the new language and the new literary forms. Scholars interested in the survival or prolongation of the classical tradition will be interested, and so, of course, will specialists in French and Renaissance literary studies.

  • Economics for the IB Diploma with CD-ROM

    A comprehensive new edition of Economics for the IB Diploma. This lively textbook, available in both print and e-book formats, offers comprehensive coverage of the Economics syllabus for the International Baccalaureate (IB) Diploma at both Standard and Higher Levels. This new edition is written by a highly experienced author and former IB Economics Chief Examiner and has been extensively revised to meet the requirements of the new syllabus (effective 2011). The print book includes a CD-ROM of supplementary materials including a chapter on quantitative techniques and extensive exam practice. These supplementary materials are also included in the e-book version for an all-in-one solution.

  • Essays on John Maynard Keynes

    The twenty-eight essays in this fascinating and important collection may be divided into three groups: the first is concerned with Keynes's early life and his relations with 'Bloomsbury' and Cambridge, the second with his major contributions to economics and to British and world affairs (written for the general reader as well as for economists), and the third deals with various aspects of his life and work which reveal the immense range of his intellectual and other interests. The book is, in effect, a biography by many authors.

  • Drama Techniques in Language Learning: A Resource Book of Communication Activities for Language Teachers

    Drama Techniques in Language Learning offers a large selection of techniques for use at all levels which focus learners' attention on communicative tasks or activities. These involve the whole personality of the learner and provide real reasons for expressing feelings and opinions. The techniques require no special training and can easily be introduced into normal course work. This greatly expanded highly successful edition provides: advice on using the techniques in the classroom; 150 ideas for interesting and productive fluency practice; clear instructions for the teacher; and detailed cross-referencing between exercises.

  • Ideology and Classic American Lit

    This volume of essays brings together some of the best work by Americanists concerned with the problem of ideology and its bearing upon American literature and culture. It projects neither a particular ideological view nor a particular view of ideology. On the contrary: these essays highlight the many uses of ideology as a critical term, and, in doing so, they open fresh avenues of inquiry and forums for discussion. They also demonstrate that, far from being parochial or reductive, ideological analysis is integral to considerations of formal structure and crucial to an understanding of the relations between literature and culture. Their essays deal variously with theoretical issues, with questions of theme, genre, and perspective, and with interpretations of particular authors and texts. The editors of the volume provide a general introduction to the nature and development of ideological critique, and an afterword that discusses the coherence of the volume as a whole and its implications for further study.

  • Benjamin Britten: Death in Venice

    This book is exceptional amongst those that have appeared so far in this well-established series, in that it is largely written by those who worked with the composer and assisted him during the period in which the opera was composed and first put on the stage. It will thus remain a source of first-hand information on Britten's final operatic achievement. Donald Mitchell was Britten's publisher at the time of Death in Venice and his Introduction includes many personal observations on the genesis of the work. The latter part of the book contains essays by T. J. Reed and Patrick Carnegy on the libretto's source in Thomas Mann's novella and Philip Reed compares briefly Visconti's cinematic interpretation of the novella. The volume is richly illustrated with music examples, sketches and extracts from the autograph score, and pictures from the first production. It will make an essential reference work and indispensable companion for opera-goers, students and scholars alike.

  • The New ICT Ecosystem: Implications for Policy and Regulation

    The ICT sector is crucial as a driver of economic and social growth. Not only is it an important industry in its own right, but it also provides the communication and infrastructure without which modern economies could not function. How does this sector work? Why is it stronger in some countries than in others? What should companies, governments and regulators be doing to enhance its contribution? In The New ICT Ecosystem, Martin Fransman answers these and other questions by developing the idea of the ICT sector as an evolving ecosystem. He shows that some components of the ICT ecosystem, particularly the innovation process, work better in some countries and regions than in others. For example, the Internet content and applications layer of the ecosystem tends to work better in the US than in Europe or Asia. The analysis in this book enables policy makers and regulators to understand why some parts of the ICT ecosystem are underperforming and what can be done to enhance their performance. The previous edition of The New ICT Ecosystem won the 2008-10 Joseph Schumpeter Prize.

  • English Pronunciation Illustrated

    This very popular pronunciation practice book is for intermediate and more advanced students of English who wish to improve their pronunciation and listening comprehension. The material can be used in class or by learners studying individually, using the Audio recordings. The practice material is illustrated by amusing cartoons throughout the book.

  • Stone Spaces

    Over the last 45 years, Boolean theorem has been generalized and extended in several different directions and its applications have reached into almost every area of modern mathematics; but since it lies on the frontiers of algebra, geometry, general topology and functional analysis, the corpus of mathematics which has arisen in this way is seldom seen as a whole. In order to give a unified treatment of this rather diverse body of material, Dr Johnstone begins by developing the theory of locales (a lattice-theoretic approach to 'general topology without points' which has achieved some notable results in the past ten years but which has not previously been treated in book form). This development culminates in the proof of Stone's Representation Theorem.

  • Digital Design: A Systems Approach

    This introductory textbook provides students with a system-level perspective and the tools they need to understand, analyze and design digital systems. Going beyond the design of simple combinational and sequential modules, it shows how such modules are used to build complete systems, reflecting real-world digital design. All the essential topics are covered, including design and analysis of combinational and sequential modules, as well as system timing and synchronization. It also teaches how to write Verilog HDL in a productive and maintainable style that enables CAD tools to do much of the tedious work. A complete introduction to digital design is given through clear explanations, extensive examples and online Verilog files. The teaching package is completed with lecture slides, labs and a solutions manual for instructors. Assuming no previous digital knowledge, this textbook is ideal for undergraduate digital design courses that will prepare students for modern digital practice.

  • Introduction to Phonetics

    This introductory textbook in general phonetics was first published in 1976. It will be of use to all with an interest in the nature and working of the sound substance of human language, such as students of phonetics and linguistics, teachers and students of modern languages, speech therapists and audiologists. The emphasis is on the basics: the organs of speech and hearing, the methods of sound production in the vocal tract, the types of sound used in human languages, and the process of speech perception. The focus of attention is always the tongue and ear of the phonetician as an investigator of speech, rather than his instruments or experiments, with due attention paid to the phoneme and the distinctive feature, the units in that border area where phonetics and the study of languages come together.

  • Cambridge Checkpoints VCE Physics Unit 3 2011

    Contains Online quizzes; Questions from past examinations; Fully worked solutions; Core facts, skills and extended response tasks.

  • The Origins of AIDS

    It is now thirty years since the discovery of AIDS but its origins continue to puzzle doctors and scientists. Inspired by his own experiences working as an infectious diseases physician in Africa, Jacques Pepin looks back to the early twentieth-century events in Africa that triggered the emergence of HIV/AIDS and traces its subsequent development into the most dramatic and destructive epidemic of modern times. He shows how the disease was first transmitted from chimpanzees to man and then how urbanization, prostitution, and large-scale colonial medical campaigns intended to eradicate tropical diseases combined to disastrous effect to fuel the spread of the virus from its origins in Leopoldville to the rest of Africa, the Caribbean and ultimately worldwide. This is an essential new perspective on HIV/AIDS and on the lessons that must be learnt if we are to avoid provoking another pandemic in the future.

  • Market Structure and Innovation

    Technical advance requires resources and is motivated by the quest for profits; therefore, the rate and direction of advance is determined by the economic system. Recognition of this fact has focused attention on the performance of the market economy in the allocation of resources to technical advance, and the consequent body of research is surveyed and synthesised in this book. The theories of market structure and innovation proposed by Schumpeter, Galbraith, Arrow, Schmookler, Scherer, Mansfield, Phillips, Barzel, Kamien and Schwartz, Loury, Nelson and Winter, Grabowski, Dasgupta and Stiglitz, and others are presented in an integrated form. These theories deal with the nature of competition, the incentives to innovate and the pace of innovative activity under different market structures, and the existence of a market structure that yields the most rapid rate of innovation. In addition, the findings of seventy empirical studies dealing with various facets of the microeconomics of technical innovation are presented. The book is designed to be accessible to economists working in a variety of situations - in universities, business and government - and who are concerned with questions of technical innovation. It is also suitable for senior-level undergraduates and first year graduate students approaching the subject in a comprehensive way for the first time.

  • Heating and Compression of Thermonuclear Targets by Laser Beam

    Laser fusion is under study in laboratories throughout the world because it may have an important impact on the production of practically inexhaustible sources of energy from controlled thermonuclear fusion reactions. This book describes the essential processes associated with laser thermonuclear synthesis and summarises the most important developments that have occurred during the second half of the 1970s and in the early 1980's. Laser techniques and plasma diagnostics specifically used for laser-produced plasmas are covered, together with the results of the measurements that have been made. In some areas emphasis is given to techniques and results from the Lebedev Physical Institute, which is the main laboratory engaged in this field in the USSR. Data from laboratories all over the world, however, are also collated and compared to give an overall, coherent view of the current state of knowledge in this field.

  • Dispute Settlement Reports 2008: Volume 11, Pages 3889-4370

    The Dispute Settlement Reports of the World Trade Organization (WTO) include Panel and Appellate Body reports, as well as arbitration awards, in disputes concerning the rights and obligations of WTO members under the provisions of the Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization. These are the WTO authorized and paginated reports in English. An essential addition to the library of all practising and academic trade lawyers, and needed by students worldwide taking courses in international economic or trade law. DSR 2008: Volumes IX to XI report on United States - Continued Suspension of Obligations in the EC - Hormones Dispute (WT/DS320).

  • Biological Effects of Ultraviolet Radiation

    Originally published in 1980, this book examines the effects of ultraviolet radiation on the genetic material of cells and the repair mechanisms by which many cells can reverse the damage caused by UV. The work was intended to be a combination textbook/introductory monograph for graduate and advanced undergraduate students in photobiology, biophysics, microbiology, and genetics. It was the first volume in an introductory series on topics in biophysics sponsored by the International Union of Pure and Applied Biophysics.

  • Geometrical Methods of Mathematical Physics

    In recent years the methods of modern differential geometry have become of considerable importance in theoretical physics and have found application in relativity and cosmology, high-energy physics and field theory, thermodynamics, fluid dynamics and mechanics. This textbook provides an introduction to these methods - in particular Lie derivatives, Lie groups and differential forms - and covers their extensive applications to theoretical physics. The reader is assumed to have some familiarity with advanced calculus, linear algebra and a little elementary operator theory. The advanced physics undergraduate should therefore find the presentation quite accessible. This account will prove valuable for those with backgrounds in physics and applied mathematics who desire an introduction to the subject. Having studied the book, the reader will be able to comprehend research papers that use this mathematics and follow more advanced pure-mathematical expositions.

  • Art and Thought of Heraclitus

    Behind the superficial obscurity of what fragments we have of Heraclitus' thought, Professor Kahn claims that it is possible to detect a systematic view of human existence, a theory of language which sees ambiguity as a device for the expression of multiple meaning, and a vision of human life and death within the larger order of nature. The fragments are presented here in a readable order; translation and commentary aim to make accessible the power and originality of a systematic thinker and a great master of artistic prose. The commentary locates Heraclitus within the tradition of early Greek thought, but stresses the importance of his ideas for topical theories of language, literature and philosophy.

  • Cambridge IGCSE Chemistry Teacher's Resource CD-ROM

    The new Third Edition matches the requirements of the revised Cambridge IGCSE Chemistry syllabus (0620). The Cambridge IGCSE Chemistry Teacher's Resource CD-ROM supports the content of the Cambridge IGCSE Chemistry Coursebook and Workbook. It contains: answers to the questions in the Coursebook; answers to exercises in the Workbook; student worksheets; answers for the worksheets; teaching notes; practicals; guidance notes for practicals; video clips to illustrate concepts.

  • Fashion Drawing

    This successful introduction to the basic techniques of fashion drawing and the process of design ideas from the first sketches to the final production and presentation of drawings has been revised to include updated information and new drawings to reflect current styles and new fashion trends. There are sections on fabrics, accessories and fashion details, drawing figures, line and movement and the mounting and presentation of work.

  • The Censorship of English Drama 1824-1901

    English stage censorship goes back to Tudor times, but only in the eighteenth century were the powers of the censor seriously organised. Further legislation in 1843 required theatre managers throughout Great Brtiain to present each script for the Lord Chamberlain's scrutiny before a licence for public performance was granted. Originally published in 1980, this was the first study to make extensive use of the riches of the Lord Chamberlain's files in the Public Record Office, which begins in 1824, and of the manuscript plays in the British Museum. Dramatic censorship is shown to be a significant index of the Victorian age; but it was also an act of individuals. The author describes the censors as personalities and charts their success or failure in contriving to steer contemporary drama on a course determined, on the one hand, by the insistent demands of the public and, on the other, by their own liberal or illiberal prejudices. This book filled an important gap in the knowledge and understanding not only of Victorian theatre, but of contemporary manners and attitudes.

  • Introduction to Supersymmetry

    Just as ordinary symmetries relate various forms of matter to each other, and various basic forces to each other, so the novel concept of supersymmetry relates (Fermi) matter to (Bose) force. It is the aim of this book to provide a brief introductory description of the new physical and mathematical ideas involved in formulating supersymmetric theories. The book starts with a physical motivation of supersymmetry, a presentation of the mathematics of Lie superalgebras, supergroups and superspace. Techniques for constructing manifestly globally supersymmetric field theories are given, using the superfield formalism. To allow for a clear flow of ideas, the basic ideas and techniques are worked out in low space dimensionalities where the formulae do not obscure the concepts. Generalizations to four space-time dimensions are then readily come by. Some quantum aspects are discussed. Possible phenomenological applications are not emphasized. Supergravities, locally supersymmetric theories are then considered in 4 and 11 dimensions, in component formalism. An introduction to supersymmetry will be of interest to postgraduate students and researchers in theoretical and particle physics, especially those working in quantum field theory, quantum gravity, general relativity and supergravity. The book will also be of interest to mathematicians with an interest in theoretical physics.

  • Merchants of Buenos Aires 1778-1810: Family and Commerce

    By the end of the eighteenth century, Buenos Aires was one of the major commercial entrepots of the Spanish American empire. Chief among the beneficiaries of the new prosperity of the area were the wholesale merchants, a group of men who came to control the commerce of the entire Viceroyalty of Rio de la Plata. This study, a contribution to the fields of social history and group biography, looks at the formation of the merchant group, and at the social patterns which assured the merchants' primacy in the economic and social life of the colony. Origin, education, recruitment, group perpetuation and social mobility are treated in depth. The role of women and marriage in recruiting individual merchants into mercantile families and clans is a central issue. Professor Socolow also looks at the merchants' roles in commerce and society, lay religious institutions and local government. A biography of one merchant, Gaspar de Santa Coloma, provides a case study of the multiple roles of a porteno merchant.

  • The Tiger and the Shark: Empirical Roots of Wave-Particle Dualism

    The early twentieth century brought about the rejection by physicists of the doctrine of determinism - the belief that complete knowledge of the initial conditions of an interaction in nature allows precise and unambiguous prediction of the outcome. This book traces the origins of a central problem leading to this change in viewpoint and paradoxes raised by attempts to formulate a consistent theory of the nature of light. It outlines the different approaches adopted by members of different national cultures to the apparent inconsistencies, explains why Einstein's early (1905) attempt at a resolution was not taken seriously for fifteen years, and describes the mixture of ideas that created a route to a new, antideterministic formulation of the laws of nature. Dr Wheaton describes the experimental work on the new forms of radiation found at the turn of the century and shows how the interpretation of energy transfer from X-rays to matter gradually transformed a classical wave explanation of light to one based on particle like quanta of energy, and further, he explains how influential scientists came reluctantly to accept a wavelike interpretation of matter as well. This new and distinctively different account of one of the major theoretical shifts in modern physical thought will be of fundamental interest to physical scientists and philosophers, as well as to historians of science.

  • Cambridge IGCSE Chemistry Workbook

    Written by highly experienced authors, Cambridge IGCSE Chemistry Workbook provides complete support for the IGCSE Chemistry syllabus offered by CIE. This book contains exercises that provide clear progression to students as they go along. A wide variety of questions develop all the skills needed to succeed in the IGCSE Chemistry examination. Simple and clear language makes this book accessible to a range of abilities. This workbook is fully endorsed by CIE and is intended to be used alongside the Cambridge IGCSE Chemistry Coursebook. A Teacher's Resource CD-ROM is also available.

  • Band Spectra and Molecular Structure

    This 1930 book is a fascinating attempt to obtain a fuller understanding of molecular structure from spectral evidence. The investigation in particular throws lights on the macroscopic properties of molecular gases and the theory of chemical binding.

  • Cambridge English Prepare! Level 4 Student's Book

    Prepare! is a lively 7-level general English course with comprehensive Cambridge English for Schools exam preparation integrated throughout. This flexible course brings together all the tools and technology you expect to get the results you need. Whether teaching general English or focusing on exams, Prepare! leaves you and your students genuinely ready for what comes next: real Cambridge English exams, or real life. The Level 4 Student's Book engages students and builds vocabulary range with motivating, age-appropriate topics. Its unique approach is driven by cutting-edge language research from English Profile and the Cambridge Learner Corpus. 'Prepare to...' sections develop writing and speaking skills. A Student's Book and Online Workbook is also available, separately.

  • The Reason of Rules: Constitutional Political Economy

    Societies function on the basis of rules. These rules, rather like the rules of the road, coordinate the activities of individuals who have a variety of goals and purposes. Whether the rules work well or ill, and how they can be made to work better, is a matter of major concern. Appropriately interpreted, the working of social rules is also the central subject matter of modern political economy. This book is about rules - what they are, how they work, and how they can be properly analysed. The authors' objective is to understand the workings of alternative political institutions so that choices among such institutions (rules) can be more fully informed. Thus, broadly defined, the methodology of constitutional political economy is the subject matter of The Reason of Rules. The authors have examined how rules for political order work, how such rules might be chosen, and how normative criteria for such choices might be established.

  • A Theory of Adaptive Economic Behavior

    This book develops dynamic economic models using the perspective and analytic framework provided by psychological learning theory. This framework is used to resolve apparent contradictions between optimization theory, which lies at the heart of all modern economic theory, and day-to-day evidence that short-run economic behaviour cannot reasonably be described solely as the outcome of efficiently implemented self-interest. The author applies this viewpoint to a number of problem areas in which literal applications of maximization theory have not usually proved to be satisfactory. These include analyses of decision-making under uncertainty and gambling behaviour, the role of consumer-oriented advertising in influencing behaviour, the persistence of price dispersions in markets, and inflation.

  • Between Two Worlds: George Tyrrell's Relationship to the Thought of Matthew Arnold

    Tyrrell and Arnold take their place in a peculiarly English theological tradition. Appreciation of this tradition is of the first importance in understanding the background to contemporary Anglicanism and contemporary Catholicism. More than that, it offers a way of bridging the gulf between the world that to Tyrrell and Arnold was dead or dying and the world of the late twentieth century with all the questions that they began to perceive - two prophetic individuals unable to live with the Church of their day and unable to find the Church of the future.

  • The Papuan Languages of New Guinea

    This introduction to the descriptive and historical linguistics of the Papuan languages of New Guinea provide an accessible account of one of the richest and most diverse linguistic situations in the world. The Papuan languages number over 700 (or 20 per cent of the world's total) in more than sixty language families. Less than a quarter of the individual languages have yet been adequately documented, and in this sense William Foley's book might be considered premature. However, in the search for language universals and generalisations in linguistic typology, it would be foolhardy to neglect the information that is available. In this respect alone, the present volume, systematically organised on mainly typology principles, is particularly timely and useful. In addition, the processes of linguistic diffusion are present in New Guinea to an extent probably paralleled elsewhere on the globe. The Papuan Languages of New Guinea will be of interest not only to general and comparative linguists and to typologists, but also to sociolinguists and anthropologists for the information it provides on the social dynamics of language content.

  • Demystifying the Chinese Economy

    China was the largest and one of the most advanced economies in the world before the eighteenth century, yet declined precipitately thereafter and degenerated into one of the world's poorest economies by the late nineteenth century. Despite generations' efforts for national rejuvenation, China did not reverse its fate until it introduced market-oriented reforms in 1979. Since then it has been the most dynamic economy in the world and is likely to regain its position as the world's largest economy before 2030. Based on economic analysis and personal reflection on policy debates, Justin Yifu Lin provides insightful answers to why China was so advanced in pre-modern times, what caused it to become so poor for almost two centuries, how it grew into a market economy, where its potential is for continuing dynamic growth and what further reforms are needed to complete the transition to a well-functioning, advanced market economy.

  • Cambridge Checkpoints HSC Chemistry 2011

    Study as you go with Cambridge Checkpoints HSC. Updated annually to provide the most up-to-date exam preparation available, Cambridge Checkpoints HSC provides everything you need to prepare for your HSC exams in a go-anywhere format that fits easily into your school bag. o Recent official HSC exam papers with suggested responses o Hundreds of additional past exam and exam-style questions with answers o Dot point summaries of key topics and concepts to help you pinpoint where you need further revision

  • Anthropological Research: The Structure of Inquiry

    This text is a comprehensive introduction to research methods in social and cultural anthropology. The Peltos focus their discussion on the essential elements of preparing and analyzing the supporting evidence from which generalizations about human nature are derived. The specific elements of anthropological research - such as interviewing informants, observing ceremonial behaviour, and designing surveys - are all covered, but the primary aim is to show how basic observations can be systematically translated into socio-cultural generalizations. The authors place strong emphasis not only on quantification and statistics, but also on the more qualitative aspects of anthropological working styles that are essential to effective research. The two main themes of the book can be stated as follows: (1) anthropological generalizations and more complex theoretical structures can be built up only through careful implementation of basic concepts, the building blocks of all theory, and (2) successful description and hypothesis testing depend on the judicious mixing of quantitative and quantitative research materials. The second edition, in which Professor Gretel Pelto has collaborated with her husband, expands the discussion of tools of research and offers a more comprehensive analysis of current ideas concerning the 'theory-building' process. An entirely new chapter has been added on the research methods and relevance of applied anthropology. Throughout the text, many new and updated examples are cited to illustrate statistical and methodological approaches to anthropological research.

  • Roger Cotes - Natural Philosopher

    Roger Cotes (1682-1716) was the first Plumian Professor of Astronomy and Experimental Philosophy, at Trinity College, Cambridge. One of the most distinguished, and certainly one of the most ardent, of the early Newtonians he did important work in mathematics and astronomy and edited the second edition of Newton's Principia. Cotes died young and published only one paper, the Logometria, during his lifetime; a translation of this paper is given in the Appendix. Most of Cotes's papers were published posthumously in Latin in Harmonia Mensurarum in 1722. Dr Gowing discusses Cotes' work in some detail but has written the work in such a way that the more technical aspects of the mathematics can be omitted at first reading whilst still giving a clear idea of Cotes' achievement. Cotes' work was significant but his full potential was unrealised; in Newton's reputed words: 'If he had lived, we might have known something.'

  • Pliny the Younger: 'Epistles' Book Ii

    Pliny the Younger's nine-book Epistles is a masterpiece of Roman prose. Often mined as a historical and pedagogical sourcebook, this collection of 'private' letters is now finding recognition as a rich and rewarding work in its own right. The second book is a typically varied yet taut suite of miniatures, including among its twenty letters the trial of Marius Priscus and Pliny's famous portrait of his Laurentine villa. This edition, the first to address a complete book of Epistles in over a century, presents a Latin text together with an introduction and commentary intended for students, teachers and scholars. With clear linguistic explanations and full literary analysis, it invites readers to a fresh appreciation of Pliny's lettered art.

  • Creative Computer Graphics

    Creative Computer Graphics presents the dynamic visual power of images created with computer technology. From the pioneering efforts in the 1950s to the current achievements of modern exponents in the US, UK, France and Japan, the book explores computer graphic images through the techniques and technology used to create them. Scientific research laboratories, video games, NASA space simulations, feature films, television advertising and industrial design are some of the areas where computer graphics has made an impact. The book traces the history, assesses the current state of the art and looks ahead to the future where computer graphic images and techniques are to become progressively more important as a means of expression and communication.

  • Inflation, Stagflation, Relative Prices, and Imperfect Information

    This book surveys the imperfect-information approach to inflation and its real effects. Two types of informational limitation are considered. One involves situations in which individuals have asymmetric information about the current general price level and consequently confuse relative and aggregate changes in prices. The other considers situations in which individuals cannot distinguish permanent from transitory changes as soon as they occur, creating a temporary but persistent confusion between such changes. The author presents the arguments within the context of the recent re-evaluations by economists of previously established views concerning inflation and its interaction with real phenomena.

  • Semantics

    When the first edition of Semantics appeared in 1976, the developments in this aspect of language study were exciting interest not only among linguists, but among philosophers, psychologists and logicians. Professor Palmer's straightforward and comprehensive book was immediately welcomed as one of the best introductions to the subject. Interest in Semantics has been further stimulated recently by a number of significant, and often contriversial, theoretical advances; and the publication of this second edition has enabled Professor Palmer to bring his survey thoroughly up to date. There is also an important new chapter on 'Semantics and logic', showing clearly and simply the influence that logical models have had on the study of meaning. Professor Palmer always illustrates his argument with helpful examples, and his non-technical explanations will be readily intelligible to the interested layman as well as to beginning students of language and linguistics.

  • Econometric Theory and Practice: Frontiers of Analysis and Applied Research

    This book is a collection of essays written in honor of Professor Peter C. B. Phillips of Yale University by some of his former students. The essays analyze a number of important issues in econometrics, all of which Professor Phillips has directly influenced through his seminal scholarly contribution as well as through his remarkable achievements as a teacher. The essays are organized to cover topics in higher-order asymptotics, deficient instruments, nonstationary, LAD and quantile regression, and nonstationary panels. These topics span both theoretical and applied approaches and are intended for use by professionals and advanced graduate students.

  • Darwin's Finches

    David Lack's classic work on the finches of the Galapagos Islands (Darwin's Finches) was first published in 1947; few books have had such a great impact on evolutionary biology, indeed it is still one of the most succinct and fascinating treatises ever written about the origin of new species. The 1947 version is reproduced with facsimile pages of the original text, tables and line illustrations. The major feature of this reprint is the additional material supplied by Dr Peter Boag and Dr Laurene Ratcliffe who have both completed studies on the Galapagos. The readership will comprise students of evolution and ecology and those interested in the history of evolutionary thought. Amateur ornithologists and tourists visiting the Galapagos Islands will find this account fascinating.

  • Anthropology, History, and Education

    Anthropology, History, and Education, first published in 2007, contains all of Kant's major writings on human nature. Some of these works, which were published over a thirty-nine year period between 1764 and 1803, had never before been translated into English. Kant's question 'What is the human being?' is approached indirectly in his famous works on metaphysics, epistemology, moral and legal philosophy, aesthetics and the philosophy of religion, but it is approached directly in his extensive but less well-known writings on physical and cultural anthropology, the philosophy of history, and education which are gathered in the present volume. Kant repeatedly claimed that the question 'What is the human being?' should be philosophy's most fundamental concern, and Anthropology, History, and Education can be seen as effectively presenting his philosophy as a whole in a popular guise.

  • Writing Skills Student's book: A Problem-Solving Approach

    Writing Skills provides learners with problem-solving activities based on a wide variety of text types. The activities give practice in using specific items of language and in developing the ability to organise information. Text types covered are: letters (both informal and formal), reports, brochures, journalistic articles, instructions and stories. In all cases, emphasis is placed on group work, and substantial opportunities and ideas for further practice are given throughout. The Teacher's Book contains notes and a key, as well as comprehensive explanations of the rationale behind the exercises.

  • Esotericism and the Academy: Rejected Knowledge in Western Culture

    Academics tend to look on 'esoteric', 'occult' or 'magical' beliefs with contempt, but are usually ignorant about the religious and philosophical traditions to which these terms refer, or their relevance to intellectual history. Wouter Hanegraaff tells the neglected story of how intellectuals since the Renaissance have tried to come to terms with a cluster of 'pagan' ideas from late antiquity that challenged the foundations of biblical religion and Greek rationality. Expelled from the academy on the basis of Protestant and Enlightenment polemics, these traditions have come to be perceived as the Other by which academics define their identity to the present day. Hanegraaff grounds his discussion in a meticulous study of primary and secondary sources, taking the reader on an exciting intellectual voyage from the fifteenth century to the present day and asking what implications the forgotten history of exclusion has for established textbook narratives of religion, philosophy and science.

  • Fractals, Scaling and Growth Far from Equilibrium

    This 1998 book describes the progress that had been made towards the development of a comprehensive understanding of the formation of complex, disorderly patterns under conditions far from equilibrium. The application of fractal geometry and scaling concepts to the quantitative description and understanding of structure formed under non-equilibrium conditions is described. Self-similar fractals, multi-fractals and scaling methods are discussed, with examples, to facilitate applications in the physical sciences. Computer simulations and experimental studies are emphasised, but the author also includes discussion of theoretical advances in the subject. Much of the book deals with diffusion-limited growth processes and the evolution of rough surfaces, although a broad range of other applications is also included. The techniques and topics will be relevant to graduate students and researchers in physics, chemistry, materials science, engineering and the earth sciences, interested in applying the ideas of fractals and scaling.

  • Meanings into Words Intermediate Teacher's book: An Integrated Course for Students of English

    Part of an intermediate stage English language learning course, which offers comprehensive coverage of major language items, language practice and open-ended exercises.

  • Quality and Pleasure in Latin Poetry

    Originally published in 1974, these studies of Latin poetry were commissioned with two main purposes in mind: to encourage a fresh reading of several Latin poets from the time of Catullus to Horace, and to illustrate various, critical approaches to literature. As the literary study of Latin developed in schools and universities there was a proliferation of critical techniques, which were greeted with bewilderment by some, with hostility by others. This book does not attempt to adjudicate finally between them. There can be no one 'prescription' for interpreting poetry; but this does not mean that there are no valid standards of judgement. Criticism must be flexible, imaginative and sympathetic, but it must also be rigourous. To counteract feelings of disorientation the editors tried to provide samples of the best critical work in progress at the time of publication.

  • The Cambridge History of Japan

    Volume 5 of The Cambridge History of Japan provides the most comprehensive account available in any Western language of Japan's transformation from a feudal society to a modern nation state. It traces the roots and course of political, social, and institutional change that took place in Japan from late Tokugawa times to the early twentieth century. During this period Japan, under pressure from the intrusive West, abandoned its policy of national seclusion and remodeled its institutions to build the strength necessary to join the great powers and to fashion an empire in East Asia. The volume consists of an interrelated collection of authoritative and analytical chapters by specialists in the history of nineteenth-century Japan that discuss the fissures in late feudal society, the impact of and responses to the West, the overthrow of the shogunal government, and the revolutionary changes that were instituted as defensive measures to strengthen the country against what seemed a dangerous competition with the Western world.

  • Reading Latin: Text

    Reading Latin is a Latin course designed to help mature beginners read Latin fluently and intelligently, primarily in the context of classical culture, but with some mediaeval Latin too. It does this in three ways; it encourages reading of continuous texts from the start; it offers generous help with translation at every stage; and it integrates the learning of Classical Latin with an appreciation of the influence of the Latin language upon English and European culture from Antiquity to the present. The text, richly illustrated, consists at the start of carefully graded adaptations from original Classical Latin texts. The adaptations are gradually phased out until unadultered prose and verse can be read. The Grammar, Vocabulary and Exercises volume supplies all the help needed to do this, together with a range of reinforcing exercises for each section, including English into Latin for those who want it. At the end of each section, a selection of Latin epigrams, mottoes, quotations, everyday Latin, word-derivations, examples of mediaeval Latin and discussions of the influence of Latin upon English illustrate the language's impact on Western culture. Reading Latin is principally designed for university and adult beginners, and also for sixth-formers (eleventh and twelth graders in the USA). It is also ideal for those people who may have learned Latin many years ago, and wish to renew their acquaintance with the language. Its companion course, Reading Greek is one of the most widely used mature beginners' courses in the world.

  • Gauge Field Theories

    Written as a textbook for graduate courses in physics, this book examines gauge field theories and symmetries with an emphasis on their physical and technical aspects. Included is a brief introduction to perturbation theory, the renormalization program, and the use of renormalization group equation. Topics of current research are also covered, such as chiral symmetry and its breaking, anomalies, and low energy effective lagrangians. The only prerequisite is a familiarity with path integrals and quantum field theory.

  • Accents of English I: An Introduction

    Accents of English is about the way English is pronounced by different people in diffeent places. Volume I provides a synthesizing introduction, which shows how accents vary not only geographically, but also with social class, formality, sex and age; and in volumes 2 and 3 the author examines in greater depth the various accents used by people who speak English as their mother tongue: the accents of the regions of England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland (volume 2), and of the USA, Canada, and West Indies, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, India, Black Africa and the Far East (volume 3). Each volume can be read independently, and together they form a major scholarly survey of considerable originality, which not only includes descriptions of hitherto neglected accents, but also examines the implications for phonological theory.

  • Freedom in Machinery: Volume 2, Screw Theory Exemplified

    This book explains what has become known as screw theory, and it deals by way of examples with the applications of this theory not only to the analysis and synthesis of mechanism in general, but also to the problems of real machine design. Because it is wholly three dimensional (and thus not easy to grasp when presented by means of mathematics alone), screw theory is presented here with the help of carefully drawn geometric figures which transport the reader directly into the three-dimensional domain. There are two important aspects of this book; it is firstly a fundamental work in the area of the kinetostatics of mechanism, which is a combination of the kinematics of the motions of and the statics of the forces between rigid bodies in contact. It is also a seminal work of importance for the mechanical design of robots, both the relatively simple robots of today and the much more versatile robots of the future.

  • Deterministic Observation Theory and Applications

    This 2001 book presents a general theory as well as a constructive methodology to solve 'observation problems', that is, reconstructing the full information about a dynamical process on the basis of partial observed data. A general methodology to control processes on the basis of the observations is also developed. Illustrative but also practical applications in the chemical and petroleum industries are shown. This book is intended for use by scientists in the areas of automatic control, mathematics, chemical engineering and physics.

  • English Grammar in Use Book without Answers: A Reference and Practice Book for Intermediate Learners of English

    English Grammar in Use Fourth edition is an updated version of the world's best-selling grammar title. It has a fresh, appealing new design and clear layout, with revised and updated examples, but retains all the key features of clarity and accessibility that have made the book popular with millions of learners and teachers around the world. This 'without answers' version is suitable for reinforcement work in the classroom. An online version, book with answers and book with answers and CD-ROM are available separately.

  • Stratigraphy of the British Isles

    This is a reprint of the second edition of Dr Rayner's standard text on the stratigraphy and historical geology of the British Isles. The book is written for undergraduates and other readers who may have only a general acquaintance with the broad principles of geology. An introductory chapter reviews the basic principles of stratigraphy, geochronology and tectonics. The various geological systems found in the British Isles are then considered in turn. A valuable feature of the book is the extensive treatment of different regional areas within the discussion of a particular geological system. In the final chapter the author reviews briefly those major economic resources that are related to stratigraphy. Throughout the text care has been taken to introduce the plate tectonic interpretation of stratigraphic features. Much more is known about the neighbouring continental shelf and the geology of sea floors and this also is included in order to provide a comprehensive integrated account of the geological history of the British Isles.

  • Chinese Architecture

    Ancient Chinese architecture is not only a source of reference for modern Chinese design, it has also had an international influence and attracted global attention. Moreover, architectural remains in China reveal much about the history of this ancient civilisation. The palaces, gardens, temples, tombs and dwellings of the Chinese people reflect, for example, the military achievements of the Qin emperor, the spirit of the Tang Dynasty, the palace intrigues of the Ming Dynasty, the diversity of Chinese culture through the ages and the skill of countless generations of craftsmen and labourers. Chinese Architecture provides an accessible, illustrated introduction to this essential part of China's cultural heritage.

  • Leos Janacek: Kat'a Kabanova

    Kat'a Kabanova is both the first Janacek opera to have been performed in Britain and the one which has received the most productions in Britain and the USA. In this book John Tyrrell brings together letters, early reviews and other documents (most of them translated from Czech for the first time) on the opera's composition and its early performances. A group of key interpretations of the opera ranges from one by the opera's German translator and Janacek's first biographer Max Brod to specially commissioned essays by Wilfrid Mellers and by David Pountney, producer of the highly successful Welsh National Opera/Scottish Opera Janacek cycle.

  • Urban Ecology: Science Of Cities

    How does nature work in our human-created city, suburb, and exurb/peri-urb? Indeed how is ecology - including its urban water, soil, air, plant, and animal foundations - spatially entwined with this great human enterprise? And how can we improve urban areas for both nature and people? Urban Ecology: Science of Cities explores the entire urban area: from streets, lawns, and parks to riversides, sewer systems, and industrial sites. The book presents models, patterns, and examples from hundreds of cities worldwide. Numerous illustrations enrich the presentation. Cities are analyzed, not as ecologically bad or good, but as places with concentrated rather than dispersed people. Urban ecology principles, traditionally adapted from natural-area ecology, now increasingly emerge from the distinctive features of cities. Spatial patterns and flows, linking organisms, built structures, and the physical environment highlight a treasure chest of useful principles. This pioneering interdisciplinary book opens up frontiers of insight, as a valuable source and text for undergraduates, graduates, researchers, professionals, and others with a thirst for solutions to growing urban problems.

  • Introduction to Dynamics

    Recent advances in dynamics, with wide applications throughout the sciences and engineering, have meant that a new approach to the subject is needed. Furthermore, the mathematical and scientific background of students has changed in recent years. In this book, the subject of dynamics is introduced at undergraduate level through the elementary qualitative theory of differential equations, the geometry of phrase curves and the theory of stability. Each subject, from the most elementary topic to some important discoveries of recent decades, is introduced through simple examples and illustrated with many diagrams. The text is supplemented with over a hundred exercises. The examples and exercises cover subjects as diverse as mechanics and population dynamics. The mathematical background required of the reader is an understanding of the elementary theory of differential equations and matrix arithmetic. The book will be of interest to second-year and third-year undergraduates at universities, polytechnics and technical colleges who are studying science and engineering courses. It is also suitable for graduates and research workers in such fields as plasma, atomic, particle and molecular physics, astronomy and theoretical ecology.

  • Otto Klemperer: Volume 2, 1933–1973: His Life and Times

    Otto Klemperer was one of the great conductors of the century. This second volume of Peter Heyworth's celebrated biography follows the conductor's fortunes from his time as an emigre in the United States to his final years as conductor of the Philharmonia Orchestra of London. His time in America was frustrating and unhappy. He became chief conductor of the Los Angeles Philharmonic, but failed to secure important engagements on the East Coast. Bedevilled by manic depression, his euphoric moods led to wild escapades, on one occasion finding him in police cells. Returning to Europe in 1946, he found work at the Budapest State Opera until Stalin's grip forced him away. In the fifties he found work where he could, suffering illness, accidents and depression. Finally, he was given a contract with EMI and his concerts and recordings with the Philharmonia brought, at last, the worldwide recognition that had so long eluded him. The two volumes are also available as a set.

  • Science in Russia and Soviet Union

    By the 1980s the Soviet scientific establishment had become the largest in the world, but very little of its history was known in the West. What has been needed for many years in order to fill that gap in our knowledge is a history of Russian and Soviet science written for the educated person who would like to read one book on the subject. This book has been written for that reader. The history of Russian and Soviet science is a story of remarkable achievements and frustrating failures. That history is presented here in a comprehensive form, and explained in terms of its social and political context. Major sections include the tsarist period, the impact of the Russian Revolution, the relationship between science and Soviet society, and the strengths and weaknesses of individual scientific disciplines. The book also discusses the changes brought to science in Russia and other republics by the collapse of communism in the late 1980s and early 1990s.

  • English in Mind Level 4 Workbook

    This second edition updates a course which has proven to be a perfect fit for classes the world over. Engaging content and a strong focus on grammar and vocabulary combine to make this course a hit with both teachers and students. This Workbook provides extra language and skills practice for use both in the classroom and at home. It also includes extra vocabulary exercises corresponding to the expanded lexical sets in the Student's Book 'Vocabulary Bank'. 'Study Help' and 'Skills Tips' sections give learners extra support and guidance. The audio content to accompany the Workbook is included on the Student's Book DVD-ROM and on the Class Audio CDs which are available separately.

  • The Han Rhapsody: A Study of the Fu of Yang Hsiung (53 B.C.-A.D.18)

    An attempt at an analysis in depth of the work of Yang Hsiung (53 BC-AD 18), and of the Fu or rhapsody (a mixture of rhythmical prose passages interspersed with free, rhymed verse). Yang Hsiung has figured prominently in Chinese literary history, though he is better known for his philosophical and historical writings than for his literary work. Professor Knechtges shows that Yang is important in the development of the Fu, a poetic genre popular in the Former Han dynasty (206 BC-AD 8) and the mastery of which brought him recognition and honours at the imperial court. The work and development of the genre are analysed from a modern critical viewpoint. Professor Knechtges' book will be of interest to specialists in Chinese literature and to historians of the Han period.

  • Intonation in Context Audio Cassette: Intonation Practice for Upper-intermediate and Advanced Learners of English

    Intonation in Context is for upper-intermediate and advanced learners of English who want to improve their intonation. It aims to make learners aware of the main features of intonation and provides enjoyable activities for both controlled and freer practice in a range of conversational situations. Intonation is presented as a system which has an important communicative function in any interaction between speaker and listener. Learners first explore the meaning conveyed by the parts of this system before going on to a variety of production exercises. The book is intended to be used alongside any general coursebook to provide a systematic and accessible introduction to this often neglected area of pronunciation. The easy-to-follow explanations assume no specialist knowledge of the subject and the accompanying CD provides clear models, making this an excellent choice for both classroom use and self-study.

  • English in Mind Level 2B Combo 2B with DVD-ROM

    This second edition updates a course which has proven to be a perfect fit for classes the world over. English in Mind Combo 2B with DVD-ROM features a new Welcome Unit and Units 8-14 from the full Student's Book renumbered as Units 1-8 together with their corresponding Workbook pages. Thought-provoking topics motivate teenage students. Content-rich photostories present contemporary spoken English in realistic contexts. 'Culture in mind' sections give insight into different aspects of English-speaking life. The complete DVD-ROM features stimulating grammar exercises, games, video, unit tests, Workbook audio, and selected Student's Book audio. The videos feature the photostory characters and include 'Videoke,' which allows students to record and hear their voices in portions of the video dialogues.

  • Octavio Paz: A Study of his Poetics

    Octavio Paz (1914-1998), the eminent Mexican poet and critic, attempted to evaluate the neglected role of poetry in the twentieth century in terms of a liberating, semi-religious vocation. Jason Wilson, in this study, approaches Paz's poetics through his close relationship with Andre Breton (1896-1966), the surrealist leader. This is a 'spiritual biography' of a poet-thinker (Paz); a study of a fertile relationship (Paz and Breton); a re-evaluation of surrealism itself and, finally, a coping with those acute problems that all poets and readers of poetry must face in an age lacking an acceptable cultural tradition: why write? What is a poem? Who are the genuine poets? Who am I? Wilson analyses Paz's reaction to these related concerns in the poet's examination of 'the values of poetry' in terms of a liberating poetics.

  • The Merchants of Moscow 1580-1650

    Using evidence drawn from archives in Moscow, Professor Bushkovitch challenges conventional analyses of trade and industry during this period. The Merchants of Moscow 1580-1650 examines the formation of the merchant class in Russia before the reforms of Peter the Great, focusing on the role of the Muscovite merchants in the establishment of foreign and domestic trade and commerce. Bushkovitch places the merchants of Moscow within the context of Eastern Europe, a region whose economic complexities and contradictions make it a more apt standard for comparison than the Western European nations against whom the merchants are usually measured. By shifting his focus to Eastern Europe, Bushkovitch is able to re-evaluate their position in the state and other branches of the Russian economy as well as their role in international commerce. Rather than presenting them as debilitated by an absolutist state whose demands depleted their time and wealth, Bushkovitch finds that the merchants of Moscow were a stable and prosperous group whose activities were central to the emerging Russian economy and whose relations with the state formed a contradictory pattern of dependence and independence.

  • Decomposer Basidiomycetes: Their Biology and Ecology

    This volume concerns the breakdown of dead organic materials by the basidiomycetes or toadstools, one of the three major groups of fungi. Although the decomposer members of this group are ecologically and commercially of immense importance, this is the first symposium to focus on them. Various aspects of the taxonomy, sporulation, growth, enzyme activity and genetics of the organisms are discussed first. The roles of basidiomycetes in the nutrient cycles and energy flow of terrestrial and aquatic habitats and their activities as aggressive rotters of trees, outdoor and indoor timber and plant litter and composts are described in the later chapters.

  • The 9/11 Effect: Comparative Counter-Terrorism

    This book critically and comparatively examines the responses of the United Nations and a range of countries to the terror attacks on September 11, 2001. It assesses the convergence between the responses of Western democracies including the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia and Canada with countries with more experience with terrorism including Egypt, Syria, Israel, Singapore and Indonesia. A number of common themes - the use of criminal law and immigration law, the regulation of speech associated with terrorism, the review of the state's whole of government counter-terrorism activities, and the development of national security policies - are discussed. The book provides a critical take on how the United Nations promoted terrorism financing laws and listing processes and the regulation of speech associated with terrorism but failed to agree on a definition of terrorism or the importance of respecting human rights while combating terrorism.

  • Representations and Characters of Finite Groups

    Representation theory and character theory have proved essential in the study of finite simple groups since their early development by Frobenius. The author begins by presenting the foundations of character theory in a style accessible to advanced undergraduates requiring only a basic knowledge of group theory and general algebra. This theme is then expanded in a self-contained account providing an introduction to the application of character theory to the classification of simple groups. The book follows both strands of the theory: the exceptional characters of Suzuki and Feit and the block character theory of Brauer and includes refinements of original proofs that have become available as the subject has grown. This account will be of value as a textbook for students with some background in group theory, and as a reference for specialists and researchers in the field.

  • Homer: The Iliad Book 24

    The twenty-fourth book of the Iliad - the account of Priam's ransoming of Hector's body from Achilles - is one of the masterpieces of world literature, a work of interest to a far wider audience than scholars of ancient Greek. In this edition Colin Macleod tries to reach both scholars and Greekless readers alike. In his commentary he gives help to readers unfamiliar with the language of Homer and discusses problems of content and expression, never treating this book in isolation but drawing attention to Homer's artistry and thought in the context of the whole of the Iliad. In his introduction Mr Macleod examines Homer's notion of poetry, his style and language and the architecture and meaning of his work. He tries to show why Book XXIV is a proper conclusion to the Iliad. This is an edition for classical scholars, undergraduates and students in the upper forms of schools. The introduction and substantial parts of the commentary require no knowledge of Greek and should find readers among all who are interested in European literature.

  • Write Better English

    Teaches English writing skills by approaching English as a foreign language, emphasizing sentence structure, connecting concepts and good style. Includes exercises.

  • Penelope's Web: Gender, Modernity, H. D.'s Fiction

    Penelope's Web should appeal to a wide spectrum of readers interested in twentieth-century modernism, women's writing, feminist criticism, post-structuralist theory, psychoanalysis, autobiography, and women's studies. Published in 1991, it was the first book to examine fully the brilliantly innovative prose writings of H. D., the pen-name for Hilda Doolittle (1886-1961), who has been known primarily as a poet. Her prose, more personal, experimental, and postmodern than her poetry, raises central questions about the relation of women writers to language, desire and history. She suppressed in her lifetime many of these texts because of their daring exploration of her bisexuality and their radical critique of the social order. H. D.'s prose writings contribute importantly to the many histories and theories of modernism that are redrawing boundaries to include the achievement of women writers.

  • Dispute Settlement Reports 2008: Volume 7, Pages 2383-2770

    The Dispute Settlement Reports of the World Trade Organization (WTO) include Panel and Appellate Body reports, as well as arbitration awards, in disputes concerning the rights and obligations of WTO members under the provisions of the Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization. These are the WTO authorized and paginated reports in English. An essential addition to the library of all practising and academic trade lawyers, and needed by students worldwide taking courses in international economic or trade law. DSR 2008: VII reports on United States - Customs Bond Directive for Merchandise Subject to Anti-Dumping/Countervailing Duties (WT/DS343, WT/DS345).

  • Music in the Seventeenth Century

    The seventeenth century was a period of profound change in the history of music. In this volume Lorenzo Bianconi considers the radical developments of the century as long-lived musical traditions died out and others were created in response to new social functions. This period saw, for example, the flowering of the polyphonic madrigal and its subsequent decline in favour of a new concertato style, the rise of the basso continuo and the growth of purely instrumental composition. Most importantly it saw the rapid rise and persistent growth of a new genre of immeasurable significance: opera. In examining the plurality of coexistent musical styles Lorenzo Bianconi also discusses the socio-historical and cultural aspects of seventeenth-century music history: the opening out towards rational modes of scientific enquiry and theoretical speculation; the social position of the musician in the age of the first theatrical and musical entrepreneurs; the decline of Italian music publishing and the spread of the market to northern Europe. In considering these problems Lorenzo Bianconi presents a fresh picture of musical life in the seventeenth century, taking, like other books from the Italian series Storia della Musica, a broadly contextual approach.

  • The Ultimate Fate of the Universe

    This book describes what will ultimately happen to the contents of the universe. To understand the universe in the far future, we must first describe its present state and structure on the grand scale, and how its present properties arose. Dr Islam explains these topics in an accessible way in the first part of the book. From this background he speculates about the future evolution of the universe and predicts the major changes that will occur. The author has largely avoided mathematical formalism and therefore the book is well suited to general readers with a modest background knowledge of physics and astronomy.

  • NSSC Accounting Module 2 Student's Book

    NSSC Accounting Second Edition is a course consisting of two Modules, an Answer Book and a Teacher's Guide. The course has been written and designed to prepare students for the Namibia Senior Secondary Certificate (NSSC) Ordinary and Higher Levels NSSC Accounting Second Edition is high-quality support material. Features of the books include: o modules divided into units, each focusing on a different theme o stimulating and thought-provoking activities, designed to encourage critical thinking o word boxes providing language support o highlighted and explained key terminology o step-by-step guidelines aimed towards achieving the learning outcomes o self-evaluation to facilitate learning and assess skills and knowledge o clear distinction between Ordinary and Higher Level content o an outcomes-based approach encouraging student-centred learning o detailed feedback in the Answer Book promoting a thorough understanding of content through recognising errors and correcting them.

  • New Essays on Tolstoy

    This collection of essays was first published in 1978. They commemorate the 150th anniversary of Tolstoy's birth in 1828. The range in subject matter is great and includes a reconsideration of the problems of translating Tolstoy into English, fresh approaches to his major fiction (War and Peace and Anna Karenina), a study of an underrated later work (Hadji Murat) and reassessments of Tolstoy as a thinker. The final essay records an attempt to establish a 'Tolstoyan' colony at Purleigh during Tolstoy's own lifetime. There is also a bibliographical survey of British work on Tolstoy up until the 1970s. The whole collection was conceived as a specifically British contribution to the 150th anniversary celebrations. The book is illustrated with a number of little-known photographs of Tolstoy.

  • From Egg to Embryo: Determinative Events in Early Development

    This book is about the development of the animal embryo starting from the fertilised egg. The emphasis is on the problem of pattern formation: how cells in different regions of the embryo become programmed to form the various structures of the body in the correct relative positions.

  • face2face Elementary Workbook without Key.

    face2face Second edition is the flexible, easy-to-teach, 6-level course (A1 to C1) for busy teachers who want to get their adult and young adult learners to communicate with confidence. face2face is the flexible, easy-to-teach General English course that helps adults and young adults to speak and listen with confidence. face2face is informed by Cambridge English Corpus and its vocabulary syllabus has been mapped to the English Vocabulary Profile, meaning students learn the language they really need at each CEFR level. The course improves students' listening skills by drawing their attention to the elements of spoken English that are difficult to understand. The Workbook offers additional consolidation activities and a Reading and Writing Portfolio for extra skills practice.

  • Ancient Metallurgy in the USSR: The Early Metal Age

    Details the successive periods of metallurgical activity in different regions of the USSR, provides information about the groups of artefacts, analyzes the international metallurgical trade, and documents the collapse in the first millennium BC of the socio-cultural systems in these centres.

  • Theory of Information Coding

    This is a self-contained introduction to the theory of information and coding. It can be used either for self-study or as the basis for a course at either the graduate or ,undergraduate level. The text includes dozens of worked examples and several hundred problems for solution.

  • Microbial Ecology: Organism Habitat: Organisms, Habitats, Activities

    The rapid expansion od industry and the excessive demands made on limited natural resources have caused genuine concern at all levels of society. In the past this concern has concentrated on plants and animals and their relationships with their environments, but now attention is also turning towards microorganisms whose role is crucial to so many natural processes - from global life and mineral cycles through to the production of beer and milk products. After a brief introduction to microbiology this book concentrates on the ecological aspects of microbial life covering a wide variety of topics including structure, behaviour, growth, dispersal, interactions and how microbes act as symbionts and pathogens. Such a wide-ranging interdisciplinary approach will appeal to undergraduate and graduate students of microbiology, plant and animal ecology, agronomy, forestry and environmental sciences. Professionals working in the same fields will also find it informative as will those working in plant pathology and soil, aquatic, medical and food microbiology.

  • Fiscal and Monetary Policies and Problems in Developing Countries

    This book is concerned with the use of fiscal and monetary policies to overcome three major obstacles to development commonly faced by less developed countries: inadequate investment; misallocation of investment resources; and internal and external imbalances i.e. inflation and balance of payments deficits. The book is divided into six chapters the first two of which are devoted to the definition of concepts and to an explanation of the Keynesian model of income determination and of Kalecki's model of financing investment, within the framework of which the role of fiscal and monetary measures and of foreign capital is later examined. Chapters 3 and 4 discuss the role of fiscal measures and of foreign capital, respectively, in promoting domestic investment. Chapter 5 examines the use of both fiscal and monetary instruments, including industrial and agricultural development banks, to influence the pattern of investment. The last chapter is devoted to the problems of internal and external imbalances. The author examines policies pursued by a representative sample of developing countries and concludes that most of them fail adequately to exploit the potential of fiscal and monetary instruments and of foreign capital to overcome the three sets of obstacles to development largely bacause of institutonal (socio-political) constraints. The approach to inflation and balance of payments difficulties followed in the book differs significantly from that of monetarists, notably the Chicago school and the IMF, whose basic propositions are reviewed and critically examined in some detail in Chapters 2 and 6. Although the primary focus of the book is on developing economies, this part of it is also relevant to industrial countries.

  • Horace Epistles Book I

    This volume comprises an edition with introduction and commentary of the first book of Horace's Epistles. These imaginary letters in verse represent the poet's most original contribution to Latin literature. The introduction discusses fully the invention of the new poetic form and the carefully devised style in which the letters are composed. There is also discussion of the addressees and of the main topics, as well as of the lay-out of the poems and the organisation of the book as a whole. The common view that the poems mark a conversion of Horace to philosophy is reassessed. The commentary offers analyses of the tone of the language, particularly the poetic qualities of Horatian usage. There is an ample index.

  • Super Minds Level 3 Class Audio CDs (3)

    An exciting, seven-level course that enhances young learners' thinking skills, sharpening their memory while improving their language skills. This exciting seven-level course enhances your students' thinking skills, sharpening their memory and improving their concentration along with their language skills. Super Minds develops language with creative activities including role play and project work, explores social values with lively stories and encourages cross-curricular thinking with fascinating 'English for school' sections. These Level 3 Class Audio CDs contain all the listening material to use with the Level 3 Student's Book and Workbook.

  • The Letters of D. H. Lawrence: Volume 2, June 1913-October 1916

    Volume II of the Letters presents more than 700 letters, covering the period from June 1913 to October 1916, from the enthusiastic reception of Sons and Lovers to the completion of the first manuscript of Women in Love. Lawrence visits England in June 1913 and receives recognition as the author of Sons and Lovers. He returns to Italy in the autumn of 1913 to work on his new novel 'The Sisters', which subsequently becomes The Rainbow and Women in Love. Lawrence and Frieda return to England in June 1914 to be married and are caught there by the War. The letters vividly record his reaction to the War. The editors' introduction considers the initial widening scope of Lawrence's literary life with his later isolation in Cornwall. Over two hundred letters are previously unpublished and others are printed for the first time in their entirety.

  • Reproduction in Mammals: Volume 1, Germ Cells and Fertilisation

    In this, our second edition of Reproduction in Mammals, we are responding to numerous requests for a more up-to-date and rather more detailed treatment of the subject. The first edition was accorded an excellent reception, but Books 1 to 5 were written some 14 years ago and inevitably there have been many advances on many fronts since then. As before, the manner of presentation is intended to make the subject matter interesting to read and readily comprehensible to undergraduates in the biological sciences, and yet with sufficient depth to provide a valued source of information to graduates engaged in both teaching and research. Our authors have been selected from among the best known in their respective fields. Book 5 is concerned with the many ways in which we can now manipulate reproductive processes in animals and humans, thanks to our new understanding of hormone action and improved control over early developmental events. We have at our disposal a whole array of synthetic hormone agonists, antagonists and antibodies that can be used at will to stimulate or inhibit fertility in animals and humans alike, so that productivity in livestock can be promoted according to plan and child-bearing becomes more a matter of choice than chance. We can compensate for infertility by in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer, and overcome inherent deficiencies by techniques involving embryo manipulation. Existing barriers to the dissemination and application of this new-found knowledge are discussed in some detail, since it is becoming increasingly clear that improvements in the quality of life for people in many developing countries will be long delayed unless they can meet essential needs and call a halt to runaway population growth.

  • Wheat Science - Today and Tomorrow

    First published in 1981, Wheat Science - Today and Tomorrow was intended to survey the past, assess contemporary circumstances in the early 1980s and project the future course of wheat improvement in the last part of the twentieth century. The book begins with the origins and genetic resources of the most important crop, before discussing both known and potential techniques for wheat breeding. The use of these in the improvement of wheat quality and rust resistance is then described. The contribution of crop physiology to breeding for great yield and improved performance under stress is then considered, together with alternative approaches to agronomy. The book was based on papers presented as a Symposium in honour of Sir Otto Frankel's 80th birthday. It will be of great interest to graduate students and professionals in plant breeding, agronomy and crop physiology.

  • Casting out Anger: Religion among the Taita of Kenya

    This account of an East African religion as it was during the 1950s discusses a variety of issues in the study of religion, within the context of case materials and other field data. The Taita people of southern Kenya called their religion Butasi after its central act which combined utterance with spraying-out of liquid from the mouth. Taking up the central theme of mystical anger, Dr Harris explores the social and cultural aspects of doctrines and rituals. She shows that the interpretation and shaping of the experience of misfortune occurred in religious interaction: between living humans having mystical attributes, and between them and person-like mystical agencies. Many of the concepts, practices, themes and elements discussed have been reported for other African religions, often with little comment or analysis. Here they are brought together, explored, and related to one another. The result is a many-sided, yet integrated picture of a single religion. Presented in clear and non-technical language, the study serves to illuminate many religions throughout the world.

  • Totally Positive Matrices

    Totally positive matrices constitute a particular class of matrices, the study of which was initiated by analysts because of its many applications in diverse areas. This account of the subject is comprehensive and thorough, with careful treatment of the central properties of totally positive matrices, full proofs and a complete bibliography. The history of the subject is also described: in particular, the book ends with a tribute to the four people who have made the most notable contributions to the history of total positivity: I. J. Schoenberg, M. G. Krein, F. R. Gantmacher and S. Karlin. This monograph will appeal to those with an interest in matrix theory, to those who use or have used total positivity, and to anyone who wishes to learn about this rich and interesting subject.

  • Grétry and the Growth of Opéra-comique

    Originally published in 1986, this book is a major study in English on Gretry and opera-comique. Opera-comique is the operatic genre that lies behind The Magic Flute and Fidelio. David Charlton's important study examines the genre in the period before the French Revolution, considering the literary sources, performance conditions, contemporary aesthetic criteria and statistics which reveal the popularity of such works at that time. Dr Charlton takes Gretry, composer of some thirty-four operas-comiques, and a fascinating personality of his day, as the central figure of his study, drawing on Gretry's extensive Memoires and other writing, not available in English translation, for the biographical sections. Twenty-four of Gretry's operas-comiques are given a chapter each, with plot summary, critical discussion, summary of different versions and history of performance in Paris. The book can thus be used as a reference tool or read as a comprehensive survey of opera-comique between 1768 and 1791.

  • Western Political Theory in the Face of the Future

    John Dunn's Western Political Theory in the Face of the Future demonstrates that the major traditions of thought, from which the political values of the modern West have emerged are all, in the light of recent world history, in crucial respects incoherent or flawed. This second edition underlines the drastic changes in the challenges which face the world, in the wake of the Soviet Union's collapse and the end of the Cold War, stressing the ever tighter linking of the global economy with the ecology in which we live, and the problems which this poses for the survival of civilisation.

  • The Floating Pound and the Sterling Area: 1931-1939

    Britain's abandonment of the Gold Standard in 1931 raised new economic policy problems both for Britain and for the countries of the Empire, who had to decide whether to follow sterling off gold and, if so, whether to peg their currencies to sterling. By exploiting archival material, the author casts fresh light on the debates and financial diplomacy of the period, and provides a fuller understanding of several key issues: the formation of the sterling area, the World Economic Conference of 1933, and American concerns about the price and course of sterling.

  • Dinosaurs: A Concise Natural History

    Updated with the material that instructors want, Dinosaurs continues to make science exciting and understandable to non-science majors through its narrative of scientific concepts rather than endless facts. It now contains new material on pterosaurs, an expanded section on the evolution of the dinosaurs and new photographs to help students engage with geology, natural history and evolution. The authors ground the text in the language of modern evolutionary biology, phylogenetic systematics, and teach students to examine the paleontology of dinosaurs exactly as the professionals in the field do using these methods to reconstruct dinosaur relationships. Beautifully illustrated, lively and engaging, this edition continues to encourage students to ask questions and assess data critically, enabling them to think like a scientist.

  • Court and Politics in Papal Rome, 1492-1700

    This 2002 book attempts to overcome the traditional historiographical approach to the role of the early modern papacy by focusing on the actual mechanisms of power in the papal court. The period covered extends from the Renaissance to the aftermath of the peace of Westphalia in 1648 - after which the papacy was reduced to a mainly spiritual role. Based on research in Italian and other European archives, the book concentrates on the factions at the Roman court and in the college of cardinals. The sacred college came under great international pressure during the election of a new pope, and consequently such figures as foreign ambassadors and foreign cardinals are examined, as well as political liaisons and social contacts at court. Finally, the book includes an analysis of the ambiguous nature of Roman ceremonial, which was both religious and secular: a reflection of the power struggle both in Rome and in Europe.

  • American More! Six-Level Edition Level 2 Teacher's Resource Book with Testbuilder CD-ROM/Audio CD

    American MORE! Six-Level Edition is a version of a course from a highly respected author team that's bursting with features for lower secondary students. Each level of American MORE! contains 50-60 hours of class material. With dedicated reading, culture, grammar, vocabulary, skills and cross-curricular learning sections, plus a wide range of flexible components, you really do get more with American MORE! The Teacher's Resource Book contains detailed guidance on how to get the best out of the course, warm-up activities, photocopiable grammar and communication resources, tests and answer keys, and 'Extra' idea sections for fast finishers. The test material is contained on the Testbuilder CD-ROM, together with the audio for the tests.

  • Speaking Naturally Student's book: Communication Skills in American English

    Communication skills in American English. Self-study. The Student's Book focuses on a language function-such as requesting information, thanking, complimenting, and inviting-while readings explain the cultural "rules" students need to know to communicate naturally and effectively. Structured exercises, as well as freer role plays, often involve pairs or small groups and encourage interaction in the classroom.

  • Green's Functions

    Green's functions are an important tool used in solving boundary value problems associated with ordinary and partial differential equations. This self-contained and systematic introduction to Green's functions has been written with applications in mind. The material is presented in an unsophisticated and rather more practical manner than usual. Consequently advanced undergraduates and beginning postgraduate students in mathematics and the applied sciences will find this account particularly attractive. Many exercises and examples have been supplied throughout to reinforce comprehension and to increase familiarity with the technique.

  • Semantics: Second Edition

    When the first edition of Semantics appeared in 1976, the developments in this aspect of language study were exciting interest not only among linguists, but among philosophers, psychologists and logicians. Professor Palmer's straightforward and comprehensive book was immediately welcomed as one of the best introductions to the subject. Interest in Semantics has been further stimulated recently by a number of significant, and often contriversial, theoretical advances; and the publication of this second edition has enabled Professor Palmer to bring his survey thoroughly up to date. There is also an important new chapter on 'Semantics and logic', showing clearly and simply the influence that logical models have had on the study of meaning. Professor Palmer always illustrates his argument with helpful examples, and his non-technical explanations will be readily intelligible to the interested layman as well as to beginning students of language and linguistics.

  • The Construction of Modern Science: Mechanisms and Mechanics

    This introduction to the history of science in the seventeenth century examines the so-called 'scientific revolution' in terms of the interplay between two major themes. The Platonic-Pythagorean tradition looked on nature in geometric terms with the conviction that the cosmos was constructed according to the principles of mathematical order, while the mechanical philosophy conceived of nature as a huge machine and sought to explain the hidden mechanisms behind phenomena. Pursuing different goals, these two movements of thought tended to conflict with each other, and more than the obviously mathematical sciences were affected - the influence spread as far as chemistry and the life sciences. As this book demonstrates, the full fruition of the scientific revolution required a resolution of the tension between the two dominant trends.

  • Fun Mathematics on your Microcomputer

    Have you ever wondered how you can use your microcomputer to learn something useful whilst still having fun? If you have then you will certainly enjoy this entertaining guide to the fascinating world of mathematics. And you do not need to be an expert in mathematics or computing! Each chapter introduces an important part of mathematics. The basic ideas are explained in a lively and instructive style, and then incorporated into computer games and 'fun' programs. Find out how to make snowflakes and about polar honey bees; discover hidden treasure, and learn what bouncing balls, rockets and bacteria have in common; create amazing patterns on screen. All of the computer programs are written in BASIC, and in such a way that they are readily adaptable to your own microcomputer; conversion notes are provided. The programs have been tested on several different microcomputers and the programs listings have been printed directly from running programs. The book will provide an endless source of ideas, and what you learn will enable you to write your own even more sophisticated programs.

  • The Physics of Metals: Volume 2, Defects

    The Physics of Metals is an advanced treatise written by a team of experts. It presents an authoritative account of selected topics in a major field of modern physics and will prove indispensable to both experimental and theoretical solid state physicists and metallurgists seeking a clear explanation of the state of knowledge of the physical phenomena occurring in metals, without recourse to elaborate mathematics. The whole work was inspired by the desire to honour Sir Nevill Mott by writing an account of some of the topics treated in Mott and Jones's classic work The Theory of the Properties of Metals and Alloys.

  • Cambridge English Prepare! Level 4 Workbook with Audio

    Prepare! is a lively 7-level general English course with comprehensive Cambridge English for Schools exam preparation integrated throughout. This flexible course brings together all the tools and technology you expect to get the results you need. Whether teaching general English or focusing on exams, Prepare! leaves you and your students genuinely ready for what comes next: real Cambridge English exams, or real life. The Level 4 Workbook provides additional reading, writing and listening practice of the language covered in the Prepare! Level 4 Student's Book units, and reinforces vocabulary. The accompanying Audio is available online for download. A Student's Book and Online Workbook is also available, separately.

  • Strategic Management of Innovation and Design

    There is now widespread agreement that innovation holds the key to future economic and social prosperity in developed countries. Experts studying contemporary capitalism also agree that the battle against unemployment and relocations can only be won through innovation. But what kind of innovation is required and what is the best way to manage, steer and organize it? Grounded on experiences of innovative firms and based on recent design theories, this book argues that instead of relying on traditional R&D and project management techniques, the strategic management of innovation must be based on innovative design activities. It analyses and explains new management principles and techniques that deal with these activities, including innovation fields, lineages, C-K (Concept-Knowledge) diagrams and design spaces. The book is ideal for advanced courses in innovation management in industrial design schools, business schools, engineering schools, as well as managers looking to improve their practice.

  • Semantics: A Coursebook

    This elementary coursebook has been carefully planned to introduce students to all the main elements of semantics in a simple, step-by-step fashion. Students begin by discovering the value and fascination of studying semantics, and move on to such topics as sense and reference, basic sense relations, simple logic, word meaning, and interpersonal meaning. Each unit of the course includes short sections of explanation and exemplification followed by stimulating practice exercises for the student to complete. Sections of answers and comment enable students accurately to monitor their progress through the course. The innovatory pedagogical structure will be helpful to students following introductory courses in Linguistics and to intermediate students who will find it a useful revision text. The coursebook will also meet the needs of those who wish genuinely to teach themselves about semantics.

  • Berl: The Biography of a Socialist Zionist: Berl Katznelson 1887-1944

    For almost fifty years, the Zionist labour movement led the Jewish community in Palestine and later, in the State of Israel. Among the close-knit group of its founding fathers, Berl Katznelson was a unique figure. He was an intellectual, a politician, a man of letters, a statesman and the initiator of many of the social and economic institutions THAT shaped the face of the movement and in its wake, the character of the country as a whole. The biography of Berl is more than the biography of an individual: it is the story of a movement. The book traces Berl from a young Russian socialist and romantic pioneer on the shores of the Sea of Galilee, into the propounder of a work ethic and the founder of the central political current of the Israeli labour movement. The development of this movement is depicted against the background of the major political events of the period: Jewish-Arab relations, the European crisis of the thirties as it affected the Jewish people and the successes and failures of Zionist policy. It is required reading for anyone who wants to understand in depth the complexity of Israeli society today.

  • Medieval European Coinage: Volume 12, Northern Italy

    This volume of Medieval European Coinage is the first comprehensive survey of the coinage of north Italy c.950-1500, bringing the latest research to an international audience. It provides an authoritative and up-to-date account of the coinages of Piedmont, Liguria, Lombardy and the greater Veneto, which have never been studied together in such detail on a broad regional basis. The volume reveals for the first time the wider trends that shaped the coinages of the region and offers new syntheses of the monetary history of the individual cities. It includes detailed appendices, such as a list of coin hoards, indices and a glossary, as well as a fully illustrated catalogue of the north Italian coins, including those of Genoa, Milan and Venice, in the unrivalled collection of the Fitzwilliam Museum, largely formed by Professor Philip Grierson (1910-2006).

  • Assessment in Science

    Discusses the various contexts and purposes of assessment and examinations, and their effect on the structure of the curriculum and the conduct of teaching.

  • Semantic Theory

    Semantics is a bridge discipline between linguistics and philosophy; but linguistics student are rarely able to reach that bridge, let alone cross it to inspect and assess the activity on the other side. Professor Kempson's textbook seeks particularly to encourage such exchanges. She deals with the standard linguistic topics like componential analysis, semantic universals and the syntax-semantics controversy. But she also provides for students with no training in philosophy or logic an introduction to such central topics in the philosophy of language as logical form, truth, speech acts, analyticity, entailment and presupposition. The exposition throughout is deliberately argumentative rather than descriptive, introducing the student step by step to the major problems in theoretical semantics. Special emphasis is placed on the need to consider individual arguments within the overall perspective of semantics as an integral part of general linguistic theory. Written primarily as a textbook for undergraduates and graduates in linguistics departments, this book will also be useful to undergraduates in philosophy and in psychology where linguistics is a part of their course.

  • Meaning, Reference and Necessity: New Studies in Semantics

    A volume of studies in philosophical logic by a group of younger philosophers in the UK. There is a core of problems in the theory of meaning which have been accorded a central importance by philosophers, logicians and theoretical linguists, and which have stimulated some of the most powerful and original work in these subjects. The contributors to the volume have a common interest in these topics, insist on their continuing and fundamental importance, and offer here a distinctive and original contribution to them.

  • Cambridge First Certificate Examination Practice 1 Cassettes (2)

    This book is for candidates preparing for the University of Cambridge First Certificate in English examination. It contains five complete tests which are reproduced in exactly the same form as the examination itself and provides completely up-to-date practice. The tests are based on the First Certificate examinations set in 1990 and 1991 although the listening tests, Paper 4, include some items from more recent examinations. The recorded material for Paper 4 is provided on the accompanying cassettes. The Teacher's Book provides invaluable background information about the structure of the examination and how each paper is marked.

  • Studies in Resource Allocation Processes

    One of the central questions of economics relates to the coordination of individual units within a large organization to achieve the central objectives of that organization. This book examines the problems involved in allocating resources in an economic system where decision-making is decentralized into the hands of individuals and individual enterprises. The decisions made by these economic agents must be coordinated because the input decisions of some must eventually equal the output decisions of others. Coordination arises naturally out of the mathematical theory of optimization but there is still the question of how it can be achieved in practice with dispersed knowledge. The essays here explore the many facets of this problem. Nine papers are grouped under the title 'Economies with a single maximand'. They include papers on static and dynamic optimization, decentralization within firms, and nonconvexities in optimizing problems. Fourteen papers are concerned with 'Economies with multiple objectives'. Among the topics covered here are stability of competitive equilibrium, stability in oligopology, and dynamic shortages. The final part of the book includes three papers on informational efficiency and informationally decentralized systems. Leonid Hurwitcz is the Nobel Prize Winner 2007 for The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, along with colleagues Eric Maskin and Roger Myerson, for his work on the effectiveness of markets.

  • The Economic Theory of Social Institutions

    This book uses game theory to analyse the creation, evolution and function of economic and social institutions. The author illustrates his analysis by describing the organic or unplanned evolution of institutions such as the conventions of war, the use of money, property rights and oligopolistic pricing conventions. Professor Schotter begins by linking his work with the ideas of the philosophers Rawls, Nozick and Lewis. Institutions are regarded as regularities in the behaviour of social agents, which the agents themselves tacitly create to solve a wide variety of recurrent problems. The repetitive nature of the problems permits them to be described as a recurrent game or 'supergame.' The agents use these regularities as informational devices to supplement the information contained in competitive prices. The final chapter explores the applicability of this theory, first by relating it to previous work on the theory of teams, hierarchies, and non-maximizing decision theory, and then by using it to provide a new approach to a variety of questions both within and outside economics.

  • Art and Patronage in the Medieval Mediterranean: Merchant Culture in the Region of Amalfi

    An important trade centre in the Medieval Mediterranean, Amalfi and the surrounding region of southern Italy sustained strong art production and patronage from the eleventh through to the thirteenth centuries. Merchant patrons realised a wide variety of religious and residential complexes that were evocative of Byzantine, Islamic, Western, and local traditions. With the rise of the Angevin kingdom, a demise of this eclectic art tradition took place and by the fourteenth century, Amalfitan painting and sculpture reflected compromises between local and Neapolitan styles, demonstrating the erosion of its autonomy. Originally published in 2004, this book evaluates the Amalfitan art production in terms of moral, economic, and social structures, including investment strategies, anxieties about wealth and salvation, and southern Italy's diverse religious communities. Historiographical analyses and postcolonial models of interpretation offer further insight into Amalfitan art and its ever-shifting relationship to the visual cultures of sovereign authorities in southern Italy.

  • Cambridge Checkpoints Preliminary Biology

    Updated annually to provide the most up-to-date exam preparation available, Cambridge Checkpoints provides everything you need to prepare for your exams in a go-anywhere format that fits easily into your school bag. o Recent official exam papers with suggested responses o Hundreds of additional past exam and exam-style questions with answers o Dot point summaries of key topics and concepts to help you pinpoint where you need further revision.

  • The Economics of Price Discrimination

    This book offers a theoretical and unified explanation of how prices are determined in practice. Pricing, as observed in real life, turns out to be almost discriminatory. Four broad areas are covered: the spatial pricing of bulky products (Part I); the intertemporal pricing of storable goods, exhaustible resources, new durables, and nonstorable goods and services (Part II); two-part tariffs, commodity bundling, tie-ins, and nonlinear prices in general (Part III); and pricing of goods of different quality (Part IV). Each essay contains an introductory chapter describing the business practices that are to be rationalized and evaluated. This is the first unified treatment of a recent and growing body of literature in the 'new industrial organization' field. It fills the gap between textbook microeconomics and real-life antitrust cases. The treatment is as nontechnical and down to earth as possible to permit a wide audience for this comprehensive discussion of industrial pricing.

  • The Atlantic Slave Trade

    This survey is a synthesis of the economic, social, cultural, and political history of the Atlantic slave trade, providing the general reader with a basic understanding of the current state of scholarly knowledge of forced African migration and compares this knowledge to popular beliefs. The Atlantic Slave Trade examines the four hundred years of Atlantic slave trade, covering the West and East African experiences, as well as all the American colonies and republics that obtained slaves from Africa. It outlines both the common features of this trade and the local differences that developed. It discusses the slave trade's economics, politics, demographic impact, and cultural implications in relationship to Africa as well as America. Finally, it places the slave trade in the context of world trade and examines the role it played in the growing relationship between Asia, Africa, Europe, and America. This new edition incorporates the latest findings of the last decade in slave trade studies carried out in Europe and America. It also includes new data on the slave trade voyages which have just recently been made available to the public.

  • Revolution in Miniature 2ed

    Semiconductor electronics is the major technology of our age. Its achievement and potential are vast, its application and influence ubiquitous, its social and economic consequences uncertain. Semiconductor electronics has become the vehicle for nearly all technological change and, consequently, the subject of much discussion. This revised and up dated edition is offered as a basic contribution to that vital discussion by authors who have long studied the process of technological change and who are familiar with the peculiarities of the semiconductor industry. Although it dealt with a highly technical subject, the first edition proved readily intelligible to a wide audience. The second edition is designed for that same group - those who seek an understanding of the processes at the heart of technological change.

  • Think and Solve Level 3: Mental Maths

    The Cockroft report on the teaching of mathematics in schools states that 'there has been a decrease in the use of Mental Maths in recent years and we believe that this trend should be reversed'. This mental maths scheme gives useful practice in applying basic mathematical skills. It includes the four rules, place value, the many topics which occur in the school year, and problem solving. To maintain interest, there are interspersed among the Task pages some attractive and appealing visual pages which provide mental stimulation. The scheme is suitable for 7 to 12 year olds and aims to improve their efficiency and confidence in mathematics.

  • Mandelstam: The Later Poetry

    Osip Mandelstam is, with Boris Pasternak, a major Russian poet of the twentieth century, yet most of the attention paid him by modern scholars has been confined to the years 1908-1925, when he was working on his first three collections of poetry: his subsequent collections, comprising over two-thirds of his poetic output, are very little known. In this 1977 study, the first devoted to Mandelstam's life and work between 1930 and 1937, Dr Baines' concern is to dispel the view that Mandelstam's later poetry is weak or obscure and to clarify the many misconceptions which have surrounded it. To this end, she provides a continuous narrative of the events which form the background to composition, although she concentrates on the poems themselves, their nature and interpretation, quoting liberally in Russian.

  • Meanings into Words Intermediate Student's book: An Integrated Course for Students of English

    Part of an intermediate stage English language learning course, which offers comprehensive coverage of major language items, language practice and open-ended exercises.

  • The Appreciation of Modern French Poetry (1850-1950)

    Biographies of poets are often rich in human interest; manuals of literary history can be full of broad insight and suggestive parallels. But it is all too easy to let the study of French poetry drift towards lives, loves and -isms and away from the appreciation of its supremely creative use of language. Born of the belief that the proper study of poetry is the poem itself, this book seeks to concentrate on the poetic process at work on the page. Its aim is to encourage the student and the general reader to penetrate the textual richness of modern French verse where verbal artistry combines so powerfully with imaginative vision. The full introduction deals with such questions as metre and rhythm, uses of verse-form, sonority, imagery and structure, studying them not in the abstract but in particular, 'living' contexts. This leads on to detailed commentaries on individual poems illustrating, after the consideration of the problems of reading poetry in general, how one might approach poems as artistic unities in their own right. These guided commentaries are essentially an invitation to the reader to explore certain paths into the poem for himself. They do not provide a wrapped, sealed and delivered explanation; they call for and depend upon the reader's active involvement. Both the illustrations of the introduction and the commentary texts are taken from the fourteen poets who feature in the companion volume to this work, An Anthology of Modern French Poetry. In this way a complete overlap is created, and one is invited to pass from preliminary exercises in appreciation into the wider, more stimulating world of a fully balanced anthology.

  • The Great Tolbachik Fissure Eruption: Geological and Geophysical Data 1975-1976

    In 1975-1976 a remarkable volcanic eruption took place on the Kamchtka peninsula, part of the Soviet Union's arc of active volcanoes. Dr Fedotov and his colleagues studied the largest basaltic eruption in history, one of the most important volcanic events in the twentieth century. During this prolonged eruption they carried out extensive seismological, geophysical, geodetic and geochemical investigations. The results of this detailed and thorough investigation were collected as a series of papers under the editorship of S. A. Fedotov and collected into this volume, which was originally published by Cambridge in 1983. The result is a classic descriptive work of a major volcanic eruption.

  • Muslim Society

    Of all the great world religions, Islam appears to have the most powerful political appeal in the twentieth century. It sustains some severely traditional and conservative regimes, but it is also capable of generating intense revolutionary ardour and of blending with extreme social radicalism. As an agent of political mobilisation, it seems to be overtaking Marxism, arid surpassing all other religions. The present book seeks the roots of this situation in the past. The traditional Muslim society of the arid zone has, in the past, displayed remarkable stability and homogeneity, despite great political fragmentation, and the absence of a centralised religious hierarchy. The book explores the mechanisms which have contributed to this result - a civilisation in which (in the main) weak states co-existed with a strong culture, which had a powerful hold over the populations under its sway. A literate Great Tradition, in the keeping of urban scholars, lived side by side with a more emotive, ecstatic folk tradition, ill tile keeping of holy lineages, religious brotherhoods and freelance saints. One tradition was sustained by the urban trading class and periodically swept the rest of the society in waves of revivalist enthusiasm; the other was based on the multiple functions it performed in rural tribal society and amongst the urban poor. The two traditions were intertwined, yet remained in latent tension which from time to time came to tile surface. The book traces the manner in which the impact of the modern world, acting through colonialism arid industrialisation upset the once stable balance, and helped the erstwhile urban Great Tradition to become the pervasive arid dominant one, culminating in the zealous arid radical Islam which is so prominent now. The argument is both formulated in the abstract and illustrated by a series of case studies and examinations of specific aspects, and critical examinations of rival interpretations.

  • The Indo-Aryan Languages

    In his ambitious survey of the Indo-Aryan languages, Colin Masica has provided a fundamental introduction which will interest not only general and theoretical linguists but also students of one or more of these languages who want to acquaint themselves with the broader linguistic context. Generally synchronic in approach, concentrating on the phonology, morphology and syntax of the modern representatives of the group, the volume also covers their historical development, areal context, writing systems and aspects of sociolinguistics. The survey is organised not on a language-by-language basis but by topic, so that salient theoretical issues may be discussed in a comparative context.

  • The Cambridge English Course 2 Teacher's book

    Widely acclaimed by teachers and learners throughout the world, The Cambridge English Course has set new standards in course design. In three levels, from complete beginner to intermediate, it offers: ? a thorough and complete course in around 100 hours per level ? the original multi-syllabus course structure 1/4 ex high levels of achievement ? original, stimulating and varied topics ? wide variety of exercise types 1/4 ex exposure to authentic English right from the start ? detailed, explicit guidance and support for the teacher ? balanced coverage of all language skills Each level consists of a Student's Book, Practice Book (with or without key), Teacher's Book, Test Book, Class Cassette Set and Student's Cassette. Split editions of each of the Student's Books in three parts are available for added flexibility.

  • The Rise of the Western World: A New Economic History

    First published in 1973, this is a radical interpretation, offering a unified explanation for the growth of Western Europe between 900 A. D. and 1700, providing a general theoretical framework for institutional change geared to the general reader.

  • Divided Brains: The Biology and Behaviour of Brain Asymmetries

    Asymmetry of the brain and behaviour (lateralization) has traditionally been considered unique to humans. However, research has shown that this phenomenon is widespread throughout the vertebrate kingdom and found even in some invertebrate species. A similar basic plan of organisation exists across vertebrates. Summarising the evidence and highlighting research from the last twenty years, the authors discuss lateralization from four perspectives - function, evolution, development and causation - covering a wide range of animals, including humans. The evolution of lateralization is traced from our earliest ancestors, through fish and reptiles to birds and mammals. The benefits of having a divided brain are discussed, as well as the influence of experience on its development. A final chapter discusses outstanding problems and areas for further investigation. Experts in this field, the authors present the latest scientific knowledge clearly and engagingly, making this a valuable tool for anyone interested in the biology and behaviour of brain asymmetries.

  • The Pursuit of Nature: Informal Essays on the History of Physiology

    This 1977 book, written as part of the celebrations of the centenary of the Physiological Society, consists of essays on the historical development of physiology. Six esteemed authors each contribute a historical essay, focusing in turn on the history of electrophysiology, muscular and neuromuscular physiology, gastrointestinal hormones, perinatal physiology and visual research. Each of the six essays in this book is skilfully executed, idiosyncratic and a pleasure to read. They can be enjoyed in their own right, or as a rounded and informative collection on both the history of physiological practice and the scientists behind this movement's advance. The book will be of immense interest to physiologists, pharmacologists and historians of science, wishing to look back at the development of this fascinating discipline.

  • English Professional Theatre, 1530-1660

    This volume explores the professional English theatre from 1530 to 1660. The documents collected here, many published for the first time, chronicle the exciting and flourishing world of the theatre through the reigns of Henry VIII to Charles I. These exciting primary sources offer first-hand accounts, including the daily life and work of the actor, and the most complete coverage yet of all the playhouses, both public and private, including the Rose, the Globe, Red Lion and the Swan. The volume documents the various theatre companies of children, costumes and stage property matters, audience reception and behaviour, and ecclesiastical and governmental legislation. A full linking narrative and extensive bibliography detailing the location of the primary sources, provide an important reference work and valuable research tool.

  • The War against Paris 1871

    The Paris Commune of 1871 is one of the great romantic failures in revolutionary history. Yet very little is known about its enemies, and especially the army, which first fraternized with the revolutionaries and then, two months later, crushed them with the utmost violence. This book, based on extensive archival research, is the first serious study of the role of the army in the civil war. It examines its composition and organization, its weaknesses and their effect on government policy, the steps taken to improve morale and discipline, the state of mind of officers and men and, finally, the conduct of the army in battle and the causes of the final bloodshed, in which about 20,000 Parisians were killed in the fighting or executed afterwards. Its purpose is to cast new light on the policy of the government and the problems of using an army in a civil war, and to tell for the first time the full tragedy of the suppression of the Comune, one of the bloodiest and least understood social conflicts in the history of modern Europe.

  • An Introduction to Probability Theory

    Professor Ito is one of the most distinguished probability theorists in the world, and in this modern, concise introduction to the subject he explains basic probabilistic concepts rigorously and yet gives at the same time an intuitive understanding of random phenomena. In the first chapter he considers finite situations, but from an advanced standpoint that enables the transition to greater generality to be achieved more easily. Chapter 2 deals with probability measures and includes a discussion of the fundamental concepts of probability theory. These concepts are formulated abstractly but without sacrificing intuition. The last chapter is devoted to infinite sums of independent real random variables. Each chapter is divided into sections that end with a set of problems with hints for solution. This textbook will be particularly valuable to students of mathematics taking courses in probability theory who need a modern introduction to the subject that yet does not allow overemphasis on abstractness to cloud the issues involved.

  • The Cambridge Companion to Pride and Prejudice

    Named in many surveys as Britain's best-loved work of fiction, Pride and Prejudice is now a global brand, with film and television adaptations making Elizabeth Bennet and Mr Darcy household names. With a combination of original readings and factual background information, this Companion investigates some of the sources of the novel's power. It explores key themes and topics in detail: money, land, characters and style. The history of the book's composition and first publication is set out, both in individual essays and in the section of chronology. Chapters on the critical reception, adaptations and cult of the novel reveal why it has become an enduing classic with a unique and timeless appeal.

  • Radiology Picture Tests: Film Viewing and Interpretation for Part 1 FRCR

    A comprehensive, systemically organised 'film viewing' book designed specifically for FRCR candidates but equally useful to all trainee and junior radiologists as an 'aide memoire' and to medical undergraduates and MRCP candidates as a useful means of self-testing their level of knowledge. It is fully illustrated with high-quality, clearly labeled black and white illustrations throughout and the text closely mirrors the way that questions are asked in the FRCR film viewing examination, so as to provide as real an examination experience as possible. Each section of the book contains 20 representative questions, and model answers, providing 200 cases altogether. First published in 2000.

  • The Physics of Speech

    The mechanism of speech is a very complex one and in order to undertake any analysis of language it is important to understand the processes that go to make up the message that a speaker transmits and a listener receives. Professor Fry therefore first takes the reader through the various stages of the speech chain: from language units to nerve impulses to muscle movements to sound waves, and vice versa as the message is received and decoded. He then explains the basic physical principles involved in the generation and propagation of sound energy and in the phenomenon of resonance. These principles are then applied to the speech mechanism itself and to the particular kinds of sound which constitute speech. There is a fully illustrated account of the use of the sound spectrograph in acoustic analysis and chapters dealing with the acoustic features of English sounds and with the way we recognise speech sounds by the acoustic cues inherent in a particular language. Professor Fry gave courses on the physics of speech to students of applied as well as theoretical linguistics and to speech therapists, and his clear account will therefore provide a basic textbook for such courses as well as being of interest to people working in departments of speech and in communications generally.

  • Chloroplast Biogenesis

    Photosynthesis occurs in chloroplasts which are complex structures in the green parts of plants. The action of sunlight upon chlorophyll, the primary component of choroplasts, is vital to life since it gives rise to the production of organic compounds and oxygen - so life is ultimately dependent on the properties of chloroplasts. In this book an international group of research workers review the recent findings about the development of chloroplasts: in turn the chapters lucidly examine their structure, composition, genetics and biochemistry.

  • The Four Elements of Architecture and Other Writings

    Gottfied Semper was the most important German theorist of the nineteenth century. From his first published essay on Greek polychromy in 1834 to his final lecture on the origin of architectural styles in 1869, Semper persistently endeavoured to fashion a comprehensive architectural theory explaining the meaning and transformational nature of architectural form. The breadth and richness of his ideas, both applauded and opposed at the turn of the twentieth century, proved enormously influential in the development of modern theory. Originally published in 1989, this book provides an English translation of a number of Semper's published writings. The introduction seeks to trace the course of Semper's theoretical development over thirty-five years. Semper's ideas, like those of his contemporaries, John Ruskin and Eugene Viollet-le-Duc, had enormous influence on the genesis of modern architectural theory and will appeal to both architectural historians and architects.

  • The Megacorp and Oligopoly: Micro Foundations of Macro Dynamics

    This book provides both an explanation of the inflation which has bedeviled economic policy in the West since the end of World War II and a micro-economic theory to purge Keynesian models of the Walrasian strain derived from Marshall's Principles. By focusing on what is taken to be the representative business firm of the twentieth century - the large corporation or megacorp - the microeconomic model presented in the book reverses the usual assumptions of economic analysis. Instead of assuming the existence of firms with no control over prices, the book examines how the megacorp uses its pricing power to finance its own internal rate of growth. The result is a determinant model of how prices are set under the sort of oligopolistic conditions which prevail in most modern industries throughout the world.

  • The Hellenistic Philosophers, Volume 1

    Volume 1 presents the texts in new translations by the authors, and these are accompanied by a philosophical and historical commentary designed for use by all readers, including those with no background in the classical world. With its glossary and indexes, this volume can stand alone as an independent tool of study.

  • The Past is a Foreign Country

    In this remarkably wide-ranging book Professor Lowenthal analyses the ever-changing role of the past in shaping our lives. A heritage at once nurturing and burdensome, the past allows us to make sense of the present whilst imposing powerful constraints upon the way that present develops. Some aspects of the past are celebrated, others expunged, as each generation reshapes its legacy in line with current needs. Drawing on all the arts, the humanities and the social sciences, the author uses sources as diverse as science fiction and psychoanalysis to examine how rebellion against inherited tradition has given rise to the modern cult of preservation and pervasive nostalgia. Profusely illustrated, The Past is a Foreign Country shows that although the past has ceased to be a sanction for inherited power or privilege, as a focus of personal and national identity and as a bulwark against massive and distressing change it remains as potent a force as ever in human affairs.

  • The Traveller-Gypsies

    In this book Judith Okely challenges popular accounts of Gypsies which suggest that they were once isolated communities, enjoying an autonomous culture and economy now largely eroded by the processes of industrialisation and western capitalism. Dr Okely draws on her own extensive fieldwork and on contemporary documents. The Traveller-Gypsies is the first monograph to be published on Gypsies in Britain using the perspective of social anthropology. It examines the historical origins of the Gypsies, their economy, travelling patterns, self-ascription, kinship and political groupings, and their marriage choices, upbringing and gender divisions. A detailed analysis of pollution beliefs reveals an underlying system which expresses and reinforces the separation of Gypsies from non-Gypsies. Explanations for beliefs are sought in their contemporary meaning as opposed to their alleged Indian origin. None of these aspects are analysed independently of the wider society, its policies, beliefs, and practices. This book will be invaluable for teaching purposes, both as a study of a Gypsy community per se, and for its discussion of the problems involved in carrying out fieldwork within the anthropologist's own society. It will also interest the general reader and the academic specialist; social anthropologists, sociologists, historians, geographers, planners and all those concerned with minority groups.

  • The Library of Isaac Newton

    When Newton died in 1727 he left a library of some 2,100 volumes. This was largely a collection of books regarded by him as a set of working tools - several of the well-thumbed surviving items are evidence of this. The books Newton owned are of considerable interest and importance principally to Newtonian scholars and to historians of science, as well as to booksellers, librarians and book-collectors. The library was kept virtually intact until 1920 when more than half the volumes were auctioned and subsequently dispersed. Scholars have hitherto had to rely on the unpublished Huggins List (1727) and Musgrave Catalogue (c. 1766), or on their less than satisfactory transcription issued in 1931. John Harrison has now remedied this deficiency by compiling a complete and comprehensive catalogue of Newton's library.

  • Calculus

    This book is concerned with the calculus of several variables and provides an introduction to elementary differential and difference equations. The emphasis is on practical problem-solving rather than the proof of formal theorems. Many worked examples are supplied as well as problems for the student to solve, together with their solutions. The techniques are illustrated with applications drawn chiefly from economics, statistics and operational research. Some elementary knowledge of the calculus of one variable is assumed but revision material is supplied throughout the text. A confident approach to problem-solving is not possible without some understanding of the background theory. In this book the theory is presented systematically but informally. Wherever possible, geometric arguments are used and the text is illustrated with numerous diagrams. Particular care has been taken to make the main body of the text suitable for students who are studying independently of a taught course. The book will interest students at universities and other higher education institutions. At the London School of Economics, the course on which this book is based is attended by students reading for a variety of different degrees and with a wide disparity in their previous levels of mathematical training. Some are graduates and some are first-year undergraduates. It is hoped that this book will attract a similar audience: not only of economists, statisticians and other social scientists but also physical scientists, engineers and mathematicians.

  • Consequences of Martin's Axiom

    'Martin's axiom' is one of the most fruitful axioms which have been devised to show that certain properties are insoluble in standard set theory. It has important 1applications m set theory, infinitary combinatorics, general topology, measure theory, functional analysis and group theory. In this book Dr Fremlin has sought to collect together as many of these applications as possible into one rational scheme, with proofs of the principal results. His aim is to show how straightforward and beautiful arguments can be used to derive a great many consistency results from the consistency of Martin's axiom.

  • Dynamics and Nonlinear Control of Integrated Process Systems

    Presenting a systematic model reduction and hierarchical controller design framework for broad classes of integrated process systems encountered in practice, this book first studies process systems with large material recycle and/or with small purge streams, followed by systems with energy integration. Step-by-step model reduction procedures are developed to derive nonlinear reduced models of the dynamics in each time scale. Hierarchical control architectures consisting of coordinated levels of control action in different time scales are proposed for each class of process systems considered to enforce stability, tracking performance and disturbance rejection. Numerous process applications are discussed in detail to illustrate the application of the methods and their potential to improve process operations. MATLAB codes are also presented to guide further application of the methods developed and facilitate practical implementations.

  • Biotechnology and Wastewater Treatment

    The aim of this book is to provide the biotechnologist with the fundamentals of wastewater treatment technology. Although the art of sanitation is several thousand years old, sewage treatment is relatively recent and the book describes both the basic biological concepts and industrial practices. Problems of pollution are given attention and -recent developments in control are discussed. Reactor types, aeration, the handling and disposal of sewage sludge and the anaerobic treatment of effluents are among the topics dealt with. The particular problems of developing countries are included and the challenge to biotechnology is made plain.

  • Philosophical Papers Mathematics v1

    Professor Hilary Putnam has been one of the most influential and sharply original of recent American philosophers in a whole range of fields. His most important published work is collected here, together with several new and substantial studies, in two volumes. The first deals with the philosophy of mathematics and of science and the nature of philosophical and scientific enquiry; the second deals with the philosophy of language and mind. Volume one is now issued in a new edition, including an essay on the philosophy of logic first published in 1971.

  • Discourse Analysis

    Discourse analysis is a term that has come to have different interpretations for scholars working in different disciplines. For a sociolinguist, it is concerned mainly with the structure of social interaction manifested in conversation; for a psycholinguist, it is primarily concerned with the nature of comprehension of short written texts; for the computational linguist, it is concerned with producing operational models of text-understanding within highly limited contexts. In this textbook, first published in 1983, the authors provide an extensive overview of the many and diverse approaches to the study of discourse, but base their own approach centrally on the discipline which, to varying degrees, is common to them all - linguistics. Using a methodology which has much in common with descriptive linguistics, they offer a lucid and wide-ranging account of how forms of language are used in communication. Their principal concern is to examine how any language produced by man, whether spoken or written, is used to communicate for a purpose in a context.

  • World Prehistory: In New Perspective

    'To qualify as human, a hominid has, so to say, to justify himself by works: the criteria are no longer biological so much as cultural'. In this 1977 book, Professor Grahame Clark goes on to trace the origins and development of human culture, in all its diversity, throughout the world. He follows the intellectual, material and social progress of mankind in each major region, from the earliest stone industries of two million years ago to the gradual and still incomplete attainment of literacy over the last five thousand years. He takes full account of peoples still preliterate when encountered in recent times by anthropologists as well as of those which nourished the great historic civilizations of mankind. Throughout he emphasizes the close relationship between environment and the character and speed of cultural development. The narrative is generously illustrated with photographs, drawings and maps, and there is a carefully selected list of references to the main sources used.

  • American More! Six-Level Edition Level 3 Combo with Audio CD/CD-ROM

    American MORE! Six-Level Edition is a version of a course from a highly respected author team that's bursting with features for lower secondary students. Key language for each unit is introduced in a photostory and put to use through the 'Language Focus'. There is thorough coverage of grammar via a dedicated section in each unit. The 'Learn MORE through English' pages introduce cross-curricular learning (CLIL) while the 'Learn MORE about Culture' sections explore English speaking countries. Students learn to 'Read MORE for pleasure' with the extra reading pages and the Audio CD/CD-ROM enables students to practice vocabulary, grammar, and skills. The Combo contains the Student's Book and Workbook material together, providing 50-60 class hours of material.

  • Caste, Society and Politics in India from the Eighteenth Century to the Modern Age

    The phenomenon of caste has probably aroused more controversy than any other aspect of Indian life and thought. Susan Bayly's cogent and sophisticated analysis explores the emergence of the ideas, experiences and practices which gave rise to the so-called 'caste society' from the pre-colonial period to the end of the twentieth century. Using an historical and anthropological approach, she frames her analysis within the context of India's dynamic economic and social order, interpreting caste not as an essence of Indian culture and civilization, but rather as a contingent and variable response to the changes that occurred in the subcontinent's political landscape through the colonial conquest. The idea of caste in relation to Western and Indian 'orientalist' thought is also explored.

  • Nonlinear Diffusive Waves

    This monograph deals with Burgers' equation and its generalisations. Such equations describe a wide variety of nonlinear diffusive phenomena, for instance, in nonlinear acoustics, laser physics, plasmas and atmospheric physics. The Burgers equation also has mathematical interest as a canonical nonlinear parabolic differential equation that can be exactly linearised. It is closely related to equations that display soliton behaviour and its study has helped elucidate other such nonlinear behaviour. The approach adopted here is applied mathematical. The author discusses fully the mathematical properties of standard nonlinear diffusion equations, and contrasts them with those of Burgers' equation. Of particular mathematical interest is the treatment of self-similar solutions as intermediate asymptotics for a large class of initial value problems whose solutions evolve into self-similar forms. This is achieved both analytically and numerically.

  • Hydrodynamics of High-Speed Marine Vehicles

    Hydrodynamics of High-Speed Marine Vehicles, first published in 2006, discusses the three main categories of high-speed marine vehicles - vessels supported by submerged hulls, air cushions or foils. The wave environment, resistance, propulsion, seakeeping, sea loads and manoeuvring are extensively covered based on rational and simplified methods. Links to automatic control and structural mechanics are emphasized. A detailed description of waterjet propulsion is given and the effect of water depth on wash, resistance, sinkage and trim is discussed. Chapter topics include resistance and wash; slamming; air cushion-supported vessels, including a detailed discussion of wave-excited resonant oscillations in air cushion; and hydrofoil vessels. The book contains numerous illustrations, examples and exercises.

  • Archaeoastronomy in the Old World

    This volume summarises the proceedings of a conference which took place at the University of Oxford in September 1981. Held under the auspices of the International Astronomical Union and the International Union for the History and Philosophy of Science, the meeting reviewed research in Old World Archaeoastronomy. The publisher received the final typescript for production in March 1982. The papers in this book are concerned with shedding light on a controversial aspect of European prehistory, especially that of north-west Europe: was astronomy practised here in the late Neolithic and bronze ages, and if so, what was its purpose? These questions are of obvious interest to prehistorians, but fresh interest in them has been stimulated largely by those whose professional background is in the pure and applied sciences, while they raise technical issues which have aroused the interest of statisticians and astronomers.

  • Practice Teaching: A Reflective Approach

    Written for language teachers in training, this book surveys issues and procedures in conducting practice teaching. Written for language teachers in training at the diploma, undergraduate, or graduate level, Practice Teaching, A Reflective Approach surveys issues and procedures in conducting practice teaching. The book adopts a reflective approach to practice teaching and shows student teachers how to explore and reflect on the nature of language teaching and their own approaches to teaching through their experience of practice teaching.

  • Differential Equations for Engineers

    Xie presents a systematic introduction to ordinary differential equations for engineering students and practitioners. Mathematical concepts and various techniques are presented in a clear, logical, and concise manner. Various visual features are used to highlight focus areas. Complete illustrative diagrams are used to facilitate mathematical modeling of application problems. Readers are motivated by a focus on the relevance of differential equations through their applications in various engineering disciplines. Studies of various types of differential equations are determined by engineering applications. Theory and techniques for solving differential equations are then applied to solve practical engineering problems. A step-by-step analysis is presented to model the engineering problems using differential equations from physical principles and to solve the differential equations using the easiest possible method. This book is suitable for undergraduate students in engineering.

  • Herophilus: The Art of Medicine in Early Alexandria: Edition, Translation and Essays

    Herophilus, a contemporary of Euclid, practiced medicine in Alexandria in the third century B.C., and seems to have been the first Western scientist to dissect the human body. He made especially impressive contributions to many branches of anatomy and also developed influential views on many other aspects of medicine. Von Staden assembles the fragmentary evidence concerning one of the more important scientists of ancient Greece. Part 1 of the book presents the Greek and Latin texts accompanied by English translation and interpretative commentary. Significant background information is given in the introductory essay preceding each chapter. Part 2 briefly sketches the major developments within the Herophilean school after Herophilus, and discusses the individual members within it. Anyone interested in the history of science, the history of medicine, or intellectual history will find this book a rich source of information about an unusual and important aspect of Greek culture.

  • Logit Models from Economics and Other Fields

    Logistic models are widely used in economics and other disciplines and are easily available as part of many statistical software packages. This text for graduates, practitioners and researchers in economics, medicine and statistics, which was originally published in 2003, explains the theory underlying logit analysis and gives a thorough explanation of the technique of estimation. The author has provided many empirical applications as illustrations and worked examples. A large data set - drawn from Dutch car ownership statistics - is provided online for readers to practise the techniques they have learned. Several varieties of logit model have been developed independently in various branches of biology, medicine and other disciplines. This book takes its inspiration from logit analysis as it is practised in economics, but it also pays due attention to developments in these other fields.

  • The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire 2 Part Set: Volume 3, AD 527-641

    This is the final volume of the three-volume Prosopography which now provides a complete secular biographical dictionary for the Later Roman Empire from AD 260 to 641. This volume begins at the start of the reign of Justinian in 527 and ends at the death of Heraclius in 641. Like its predecessors, this volume has collected the surviving evidence about the personnel of the empire, about members of the senates of Rome and Constantinople and their families, about members of senatorial families still surviving and holding public office in the western lands (Gaul and Spain) no longer under Roman rule. It includes officials serving at the imperial court and in the civil and provincial administration, as well as army personnel at least of the rank of tribune and above. It also includes all persons, male and female, of the status of perfectissimus and above, whether holding office or not, and persons of learning, such as lawyers, doctors, teachers and writers. The project is intended as a tool for research works in the whole field of late empire studies.

  • The Eye of Greece: Studies in the Art of Athens

    Athenian art of the sixth and fifth centuries BC offers the yardstick by which we judge the artistic achievement of the rest of the Greek world, and provides the models on which the later history of Greco-Roman art and much of the art of the later western world are based. The evidence is rich: some long known, like the Parthenon marbles, some fresh from the ground. These six essays, by prominent classical art-historians, British, German and American, explore some of the subjects and problems in the art of Archaic and Classical Athens which have exercised scholars in recent years. The essays are dedicated to Martin Robertson, formerly Lincoln Professor of Classical Archaeology and Art in the University of Oxford, himself a leading scholar of Classical art, and author of the magisterial A History of Greek Art (Cambridge University Press 1976) and of A Shorter History of Greek Art (Cambridge University Press 1981).

  • An Introduction to the Theory of Seismology

    This radical revision of Professor Bullen's acclaimed and widely used text provides an introduction to modern seismological theory, with emphasis on both the physical models and the mathematical descriptions of earthquakes and their sources. The essential core of the earlier editions has been retained, particularly the tensor treatment of elasticity, seismic wave travel-time analysis and density in the Earth, although these parts of the text have been brought up to date and expanded. The new part of the book reflects on how the study of earthquakes, seismic waves and seismic risk has been broadened in the past two decades. Thus, this edition includes introductory theory of earthquake sources, seismic wave travel through complex geological zones and viscous and anisotropic media, vibrations of the whole Earth, strong-motion seismology and earthquake prediction and risk. There is an emphasis on statistical and numerical procedures and problems of resolution in inverse theory. Modern class exercises are to be found throughout. The book assumes some background in classical physics and mathematics, including simple differential equations, linear algebra and probability theory. It will be suitable for use in undergraduate courses in geophysics, applied mechanics and geotechnology and for graduate courses in seismology and earthquake engineering. In addition, it will serve as a reference text on seismological problems for professionals concerned with earthquakes, Earth structure and wave motion.

  • The Dark Side of the Landscape: The Rural Poor in English Painting 1730-1840

    The eighteenth-century saw a radical change in the depiction of country life in English painting: feeling less constrained by the conventions of classical or theatrical pastoral, landscape painters attempted to offer a portrayal of what life was really like, or was thought to be like, in England; and this inevitably involved a distinct approach to the depiction of the rural poor. John Barrell's influential 1980 study shows why the poor began to be of such interest to painters, and examines the ways in which they could be represented so as to be an acceptable part of the decor of the salons of the rich. His discussion focuses on the work of three painters: Thomas Gainsborough, George Morland and John Constable. Throughout the book, Barrell draws illuminating comparisons with the literature of rural life and with the work of other painters. His terse and vigourous account has provided a landmark for social historians and literary critics, as well as historians of art.

  • Quantum Field Theory

    This book describes, as simply as is possible, the ideas and techniques of quantum field theory, on which is based our current understanding of subnuclear physics. In recent years this has advanced considerably with the discovery of charmed particles and the weak intermediate vector bosons predicted by gauge theories. After a brief survey of particle physics, the quantum theory of scalar and spinor fields, and then of gauge fields, is developed. The emphasis throughout is on functional methods, which have Played a large part in modern field theory. The book concludes with a brief survey of 'topological' objects in field theory. The author assumes a knowledge of quantum mechanics and special relativity.

  • Vector Analysis: A Physicist's Guide to the Mathematics of Fields in Three Dimensions

    Vector analysis provides the language that is needed for a precise quantitative statement of the general laws and relationships governing such branches of physics as electromagnetism and fluid dynamics. The account of the subject is aimed principally at physicists but the presentation is equally appropriate for engineers. The justification for adding to the available textbooks on vector analysis stems from Professor Kemmer's novel presentation of the subject developed through many years of teaching, and in relating the mathematics to physical models. While maintaining mathematical precision, the methodology of presentation relies greatly on the visual, geometric aspects of the subject and is supported throughout the text by many beautiful illustrations that are more than just schematic. A unification of the whole body of results developed in the book - from the simple ideas of differentiation and integration of vector fields to the theory of orthogonal curvilinear coordinates and to the treatment of time-dependent integrals over fields - is achieved by the introduction from the outset of a method of general parametrisation of curves and surfaces.

  • Peking Opera

    Peking opera is one of the most distinctive traditions in Chinese culture - a tradition that can seem mysterious and complex to foreign eyes. In this illustrated introduction, Xu Chengbei explains the colourful make up, intricate costumes, characters, staging, stories and music associated with Peking opera, and discusses the origins and development of this unique performance art. Peking Opera is an essential starting point for all those interested in this intriguing part of China's cultural heritage.

  • Art in the Hellenistic Age

    'The best reason to study Hellenistic art is for its own sake' writes Professor Pollitt in the Preface to Art in the Hellenistic Age. 'But', he continues, 'I would suggest that there is an additional quality that should make the art of the Hellenistic age of particular interest to modern audiences: the fact that in background and content it was the product of an age in many ways similar to our own ... The result of the historical conditions (of the age) was an art which, like much modern art, was heterogenous, often cosmopolitan, increasingly individualistic, and frequently elite in its appeal'. This 1986 book is an interpretative history of Greek art during the Hellenistic period - i.e. from the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC, to the establishment of the Roman Empire at the end of the first century BC - which also explores ways in which that art is an expression of the cultural experience and aspirations of the Hellenistic age.

  • The Underground Economies: Tax Evasion and Information Distortion

    The most disturbing aspects of the growth of underground economies are the interrelated problems of unreported and unrecorded income. A large and growing underground economy can thwart fiscal efforts to establish budget balance and may significantly undermine the veracity of a nation's economic information system. The notion that economic information is itself endogenous raises the possibility that at least part of the economic malaise observed in most Western nations during the past two decades is essentially the result of a statistical illusion. The essays in this 1989 volume examine the problems of defining, measuring and understanding the implications of the underground economies that have emerged in many of the world's developed nations. Empirical chapters examine the conceptual problems of how to measure a phenomenon that attempts to defy detection. Alternative measurement procedures are evaluated. Specific studies are included for the United States, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Germany, Sweden, Italy, Norway, Canada, France, the Soviet Union and Hungary.

  • Coastal Lagoons

    This book reviews the origin, development, morphology, environment and ecology of the world's coastal lagoons. There are particularly extensive series of lagoons - areas of salt or brackish water separated from the adjacent sea by a low-lying sand or shingle barrier - along the eastern and Gulf of Mexico coasts of the USA, in Mexico itself, in Brazil, West Africa, Natal, southern and eastern India, south-west and south-east Australia, Alaska, Siberia and around the shores of the Mediterranean, southern Baltic, Black and Caspian Seas. In several of these areas they support important fisheries. This book summarises what is known of the formation and fate of lagoons, the lagoonal environment, lagoonal ecology, the strategies of lagoonal species, the human use of lagoons, besides containing a general introduction and a section on methods for the study of coastal lagoons.

  • A Second Course on Real Functions

    When considering a mathematical theorem one ought not only to know how to prove it but also why and whether any given conditions are necessary. All too often little attention is paid to to this side of the theory and in writing this account of the theory of real functions the authors hope to rectify matters. They have put the classical theory of real functions in a modern setting and in so doing have made the mathematical reasoning rigorous and explored the theory in much greater depth than is customary. The subject matter is essentially the same as that of ordinary calculus course and the techniques used are elementary (no topology, measure theory or functional analysis). Thus anyone who is acquainted with elementary calculus and wishes to deepen their knowledge should read this.

  • International Government Finance and the Amsterdam Capital Market, 1740-1815

    During the eighteenth century European governments began systematically using an international credit structure whose centre was the Amsterdam capital market. This book reconstructs that system and surveys its principal effects on the European and especially the Dutch economies. Eighteenth-century states borrowed chiefly to finance wars and, increasingly toward the century's end, debts from earlier wars. Military and naval spending and debt service together consumed up to eighty percent of peacetime revenues and more in war. Borrowing on international markets stabilised previously disruptive deficit financing techniques and moderated the economic consequences of sharply irregular war spending. This development however, eased the problems of war-making more than it developed national economies or enhanced prosperity. The Dutch, heretofore seen as having squandered the advantage of cheap credit, actually faced the difficult problem of finding productive uses for their savings at satisfactory returns.

  • Creep of Crystals: High-Temperature Deformation Processes in Metals, Ceramics and Minerals (Cambridge Earth Science Series)

    This textbook describes the physics of the plastic deformation of solids at high temperatures. It is directed at geologists or geophysicists interested in the high-temperature behaviour of crystals who wish to become acquainted with the methods of materials science in so far as they are useful to earth scientists. It explains the most important models and recent experimental results without losing the reader in the primary literature of materials science. In turn the book deals with the essential solid-state physics; thermodynamics and hydrostatics of creep; creep models and their applications in the geological sciences; diffusion creep; superplastic deformation and deformation enhanced by phase transformations. Five concluding chapters give experimental results for metals, ceramics and minerals. There are extensive bibliographies to aid further study.

  • Complete Ielts Bands 5-6.5

    Complete IELTS combines the very best in contemporary classroom practice with stimulating topics aimed at young adults wanting to study at university. The Teacher's Book contains full teaching notes, answer keys and advice on exam tasks, and also provides extra photocopiable resources, including tests and activities to use in class.

  • Edexcel International Gcse English as a Second Language Practice Tests Reading and Writing

    Designed to mirror the 2011 exam format, this book is an essential study tool for the Edexcel IGCSE in English as a Second Language. This indispensable book contains four complete practice tests to help students prepare for Paper 1: Reading and Writing of the Edexcel (London Examinations) IGCSE in English as a Second Language. Endorsed by Edexcel, this book is an essential study tool which provides: key information about the examination; completely up-to-date exam-style questions tailored to the 2011 Edexcel IGCSE specification and exam paper format; specific advice for students on how to approach each part of Paper 1; and a wide range of stimulating texts and contexts selected to appeal to IGCSE students.

  • The Imperfect Peasant Economy: The Loire Country, 1800-1914

    This book shows how a rural household economy of small-holders in one of the least isolated areas of France, the Loire Country, managed to survive the challenges of the nineteenth century. Rather than taking the view that this system was an anachronism doomed to disappear, the author recognises its large adaptive capacity during times of stress. This leads to a critical assessment of the notions of 'industrialisation' and 'modernisation' that will interest economists, anthropologists and social scientists, as well as historians.

  • Scandinavian Language Contacts

    This authoritative collection examines both language contacts in Scandinavia proper and also contacts with non-Scandinavian languages. The language situation in Scandinavia is a rich and complex one, yet hitherto little of the material has been available in English. All the essays have as their basic tenet that the essence of every language is the way in which it varies in its development and social use and that this variation is a result of a whole series of geographical, sociological and linguistic factors - settlement, conquest, trade and literary bilingualism. Together they provide a valuable overview of Scandinavian language contacts at both the synchronic and the diachronic level, which will be of interest not only to Germanists and Scandinavianists, but also to historical linguists.

  • The Allemande and the Tanz

    First published in 1986, this is the second of two volumes devoted to the evolution of the Allemande, the Balletto, and the Tanz from 1540 to 1750. Volume I traces the history of the dances from the time of the Renaissance to the Baroque period as they moved across the face of Europe. This second volume supplements the first by providing an anthology of musical compositions from Germany, France and the Low Countries, Italy, and England. All the compositions from one country or region are grouped together with full source attribution given at the end.

  • WOMEN, PROPERTY, AND CONFUCIAN REACTION IN SUNG AND YÜAN CHINA (960-1368)

    This book, originally published in 2002, argues that the Mongol invasion of the thirteenth century precipitated a transformation of marriage and property law in China that deprived women of their property rights and reduced their legal and economic autonomy. It describes how after a period during which women's property rights were steadily improving, and laws and practices affecting marriage and property were moving away from Confucian ideals, the Mongol occupation created a new constellation of property and gender relations that persisted to the end of the imperial era. It shows how the Mongol-Yuan rule in China ironically created the conditions for radical changes in the law, which for the first time brought it into line with the goals of Learning the Way Confucians and which curtailed women's financial and personal autonomy. The book evaluates the Mongol invasion and its influence on Chinese law and society.

  • Naturalism and Symbolism in European Theatre 1850–1918

    This, the fourth volume to be published in the series Theatre in Europe: A Documentary History, charts the development of theatrical presentation at a time of great cultural and political upheaval and is, for today's theatre practitioner, historian and theoretician, the most inspiring and important period in the evolution of our art. Putting on plays was no longer an end in itself, but the creation of imaginary worlds had to be justified on ethical, sociological, political, as well as aesthetic grounds. It is also a period that still affects every aspect of play-making today. With few exceptions, the documents from France, Germany, Russia, Scandinavia, Italy and Spain are unavailable to an English-reading public and many are out of print (or unpublished) in their original language. The volume contains numerous illustrations, the source location for each document and substantial bibliography.

  • Mathematical Analysis: A Straightforward Approach

    For the second edition of this very successful text, Professor Binmore has written two chapters on analysis in vector spaces. The discussion extends to the notion of the derivative of a vector function as a matrix and the use of second derivatives in classifying stationary points. Some necessary concepts from linear algebra are included where appropriate. The first edition contained numerous worked examples and an ample collection of exercises for all of which solutions were provided at the end of the book. The second edition retains this feature but in addition offers a set of problems for which no solutions are given. Teachers may find this a helpful innovation.

  • Never at Rest: A Biography of Isaac Newton

    This richly detailed 1981 biography captures both the personal life and the scientific career of Isaac Newton, presenting a fully rounded picture of Newton the man, the scientist, the philosopher, the theologian, and the public figure. Professor Westfall treats all aspects of Newton's career, but his account centres on a full description of Newton's achievements in science. Thus the core of the work describes the development of the calculus, the experimentation that altered the direction of the science of optics, and especially the investigations in celestial dynamics that led to the law of universal gravitation.

  • Philosophers at War: The Quarrel between Newton and Leibniz

    Probably the most celebrated controversy in all of the history of science was that between Newton and Leibniz over the invention of the calculus. The argument ranged far beyond a mere priority dispute and took on the character of a war between two different philosophies of nature. Newton was the first to devise the methods of the calculus, but Leibniz (who independently discovered virtually identical methods) was the first to publish, in 1684. Mutual toleration passed into suspicion and, at last, denunciation of each by the other as a fraud and a plagiarist. The affair became a scandal, as British mathematicians asserted Newton's claims before the public while their Continental colleagues hotly defended Leibniz's priority. Professor Hall analyzes the situation out of which the dispute arose, the circumstances that caused it to become embittered, the dispositions of the chief actors, and the shifts in their opinions of each other.

  • The Art of Greece and Rome

    Susan Woodford illuminates the greatness of classical art and architecture and conveys a sense of the excitement that fired the creative artists of the time. The Greeks were quick to challenge time-honoured styles and, stimulated by the problems that sometimes emerged from their daring innovations, they invented solutions that have been considered classics ever since. The Romans recognized the Greek achievement and built on it, adding a talent for organization and flair for architectural construction on a huge scale to create an impressive art of their own.

  • Design with Energy: The Conservation and Use of Energy in Buildings

    Originating from their work at Cambridge University on the design of energy efficient homes in Northern Europe, the authors consider the site constructions, building designs, available renewable energy sources, and servicing systems in different types of low energy houses.

  • Path Integral Methods in Quantum Field Theory

    This is a concise graduate level introduction to analytical functional methods in quantum field theory. Functional integral methods provide relatively simple solutions to a wide range of problems in quantum field theory. After introducing the basic mathematical background, this book goes on to study applications and consequences of the formalism to the study of series expansions, measure, phase transitions, physics on spaces with nontrivial topologies, stochastic quantisation, fermions, QED, non-abelian gauge theories, symmetry breaking, the effective potential, finite temperature field theory, instantons and compositeness. Serious attention is paid to the shortcomings of the conventional formalism (e.g. problems of measure) as well as detailed appraisal of the ambiguities of series summation. This book will be of great use to graduate students in theoretical physics wishing to learn the use of functional integrals in quantum field theory. It will also be a useful reference for researchers in theoretical physics, especially those with an interest in experimental and theoretical particle physics and quantum field theory.

  • Loyalty and Dissidence in Roman Egypt: The Case of the Acta Alexandrinorum

    The Acta Alexandrinorum are a fascinating collection of texts, dealing with relations between the Alexandrians and the Roman emperors in the first century AD. This was a turbulent time in the life of the capital city of the new province of Egypt, not least because of tensions between the Greek and Jewish sections of the population. Dr Harker's was the first in-depth study of these texts since their first edition half a century ago, and it examines them in the context of other similar contemporary literary forms, both from Roman Egypt and the wider Roman Empire. This study of the Acta Alexandrinorum, which was genuinely popular in Roman Egypt, offers a more complex perspective on provincial mentalities towards imperial Rome than that offered in the mainstream elite literature. It will be of interest to classicists and ancient historians, but also to those interested in Jewish and New Testament studies.

  • Elements of Pharmacology: A Primer on Drug Action

    Written primarily for students of medicine, pharmacy, and pharmacology, this introductory book provides a concise summary of the principles that underlie the science of pharmacology. It presents the basic concepts required for understanding the use, mechanisms of action, toxicity and side effects, and therapeutic application of drugs in man. Thus the book may also be of interest to medical practitioners and to biological and medical scientists. Among topics covered are the sources of drugs, the way they are administered and dealt with in the body, as well as concepts about the nature of their actions. The last include their chemical interactions with components of cells and the manner in which these lead to therapeutically desirable as well as undesirable and even toxic effects. In addition, clinically related subjects, such as drug interactions, teratogenic and carcinogenic effects are discussed. The development and testing of new drugs are also described. For easy reference, at the back of the book there is a glossary of drugs named in the text.

  • English in Mind Level 3B Combo with DVD-ROM

    This second edition updates a course which has proven to be a perfect fit for classes the world over. English in Mind 3 Combo B with DVD-ROM features a new Welcome Unit and Units 8-14 from the full Student's Book renumbered as Units 1-8, together with the corresponding pages from the Workbook. Thought-provoking topics motivate teenage students. Content-rich photostories present contemporary spoken English in realistic contexts. 'Culture in mind' sections give insight into different aspects of English-speaking life. The DVD-ROM features stimulating grammar exercises, games, video, unit tests, Workbook audio and selected Student's Book audio. The videos feature the photostory characters and include 'Videoke', which allows students to record and hear their voices in portions of the video dialogues.

  • English Grammar in Use with Answers:A Reference and Practice Book for Intermediate Students

    English Grammar in Use is a unique combination of reference grammar and practice book for intermediate students (including both lower and upper-intermediate). Designed as a self-study book, it will enable learners to select and study at their own speed those grammar points which they find confusing and want to clarify. All the traditional grammar problems which intermediate students encounter e.g. tenses, modals, prepositions etc., are thoroughly covered. The page layout of each unit makes for ease of use, with the grammar point explained on the left-hand page and exercises to practise it on the right-hand page. There are 130 units in all, and a contents list and detailed index ensure that students can easily find the units they need.

  • Magnetism and Ligand-Field Analysis

    In this book, originally published in 1983, a synthesis of old and new notions straddling the disciplines of physics and chemistry is described; and this provides a means of exploiting ligan-field properties of transition-metal and lathanide complexes leading to a quantified chemical insight into the individual metal-ligand interactions in these molecular species. Electronic spectroscopy and the ESR technique are well documented, but there has long been a need for a thorough description of magnetochemistry. A major section of this book therefore provides a details account of the physics and chemistry of paramagnetism. The second main section is concerned with those aspects of ligand-field theory that are required to construct the working composite defining ligand-field analysis. Though the book is intended for the research chemist, the subject matter and level of some of the material is suitable for both advanced undergraduate and postgraduate chemists and solid-state physicists.

  • In the Age of Prose: Literary and Philosophical Essays

    The guiding theme of these essays is the fate of the imagination and the condition of art in the modern world, where both appear to be enfeebled by scientific hubris, undermined by psychological self-questioning and compromised by political disaster. Erich Heller traces this predicament with subtlety and profundity, from Hegel's and Nietzsche's diagnoses to the various truces and manoeuvres through which remarkable victories have nonetheless been achieved - such as the comic triumphs of Wilhelm Busch. As elsewhere in Professor Heller's work, Thomas Mann's attempt to outwit and redeem his circumstances through art - 'despite' them, as he said himself - occupies a central place. Three of the present essays are devoted to him. Others consider Kleist, Fontane, Hamsun, Karl Kraus and the crucial figures of Holderlin (who plays such a central role in Heidegger's later philosophical writings) and Rilke. Written with feeling, and the distinctive elegance and wit that have characterized all of Professor Heller's work, the essays here reaffirm the vital interdependence of literature and human values.

  • Representing and Intervening: Introductory Topics in the Philosophy of Natural Science

    This 1983 book is a lively and clearly written introduction to the philosophy of natural science, organized around the central theme of scientific realism. It has two parts. 'Representing' deals with the different philosophical accounts of scientific objectivity and the reality of scientific entities. The views of Kuhn, Feyerabend, Lakatos, Putnam, van Fraassen, and others, are all considered. 'Intervening' presents the first sustained treatment of experimental science for many years and uses it to give a new direction to debates about realism. Hacking illustrates how experimentation often has a life independent of theory. He argues that although the philosophical problems of scientific realism can not be resolved when put in terms of theory alone, a sound philosophy of experiment provides compelling grounds for a realistic attitude. A great many scientific examples are described in both parts of the book, which also includes lucid expositions of recent high energy physics and a remarkable chapter on the microscope in cell biology.

  • Topological Riesz Spaces and Measure Theory

    Measure Theory has played an important part in the development of functional analysis: it has been the source of many examples for functional analysis, including some which have been leading cases for major advances in the general theory, and certain results in measure theory have been applied to prove general results in analysis. Often the ordinary functional analyst finds the language and a style of measure theory a stumbling block to a full understanding of these developments. Dr Fremlin's aim in writing this book is therefore to identify those concepts in measure theory which are most relevant to functional analysis and to integrate them into functional analysis in a way consistent with that subject's structure and habits of thought. This is achieved by approaching measure theory through the properties of Riesz spaces and especially topological Riesz spaces. Thus this book gathers together material which is not readily available elsewhere in a single collection and presents it in a form accessible to the first-year graduate student, whose knowledge of measure theory need not have progressed beyond that of the ordinary lebesgue integral.

  • X-ray Polarimetry: A New Window in Astrophysics

    Due to the advent of a new generation of detectors, X-ray polarimetry promises to join X-ray imaging, spectroscopy and timing as one of the main observational techniques in high energy astrophysics. This has renewed interest in the field, and indeed several polarimetric missions have recently been proposed. This volume provides a complete and up-to-date view of the subject for researchers in astrophysics. The contributors discuss the present status and perspectives of instruments, review current theoretical models, and examine future missions. As well as detailed papers, the book contains broad reviews that can be easily understood by astrophysicists new to the field.

  • A Manual of Advanced Celestial Photography

    The new improvements in telescopic equipment make it possible for amateur telescopes to equal the photographic performance of many professional telescopes. A Manual of Advanced Celestial Photography forms a unique technical handbook for amateur astrophotographers. It includes detailed discussion of topics never before included in a general survey, such as photographic optics, instrument design, techniques at the telescope, films and developers, advanced darkroom methods, sensitometry and film hypersensitization. Throughout the book emphasis is placed on professional laboratory methods to encourage readers to conduct their own experiments and to make contributions to the science of photography. The authors have considerable experience in both the practice and theory of astronomical photography. In addition, special techniques are discussed by experts in the relevant fields, making this a very comprehensive and up-to-date manual which should be the basic reference work for all amateur astrophotographers.

  • The Northern Sea Route: Soviet Exploitation of the North East Passage

    Originally published in 1952, this book was the first detailed study of the development of the Northern Sea Route spanning the coastal waters above Siberia. The subject was one of great economic and logistic importance because of the shorter journey that a continuous freight-route across the arctic would afford. The book offers a synthesis of information from Russian journals and periodicals, collected at a time when access to academic sources was often restricted. It is a document of remaining historical interest on the subject of polar exploration.

  • Proust's Additions: Volume 2: The Making of 'A la recherche du temps perdu'

    It has previously not been feasible to study in depth the expansion of Proust's famous novel, A la recherche du temps perdu. In 1913, the novel was to be 1500 pages; by 1922, when Proust died, it was 3000. How did it grow to such proportions? Which characters were always there - which ones sprang from their author's imagination in his very last years? Had Proust always been as interested in certain psychological phenomena as he was to become during the First World War and after? With the public release of the Proust manuscripts, these questions can be answered with a greater range, and certainty. With an extensive and original survey of the post-1914 manuscripts, typescripts and proofs of A la recherche du temps perdu, Alison Winton provides an intellectual and spiritual biography of one of the greatest twentieth-century European novelists, at the height of his creative period. She shows what ideas, images and aspects of personality were increasingly preoccupying Proust as he inserted more and more episodes into his novel.

  • Energy, Force and Matter

    By focusing on the conceptual issues faced by nineteenth century physicists, this book clarifies the status of field theory, the ether, and thermodynamics in the work of the period. A remarkably synthetic account of a difficult and fragmentary period in scientific development.

  • Land Use Law and Disability: Planning and Zoning for Accessible Communities

    In Land Use Law and Disability, Robin Paul Malloy argues that our communities need better planning to be safely and easily navigated by people with mobility impairment and to facilitate intergenerational aging in place. To achieve this, communities will need to think of mobility impairment and inclusive design as land use and planning issues, in addition to understanding them as matters of civil and constitutional rights. Although much has been written about the rights of people with disabilities, little has been said about the interplay between disability and land use regulation. This book undertakes to explain mobility impairment, as one type of disability, in terms of planning and zoning. The goal is to advance our understanding of disability in terms of planning and zoning to facilitate cooperative engagement between disability rights advocates and land use professionals. This in turn should lead to improved community planning for accessibility and aging in place.

  • Singular-Perturbation Theory: An Introduction with Applications

    This book presents an introduction to singular-perturbation problems, problems which depend on a parameter in such a way that solutions behave non-uniformly as the parameter tends toward some limiting value of interest. The author considers and solves a variety of problems, mostly for ordinary differential equations. He constructs (approximate) solutions for oscillation problems, using the methods of averaging and of multiple scales. For problems of the nonoscillatory type, where solutions exhibit 'fast dynamics' in a thin initial layer, he derives solutions using the O'Malley/Hoppensteadt method and the method of matched expansions. He obtains solutions for boundary-value problems, where solutions exhibit rapid variation in thin layers, using a multivariable method. After a suitable approximate solution is constructed, the author linearizes the problem about the proposed approximate solution, and, emphasizing the use of the Banach/Picard fixed-point theorem, presents a study of the linearization. This book will be useful to students at the graduate and senior undergraduate levels studying perturbation theory for differential equations, and to pure and applied mathematicians, engineers, and scientists who use differential equations in the modelling of natural phenomena.

  • Understanding Ideas Student's book: Advanced Reading Skills

    This advanced level reading skills and comprehension course teaches in a systematic and progressive way the reading techniques all students of English need to master. It covers subjects such as how to read a text, guessing unknown words, special forms of English (telegrams and newspaper headlines) and also provides practice in summary writing. Texts cover a wide range of topics, chosen for their intrinsic interest and as useful material for comprehension practice and the development of reading skills. Special texts are included for use as progress tests or for examination practice.

  • The Cambridge Guide to the Solar System

    Richly illustrated with full-color images, this book is a comprehensive, up-to-date description of the planets, their moons, and recent exoplanet discoveries. This second edition of a now classic reference is brought up to date with fascinating new discoveries from 12 recent Solar System missions. Examples include water on the Moon, volcanism on Mercury's previously unseen half, vast buried glaciers on Mars, geysers on Saturn's moon Enceladus, lakes of hydrocarbons on Titan, encounter with asteroid Itokawa, and sample return from comet Wild 2. The book is further enhanced by hundreds of striking new images of the planets and moons. Written at an introductory level appropriate for undergraduate and high-school students, it provides fresh insights that appeal to anyone with an interest in planetary science. A website hosted by the author contains all the images in the book with an overview of their importance. A link to this can be found at www.cambridge.org/solarsystem.

  • Claudio Monteverdi: Orfeo

    A detailed study of the earliest opera to have gained a foothold in the modern repertoire, the book begins with a historical section in which all the known evidence about the creation and early performances of Orfeo is drawn together and evaluated. The second section of the book includes a detailed history of the rediscovery of the opera; an influential essay by Joseph Kerman is reprinted here, together with a review by Romain Rolland of the first modern performance of Orfeo. The final section includes essays by a conductor and a producer who have staged notable performances of the opera in recent years. They explain their approaches to the work, and offer solutions to some of the problems it poses in performance.

  • General Integration and Measure

    This is a sequel to Dr Weir's undergraduate textbook on Lebesgue Integration and Measure (CUP. 1973) in which he provided a concrete approach to the Lebesgue integral in terms of step functions and went on from there to deduce the abstract concept of Lebesgue measure. In this second volume, the treatment of the Lebesgue integral is generalised to give the Daniell integral and the related general theory of measure. This approach via integration of elementary functions is particularly well adapted to the proof of Riesz's famous theorems about linear functionals on the classical spaces C (X) and LP and also to the study of topological notions such as Borel measure. This book will be used for final year honours courses in pure mathematics and for graduate courses in functional analysis and measure theory.

  • Spinors and Space-Time: Volume 1, Two-Spinor Calculus and Relativistic Fields

    This volume introduces and systematically develops the calculus of 2-spinors. This is the first detailed exposition of this technique which leads not only to a deeper understanding of the structure of space-time, but also provides shortcuts to some very tedious calculations. Many results are given here for the first time.

  • Fluorescence Microscopy

    Fluorescence microscopy is used for studying the distribution of substances which are present in very small amounts. The high sensitivity of the method makes it ideal for studying the distribution of substances in living cells. Its techniques are used mainly in biology and medicine, but are also valuable in coal petrology and elsewhere. The best-known application is in immunofluorescence. This magnificent new work provides comprehensive coverage of all aspects of fluorescence microscopy. It covers instrumentation, applications to a wide variety of fields, and the history of the technique. There is a chapter on quantitative techniques, including scanning: this aspect is dealt with in more detail in a companion volume, Quantitative Fluorescence Microscopy. Volume 1 deals with instrumentation and techniques for fluorescence microscopy, and includes the chapter on quantitation and scanning. Volume 2 deals with the applications of fluorescence microscopy in many fields. It includes information on fluorochromes and on autofluorescence. An invaluable appendix provides an alphabetical list of fluorochromes, giving information concerning chemical structure, fluorescence properties, applications and suitable filter combinations. These two important volumes will be of use to all fluorescence microscopists and will be an invaluable reference tool for those graduate students and research workers in biology, medicine and earth science who need to make use of these techniques.

  • Extreme Environment Astrophysics

    Covering host systems of accreting, relativistic bodies, and the high-energy phenomena associated with them, this self-contained astrophysics textbook is ideal for advanced undergraduates. The textbook introduces students to a unique blend of astrophysical principles, including the evolutionary history of compact binary stars, the physics of accretion and accretion disc outbursts, the observed signatures of such discs in binary stars and active galactic nuclei, the X-ray emission of accreting compact bodies, and the physics of astrophysical jets and gamma-ray bursts. Worked examples, exercises with complete solutions, full-colour figures and informative chapter summaries guide students through their studies. Boxed equations and key facts highlight important points. Produced by academics drawing on decades of experience delivering courses for The Open University and concentrating on supported learning, this textbook is an ideal guide for self-study. Accompanying resources to this textbook are available at: http://www.cambridge.org/features/astrophysics.

  • Game Theoretic Analysis of Voting in Committees

    This book is a theoretical and completely rigorous analysis of voting in committees that provides mathematical proof of the existence of democratic voting systems, which are immune to the manipulation of preferences of coalitions of voters. The author begins by determining the power distribution among voters that is induced by a voting rule, giving particular consideration to choice by plurality voting and Borda's rule. He then constructs, for all possible committees, well-behaved representative voting procedures which are not distorted by strategic voting, giving complete solutions for certain important classes of committees. The solution to the problem of mass elections is fully characterised.

  • Chinese Literature

    Chinese literature has a long, distinctive history and has played an important part in shaping the cultural identity of the Chinese people. This literature provides a window into human relationships, society, politics, spirituality and philosophy at any given time in China's history. This accessible, illustrated introduction takes the reader through the rich Chinese literary tradition from ancient times to the twentieth century, exploring poetry, opera, drama, novels, short stories, the modern media and the authors who created these cultural treasures.

  • Cambridge Checkpoints VCE Biology Unit 3 2011

    Contains removable study notes for revision; Core facts, skills and extended response tasks; Online quizzes; Questions from past examinations.

  • Working with Words: A Guide to Teaching and Learning Vocabulary

    This is a practical guide for teachers on how to select, organise and teach vocabulary to all levels of students. It discusses the linguistic and psychological theories relevant to vocabulary learning, describes with clear examples traditional and current methods of presentation and practice, and suggests ways of assessing and supplementing the vocabulary component of coursebooks. Working with Words is an ideal resource for practising teachers and teachers in training.

  • Introduction to Statistical Field Theory

    Knowledge of the renormalization group and field theory is a key part of physics, and is essential in condensed matter and particle physics. Written for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students, this textbook provides a concise introduction to this subject. The textbook deals directly with the loop expansion of the free energy, also known as the background field method. This is a powerful method, especially when dealing with symmetries, and statistical mechanics. In focussing on free energy, the author avoids long developments on field theory techniques. The necessity of renormalization then follows.

  • Aspect: An Introduction to the Study of Verbal Aspect and Related Problems

    An introduction to the general linguistic study of aspect. Topics covered include the relation of tense and aspect, the morphology and the semantics of aspect, and structuralist and philosophical approaches. Dr Comrie draws his examples particularly from English and the Slavonic and Romance languages, but also from Arabic, Chinese, Welsh, Greek and a variety of others. This is the first study of aspect, considered as a general linguistic phenomenon. It is intended for students of individual languages as well as for students of linguistics.

  • Business Advantage Advanced Classware DVD-ROM

    An innovative, new multi-level course for the university and in-company sector. Business Advantage classware brings together onto one DVD-ROM the text, images, audio and video content from the Business Advantage Student's Book. This gives teachers a new and engaging way to present and use the material in class. Classware is easy to use and is suitable for teachers who are new to using technology and those who are more experienced. The software can be used with interactive whiteboards, portable whiteboard devices, or simply a computer and projector. Business Advantage is the course for tomorrow's business leaders.

  • Food Grain Procurement and Consumption in China

    This book, first published in 1984, looks at the way in which food grains still provided the overwhelming proportion of food intake in China. In common with other countries at a similar stage of economic development, there was a marked rise in the demand for food grain, and consequent difficulties in ensuring a sufficient increase in supply. This book, written by the late Kenneth R. Walker, analyses how the Chinese Government through central planning attempted to supply its vast, rapidly growing population with adequate grain, from 1953 to 1980. The book provides provincial estimates of grain production, procurement and consumption and assesses the impact which redistribution had on consumption. It concludes by examining why, with higher grain output per head in the period 1978-1980 than in the 1950s, China continued to import large quantities of grain and why the policy of transferring grain internally seemed no longer viable.

  • The Talmudic Argument: A Study in Talmudic Reasoning and Methodology

    This book, the only one in English that can serve as a textbook for beginners and more advanced students of the Babylonian Talmud, examines in detail a number of typical lengthy passages with a view to showing how Talmudic reasoning operates and how the Talmud was compiled by its final editors. The book serves as an introduction to the nature of this fascinating work on which the Jewish mind has been intellectually stimulated and nourished for over 1500 years. Original insights into the Talmudic debates are provided for the consideration of Talmudic experts but the work is intended chiefly as a guide to students who wish to obtain a more than superficial idea of what the Talmud really is about.

  • Statistics Explained: An Introductory Guide for Life Scientists

    An understanding of statistics and experimental design is essential for life science studies, but many students lack a mathematical background and some even dread taking an introductory statistics course. Using a refreshingly clear and encouraging reader-friendly approach, this book helps students understand how to choose, carry out, interpret and report the results of complex statistical analyses, critically evaluate the design of experiments and proceed to more advanced material. Taking a straightforward conceptual approach, it is specifically designed to foster understanding, demystify difficult concepts and encourage the unsure. Even complex topics are explained clearly, using a pictorial approach with a minimum of formulae and terminology. Examples of tests included throughout are kept simple by using small data sets. In addition, end-of-chapter exercises, new to this edition, allow self-testing. Handy diagnostic tables help students choose the right test for their work and remain a useful refresher tool for postgraduates.

  • An Introduction to Electromagnetic Theory

    First published in 1973, Dr Clemmow's Introduction to Electromagnetic Theory provides a crisp and selective account of the subject. It concentrates on field theory (with the early development of Maxwell's equations) and omits extended descriptions of experimental phenomena and technical applications, though without losing sight of the practical nature of the subject. Rationalized mks units are used and an awareness of orders of magnitude is fostered. Fields in media are discussed from both the macroscopic and microscopic points of view. As befits a mainly theoretical treatment, a knowledge of vector algebra and vector calculus is assumed, the standard results required being summarized in an appendix. Other comparatively advanced mathematical techniques, such as tensors anf those involving Legendre or Bessel functions, are avoided. Problems for solution, some 180 in all, are given at the end of each chapter.

  • Communicating Across Cultures Student's Book with Audio CD

    This is a series of innovative courses from leading business English authors. Titles cover core business skills such as Presentations, Negotiations and Meetings as well as newer areas that focus on current trends in business and management. The series is aimed at intermediate and upper-intermediate students (CEF B1/B2). Across the series we aim to provide learners with the key skills they will need in their daily working life and future careers. These courses can be used as stand-alone short courses or as a supplement to any business course. A CD is provided with the book and contains all the audio material used on the course, allowing students to consolidate their learning at home. Additional video material, aimed at improving competency in key management areas, is available on DVD or online at http://peo.cambridge.org.

  • The Idea of a Critical Theory: Habermas and the Frankfurt School

    Habermas and earlier members of the Frankfurt School have presented critical theory as a radically new form of knowledge. It is differentiated from the natural sciences as essentially 'reflective': the knowledge it provides guides us towards enlightenment as to our true interests, and emancipation from often unsuspected forms of external and internal coercion. Its first paradigms are in the writings of Marx and Freud. In this book Raymond Geuss sets out these fundamental claims and asks whether they can be made good. Is a science which does not simply describe and explain social phenomena, but also criticizes? The concept of ideology plays a crucial role in this discussion. Geuss carefully analyses it here, its relation to our beliefs and interests, and the account of truth and confirmation required by its critique and the concomitant goal of self-knowledge. The book does not presuppose acquaintance with the works of the Frankfurt School and can serve as a lucid introduction to their central, distinctive theses. But in its scrupulous and incisive consideration of these, and the modified support for them that emerges, it will also interest experts on critical theory and others concerned with the methods and purposes of the social sciences in general.

  • Supplying War: Logistics from Wallenstein to Patton

    Why did Napoleon succeed in 1805 but fail in 1812? Were the railways vital to Prussia's victory over France in 1870? Was the famous Schlieffen Plan militarily sound? Could the European half of World War II have been ended in 1944? These are only a few of the questions that form the subject-matter of this meticulously researched, lively book. Drawing on a very wide range of unpublished and previously unexploited sources, Martin van Creveld examines the 'nuts and bolts' of war: namely, those formidable problems of movement and supply, transportation and administration, so often mentioned - but rarely explored - by the vast majority of books on military history. In doing so he casts his net far and wide, from Gustavus Adolphus to Rommel, from Marlborough to Patton, subjecting the operations of each to a thorough analysis from a fresh and unusual point of view. The result is a fascinating book that has something new to say about virtually every one of the most important campaigns waged in Europe during the last two centuries.

  • Wagner and Aeschylus: The Ring and the Oresteia

    In 1847 Wagner read the Oresteian trilogy, the finest surviving work by Aeschylus. The impact on him of Aeschylus' work, at this crucial time in his development, changed Wagner's entire vision of his own role as an artist. As he wrote in his autobiography: 'I could actually see the Oresteia with my mind's eye, as though it were actually being performed and its effect on me was indescribable. ... My ideas about the significance of drama and of the theatre were, without a doubt, moulded by these impressions ...' Wagner and Aeschylus examines the role that the Oresteia played in the shaping of the Ring, showing how Aeschylus' masterpiece influenced Wagner's at many levels, from the basic idea of using mythical material for a cycle of 'stage festival dramas' right through to profound aspects of subject matter and form and Wagner's conception of the role of music in opera. Two introductory chapters look at the overall relationship between Wagner and Aeschylus; there follows an analysis of the four dramas of the Ring: the points of affinity and the differences, between Wagner's cycle and Aeschylus' are discussed in detail, an approach which throws fresh light on the form and meaning of the Ring.

  • War and Economic Development: Essays in memory of David Joslin

    This book of essays is a collective treatment of the problem of the impact of war on economic development in Europe. This subject has been neglected despite the fact that the issues it raises are of direct concern to students of military history, the history of science and technology, the history of education, historical demography, as well as to students of political, social and economic history. The contributors to this volume have drawn on work done in all these fields. Taken together, this study provides the foundation for further comparative work on the effect of war and warfare on economic life. The contributors have approached the problem from two sides. The subject of a number of essays is the 'internal history' of armed conflict. These focus on war itself and discuss the mobilization of resources which precedes it and the ways that economic activity and policy are altered by it.

  • Dante Philomythes and Philosopher: Man in the Cosmos

    This book is devoted to a full and lucid exposition of Boyde's ideas. In the first two parts, the author presents a systematic account of the universe as Dante accepted it, and explains the processes of 'creation' and 'generation' as they operate in the non-human parts of the cosmos. Dr Boyde then shows how the two processes combine in Dante's theory of human embryology, and how this combination affects the issues of love, choice and freedom. The third and last part of the book consolidates these expository sections with a generous selection of quotations from Dante's authorities and from his own works in prose. At the same time, the book offers far more than a clear account of Dante's cosmology and anthropology. Dr Boyde is interested in Dante's ideas in so far as they inspired and gave shape to the Divine Comedy. Furthermore, in every chapter he demonstrates how the relevant concepts and habits of thought were transmuted into imagery, symbolism, and dramatic scenes, or simply transformed by the energy and concision of Dante's poetic style.

  • Information in Biological Systems: The Role of Macromolecules

    This account of information theory, the means by which biological information is transmitted from generation to generation, is written for students of all branches of natural sciences. It gives a comprehensive description and connects the various sciences involved. The argument put forward is that man cannot be the result of some mechanistic coincidence: there must be a plan underlying the evolution of life which extends Darwin's theory of the survival of the fittest and which is reflected by modern ecology. The author intends to persuade the reader to feel respect and admiration for the magnificent world of living beings.

  • The Agrarian History of England and Wales: Volume 2, 1042-1350

    This 1988 volume deals with the agrarian history of England and Wales from the beginning of the reign of Edward the Confessor to the outbreak of the Black Death in 1348. It divides the counties into regions and deals with each under the headings of new settlements, agriculture and pastoralism (crops and stock), yield ratios and techniques (including field systems, crop nutrition and drainage). There are also sections on the Late Saxon period, Domesday England, wages and prices, vernacular architecture, and the life of the people. The volume as a whole offers a detailed description of trends, both economic and social, between 1042 and 1350 and of the complexities of an economy and society split into many and various sub-economies and sub-societies, all very different from one another but closely knit and interdependent.

  • The Idea of Cultural Heritage

    The idea of cultural heritage has become widespread in many countries, justifying government regulation and providing the background to disputes over valuable works of art and architecture. In this book, Derek Gillman uses several well-known cases from Asia, Europe, and the United States to review the competing claims that works of art belong either to a particular people and place, or, from a cosmopolitan perspective, to all of humankind. He looks at the ways in which the idea of heritage has been constructed. He focuses first on Britain and the writings of Edmund Burke and then on China and its medieval debate about the nature of 'our culture'. Drawing on a range of sources, including the work of Ronald Dworkin, Will Kymlicka, and Joseph Raz, Gillman relates debates about heritage to those in contemporary political philosophy and offers a liberal approach to moral claims and government regulation.

  • Chekhov in Performance

    For a full understanding of any text, careful consideration must be given to its life in performance. In this rewarding study of four of Chekhov's major plays - Uncle Vanya, The Seagull, The Cherry Orchard and Three Sisters - J. L. Styan demonstrates the development of Chekhov's skills as a dramatist and discusses stage action, portrayal of character, differing twentieth-century productions and the audience reactions they evoked.

  • An Introduction to the Theory of Seismology

    This radical revision of Professor Bullen's acclaimed and widely used text provides an introduction to modern seismological theory, with emphasis on both the physical models and the mathematical descriptions of earthquakes and their sources. The essential core of the earlier editions has been retained, particularly the tensor treatment of elasticity, seismic wave travel-time analysis and density in the Earth, although these parts of the text have been brought up to date and expanded. The new part of the book reflects on how the study of earthquakes, seismic waves and seismic risk has been broadened in the past two decades. Thus, this edition includes introductory theory of earthquake sources, seismic wave travel through complex geological zones and viscous and anisotropic media, vibrations of the whole Earth, strong-motion seismology and earthquake prediction and risk. There is an emphasis on statistical and numerical procedures and problems of resolution in inverse theory. Modern class exercises are to be found throughout. The book assumes some background in classical physics and mathematics, including simple differential equations, linear algebra and probability theory. It will be suitable for use in undergraduate courses in geophysics, applied mechanics and geotechnology and for graduate courses in seismology and earthquake engineering. In addition, it will serve as a reference text on seismological problems for professionals concerned with earthquakes, Earth structure and wave motion.

  • face2face Elementary Workbook with Key

    face2face Second edition is the flexible, easy-to-teach, 6-level course (A1 to C1) for busy teachers who want to get their adult and young adult learners to communicate with confidence. face2face is the flexible, easy-to-teach General English course that helps adults and young adults to speak and listen with confidence. face2face is informed by Cambridge English Corpus and its vocabulary syllabus has been mapped to the English Vocabulary Profile, meaning students learn the language they really need at each CEFR level. The Workbook with Key offers additional consolidation activities and a Reading and Writing Portfolio for extra skills practice.

  • Ultrametric Calculus: An Introduction to p-Adic Analysis

    This is an introduction to p-adic analysis which is elementary yet complete and which displays the variety of applications of the subject. Dr Schikhof is able to point out and explain how p-adic and 'real' analysis differ. This approach guarantees the reader quickly becomes acquainted with this equally 'real' analysis and appreciates its relevance. The reader's understanding is enhanced and deepened by the large number of exercises included throughout; these both test the reader's grasp and extend the text in interesting directions. As a consequence, this book will become a standard reference for professionals (especially in p-adic analysis, number theory and algebraic geometry) and will be welcomed as a textbook for advanced students of mathematics familiar with algebra and analysis.

  • American More! Six-Level Edition Level 1 Combo with Audio CD/CD-ROM

    American MORE! Six-Level Edition is a version of a course from a highly respected author team that's bursting with features for lower secondary students. Key language for each unit is introduced in a photostory and put to use through the 'Language Focus'. There is thorough coverage of grammar via a dedicated section in each unit. The 'Learn MORE through English' pages introduce cross-curricular learning (CLIL) while the 'Learn MORE about Culture' sections explore English speaking countries. Students learn to 'Read MORE for pleasure' with the extra reading pages and the Audio CD/CD-ROM enables students to practice vocabulary, grammar, and skills. The Combo contains the Student's Book and Workbook material together, providing 50-60 class hours of material.

  • Analogue and Digital Electronics for Engineers: An Introduction

    This new edition of Ahmed and Spreadbury's excellent textbook Electronics for Engineers provides, like the first edition, an introduction to electronic circuits covering the early part of degree level courses in electronics and electrical engineering. The text of the first edition has been entensively revised and supplemented to bring it up to date; two entirely new chapters have been added on the subject of digital electronics. A first chapter on the general principles of signal handling in electronic circuits is followed by descriptions of amplifiers using field-effect and bipolar transistors and integrated circuit op-amps, written from the point of view of the engineering student building up a system. Subsequent chapters discuss the principles of applying negative and positive feedback in amplifiers, leading the reader to the final two chapters covering digital circuits and their applications. All chapters conclude with a solved problem followed by a number of practice questions from various universities to which answers are given. This new edition, like the first, will prove a valuable text for first and second year courses in universities and polytechnics on electronics and electrical engineering and will be useful to practising engineers and scientists who need to use analogue and digital chips in the course of their work.

  • The Archaeology of Mainland Southeast Asia: From 10,000 B.C. to the Fall of Angkor

    Southeast Asia was the scene of one of the world's major civilisations, that of Angkor, until it was sacked in the early fifteenth century. The origins of Angkor were barely known until recent archaeological excavation and field research began to reveal the region's dynamic development and to raise new questions to serve in its understanding. This important new synthesis focuses on the social world of early mainland Southeast Asia: Thailand, Vietnam, Kampuchea, Laos and adjacent areas. The book begins when the area was occupied 12,000 years ago by hunters and gatherers. The author stresses the importance of sedentism and domestication. These encouraged the spread of coastal communities into the interior valleys. Particular relevance is seen in the exchange of valuables, including bronze, as symbols of status. The origins of civilisation, for long assumed to result from Indian expansion in the region, are seen as rooted in local changes, along with the selective adoption of Indian religious and political ideas within coastal cheifdoms. In bridging the gap between prehistory and history, this book will appeal not only to archaeologists but to those interested in the general history, culture and arts of Asia.

  • An Introduction to Random Matrices

    The theory of random matrices plays an important role in many areas of pure mathematics and employs a variety of sophisticated mathematical tools (analytical, probabilistic and combinatorial). This diverse array of tools, while attesting to the vitality of the field, presents several formidable obstacles to the newcomer, and even the expert probabilist. This rigorous introduction to the basic theory is sufficiently self-contained to be accessible to graduate students in mathematics or related sciences, who have mastered probability theory at the graduate level, but have not necessarily been exposed to advanced notions of functional analysis, algebra or geometry. Useful background material is collected in the appendices and exercises are also included throughout to test the reader's understanding. Enumerative techniques, stochastic analysis, large deviations, concentration inequalities, disintegration and Lie algebras all are introduced in the text, which will enable readers to approach the research literature with confidence.

  • A Shorter History of Greek Art

    First published in 1981, this is the shorter work of the two volume set A History of Greek Art, intended for a general readership. The abbreviation has been achieved by the selection of fewer objects for discussion rather than by a more summary treatment and the particular qualities of the larger History have been preserved.

  • Photosynthesis and Productivity in Different Environments

    First published in 1975, this volume provides a unique comparative treatment of annual and seasonal photosynthetic production in both terrestrial and aquatic environments on a world scale and examines the efficiency with which incoming light energy is utilised in different types of natural and managed vegetation, including agricultural crops. It discusses the characteristics of the vegetation which determine this productivity, including such features as leaf or plant arrangement in relation to light interception, the photosynthetic activity of the individual leaves or other organs and the strategy of the plant in making use of assimilates for growth and development. Most professional ecologists and plant physiologists will find much to interest them here and the book should form valuable background reading for students in plant biology, ecology and agriculture.

  • Advanced Trainer Six Practice Tests with Answers and Audio CDs (3)

    Six full practice tests plus easy-to-follow expert guidance and exam tips designed to guarantee exam success. The syllabus for this exam has changed and this book has now been replaced by 9781107470279 Advanced Trainer Second edition Six Practice Tests with answers with Audio.

  • Discussions that Work: Task-centred Fluency Practice

    How can you make a discussion really work? What sort of activities produce genuine and enthusiastic exchanges of ideas? How can you prepare such exercises quickly and easily? These are some of the questions that Discussions that Work sets out to answer. The first part provides some general guidelines on the organisation of successful task-centred activities. The second part consists of some fifty practical examples which have been tried and found effective in the classroom. They range from fairly simple to complex and sophisticated, and can thus be used with a wide range of learners, from elementary to the most advanced, in both secondary and adult education.

  • Essays in Trespassing: Economics to Politics and Beyond

    This book brings together fourteen articles and papers written by Albert O. Hirschman. About half deal with the interaction of economic development with politics and ideology, the area in which Hirschman perhaps has made most noted contributions. Among these papers are 'The Rise and Declines of Development Economics', a magisterial and yet pointed essay in intellectual history and his famous article 'The Changing Tolerance for Income Inequality in the Course of Economic Development'. Hirschman's ability to trespass - or rather his inability not to trespass - from one social science to another and beyond is the unifying characteristic of the volume. Authoritative, searching surveys alternate here with essays presenting some of Hirschman's characteristic inventions, for instance the 'tunnel effect' and 'obituary-improving activities'. Three of the papers have not been published previously and a number of introductory notes have been especially drafted for the present volume to evoke the intellectual-political climate in which certain groups of essays were written.

  • Supergravity

    Supergravity, together with string theory, is one of the most significant developments in theoretical physics. Written by two of the most respected workers in the field, this is the first-ever authoritative and systematic account of supergravity. The book starts by reviewing aspects of relativistic field theory in Minkowski spacetime. After introducing the relevant ingredients of differential geometry and gravity, some basic supergravity theories (D=4 and D=11) and the main gauge theory tools are explained. In the second half of the book, complex geometry and N=1 and N=2 supergravity theories are covered. Classical solutions and a chapter on AdS/CFT complete the book. Numerous exercises and examples make it ideal for Ph.D. students, and with applications to model building, cosmology and solutions of supergravity theories, it is also invaluable to researchers. A website hosted by the authors, featuring solutions to some exercises and additional reading material, can be found at www.cambridge.org/supergravity.

  • The Electrical Properties of Disordered Metals

    The theory of how metals conduct electronically had for a long time been confined to metals that are crystalline with the constituent atoms in regular arrays. The discovery of how to make solid amorphous alloys led to an explosion of measurements of the electronic properties of these new materials, and the emergence of a range of interesting low temperature phenomena. This 1995 book describes in physical terms the theory of the electrical conductivity, Hall coefficient, magnetoresistance and thermopower of disordered metals and alloys. The author begins by showing how conventional Boltzmann theory can be extended and modified when the mean free path of the conduction electrons becomes comparable with their wavelength and interionic separation. The consequence of this is explored and the theory tested by application to experimental data on metallic glasses. Designed as a self-contained review, the book will appeal to non-specialist physicists, metallurgists and chemists with an interest in disordered metals.

  • Handbook of Phycological Methods: Volume 4: Ecological Field Methods: Macroalgae

    This fourth volume of the Handbook of Phycological Methods, with its field-oriented perspective, is a comprehensive treatment of recently developed methodologies in the rapidly advancing field of marine benthic algal ecology. Both traditional and modern methods are presented along with the limitations of various projectspecific examples. References and discussions include how procedures may be adapted to suit different habitats, diverse algal systems, or other conditions. This book contains sufficient detail to be valuable to a wide audience, including both advanced and student researchers and educators throughout the academic and technical community.

  • Love's Labour's Lost

    The New Cambridge Shakespeare appeals to students worldwide for its up-to-date scholarship and emphasis on performance. The series features line-by-line commentaries and textual notes on the plays and poems. Introductions are regularly refreshed with accounts of new critical, stage and screen interpretations. Edited and introduced by William C. Carroll, this edition of Love's Labour Lost features a lively account of the play's performance history from 1632 to the present day. Stage and screen productions of the late twentieth century receive particular attention and a range of international performances are also explored. New trends in the scholarly criticism are discussed in the introduction, as are the play's sources and historical contexts. Carroll's text is freshly edited from the First Quarto, published in 1598, and presents a highly readable modernised edition of Love's Labour Lost; a play known for its unorthodox ending and extraordinary use of language.

  • Igor Stravinsky: The Rake's Progress

    The Rake's Progress is Stravinsky's biggest work and one of the few great operas written since the 1920s, rare too for the unusual quality of its libretto, by Auden and Kallman. Its importance is undisputed, but so too are the problems it raises: problems of both performance and understanding, caused by the irony with which it is so thoroughly permeated. In aspects of style and operatic convention it looks back to the eighteenth century, and in particular to the operas of Mozart and da Ponte, while making references also to other periods, to operas from Monteverdi to Verdi. Yet at the same time it is wholly a work of the twentieth-century, and indeed it is centrally concerned with the impossibility of return, artistic, psychological or actual, as well as with the nature and limitation of human free will. The Rake's Progress is not one of unbridled dissipation but rather, more interestingly, one of attachment to naive notions of freedom and choice, and his tragedy is that he can never go back.

  • Sounds Interesting Teacher's Book

    Students are invited to provide a personal interpretation of the sequence of events suggested by a series of sounds.

  • Verdi's Macbeth: A Sourcebook

    This book, a unique collection of speculation and documentation, grew out of the Fifth International Verdi Congress held in Danville, Kentucky, in 1977, where the 1847 version of Macbetb was performed. Macbetb was the first of Verdi's three Shakespeare operas, 'Dearer to me than all my other operas', as he wrote when dedicating the score of the new work to his benefactor, Barezzi. Many of the papers given at the congress are incorporated into the present volume, which focuses on the myriad ways Verdi fused libretto, music and staging into a powerful theatrical experience. The contents include much contemporary documentation about the opera: 186 letters, reviews of the first performance and the 1865 revision, and a scholarly transcription of Verdi's working libretto. There is also a chronology of performances of Macbetb and an annotated bibliography.

  • Cambridge Checkpoints VCE Accounting Unit 3 2011

    Contains Online quizzes; Past examination questions up to 2009; 2009 exam questions with suggested solutions; Time guides for questions included.

  • Cambridge Checkpoints VCE Biology Unit 4 2011

    This book contains: o Online quizzes o Questions from past examinations o Fully worked solutions o Core facts, skills and extended response tasks

  • The Arctic and Antarctic: Their Division into Geobotanical Areas

    First published in 1977, this is an authoritative work by one of the world's leading ecologists. Aleksandrova's account is a very full one with much detail. The methods of classification are as interesting as the results. A wide variety of floristic, vegetational, structural, faunistic and ecological data, both qualitative and quantitative, are used to diagnose and characterise vegetation units. The vegetation of the Arctic and Antarctic is classified according to diagnostic and characteristic features. The Arctic is divided into two provinces, tundra and polar desert and the Antarctic into subantarctic herbaceous cushion vegetation and antarctic polar desert. The arctic tundra is further subdivided into subarctic with shrubby Betula (Birch) or true arctic tundra without Betula. The end result is an analysis of plant communities in the polar regions that enables ecologists to generalise and, perhaps more important, to limit correctly the scope of that generalisation when it is drawn from careful local studies.

  • The French Romantics: Volume 2

    This collaborative, two-volume work offers a full survey of the French Romantics as a whole, and seeks to reassess their collective achievement and continuing value. The movement they created is considered within the broad terms of intellectual and cultural history as well as of literary criticism. Alongside chapters on the poetry, the novel, the drama and literary theory, there are therefore studies of the religious and political thought, historical writings, art, music and opera that are no less central to a full appreciation of French Romanticism. Volume 2 contains chapters on Romantic drama and literary criticism and theory, and there are also contributions on historians, the visual arts, and music and opera. It concludes with an examination of writers active in the movement's later years, formerly described as 'les petits romantiques' but here given deeper significance as 'Romantics on the fringe'. This volume contains a number of highly attractive illustrations.

  • The Shorter Science and Civilisation in China: Volume 2

    In the second volume of his abridgement of Joseph Needham's original text, Colin Ronan looks in detail at the early Chinese contributions to various sciences. The first section deals with mathematics, and it is shown that the Chinese works were comparable with the pre-Renaissance achievements of the old world. This account is written with the non-mathematician in mind. The text is next concerned with the sciences of astronomy and meteorology, followed by the Earth sciences: geography, cartography, geology, seismology and mineralogy. Volume 2 closes with a description of some aspects of Chinese physics, including their predilection for the wave theory as opposed to particles, metrology, statics, hydrostatics, heat, light and sound.

  • Forgotten Children: Parent-Child Relations from 1500 to 1900

    'The history of childhood is an area so full of errors, distortion and misinterpretation that I thought it vital, if progress were to be made, to supply a clear review of the information on childhood contained in such sources as diaries and autobiographies.' Dr Pollock's statement in her Preface will startle readers who have not questioned the validity of recent theories on the evolution of childhood and the treatment of children, theories which see a movement from a situation where the concept of childhood was almost absent, and children were cruelly treated, to our present western recognition that children are different and should be treated with love and affection. Linda examines this thesis particularly through the close and careful analysis of some hundreds of English and American primary sources. Through these sources, she has been able to reconstruct, probably for the first time, a genuine picture of childhood in the past, and it is a much more humane and optimistic picture than the current stereotype. Her book contains a mass of novel and original material on child-rearing practices and the relations of parents and children, and sets this in the wider framework of developmental psychology, socio-biology and social anthropology. Forgotten Children admirably fulfils the aim of its author. In the face of this scholarly and elegant account of the continuity of parental care, few will now be able to argue for dramatic transformations in the twentieth century.

  • Cambridge Vocabulary for IELTS Advanced Band 6.5+ with Answers and Audio CD.

    The book covers all the vocabulary needed by students aiming for band 6.5 and above in the IELTS tests and provides students with practice of exam tasks from each paper. Cambridge Vocabulary for IELTS Advanced focuses on moving students to 6.5 and beyond by working on vocabulary-building strategies necessary for success at advanced levels. It includes useful tips on how to approach IELTS exam tasks and covers especially tricky areas such as paraphrase and collocation. It is informed by the Cambridge English Corpus to ensure that the vocabulary is presented in genuine contexts and includes real learner errors. The Audio CD contains the listening and pronunciation exercises from each unit. The material is suitable for self-study or homework tasks, and may also be used in class with the teacher.

  • Introduction to Higher-Order Categorical Logic

    In this book the authors reconcile two different viewpoints of the foundations of mathematics, namely mathematical logic and category theory. In Part I, they show that typed lambda-calculi, a formulation of higher order logic, and cartesian closed categories are essentially the same. In Part II, it is demonstrated that another formulation of higher order logic (intuitionistic type theories) is closely related to topos theory. Part III is devoted to recursive functions. Numerous applications of the close relationship between traditional logic and the algebraic language of category theory are given. The authors have included an introduction to category theory and develop the necessary logic as required, making the book essentially self-contained. Detailed historical references are provided throughout, and each section concludes with a set of exercises. Thus it is well-suited for graduate courses and research in mathematics and logic. Researchers in theoretical computer science, artificial intelligence and mathematical linguistics will also find this an accessible introduction to a subject of increasing application to these disciplines.

  • Poetry and Politics: The Life and Works of Juan Chi, A.D. 210-263

    Poetry and Politics is the first full-length study in any language of the life and works of the Chinese poet and thinker, Juan Chi (AD 210-263). This book contains translations of all Juan Chi's important works, in verse and prose, his letters and all the historical accounts of his life. The reader is thus enabled, for the first time in a work of this kind, to see a Chinese writer in the round, in his works and in his setting. Juan Chi's attachment to traditional Confucian values kept him in the centre of political and social life, but eventually his disgust with the disloyalty and self-seeking he saw in Wei society made him turn away. He attempted in Taoism and in the pursuit of Taoist immortality to find the purity and permanence so lacking in the world, but without an ultimate commitment. Juan Chi was accused both in his lifetime and subsequently of being a Confucian hero and a Taoist iconoclast, and in him can be seen the contradictory intellectual and religious forces t hat were slowly bringing in the Chinese Middle Ages.

  • Backgrounds to Augustan Poetry: Gallus Elegy and Rome

    In the first century BC, Latin poetry underwent considerable changes - from the neoteric poetics of Catullus and his contemporaries, through the development of elegy, to the Roman themes that the Augustan poets finally adopted as their subject. Augustan poets were self-conscious and concerned with the works of their predecessors and contemporaries, yet there often appears a conflict between their professed poetics and what they in fact wrote. In his 'poetic biography' of the period, Professor Ross traces the developing attitude of these poets towards poetry as an art and considers why they came to write as they did. Discussion throughout is based on specific poems and passages, providing a background for critical interpretation. The book offers comprehensive and striking answers to long-standing questions and will be of importance to all students of Latin poetry.

  • Chinese

    This general introduction to the study of the Chinese language traces its history from its beginings in the second millennium BC to the present day and provides a clear picture of the contemporary language and its sociolinguistic status. Chinese in its numerous dialect forms, has more speakers than any language in the modern world, and this vast extension in time and space brings to its study an exceptional complexity. Nevertheless, Professor Norman handles this extraordinary range of material with a deftness of organization and lucid elegance of style that make his book of real interest to any reader with only an elementary knowledge of linguistics. It includes information on the genetic and typological connections of Chinese, traditional Chinese phonology, the writing system, the classical and early vernacular languages, the modern language and the non-standard dialects, and the history of linguistic reform in China, concluding with a discussion of present and future prospects.

  • The Cambridge English Course 1 Teacher's book

    Browser left at 13:35

  • Objective Advanced Workbook with Answers with Audio CD

    An updated and revised edition of the Objective CAE course, which prepares students for Cambridge English: Advanced, also known as Certificate in Advanced English (CAE). The syllabus for this exam has changed and this book has now been replaced by 9781107632028 Objective Advanced Fourth edition Workbook with answers with Audio CD.

  • Classical Greek Rhetorical Theory and the Disciplining of Discourse

    This book contributes to the history of classical rhetoric by focusing on how key terms helped to conceptualize and organize the study and teaching of oratory. David Timmerman and Edward Schiappa demonstrate that the intellectual and political history of Greek rhetorical theory can be enhanced by a better understanding of the emergence of 'terms of art' in texts about persuasive speaking and argumentation. The authors provide a series of studies to support their argument. They describe Plato's disciplining of dialgesthai into the Art of Dialectic, Socrates' alternative vision of philosophia, and Aristotle's account of demegoria and symboule as terms for political deliberation. The authors also revisit competing receptions of the Rhetoric to Alexander. Additionally, they examine the argument over when the different parts of oration were formalized in rhetorical theory, illustrating how an 'old school' focus on vocabulary can provide fresh perspectives on persistent questions.

  • History of the British Flora

    The chief aim of this book is the reconstruction of the processes and events that have determined the present flora and vegetation of the British Isles, first of all through the long ages when natural conditions prevailed and cycles of glaciations and recessions and slow geological processes were in charge, and afterwards through the nearer and much shorter span of time during which, from the Neolithic onwards, human interference has progressively and severely altered the scene. This is an exercise in biogeography that Darwin called 'that grand subject, that almost keystone to the laws of nature'. But instead of adopting Darwin's conjectural approach, based largely on circumstantial evidence, what this 1975 second edition achieves is a factual reconstruction of events by records of the actual presence of individual species or genera, in large numbers, at particular sites and specified times through the geological and historic record.

  • The Mycenaean World

    In 1952 the decipherment of the Linear B script suddenly revealed the Greekness of Mycenaean Greece. Now, after new discoveries and more than 20 years of intensive work, scholars are able to interpret the written documents and reconstruct from them a vivid picture of life in this remote period, in a way which is impossible from archaeology alone. John Chadwick, who assisted Ventris in the original decipherment, has played a major part in these advances. He now summarizes the results of research and in so doing opens the door to a new world, Mycenaean Greece seen through the eyes of its inhabitants. The tablets may be only, as he describes them, 'the account books of anonymous clerks', but from these prosaic documents he shows how we can infer a bronze industry, foreign slave-women, or even human sacrifice. Not least important is the comparison of the newly available data with the Homeric account, much to the detriment of Homer's credibility as a witness.

  • Giuseppe Verdi: Otello

    James Hepokoski provides a reliable summary of what is currently known about Otello, along with an interpretation of the significance of the work within Verdi's career. The book begins with a detailed synopsis which interweaves some of the specific stage action from the 1887 Milanese premiere. There follows a close consideration of how the opera was actually written: Arrigo Boito's derivation of the libretto from Shakespeare and the subsequent textual revisions; Verdi's composition of the opera from 1884 to 1887 and an overview of the revisions of the opera for Venice in 1887 and Paris in 1894. A further chapter outlines Verdi's own ideas for the performance of Otello and this is followed by William Ashbrook's summary of the opera's stage history up to the present. Professor Hepokoski continues by suggesting a new model for understanding the musical structure of Otello. The book concludes with a study of the opera as a work of Shakespearean adaptation.

  • Freedom in Machinery: Volume 1, Introducing Screw Theory

    This book deals with questions of freedom and constraint in machinery. It asks, for example, whether the smooth working of a machine will depend entirely upon the accuracy of its construction. As it answers such questions, it explores the geometrical interstices of the so-called screw systems at the joints in mechanism. It combines, in three dimensions directly, the twin sciences of the kinetics and the statics of rigid contacting bodies, striking deeply into the foundations of both. It introduces the idea that the kinetostatics of spatical mechanism is a valuable discipline, thus setting down for further development the beginnings of screw theory. A special feature of this book is the profusion throughout of its spectacular line drawings, which excite and assist the imagination. This is important in the general area of modern machinery and robots where an ability to think and to design such systems until the geometrical nature of the practical joints and the spatical movements of the various parts of modern machinery is properly understood, these new areas make this book an important and timely addition to the literature. This book, with its main accent upon geometry, makes its thrust at those levels of our understanding that lie below the algebra and the mere programming of modern computers. The author's direct personal style makes even the more difficult of hi geometrical and other ideas accessible to the wide range of mathematicians, research workers, and mechanical engineers who will read this book. Designers and the builders of robots will study the material carefully.

  • Objective Advanced Student's Book without Answers with CD-ROM

    An updated and revised edition of the Objective CAE course, which prepares students for Cambridge English: Advanced, also known as Certificate in Advanced English (CAE). The syllabus for this exam has changed and this book has now been replaced by 9781107674387 Objective Advanced Fourth edition Student's Book without answers with CD-ROM.

  • Palaeobiology of Angiosperm Origins: Problems of Mesozoic seed-plant evolution

    The evolutionary origin and early history of the angiosperms (or flowering plants), which are the dominant land plants today, has remained an unsolved problem since the time of Darwin. It has been referred to since those days as an 'abominable mystery', because neither direct ancestor nor an agreed date could be determined. Mr Hughes argues that previous approaches, mostly through botanical theory, have been inadequate and misleading. He suggests that the date is about 110 million years ago (in the Cretaceous period) and there is a good chance of ancestors being found if the correct approach is adopted to the study of other fossil plants of that period. Moreover, the study of plant microfossils in the past twenty years has made feasible a fuller geological study of other fossils. When this book was first published in 1976, several reviewers saw it as a timely book on a controversial subject.

  • History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey

    Empire of the Gazis: The Rise and Decline of the Ottoman Empire, 1280-1808 is the first book of the two-volume History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey. It describes how the Ottoman Turks, a small band of nomadic soldiers, managed to expand their dominions from a small principality in northwestern Anatolia on the borders of the Byzantine Empire into one of the great empires of fifteenth- and sixteenth-century Europe and Asia, extending from northern Hungary to southern Arabia and from the Crimea across North Africa almost to the Atlantic Ocean. The volume sweeps away the accumulated prejudices of centuries and describes the empire of the sultans as a living, changing society, dominated by the small multinational Ottoman ruling class led by the sultan, but with a scope of government so narrow that the subjects, Muslim and non-Muslim alike, were left to carry on their own lives, religions, and traditions with little outside interference.

  • Aeschylus: Eumenides

    Professor Sommerstein here presents a freshly constituted text, with introduction and commentary, of Eumenides, the climactic play of the only surviving complete Greek tragic trilogy, the Oresteia of Aeschylus. Eumenides is of all Athenian tragic dramas the one most consciously designed to be relevant to the situation of the Athenian state at the time of its performance (458 BC), and seems to have contained daring innovations both in technique and in ideas. The introduction and commentary to this edition seek to bring out how Aeschylus shaped to his purpose the legends he inherited, and ended the tragic story of Agamemnon's family in a celebration of Athenian civic unity and justice. The commentary also pays detailed attention to the linguistic, metrical and textual problems to be encountered by the reader.

  • The Cambridge Companion to H. D.

    H. D. (Hilda Doolittle) was one of the central figures in literary modernism in the 1910s. She collaborated with Ezra Pound and others and played an important role in the early development of modernist poetry. This Cambridge Companion is a critical introduction to H. D. containing essays on all her major works. The first part explores the author's initial exclusion from the canon and her subsequent reinstatement; her tendency to merge fact with fiction in her autobiographical texts; her contribution to the little magazines; her relation to modernism; her representation of gender; and her influence on later generations of writers. The second part offers close and accessible critical analyses of H. D.'s style, her poems Hymen and Trilogy, her novels HERmione and Majic Ring, her understanding of translation as literary practice and of her notion of history in Tribute to Freud and The Gift.

  • The Cambridge History of Classical Literature: Volume 1, Greek Literature

    This series provides individual textbooks on early Greek poetry, on Greek drama, on philosophy, history and oratory, and on the literature of the Hellenistic period and of the Empire. A chapter on books and readers in the Greek world concludes Part 4. Each part has its own appendix of authors and works, a list of works cited, and an index.

  • Building Parallel, Embedded, and Real-Time Applications with Ada

    The arrival and popularity of multi-core processors has sparked a renewed interest in the development of parallel programs. Similarly, the availability of low-cost microprocessors and sensors has generated a great interest in embedded real-time programs. This book provides students and programmers whose backgrounds are in traditional sequential programming with the opportunity to expand their capabilities into parallel, embedded, real-time and distributed computing. It also addresses the theoretical foundation of real-time scheduling analysis, focusing on theory that is useful for actual applications. Written by award-winning educators at a level suitable for undergraduates and beginning graduate students, this book is the first truly entry-level textbook in the subject. Complete examples allow readers to understand the context in which a new concept is used, and enable them to build and run the examples, make changes, and observe the results.

  • Atomic Structure

    Professor E. U. Condon's The Theory of Atomic Spectra was the first comprehensive book on the electron structure of atoms, and has become a world-renowned classic. Originally published in 1980, Atomic Structure was the late Professor Condon's final contribution to the literature of this field. Completed by his colleague and former student Halis Odabsi, this book was one of the first integrated accounts of the subject to include such developments as group theory concepts and Racah methods. In addition, Professor Condon presents valuable background information on the history and development of quantum theory. Atomic Structure provides an excellent survey of the field and Professor Condon's unique personal insights will make the book attractive both to practising physicists and advanced undergraduate students.

  • The Design of Approximation Algorithms

    Discrete optimization problems are everywhere, from traditional operations research planning (scheduling, facility location and network design); to computer science databases; to advertising issues in viral marketing. Yet most such problems are NP-hard; unless P = NP, there are no efficient algorithms to find optimal solutions. This book shows how to design approximation algorithms: efficient algorithms that find provably near-optimal solutions. The book is organized around central algorithmic techniques for designing approximation algorithms, including greedy and local search algorithms, dynamic programming, linear and semidefinite programming, and randomization. Each chapter in the first section is devoted to a single algorithmic technique applied to several different problems, with more sophisticated treatment in the second section. The book also covers methods for proving that optimization problems are hard to approximate. Designed as a textbook for graduate-level algorithm courses, it will also serve as a reference for researchers interested in the heuristic solution of discrete optimization problems.

  • International Authority and the Responsibility to Protect

    The idea that states and the international community have a responsibility to protect populations at risk has framed internationalist debates about conflict prevention, humanitarian aid, peacekeeping and territorial administration since 2001. This book situates the responsibility to protect concept in a broad historical and jurisprudential context, demonstrating that the appeal to protection as the basis for de facto authority has emerged at times of civil war or revolution - the Protestant revolutions of early modern Europe, the bourgeois and communist revolutions of the following centuries and the revolution that is decolonisation. This analysis, from Hobbes to the UN, of the resulting attempts to ground authority on the capacity to guarantee security and protection is essential reading for all those seeking to understand, engage with, limit or critique the expansive practices of international executive action authorised by the responsibility to protect concept.

  • Practical Work in Science

    This book reviews the major science curriculum developments and the present position of practical work in secondary schools.

  • Simple Noetherian Rings

    This work specifically surveys simple Noetherian rings. The authors present theorems on the structure of simple right Noetherian rings and, more generally, on simple rings containing a uniform right ideal U. The text is as elementary and self-contained as practicable, and the little background required in homological and categorical algebra is given in a short appendix. Full definitions are given and short, complete, elementary proofs are provided for such key theorems as the Morita theorem, the Correspondence theorem, the Wedderburn-Artin theorem, the Goldie-Lesieur-Croisot theorem, and many others. Complex mathematical machinery has been eliminated wherever possible or its introduction into the text delayed as long as possible. (Even tensor products are not required until Chapter 3.)

  • A Practical Guide to Private Equity Transactions

    This overview of a complex and often misunderstood subject takes the reader through the issues that are faced throughout the life cycle of a private equity investment, from the identification of an opportunity, through the various stages of the transaction and the lifetime of the investment, to the eventual exit by the investor. The analysis of key documentation and legal issues covers company law, employment law, pensions, taxation, debt funding and competition law, taking into account recent legal developments such as the Companies Act 2006, the recent emergence of private equity in the UK and the challenges faced by the industry as a result of the financial crisis.

  • Task Listening Student's book

    Listening activities for lower-intermediate and intermediate students. Task Listening aims to develop the listening skills of students who have had little exposure to authentic spoken English. Each of the twenty-six units consists of a short audio recording with people speaking in everyday situations and related reading and writing follow-ups. Having completed language work, students listen to the audio and extract the information necessary to complete a simple task, such as labelling a picture or filling in a grid. This way students learn how sift out relevant information and ignore redundant features in spoken English - a skill vital to efficient listening at all levels of language learning.

  • Plurality of Words: The Extraterrestrial Life Debate from Democritus to Kant

    This is a fascinating history of the debate over the question of extraterrestrial life from Classical Greece to the mid-eighteenth century. Using many primary and secondary sources, this book analyses why such great thinkers as Aristotle, Aquinas, Ockham, Galileo, Kepler, Huygens, and Kant thought the debate over the plurality of worlds a subject for serious discussion. The author shows how conflicting arguments from science, philosophy, and theology gradually converged to the same opinion - that intelligent life must fill the universe.

  • Methods and tools for compiler construction: An advanced course

    For a long time compiler construction was considered an operation to be carried out by only a few skilled specialists. However, over the past decade, numerous theoretical advances have led to a methodology of compiler writing as well as to tools for automatic and semi-automatic compiler construction. This book is the result of an advanced course sponsored by the Commission of the European Communities and the Institut National de Recherche en Informatique et en Automatique. The course 'Methods and Tools for Compiler Construction' was held in Rocquencourt in December 1983. The volume places its emphasis on specific areas where significant improvements have been made, including attribute grammars, compilation from semantic definitions. code generation and optimization and Ada compiling.

  • A History of Embryology

    This book is a survey of the history of developmental biology from 1880. It includes in-depth studies of key aspects by leading historians of biology, comparisons of the differing characteristics of biological research in the United Kingdom, the United States and Germany, and a chronological table outlining the main events in the subject. The current status of the science of embryology is analysed historically from the perspectives of biochemistry, molecular biology, genetics, evolution theory and theoretical biology. Prominent contemporary theorists in the field of developmental biology document the origins of their models. A number of contributions raise issues relating to the sociology and philosophy of science. The book includes a survey of bibliographic and other research resources which will serve as an aid and a springboard for future work in the field.

  • Inorganic Energetics: An Introduction

    When W. E. Dasent's Inorganic Energetics first appeared in 1970 it rapidly established itself as an important teaching text. In this 1982 second edition, the author preserved the same basic structure and objectives of the earlier edition, although much of the material has been rewritten and the numerical data revised. Thermodynamics is commonly presented as a self-contained component of physical chemistry. This book uses the principles of thermodynamics to help elucidate the problems of what has too frequently been regarded as a quite separate discipline: inorganic chemistry. The bringing together in this way of two traditionally distinct branches of chemistry adds an important quantitative dimension to the more customary interpretations of inorganic reactivity in terms of chemical bonding theory. The author provides extensive tabulations of data designed to help students to make their own thermodynamic analyses of inorganic reactions which are not specifically discussed. S.I units are used throughout.

  • 'The Lament for the South': Yu Hsin's 'Ai Chiang-Nan Fu'

    The Ai Chiang-nan fu by the sixth-century poet Yu Hsin is one of the most famous and difficult of all Chinese medieval poems. It relates in a highly allegorical and elliptical manner the fall of the Liang dynasty, which the poet served. The poem belongs to the genre of the fu; rhapsodical, elegiac works written in an irregular metre. It is, however not at all typical of the genre, which is more often associated with descriptions of hunting parks, sacrifices, plants and birds. The poem thus deserves study both for its literary merits and for its uniqueness. Dr Graham provides a translation of the poem with a very detailed literary and historical commentary. Most previous studies of the fu have concentrated on the Han period but Dr Graham offers an extended discussion in any language of the genre in the period of the six dynasties (222-589). The book also includes an introduction to the history of the period.

  • Viruses and Cancer

    This volume discusses our present knowledge of the role of viruses in the causation of cancer, both in humans and in animal model systems. The fourteen chapters consider the molecular biology and the biology and epidemiology of those viruses which appear to have a role in human cancer, namely hepatitis B virus, Epstein-Barr virus, papillornaviruses, herpes viruses and the Human T-Cell leukaemia virus and discuss various aspects of other viruses which are oncogenic in animal systems, and have provided important information as to the mechanisms of malignant transformation.

  • Economy Later Renaiss Eur 1460-1600

    This is an economic history of sixteenth-century Europe that combines the virtues of a scholarly monograph with those of a general history. Professor Miskimin describes the intellectual and philosophical context in which economic decisions were made, and on which the fundamental economic categories of the period were based.

  • Nuclear Magnetic Resonance in Solid Polymers

    This book is an authoritative and comprehensive account of the principles and practice of NMR spectroscopy of solids as applied to polymeric materials to determine their structure and dynamics at a molecular level. NMR spectroscopy has been applied to the characterization of polymers in solid state for over 40 years. The past few decades have seen the development of many new NMR capabilities, including high-resolution techniques for solids, multi-dimensional methods, deuterium NMR and others. All of these developments have contributed to a dramatic increase in the power and applicability of NMR for the characterization, at a molecular level, of the dynamics and structural organization of polymeric solids. The applications chapters emphasize the polymer types and properties. The authors have included an introduction to all the main principles of the technique involved in its application to solid polymers. Rigorous and detailed analytical treatment of all main areas is also available.

  • The Child Reader, 1700-1840

    Children's literature, as we know it today, first came into existence in Britain in the eighteenth century. This book is the first major study to consider who the first users of this new product were, which titles they owned, how they acquired and used their books, and what they thought of them. Evidence of these things is scarce. But by drawing on a diverse array of sources, including inscriptions and marginalia, letters and diaries, inventories and parish records, and portraits and pedagogical treatises, and by pioneering exciting methodologies, it has been possible to reconstruct both sociological profiles of consumers and the often touching experiences of individual children. Grenby's discoveries about the owners of children's books, and their use, abuse and perception of this new product, will be key to understanding how children's literature was able to become established as a distinct and flourishing element of print culture.

  • Cambridge Checkpoints VCE Legal Studies Units 3 and 4 2011

    This book contains: o Online quizzes o Questions from past examinations o Fully worked solutions o Core facts, skills and extended response tasks

  • Common Legal Framework for Takeover Bids in Europe 2 Volume Hardback Set: Volume

    This book discusses the Takeover Directive and its implementing rules in each Member State of the European Union and the European Economic Area, providing companies and their advisors with useful insight into the legal framework and principles applicable to takeover bids in the region. The Council Directive of 21 April 2004 on takeover bids sets forth the general principles applicable to takeover bids and clarifies certain minimum rules with respect to the procedure for a takeover bid, the obligation to make a mandatory bid in the event a minimum threshold is crossed and the majority shareholder's squeeze-out right as well as the minority shareholders' sell-out rights. Furthermore, the Directive defines the authority which is competent to approve offer documents and supervise takeover bids, and provides for optional restrictions on the actions of the target company's management and on defence mechanisms.

  • Mandelstam

    Osip Mandelstam, who died in 1938 in one of Stalin's labour camps, is one of the greatest poets of this century. Brown's 1978 volume is a very full and important book which tells of Mandelstam's earlier life and gives an introduction to the poetry. Professor Brown tells as much as will probably ever be known about Mandelstam's early life, his studies, his literary relationships; and recreates in piquant detail the intellectual world of prerevolutionary St Petersburg. Indeed, the criticism of Mandelstam's three collections of poetry, quoted both in Russian and in translation, manages the seemingly impossible: the reader with no Russian begins to grasp - as though at first hand - how this poetry makes its effects, and he senses its originality and importance and its place in European literature. Professor Brown here presents the first critical study of the life and works.

  • The Foundations of Modern Political Thought: The Age of Reformation

    A two-volume study of political thought from the late thirteenth to the end of the sixteenth century, the decisive period of transition from medieval to modern political theory. The work is intended to be both an introduction to the period for students, and a presentation and justification of a particular approach to the interpretation of historical texts. Quentin Skinner gives an outline account of all the principal texts of the period, discussing in turn the chief political writings of Dante, Marsiglio, Bartolus, Machiavelli, Erasmus and more, Luther and Calvin, Bodin and the Calvinist revolutionaries. But he also examines a very large number of lesser writers in order to explain the general social and intellectual context in which these leading theorists worked. He thus presents the history not as a procession of 'classic texts' but are more readily intelligible. He traces by this means the gradual emergence of the vocabulary of modern political thought, and in particular the crucial concept of the State. We are given an insight into the actual processes of the formation of ideologies and into some of the linkages between political theory and practice. Professor Skinner has been awarded the Balzan Prize Life Time Achievement Award for Political Thought, History and Theory. Full details of this award can be found at http://www.balzan.it/News_eng.aspx?ID=2474

  • Pluto: Sentinel of the Outer Solar System

    Orbiting at the edge of the outer Solar System, Pluto is an intriguing object in astronomy. Since the fascinating events surrounding its discovery, it has helped increase our understanding of the origin and evolution of the Solar System, and raised questions about the nature and benefits of scientific classification. This is a timely and exciting account of Pluto and its satellites. The author uses Pluto as a case study to discuss discovery in astronomy, how remote astronomical bodies are investigated, and the role of classification in science by discussing Pluto's recent classification as a dwarf planet. Besides Pluto, the book also explores the rich assortment of bodies that constitute the Edgeworth-Kuiper Belt, of which Pluto is the largest innermost member. Richly illustrated, this text is written for general readers, amateur astronomers and students alike. Boxed text provides more advanced information especially for readers who wish to delve deeper into the subject.

  • Pragmatics

    Those aspects of language use that are crucial to an understanding of language as a system, and especially to an understanding of meaning, are the acknowledged concern of linguistic pragmatics. This textbook provides a lucid and integrative analysis of the central topics in pragmatics - deixis, implicature, presupposition, speech acts, and conversational structure. A central concern of the book is the relation between pragmatics and semantics, and Dr Levinson shows clearly how a pragmatic approach can resolve some of the problems semantics have been confronting and simplifying semantic analyses. The exposition is always clear and supported by helpful exemplification. The detailed analyses of selected topics give the student a clear view of the empirical rigour demanded by the study of linguistic pragmatics, but Dr Levinson never loses sight of the rich diversity of the subject. An introduction and conclusion relate pragmatics to other fields in linguistics and other disciplines concerned with language usage - psychology, philosophy, anthropology and literature.

  • Hegel

    A major and comprehensive study of the philosophy of Hegel, his place in the history of ideas, and his continuing relevance and importance. Professor Taylor relates Hegel to the earlier history of philosophy and, more particularly, to the central intellectual and spiritual issues of his own time. He sees these in terms of a pervasive tension between the evolving ideals of individuality and self-realization on the one hand, and on the other a deeply-felt need to find significance in a wider community. Charles Taylor engages with Hegel sympathetically, on Hegel's own terms and, as the the subject demands, in detail. We are made to grasp the interconnections of the system without being overwhelmed or overawed by its technicality. We are shown its importance and its limitations, and are enabled to stand back from it.

  • English in Mind Level 2A Combo A with DVD-ROM

    This second edition updates a course which has proven to be a perfect fit for classes the world over. English in Mind Combo 2A with DVD-ROM features the Welcome Unit and Units 1-7 from the full Student's Book renumbered as Units 1-8 together with their corresponding Workbook pages. Thought-provoking topics motivate teenage students. Content-rich photostories present contemporary spoken English in realistic contexts. 'Culture in mind' sections give insight into different aspects of English-speaking life. The complete DVD-ROM features stimulating grammar exercises, games, video, unit tests, Workbook audio, and selected Student's Book audio. The videos feature the photostory characters and include 'Videoke,' which allows students to record and hear their voices in portions of the video dialogues.

  • Frontotemporal Dementia Syndromes

    Originally published in 2007, this book reflects the enormous advances in our understanding of frontotemporal dementia and related syndromes. The impetus for these advances has come from a number of directions including genetic discoveries, fresh approaches to neuroimaging and improved neuropsychological understanding of the cognitive aspects of the condition. This book provides a much needed review of the status of our knowledge of these syndromes. The book starts with chapters reviewing the history of the condition and describes the presenting clinical, neuropsychiatric and neuropsychological features, before reviewing, in detail, the areas of greatest recent research progress. The book concludes with a chapter proposing a multidisciplinary approach to patient management. Frontotemporal Dementia Syndromes will be essential reading for neurologists, psychologists, psychiatrists and other clinicians interested in cognitive and behavioural disorders, as well as to basic scientists working in the area of neurodegeneration.

  • Apuleius: Cupid and Psyche

    Apuleius' story of Cupid and Psyche, the relationship of the human Soul with divine Love, is one of the great allegories of world literature. It forms an integral part of and profoundly illuminates the message of his novel Metamorphoses or The Golden Ass, which relates the adventures of a young man and his spiritual fall and redemption. To enrich and deepen his basic plot, the origins of which are obscure, Apuleius has combined poetic sources, Platonic philosophy and popular iconography in an unprecedented tour de force of literary creation. This edition sensitively elucidates the subtle art with which this transformation has been accomplished, and comprehensively illustrates both Apuleius' inventive handling of his various models and sources and the exuberant and idiosyncratic Latinity with forms the vehicle for it. It places in a fresh light the results of recent work on the ancient Novel and on Apuleius himself, and offers a stimulating, occasionally provocative, reading of his much-discussed text. The Latin is accompanied by a facing English translation, making the edition more accessible to students of comparative literature as well as to classicists.

  • Cambridge English Prepare! Level 3 Class Audio CDs (2)

    Prepare! is a lively 7-level general English course with comprehensive Cambridge English for Schools exam preparation integrated throughout. This flexible course brings together all the tools and technology you expect to get the results you need. Whether teaching general English or focusing on exams, Prepare! leaves you and your students genuinely ready for what comes next: real Cambridge English exams, or real life. These Class Audio CDs contain all the recordings required for the exercises in the Level 3 Student's Book.

  • Ninth Colloquium on Trees in Algebra and Programming: 5-7 March 1984, Bordeaux, France

    The international Colloquium on Trees in Algebra and Programming is an annual conference on Theoretical Computer Science. Its central theme is the algebraic and combinatorial properties of trees, graphs and other combinatorial objects that appear in many different fields of computer science. These include formal languages and automata, rewriting systems, complexity and validity of algorithms and programs, program schemes, concurrent processes, databases, data structures, specification methods, models of lambda-calculus, VLSI circuits and semantics of programming languages. However, trees and graphs have such a wide range of uses in computer science that no aspect is excluded. This book contains the twenty-two communications of the ninth colloquium held in Bordeaux, France in March 1984. Of these, three invited papers survey existing work in three different fields and nineteen present new results.

  • Super Minds Level 3 Student's Book with DVD-ROM

    An exciting, seven-level course that enhances young learners' thinking skills, sharpening their memory while improving their language skills. Super Minds, from a highly experienced author team, enhances your students' thinking skills, improving their memory along with their language skills. This Level 3 Student's Book includes activities to develop language creatively, cross-curriculum thinking with fascinating 'English for school' sections and lively stories that explore social values. The fabulous DVD-ROM features animated stories, interactive games and activities including videokes, songs with karaoke versions, and fun activities focusing on each unit's vocabulary and grammar.

  • Solo Saxophone Level 6 Advanced

    Award-winning original fiction for learners of English. At seven levels, from Starter to Advanced, this impressive selection of carefully graded readers offers exciting reading for every student's capabilities. In the early 1990s Katy, a young reporter, arrives in Sarajevo, a city under siege, and receives conflicting advice from two colleagues. 'Of all the wars I've been in,' a news cameraman tells her, 'this is the one where it's not possible to 'be objective'. You can't be objective about what's going on here.' 'This is not my war or your war,' an Italian journalist explains. 'We just report what we see, but we stay outside it. We can't get too involved. We mustn't get too near.' But Katy does get too near...

  • Prosodic Systems and Intonation in English

    This book was first published in 1969. Its author, David Crystal OBE, has since written some of the most important books on language and linguistics, including the Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language (1987) and the Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English Language (1995, 2003). Here, he provides the reader with a thorough and fascinating analysis of the patterns of intonation and prosody found within the English language. Crystal begins by contextualising his work on prosody within existing studies, before going on to discuss voice quality and sound attributes in prosodic systems. There are also comprehensive studies of the grammar, semantics and intonation of the spoken English language. This book provides a useful theoretical base for the study of language, prosody and intonation, and will be enjoyed by all with an interest in linguistics and speech patterns in general, and in the academic works of David Crystal more specifically.

  • Carl Maria von Weber

    The first edition of John Warrack's study of Weber was published in 1968 and quickly became recognized as the standard 'life and works' - indeed the best book on Weber in any language. The second edition was produced in 1976 to mark the 150th anniversary of Weber's death in London, and is reissued here. John Warrack's study gives a detailed account of the life in which the music is discussed (with analysis and music examples) in chronological order. It is a scholarly study based on first-hand research in German and other archives, but it is also elegantly written, and fully alive to general cultural and historical implications. It is a book for the music-lover as well as the scholar. This second edition contains a new concluding chapter, an important select bibliography of over 100 entries, and a useful family tree which was not in the first edition.

  • Meanings into Words Upper-intermediate Teacher's book: An Integrated Course for Students of English

    Part of an upper-intermediate stage English language learning course, which offers comprehensive coverage of major language items, language practice and open-ended exercises.

  • Cambridge English Prepare! Level 3 Student's Book

    Prepare! is a lively 7-level general English course with comprehensive Cambridge English for Schools exam preparation integrated throughout. This flexible course brings together all the tools and technology you expect to get the results you need. Whether teaching general English or focusing on exams, Prepare! leaves you and your students genuinely ready for what comes next: real Cambridge English exams, or real life. The Level 3 Student's Book engages students and builds vocabulary range with motivating, age-appropriate topics. Its unique approach is driven by cutting-edge language research from English Profile and the Cambridge Learner Corpus. 'Prepare to...' sections develop writing and speaking skills. A Student's Book and Online Workbook is also available, separately.

  • Sound Transmission through a Fluctuating Ocean

    The ocean is transparent to sound where slight irregularities within the ocean cause sound fluctuations, and thus set limits on the many uses of sound in the ocean, similar to the limits imposed by the atmosphere on ground-based telescopes. This 1979 book attempts to connect the known structure of the ocean volume with experimental results in long-range sound transmission. Theories of wave propagation through irregular media, developed for optical and radio wave transmission are found to be inapplicable in many respects due to the complications of ocean structure, particularly the combination of anisotropy and 'sound channel'. The authors extend wave propagation theory to account for the ocean complications and introduces the path-integral approach to the solution of the strong-scattering regime that solves many long-standing problems. The book is written at the post-graduate level, but has been carefully organised to give experimenters a grasp of important results without undue mathematics.

  • Pathogenic Root-Infecting Fungi

    This 1970 book was published as a replacement text to the Biology of Root-Infecting Fungi by the same author. The subject had advanced so rapidly since the previous book was published, that the creation of a new title was far more effective than the release of a second edition of the first one. The book is intended to be read through, rather than used solely for reference. Pathogenic root-infecting fungi are a substantial threat to the welfare of all crop plants, and are therefore of enormous economic importance. The subject matter is treated both from the viewpoint of its economic significance and from its biological characteristics; thus the approach is a broadly based one and in addition to the plant-pathological aspects the reader is made aware of the complex microcosmic world of the soil. This book will continue to be of great historical interest to all scholars of Pathogenic root-infecting fungi.

  • Catholics and Sultans: The Church and the Ottoman Empire 1453-1923

    This book surveys the relations between Catholics outside and inside the Ottoman Empire from 1453 to 1923. After the fall of Constantinople the only large Latin Catholic group to be incorporated into the sultan's domain were the Genoese who lived in Galata, across the Golden Horn from the Byzantine capital. Over the next few decades Turkish armies pushed into the Balkans, overrunning the Catholic population of Albania, Bosnia and Hungary. In the Orient, the sixteenth century saw the Maronites of Lebanon, the Latins of Palestine and most of the Greek islands, which once held Latin Catholic communities, come under Turkish rule. Papal response to the loss of these communities was initially a call to the crusade, but response from West European monarchs was disappointing. Their concerns were closer to home. French interest, however, lay in an alliance with the Turks against the Habsburgs. As a bonus, the Catholics of the Ottoman world received a protector at the Porte in the person of the French ambassador. The book traces the subsequent history of the Latin Catholics and each of the Eastern Catholic churches in the Ottoman Empire until its dissolution in 1923.

  • Grammar and Beyond Level 2 Workbook A

    Based on extensive research, Grammar and Beyond ensures that students study accurate information about grammar and apply it in their own speech and writing. This is the first half of Workbook, Level 2. In the Workbook, learners gain additional practice in the grammar from the Student's Book, including practice correcting common learner errors.

  • Meteorites, Ice, and Antarctica: A Personal Account

    Bill Cassidy has led meteorite recovery expeditions in the Antarctic for many years. His searches have resulted in the collection of thousands of meteorite specimens from the ice. This fascinating story is a first-hand account of his field experiences on the US Antarctic Search for Meteorites Project, which he carried out as part of an international team of scientists. Cassidy describes this hugely successful field program in Antarctica and its influence on our understanding of the moon, Mars and the asteroid belt. In this 2003 book, he describes the hardships and dangers of fieldwork in a hostile environment, as well as the appreciation he developed for the beauty of the place. In the final chapters he speculates on the results of the trips and the future research they might lead to.

  • The Large Scale Structure of Space-Time

    Einstein's General Theory of Relativity leads to two remarkable predictions: first, that the ultimate destiny of many massive stars is to undergo gravitational collapse and to disappear from view, leaving behind a 'black hole' in space; and secondly, that there will exist singularities in space-time itself. These singularities are places where space-time begins or ends, and the presently known laws of physics break down. They will occur inside black holes, and in the past are what might be construed as the beginning of the universe. To show how these predictions arise, the authors discuss the General Theory of Relativity in the large. Starting with a precise formulation of the theory and an account of the necessary background of differential geometry, the significance of space-time curvature is discussed and the global properties of a number of exact solutions of Einstein's field equations are examined. The theory of the causal structure of a general space-time is developed, and is used to study black holes and to prove a number of theorems establishing the inevitability of singualarities under certain conditions. A discussion of the Cauchy problem for General Relativity is also included in this 1973 book.

  • Simple Statistics: A Course Book for the Social Sciences

    Simple Statistics is suitable primarily for A-level students and undergraduates following courses in psychology and, to a lesser degree, sociology, economics and geography.

  • Sparsity and its Applications

    This volume is based on a series of lectures prepared by a group of internationally-renowned experts in the field for a meeting on the general theme of 'Sparsity and its Applications' at the University of Technology, Loughborough, in April 1983. An introductory section briefly surveys the field of sparsity research and summarises the main ideas discussed in each contribution. The contributions themselves examine the design, analysis, implementation, and application of computer algorithms, with a view to producing mathematical software which can be used as an efficent tool in different areas of science and engineering technology.

  • Complete IELTS Bands 5-6.5 Student's Book with Answers with CD-ROM

    Complete IELTS combines the very best in contemporary classroom practice with stimulating topics aimed at young adults wanting to study at university. The Student's Book with answers contains 8 topic-based units with stimulating speaking activities, a language reference, grammar and vocabulary explanations and examples, to ensure that students gain skills practice for each of the four papers of the IELTS exam. The with Answers edition contains recording scripts for the listening material and complete answer keys. It also includes a complete IELTS practice test to allow students to familiarise themselves with the format of the exam. The CD-ROM contains additional skills, grammar, vocabulary and listening exercises.

  • The Works of Isambard Kingdom Brunel: An Engineering Appreciation

    Originally published in 1976, this book describes the achievements of I. K. Brunel, the giant among nineteenth-century engineers, whose works include the construction of the Clifton Suspension Bridge, and three famous ships, Great Western, Great Britain and Great Eastern. He was the engineer in charge of what became the Great Western Railway. Tunnels played a vital role in his life and work, beginning at the age of eighteen with the Thames tunnel and progressing to those needed by the railway companies. At the time of publication, there was a general revival of interest of Brunel. A group of engineers, each distinguished for work in their field, joined together to pay tribute to him by describing his major works and critically examining them. For this purpose they have sought out relevant contemporary documents and drawings, and benefited from a study of the Brunel papers held by the University of Bristol.

  • Period Domains over Finite and p-adic Fields

    This book is, on the one hand, a pedagogical introduction to the formalism of slopes, of semi-stability and of related concepts in the simplest possible context. It is therefore accessible to any graduate student with a basic knowledge in algebraic geometry and algebraic groups. On the other hand, the book also provides a thorough introduction to the basics of period domains, as they appear in the geometric approach to local Langlands correspondences and in the recent conjectural p-adic local Langlands program. The authors provide numerous worked examples and establish many connections to topics in the general area of algebraic groups over finite and local fields. In addition, the end of each section includes remarks on open questions, historical context and references to the literature.

  • Chinese Jade

    The Chinese people have honoured, revered and cherished jade for over 8,000 years. Consequently, jade has played a unique role in the development of Chinese culture. Jade carvings survive not simply as beautiful works of art, but also as cultural relics shedding light on the spiritual life of ancient China. Utilising a wealth of archaeological evidence and illustrated with precious artifacts, Chinese Jade provides an introduction to the fascinating world of Chinese jade from ancient to modern times.

  • American More! Six-Level Edition Level 6 Combo with Audio CD/CD-ROM

    American MORE! Six-Level Edition is a version of a course from a highly respected author team that's bursting with features for lower secondary students. Key language for each unit is introduced in a photostory and put to use through the 'Language Focus'. There is thorough coverage of grammar via a dedicated section in each unit. The 'Learn MORE through English' pages introduce cross-curricular learning (CLIL) while the 'Learn MORE about Culture' sections explore English speaking countries. Students learn to 'Read MORE for pleasure' with the extra reading pages and the Audio CD/CD-ROM enables students to practice vocabulary, grammar, and skills. The Combo contains the Student's Book and Workbook material together, providing 50-60 class hours of material.

  • A Time to Remember: The Autobiography of a Chemist

    The autobiography of Lord Todd of Trumpington is a general account of his life until 1980 with emphasis on the events that shaped his career as a distinguished scientist. In 1957 Alexander Todd was awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry. From 1963 to 1965 he was President of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry. For five years he was President of the Royal Society. He made major contributions to the advancement of science education in Britain, and in the University of Cambridge. This delightfully presented autobiography is supplemented by extracts from five Presidential Addresses to the Royal Society. This book will appeal to anyone who enjoys reading biography. It will also have a special interest for professional chemists and those who study the making on contemporary science policy in Britain.

  • Lucretius: De Rerum Natura Book 3

    The De Rerum Natura of Lucretius is a sustained and impassioned protest against religious superstition and irrationality. The poem takes the form of a detailed exposition of Epicurean physical theory - an extreme materialism designed to remove and discredit popular fears of the gods, death and an afterlife. Book III is generally accepted to be the finest in the whole poem; Lucretius argues there that the soul is as mortal as the body and shows that human response to the fact of mortality and death can be at once rational, dignified and liberating. Professor Kenney's commentary is the first to give proper critical emphasis to the techniques and intentions of Lucretius' poetry; it can be read with profit by all students of Latin from senior school level upwards.

  • Coastal Waders and Wildfowl in Winter

    This 1984 book arose from an international meeting held at Texel in the Netherlands in April 1981 to discuss the feeding requirements and behaviour of shorebirds and coastal wildfowl. The book was designed both for general ornithologists, so that they may advise planners concerned with coastal wetlands, and for research workers interested in bird ecology and behaviour. The book is divided into three sections, each the responsibility of one of the editors, who provides a brief section introduction. The first covers bird numbers in relation to food resources; the second relates population densities to social and individual behaviour of birds within the flocks, and the third examines the role of areas of particular significance to migrant shorebirds along the route from West Africa to the high-latitude breeding grounds stretching from Greenland to western Siberia. This volume was produced in conjunction with the British Ornithologists' Union.

  • Money and Markets: Essays by Robert W. Clower

    In this volume Donald Walker brings together Robert Clower's influential essays on monetary economics, grouping them so as to bring out clearly the development of Clower's thought. Among Clower's contributions are an important reinterpretation of Keynes' work, a fresh treatment of the nature of money, the formulation of a microeconomic approach to the understanding of monetary behaviour, and distinct insights on money supply-and-demand and inflation. The essays constitute a well-rounded treatment of the major problems in monetary economics, and the volume as a whole demonstrates how the study of monetary economics may extend knowledge of short-run economic fluctuations and prove useful in developing policy options to ameliorate them.

  • Ventures Transitions Level 5 Student's Book with Audio CD

    Ventures is a six-level, standards-based ESL series for adult-education ESL. Designed for use with the Ventures series, Transitions motivates low-advanced learners by developing the unique skills for success in either the workplace or college. An easy-to-use format combined with a collaborative learning approach makes this material engaging for both teachers and students, and improves learner persistence. A standards-based curriculum insures high levels of interest thanks to challenging readings and rigorous vocabulary development. Listening lessons in the form of lectures and presentations develop valuable note-taking, summarizing, and critical-thinking skills. Thorough explanations of practical grammar points make lessons easier to teach and quicker for your students to master.

  • The Iliad: A Commentary: Volume 1, Books 1-4

    This is the first volume of a projected six-volume Commentary on Homer's Iliad, under the General Editorship of professor G. S. Kirk. Professor Kirk himself is the editor of the present volume, which covers the first four Books of Iliad. It consists of four introductory chapters, dealing in particular with rhythm and formular techniques, followed by the detailed commentary which aims at helping serious readers by attempting to identify and deal with most of the difficulties which might stand in the way of a sensitive and informed response to the poem. The Catalogues in Book 2 recieve especially full treatment. The book does not include a Greek text - important matters pertaining to the text are discussed in the commentary. It is hoped that the volume as a whole will lead scholars to a better understanding of the epic style as well as of many well-known thematic problems on a larger scale. This Commentary will be an essential reference work for all students of Greek literature. Archaeologists and historians will also find that it contains matters of relevance to them.

  • Cambridge English Prepare! Level 2 Student's Book

    Prepare! is a lively 7-level general English course with comprehensive Cambridge English for Schools exam preparation integrated throughout. This flexible course brings together all the tools and technology you expect to get the results you need. Whether teaching general English or focusing on exams, Prepare! leaves you and your students genuinely ready for what comes next: real Cambridge English exams, or real life. The Level 2 Student's Book engages students and builds vocabulary range with motivating, age-appropriate topics. Its unique approach is driven by cutting-edge language research from English Profile and the Cambridge Learner Corpus. 'Prepare to...' sections develop writing and speaking skills. A Student's Book and Online Workbook is also available, separately.

  • Cambridge English Prepare! Level 1 Student's Book

    Prepare! is a lively 7-level general English course with comprehensive Cambridge English for Schools exam preparation integrated throughout. This flexible course brings together all the tools and technology you expect to get the results you need. Whether teaching general English or focusing on exams, Prepare! leaves you and your students genuinely ready for what comes next: real Cambridge English exams, or real life. The Level 1 Student's Book engages students and builds vocabulary range with motivating, age-appropriate topics. Its unique approach is driven by cutting-edge language research from English Profile and the Cambridge Learner Corpus. 'Prepare to...' sections develop writing and speaking skills. A Student's Book and Online Workbook is also available, separately.

  • T'ao Yüan-ming: Volume 1, Translation and Commentary: His works and their meaning

    All the works of the Chinese poet T'ao Yuan-ming (AD 365-427) generally considered genuine have been translated here with commentary and annotation. T'ao, in the author's opinion, is of all the major Chinese poets especially concerned with personal integrity and the meaning of man's life. His poetry for this reason may be able to transcend the barriers of cultural difference. For centuries of Chinese readers, however, the image of T'ao Yuan-ming as an eccentric wine-loving recluse who embraced purity and simplicity and rejected the corruption of political society has virtually been as important as his own writing. Studies of the poet, from the Sung dynasty on, have applied a political interpretation of his work. The author believes that this approach is generally mistaken and seeks to combat it in detail. The work has been arranged in two volumes. The first, containing the translations with explanatory commentary and notes, is aimed at a wider audience than the professional. The second contains a complete Chinese text.

  • Continued Fractions: Analytic Theory and Applications

    This is an exposition of the analytic theory of continued fractions in the complex domain with emphasis on applications and computational methods.

  • Conrad's Eastern World

    A book for those interested in Conrad's life and work and/or literary detection convincingly performed. Professor Sherry establishes how well Conrad knew the East and how the original material he garnered there was supplemented from other sources; he also shows what Conrad made of his experiences, thus revealing clearly what the artist's own contribution was.

  • Textbook of Contraceptive Practice

    This volume contains the 1983 second edition of Textbook of Contraceptive Practice. The second edition represented a comprehensive reappraisal of the subject, taking account of the great expansion in information on all aspects of family planning that had occurred since the first edition was published in 1969. It emphasized the historical, social and political, and clinical perspectives of the subject. Advances in oral contraception, in the use of intra-uterine devices and in surgical methods of family planning were considered in relation to consumer choice and their overall risks and benefits. All techniques of contraception, from folk methods to methods of abortion and sterilization, were discussed in detail and evaluated.

  • The Functioning of Freshwater Ecosystems

    First published in 1980, this important book brings together the results of worldwide research (from the tropics to the Arctic) to determine the relative productivity of different freshwater environments, especially lakes. The investigations are presented in a comparative manner and the underlying causes considered. In addition this book is a useful summary of the extensive work done in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union and it makes these results available to a wider audience. The many authors are internationally recognized authorities and their syntheses are based on special studies of over ninety sites around the world during the 10 years of the IBP investigations, as well as on published material.

  • Chinese Wine

    This illustrated introduction to Chinese wine explores the history of wine production in China, the legends and customs that surround it and its place in China today. Traditionally, Chinese wine and spirits were made from grain, and had three important uses: to perform rituals, to dispel one's worries and to heal. Today, wine is still believed to have a therapeutic benefit, but the Chinese beverage industry has expanded on a large scale and now includes famous brands of beer and, increasingly, vineyards producing red and white wine for global consumption. Chinese Wine is indispensable reading for both wine-lovers and all those with an interest in the transition from traditional to modern Chinese culture.

  • Fundamentals of Light Microscopy

    Dr Spencer's account gives, in largely non-mathematical terms, a concise but rigorous explanation of the principles underlying the various forms of light microscopy. It starts with the properties of lenses, elementary diffraction theory and theoretical limits to resolution; it goes on to explain the workings of phase contrast, dark-field, fluorescence, polarizing and interference microscopes. There are chapters on aberrations and photomicrography, and detailed instructions for the alignment and general care of microscopes. Questions and answers are given at the end of each chapter, and suggestions made for class experiments. Although written primarily for undergraduates, the treatment is equally suitable for those preparing for professional examinations in microscopy, and for research workers seeking a better understanding of the microscopes they use.

  • English Phonetics and Phonology Audio Cassette Set (2 Cassettes)

    This?collection-of? essays by scholars from six nations ? the United States, Great Britain, Canada, Australia, France, and Russia ? makes several major contributions to the understanding of Stalinist terror in the 1930s. The essays explore in great depth the background of the terror and patterns of persecution, while providing more empirically founded and substantiated estimates of the numbers of Stalin's victims. Many of the essays are informed by new trends in social and political history, and they approach Stalinist terror with new methods and from new perspectives. Although Stalin remains the central 'personality' in the terror, other leaders, institutions, and social groups played important roles, and by analysing them the essays in the volume help to provide a more complete and balanced view of the phenomenon of terror as a whole.

  • Sustainability Science

    Sustainable development is becoming the guiding principle for the twenty-first century. This textbook - based on the author's course and rigorously class-tested by his students - provides an introduction into patterns of past and present (un)sustainable development and into the emergence of the notion of sustainable development. It systematically surveys the key concepts, models and findings of the various scientific disciplines with respect to the major sustainability issues: energy, nature, agro-food and resource systems, and economic growth. System analysis and modelling is introduced and used as an integrating tool. Stories and worldviews are used to connect the quantitative and the qualitative and to offer the reader an understanding of relevant trends and events in context. Sustainability Science is an ideal textbook for advanced undergraduate and graduate level courses in sustainable development and in environmental and resource science and policy.

  • Myth in Africa

    In Africa the past and the present live very much side by side. African thinkers and intellectuals see their people's culture as rooted in time-honoured oral traditions and many African writers today use symbols, images and motifs from these traditions in their works. In this innovative study Dr Okpewho explores what he considers the essence of these traditions - myth - and examines its place in African life, literature and thought. Focusing on a number of tales from a selection of African countries, he shows myth to be the basic imaginative resource from which the larger cultural values derive. An established novelist as well as critic, Dr Okpewho discusses the narrative traditions of Africa - of which he continues to be a part - with balanced sympathy and objectivity. In this work he not only reasserts the pride in African traditions but also gives students of myth a fresh look at an old problem.

  • Phoenix Assurance and the Development of British Insurance: Volume 1, 1782-1870

    This is the first volume of a major two-part history of one of Britain's largest and longest-lived insurance ventures. For much of the nineteenth century Phoenix was the economy's biggest fire office. It pioneered the export of fire insurance and was the most committed insurer of industrial property. Though primarily a business history, the study has much wider implications. Connections between Phoenix's history and that of Britain's industrial economy in its heyday are fully exploited. Insurance records provide windows upon such issues as the wealth embodied in early industrial growth, the patterns of credit available to improving landlords, the investment required for urban expansion, the difficulties of predicting Victorian mortality, and the launching of 'invisible' exports. Much of the treatment is comparative, so the result is a history not simply of one fire office but of a rapidly expanding service industry.

  • Alexis: The Fragments: A Commentary

    This 1996 text was the first detailed commentary to be compiled on the fragments of the Greek comic poet Alexis. Alexis seems to have had an important effect on the development of Greek New Comedy, both in the presentation and choice of characters and in the structuring of the type of New Comedy plot associated in particular with Menander. Professor Arnott's commentary is multi-faceted, discussing textual transmission; the interpretation of Alexis's language, meaning and style; the dramatic background and its relevance to the comedy; and the relation of the material to the social and political history of the time. The commentary constitutes a significant contribution to the study of the development of comedy in the fourth century BC, and to our knowledge and precise interpretation of fourth-century Attic Greek. Since the fragments are readily available in the Kassel-Austin edition, the Greek text is not included.

  • Practical Estuarine Chemistry: A Handbook

    Originally published in 1985, this is the second of a series of handbooks sponsored by the Esturaine and Brackish-Water Sciences association. The book concentrates on the techniques and practicalities of data collection from the estuarine environment. It is intended that the information presented will increase the reader's understanding of estuarine processes thus enabling him to devise sensible sampling programmes and to interpret the results once obtained. Techniques discussed include trace element and organic matter analysis, use of ion-selective electrodes, and measurement of salinity, dissolved oxygen and nutrients. The text will be of primary relevance for aquatic chemists, but should also be of use to biologists, physicists, geologists and oceanographers working in estuaries.

  • Trade and Civilisation in the Indian Ocean: An Economic History from the Rise of Islam to 1750

    Before the age of Industrial Revolution, the great Asian civilisations - whether located in the Middle East, India, South-East Asia, or the Far East - constituted areas not only of high culture but also of advanced economic development. They were the First World of human societies. This 1985 book examines one of the driving forces of that historical period: the long chain of oceanic trade which stretched from the South China Sea to the eastern Mediterranean. It also looks at the natural complement of the seaborne commerce, its counterpart in the caravan trade. Its main achievement is to show how socially determined demand derived from cultural habits and interpretations operated through the medium of market forces and relative prices. It points out the unique and limiting features of Asian commercial capitalism, and shows how the contribution of Asian merchants was valued universally, in reality if not legally and formally. Professor Chaudhuri's book, based on more than twenty years' research and reflection on pre-modern trade and civilisations, was a landmark in the analysis and interpretation of Asia's historical position and development.

  • Waves in Fluids

    A comprehensive textbook in which the author describes the science of waves in liquids and gases. Drawing on a subject of enormous extent and variety, he provides his readers with a thorough analysis of the most important and representative types of waves including sound waves, shock waves, water waves of all kinds, and the so-called internal waves (inside atmospheres and oceans) due to intensity stratification. Emphasis throughout is on the most generally useful fundamental ideas of wave science, including the principles of how waves interact with flows. This standard work on one of the great subdivisions of the dynamics of fluids, is lucidly written and will be invaluable to engineers, physicists, geophysicists, applied mathematicians or any research worker concerned with wave motions or fluid flows. It is especially suitable as a textbook for courses at the final-year undergraduate or graduate level.

  • Challenged by Carbon: The Oil Industry and Climate Change

    Is there a low-carbon future for the oil industry? Faced with compelling new geological evidence, the petroleum industry can no longer ignore the consequences of climate change brought on by consumption of its products. Yet the global community will continue to burn fossil fuels as we manage the transition to a low-carbon economy. As a geologist, oil man, academic and erstwhile politician, Bryan Lovell is uniquely well placed to describe the tensions accompanying the gradual greening of the petroleum industry over the last decade. He describes how, given the right lead from government, the oil industry could be environmental saviours, not villains, playing a crucial role in stabilising emissions through the capture and underground storage of carbon dioxide. Challenging prejudices of both the environmentalists and the oil industry, Lovell ultimately assigns responsibility to us as consumers and our elected governments, highlighting the need for decisive leadership and urgent action to establish an international framework of policy and regulation.

  • The French Romantics: Volume 1

    This collaborative, two-volume work offers a full survey of the French Romantics as a whole, and seeks to reassess their collective achievement and continuing value. The movement they created is considered within the broad terms of intellectual and cultural history as well as of literary criticism. Alongside chapters on the poetry, the novel, the drama and literary theory, there are therefore studies of the religious and political thought, historical writings, art, music and opera that are no less central to a full appreciation of French Romanticism. Volume 1 begins with a discussion of the movement's rise, development and aims, and this is followed by two chapters devoted to different aspects of the Romantics' fundamental intellectual commitment as embodied in their ideas on religion, politics and society. The other two chapters in this volume consider the two central literary genres of poetry and prose fiction.

  • Super Minds Level 5 Workbook

    An exciting, seven-level course that enhances young learners' thinking skills, sharpening their memory while improving their language skills. Written by a highly experienced author team, Super Minds enhances your students' thinking skills, improving their memory along with their language skills. This Level 5 Workbook includes activities to develop language creatively, fascinating cross-curricular sections and lively stories that explore social values. For each Student's Book page, this Workbook features a page of activities. Class Audio CDs, including audio from the Student's Book and Workbook, is sold separately.

  • Ancient Egypt: A Social History

    The rich and extensive floodplain of the River Nile can claim to be the cradle of one of the earliest and most spectacular civilizations of antiquity. Ancient Egypt: A Social History, first published in 1983, presents an innovative perspective on the ancient societies which flourished in the Nile Valley from the Predynastic period to the conquest by Alexander the Great. From the introduction of a subsistence economy through the establishment of the first agricultural communities to the development of urban centres and the political state, this volume traces the process of political, social and economic change. The emphasis on the social and economic aspects of Egyptian society and the integration of archaeological and historical data mark a new departure in Egyptian studies.

  • Graph Theory

    Designed for the non-specialist, the first nine chapters of this book constitute an introduction to general graph theory. The tenth chapter presents a purely combinatorial theory of maps and surfaces, and the final chapter discusses a theory of planarity. Useful as a reference for those interested in a basic understanding of graph theory, this book is also appropriate as a text for advanced level courses.

  • The Background of Ecology: Concept and Theory

    The Background of Ecology is a critical and up-to-date review of the origins and development of ecology, with emphasis on the major concepts and theories shared in the ecological traditions of plant and animal ecology, limnology, and oceanography. The work traces developments in each of these somewhat isolated areas and identifies, where possible, parallels or convergences among them. Dr McIntosh describes how ecology emerged as a science in the context of nineteenth-century natural histor

  • English Grammar in Use with Answers: A Self-Study Reference and Practice Book for Intermediate learners of English

    English Grammar in Use Fourth edition is an updated version of the world's best-selling grammar title. It has a fresh, appealing new design and clear layout, with revised and updated examples, but retains all the key features of clarity and accessibility that have made the book popular with millions of learners and teachers around the world. This 'with answers' version is ideal for self-study.

    Note: This book does not come with a CD

  • A First Course in Mathematical Analysis

    This straightforward course based on the idea of a limit is intended for students who have acquired a working knowledge of the calculus and are ready for a more systematic treatment which also brings in other limiting processes, such as the summation of infinite series and the expansion of trigonometric functions as power series. Particular attention is given to clarity of exposition and the logical development of the subject matter. A large number of examples is included, with hints for the solution of many of them.

  • Plotinus: The Road to Reality

    This 1967 study of Plotinus' philosophy was the first comprehensive work in English since Inge's The Philosophy of Plotinus was published early in the twentieth century. After a brief biography of Plotinus, Professor Rist discusses, among other topics, Plotinus' concept of the one, the logos and free will and ends with a discussion of faith in Plotinus and later in Neoplatonism. Perhaps because he is strictly neither a classical nor a medieval philosopher Plotinus' work has been rather neglected in the English-speaking world. Professor Rist has rescued him from this relative obscurity and has indicated some of the ways in which he has influenced both Christian and non-Christian philosophers.

  • An Introduction to Category Theory

    Category theory provides a general conceptual framework that has proved fruitful in subjects as diverse as geometry, topology, theoretical computer science and foundational mathematics. Here is a friendly, easy-to-read textbook that explains the fundamentals at a level suitable for newcomers to the subject. Beginning postgraduate mathematicians will find this book an excellent introduction to all of the basics of category theory. It gives the basic definitions; goes through the various associated gadgetry, such as functors, natural transformations, limits and colimits; and then explains adjunctions. The material is slowly developed using many examples and illustrations to illuminate the concepts explained. Over 200 exercises, with solutions available online, help the reader to access the subject and make the book ideal for self-study. It can also be used as a recommended text for a taught introductory course.

  • Crop Evolution, Adaptation and Yield

    In this major 1993 work, Lloyd Evans provides an integrated view of the domestication, adaptation and improvement of crop plants, bringing together genetic diversity, plant breeding, physiology and aspects of agronomy. Considerations of yield and maximum yield provide continuity throughout the book. Food, feed, fibre, fuel and pharmaceutical crops are all discussed. Cereals, grain legumes and root crops, both temperate and tropical, provide many of the examples, but pasture plants, oilseeds, leafy crops, fruit trees and others are also considered. After the introductory chapter, the increasing significance of crop yields to the world's food supply is highlighted. The next three chapters consider changes to crop plants over the last ten thousand years, including domestication, adaptation and improvement. Aimed at research workers